Exploration

See also: Maps

The 153 Club
Has a large number of reproduced text and images from books by early travelers in the Western Sahara desert, photographs (salt trade, people) by Jim Mann Taylor and others, articles on the Arbre du T?n?r? now in a Niger museum, on French military forts, Saharan rock art, giraffe engravings in Niger. Excerpts from travelers' accounts include: Leo Africanus, Leo Africanus on Timbuctoo with illus. by Ren? Cailli?'s and Felix Dubois, Ibn Battuta. "The 153 Club is for Sahara Desert travellers. The Club takes its name from the old Michelin 153 map of NW Africa." Includes book lists. Maintained by Jim Mann Taylor, based in the U.K. http://www.manntaylor.com/153.html

1421, the Year China Discovered the World
Site for the book, 1421 The Year China Discovered the World, by Gavin Menzies with information on Chinese maritime explorers including Admiral Zheng He. "The author's conclusion that Chinese seafarers and concubines settled in Malaysia, India, Africa, the Americas, Australasia, and across the Pacific, almost a century before the Europeans started their historic voyages of exploration has come up against a great deal of opposition." Includes maps, 44 page bibliography (in PDF), Gavin Menzies speeches. http://www.1421.tv/

19th Century Schoolbooks
Search on "Africa" to see how Africa was portrayed in 19th century U.S. schoolbooks. Titles indexed include - Goodrich, Samuel G., "The second book of history : including the modern history of Europe, Africa, and Asia," (Boston, 1833) and Goodrich's " The story of Captain Riley and his adventures in Africa" (Philadelphia, 1841). A Demonstration Project by the Digital Research Library, University Library System, University of Pittsburgh. http://digital.library.pitt.edu/nietz/index.html

Baker, Samuel White - The Albert N'Yanza, Great Basin of the Nile, and Explorations of the Nile Sources
Full text of the book. Part of Project Gutenberg. http://digital.library.upenn.edu/webbin/gutbook/lookup?num=3668

Baker, Samuel White - In the Heart of Africa
Full text of the book. Part of Project Gutenberg. http://digital.library.upenn.edu/webbin/gutbook/lookup?num=3233

Branigan, Ciaran - Circumnavigation of Africa
Article in 1994, Vol. 1 of Classics Ireland, journal of the Classical Association of Ireland (Dublin). http://www.ucd.ie/~classics/94/Branigan94.html

British Broadcasting Company. The Story of Africa
"...the history of the continent from an African perspective." "from the origins of humankind to the end of South African apartheid" by major African historians (Jacob Ajayi, George Abungu, Director-General of the National Museums of Kenya and others). Includes audio of each segment of the BBC program. (Requires sound card, speaker or headphone). Each segment has a timeline, bibliography, useful links. Includes African American explorer, George Washington Williams. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/africa/features/storyofafrica/

Burton, Richard Francis (1821–1890)
Rotberg, Robert I. Biography of Burton for Grolier Electronic Publishing: http://azar.yvod.com/mej/SirRichardBurtonbio.html
Sir Richard F. Burton on the Web. Extensive site by Tim Spalding. http://www.isidore-of-seville.com/burton/index.html
"Relocating Burton: Public and Private Writings on Africa," by Greg Garrett in The Journal of African Travel-Writing, Number 2, March 1997 (pp. 70-79)
The Internet Movie Database information about "Mountains of the Moon," a 1990 film about Burton and Speke: http://us.imdb.com/Title?0100196
Isabel, Lady Burton (1831-1896). The Romance of Isabel, Lady Burton.Passages from: The Romance of Isabel, Lady Burton, Volume I, by Lady Isabel Burton, edited by W. H. Wilkins. New York: Dodd Mead & Company, 1897. pp. 140-156. Part of the Celebration of Women Writers site. http://www-cgi.cs.cmu.edu/~mmbt/women/burton/romance/chapter-I-IX.html

Burton, Richard Francis - The Lake Regions of Central Africa. A Picture Exploration
New York: Harper, 1860. Full text of the book is online. http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC02413645&id=bMwcAAAAMAAJ&printsec=titlepage&dq=lake+regions+of+central+africa#PRA1-PA561,M1

Centre de Recherche sur la Littérature des Voyages, CRLV
In French. "fondé en 1984 est une équipe d’accueil de l’École doctorale de Littératures françaises et comparée de l’Université de Paris-Sorbonne (Paris IV)." Provides a listing of monographs and articles on the web regarding travel in Africa. Their Newsletter, Lettres du Voyageur, has citations to recent theses (such as Les Récits de voyage en Afrique subsaharienne aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles, by Paulo Alves Vaz, DEA de Littérature et civilisation françaises, Université Paris-Sorbonne, septembre 2004, 95 p., Directeur : François Moureau). Has audio files of conference presentations. An online citations database of travel-related documents (from the 16th-17th-18th centuries) provides travel dates, destination, countries visited, library location for each manuscript, map or published work cited. http://www.crlv.org/crlv/viati-web.php#Anchor-Afrique-47857

Exploring Africa An Exhibit of Maps and Travel Narratives from Leo Africanus to Chinua Achebe
Curated by Patrick Scott, Associate University Librarian for Special Collections. From the University of South Carolina Library, Dept. of Rare Books & Special Collections. http://www.sc.edu/library/spcoll/sccoll/africa/africa.htm

Fage, J. D. - A Guide to Original Sources for Precolonial Western Africa Published in European Languages : for the most part in book form
Madison : African Studies Program, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1994. 200 p. AUniversity of Wisconsin Libraries Africana Digitization Project. See the Copyright notice for use. http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Africana.Fage01

Ghana and Holland, Three Hundred Years
In English and Dutch. Commemorates 300 years of diplomatic relations between Ghana and the Netherlands. Has a short history of Netherlands / Ghana relations from the 1593 arrival of the Dutch in Sao Tome and the 1701 visit of the first European to the Ashanti Kingdom, of slavery, and present day relations. Read about Ghanaians in Holland (their organizations, the 16,000 people of Ghanaian origin living in the Netherlands). Has short video clips from Back to Kotoka, a soap opera about Ghanaians in Holland, articles on (Ghana's forts and the slave trade, a slave who defended the slave trade, Ghanaians in search of their Dutch Ancestors, funerals in Ghana), a piece on Arthur Japin's book, The two hearts of Kwasi Boachi', a piece on Dutch wax textiles with a link to the Vlisco companies. There is a schedule of events including the visit of Crown Prince William to Ghana, a booklet, in Dutch, on Ghanaians in Holland, the photographer Philip Kwame Apagya, a selection of historical photos taken between 1880 and 1890, and many more articles. [KF] http://www.ghana300holland.nl/

Halsall, Paul - Internet African History Sourcebook
Has full-text sources for African history arranged by topics. Includes a page from Vasco da Gama's Africa to India travels, and many other historical topics. Maintained by Paul Halsall, Fordham University. http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/africa/africasbook.html

Historic Cities
"...maps, literature, documents, books and other relevant material concerning the past, present and future of historic cities..." African cities include Ghana's Elmina, Kenya's Mombasa, Mozambique's Sofala, Tazania's Kilwa, plus Asilah, Azemmour, Casablanca, Safi, Salé, Tanger in Morocco, Mahdia and Tunis in Tunisia and Alexandria and Cairo in Egypt. Has biographies of Mapmakers with links to images of the cities, bibliographies. "a joint project of the Historic Cities Center, Department of Geography, Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Jewish National and University Library." Has links to related map sites. [KF] http://historic-cities.huji.ac.il/historic_cities.html

Leo Africanus - Britannica Eycyclopedia
http://search.britannica.com/search?query=leo+africanus

Leo Africanus - "Description of Timbuktu"
Reading About the World, Vol. 2. Edited by Paul Brians, Mary Gallwey, Douglas Hughes, Azfar Hussain, Richard Law, Michael Myers Michael Neville, Roger Schlesinger, Alice Spitzer, and Susan Swan has excerpts, Leo, Africanus: Description of Timbuktu, African proverbs, etc. http://www.wsu.edu/~wldciv/world_civ_reader/world_civ_reader_2/contents_vol_2.html

Leo Africanus: The Man with Many Names, by Pekka Masonen
From an article published in Al-Andalus-Magreb (C?diz : Servicio de Publicaciones, Universidad de C?diz), Vol. 7-9, Part 1 (2002), pages 115-43 (19 pages online version of which 7 pages of notes). Extensive biography, discussion of the editions of Leo Africanus' "Description of Africa," its contents and sources, his additional works. Dr.Pekka Masonen teaches in the Department of History, University of Tampere, Finland. [KF] http://www.uta.fi/~hipema/leo.htm

Livingstone, David, "Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa"
Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa; Including a Sketch of Sixteen Years' Residence in the Interior of Africa, and a Journey from the Cape of Good Hope to Loanda on the West Coast; Thence Across the Continent, Down the River Zambesi, to the Eastern Ocean. (London, 1857). Full-text of the book with information on slavery. Part of Project Gutenberg. Includes an 1858 review of the book in Harper's Magazine. [KF] http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/1039

Livingstone Online 
Digital museum & library on David Livingstone. Documents, letters, essays (Southern Africa and colonialism, Victorian medicine, European expeditions, etc), images, timeline. Resources contributed by 40 archives / repositories such as the National Library of Scotland, Royal Geographical Society, etc. Children's materials (ages 9-13) under Resources. http://livingstoneonline.org/   Has a blog. https://livingstoneonline.wordpress.com/

Maps (Historical) of Africa - Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection, Univ. of Texas at Austin
The Univ. of Texas has historical African maps online. Some are very large; best to access only on a fast connection. They also have links to historical map sites some having maps of Africa. African maps: http://www.lib.utexas.edu/Libs/PCL/Map_collection/historical/history_africa.html

Mariners Museum, Virginia - Age of Exploration
Exhibit designed for K-12. Brief information, maps showing routes traveled by Hanno, Ibn Battuta, Bartholemeu Dias, Prince Henry the Navigator http://www.mariner.org/age/index.html

National Geographic - Forbidden Territory, Stanley's Search for Livingstone
About National Geographic's TV program. Has graphics from The Life and Work of David Livingstone (1900). In the "40....views" section, click on the little red TV at the top to see photos from the TV program.Send a postcard of Livingstone being attacked by a lion! http://www.nationalgeographic.com/lantern/welcome.html

Oriental and African Books
The Corbett Rooms, Longnor Hall, Longnor, Shrewsbury, SY5 7PZ, U.K.
Phone: +44 (0)1743 718367 Fax: +44 (0)1743 354699
Contact: Paul Wilson
Email: paul@africana.co.uk
Specializes in antiquarian and out-of-print books on Africa and the Middle East. Offers large collections to institutions. Has a special African studies collection with an introduction by J.D. Fage, Professor Emeritus of African History, University of Birmingham. Fage's introduction (in 7 parts) covers the history of Africana, African studies. http://africana.co.uk/collections/

Paez, Pedro
Spanish Jesuit missionary. In 1613 an Ethiopian king reportedly took him to the source of the Blue Nile.
Biograpisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon: has a biography, in German, with list of his writings and writings about him. http://www.bautz.de/bbkl/p/paez_p.shtml
Columbia Encyclopedia: short biography: http://www.bartleby.com/65/pa/Paez-Ped.html
Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, whose articles can be created by anyone, has an Ethiopian history article which mentions Paez and James Bruce (who rediscovered the source of the Blue Nile): http://www.wikipedia.com/wiki/Ethiopia/History

Park, Mungo - Travels in the Interior of Africa
Full text online. Vol. 1. http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/5266 and Vol. 2. http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/5305 From Project Gutenberg, free e-books produced by volunteers.

The Periplus
"Written by a Greek resident of Alexandria in Egypt during the first century BCE, this text is one of the oldest surviving accounts of the countries on Africa's east coast." Part of the course "WORLD CIVILIZATION 101Q, Remote Learning on the World Wide Web" Designed and taught by George Ouwendijk and Bill Rednour, at the History Department, The City College of New York. Geography's influence on history http://134.74.216.129/history/Q/Qindex.htm
http://www.isidore-of-seville.com/hanno/

Seed, Patricia - Latitude, the Science of Sailing the World
Site by Patricia Seed, Professor of History at Rice University, illustrating Portuguese and Spanish overseas exploration in the 15th century, includes 15th-16th century maps, examples of ships used, the conditions for explorers of the era. See also the History of Cartography page by the British Library Map Librarian, Tony Campbell : http://www.ihrinfo.ac.uk/maps/
http://www.rice.edu/latitude

Spaulding, Jay - The Sudanese Travels of Theodoro Krump, 1700-1702
Published 1974. Full text online. "Offered here is an English translation of the Sudan portion of Theodoro Krump's Hoher und Fruchtbarer Palm-Baum des Heiligen Evangelij (Augsburg: Georg Schulter & Martin Happach, 1710). "Theodoro Krump's account of Sinnar between 1700 and 1702 is in many respects the most important single written source concerning the precolonial history of the Sudan." "Krump contributes data of unparalleled quality on the organization and conduct of the trans-Saharan caravan trade, the commerce in slaves, Sudanese medical practices, Sudanese relations with Ethiopia and a wide array of often unexpected vignettes of daily life." Prof. Spaulding teaches in the History Dept., Kean University, Union, New Jersey. [KF] http://www.kean.edu/~jspauldi/

Speke, John Hanning (1827-1864)
Hutchinson Encyclopedia (Oxford: Helicon) a biography: http://ukdb.web.aol.com/hutchinson/encyclopedia/67/M0018167.htm
Funk & Wagnalls Encyclopedia entry: http://www.funkandwagnalls.com/encyclopedia/low/articles/s/s024000704f.html
A review of Journal of the Discovery of the Source of the Nile, by John Hanning
Columbia Encyclopedia article: http://www.bartleby.com/65/sp/Speke-Jo.html
Speke (1868; Dover, 1996). Reviewed by Sean Redmond in The Journal of African Travel-Writing, Number 3, September 1997 (pp. 87-91)

Stanley, Henry Morton
"Is he not in Congo-land? Excerpts from the writings of the nineteenth-century explorer Henry Morton Stanley." From The Atlantic, Sept. 1996. Includes a biography. http://www2.theatlantic.com/atlantic/issues/96sep/congo/stanley.htm

United States. Library of Congress. Geography and Map Division. 19th Century maps of Liberia
"...includes twenty examples from the American Colonization Society (ACS), organized in 1817 to resettle free black Americans in West Africa. Includes nineteenth-century maps of Liberia: a map prepared for a book first published in the 1820's by ACS agent Jehudi Ashmun, a map showing the areas in Liberia that were ceded to the society by indigenous chiefs, and a detailed map dated 1869 by a man thought to be the black American explorer Benjamin Anderson."  Has a History of Liberia Timeline. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/gmdhtml/libhtml/libhome.html

University of Calgary. Dept. of History. European Voyages of Exploration
A tutorial with a section on African exploration. Includes Prince Henry the Navigator, Portugal, the Sugar and Slave Trades. http://www.acs.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/eurvoya/

University of Wisconsin Libraries. Africana Digitization Project
Full text of rare Africana, in English or translated into English. See the Copyright notice for use. http://libtext.library.wisc.edu/Africana/
Titles include:

Vidas Lusofonas
In Portuguese and English. Has a short biography "Vasco da Gama, Navigator and Warrior 1468 (?) - 1524" by Fernando Correia da Silva, translated by John D. Godinho, a biography of D. João II by Carlos Loures. "...we intend to tell the story of an endless number of Portuguese-speaking people, regardless of nationality, who contributed significantly to a human endeavor, to a country or to an era. Each biography will observe historical accuracy mixed with a touch of imagination..." Site coordena??o de Fernando Correia da Silva. http://www.vidaslusofonas.pt/