Christianity in Africa

See also: History - Religion | South Africa religion

Abiche, Tefera Talore - Community development initiatives and poverty reduction : the role of the Ethiopian Kale Heywot Church in Ethiopia
Full text of the Master's thesis in Development Studies, University of the Western Cape, South Africa. 2004. 130 pages, in pdf. "the Ethiopian Kale Heywot Church Development Program (EKHCDP) has played an important role in supporting and encouraging the development aspirations of local communities in the areas of environmental rehabilitation, water and sanitation, agriculture, health, education, credit and saving schemes."

Africa Inland Mission
Information on AIM, a missionary organization with over 850 missionaries in 15 African countries. Has a link to the web page of their school in Kenya, the Rift Valley Academy. There is more information provided by the Billy Graham Archives which hold the records of AIM including a history and detailed inventory of AIM's records. They were especially active in Kenya, Zaire, Uganda, Tanzania, Sudan, and the Central African Republic. Use the Graham Archives Search to locate additional collections.
AIM Archives:
AIM page:

Africa Inter Mennonite Mission
"Organized as the Congo Inland Mission in 1912, AIMM currently has missionaries in six areas of Africa working among various ethnic and language groups." Based in Elkhart, Indiana. Describes their work in Botswana, Burkina Faso, Democratic Republic of Congo (former Zaire), Lesotho, Senegal, South Africa. Has full text articles from their journal, Messenger.
Has an email list. For other Mennonite sources see: MennoLink - Mennonite Information Center -

Africa Journal of Evangelical Theology (Machakos, Kenya)
Has the table of contents and selected online articles. "published twice a year by the academic staff of Scott Theological College, a chartered private university in Kenya offering quality academic programmes accredited by Kenya's Commission for Higher Education and ACTEA."

Africa University (Mutare, Zimbabwe)
A private university funded by the United Methodist Church, with contributions from United Methodist churches world-wide. Opened March 1992. The first faculties are theology, agriculture, and natural resources. Has students from 20 African countries. E-mail:

African Initiated Churches - Steve Hayes
Has a register of researchers on African Independent Churches, African Indigenous Churches, African Initiated Churches, African Instituted Churches with links to their homes pages or e-mail. Includes a Discussion Forum, links to full text articles. Maintained by Steve Hayes in Pretoria, South Africa.

African Religion - Wim van Binsbergen
Full text articles and photographs on "(1) popular Islam in North Africa; (2) historical African religion in South Central Africa; (3) Christian churches in South Central and Southern Africa; (4) historical African religion in West Africa; (5) historical African religion in Southern Africa..." Has a forum on "on anthropological and intercultural-philosophical aspects of African religion." See also his site Wim van Binsbergen. van Binsbergen is a Professor at Erasmus University, Rotterdam and a certified spirit medium/ diviner/ priest in the sangoma tradition of Southern Africa.

African Traditional Religions - Irving Hexham
Has the full text of Atoms and Ancestors, by Frederick B. Welbourn (1968) which Prof. Hexham cites as "a classic introduction to African religions." Also has Welbourn's "A Sacral Kingship in Buganda? An Essay in the Meaning of 'Religion," his "Towards a Definition of Religion," and "An Empirical Approach to Ghosts." Also has: "Christian Responses to Witchcraft and Sorcery" by Stephen Hayes, originally published in Missionalia, Vol 23, No 3, Nov 1995 and information about Isiah Shembe, the Zulu prophet and founder of an independent church. The web site is part of  Irving Hexham's Nurel Home Page. Hexham isProfessor, Department of Religious Studies, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.

Agenzia Fides - Fides News Agency (Fides)
In English and Italian.  Curernt news relating to African countries.  On the web site of the Congregazione per l'Evangelizzazione dei Popoli [Pontifical Society for the Propagation of the Faith], Vatican, Italy.

Alem Mar (Lisbon, Portugal)
In Portuguese. Monthly magazine of the Catholic Missionários Combonianos do Coração de Jesus (Comboni Missionaries) and their work in Africa and elsewhere. Recent articles require a subscription to read. Some older articles free online. Based in Lisbon, Portugal.

American Friends of the Episcopal Church in the Sudan
Voluntary network of American Episcopalians with parishes, dioceses and foundations supporting the Episcopal Church of Sudan. Has a newsletter, Sudan Connections, the proposed Post-war Program by the Bishop of Mundri, letters from an Episcopal Priest serving in the Sudan. Holds an annual conference. Assists Sudanese in the U.S. Links to related sites. Based in Alexandria, Virginia.

American Theological Library Association, ATLA
Sells microfilm of missionary journals and monographs. Example - The Missionary Lutheran on missionary work in Nigeria. Search their online catalog. "Established in 1946, the American Theological Library Association (ATLA) is a professional association of more than 1,000 individual, institutional, and affiliate members providing programs, products, and services in support of theological and religious studies libraries and librarians."

Anglican Africa
" unofficial directory of information about Anglican provinces, dioceses, parishes, theological colleges and other institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa. The website also lists Anglican Communion efforts in other parts of the world in the interest of and on behalf of the African Church." Site maintained by Russell Ayers, Director of Southern Africa Information Access, Inc. (Washington DC).

Anglican Diocese of Cape Coast, Ghana
Brief history, information on Bishop Kobina Quashe.

Anglican Diocese of Guinea
Based in Conakry, founded in 1985. Describes their work and a brief history of the Anglican Church in Guinea.

Anglican Diocese of Lemombo
Based in Maputo, provides address, a paragraph about their work.

Arinze, Cardinal Francis
Cardinal Arinze is on a short list of candidates to succeed Pope John Paul II. He is Cardinal, Prefect Emeritus and was Prefect of Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments and formerly President of the Vatican's Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue.

Association of Religion Data Archives
National profiles for each country. Can compare two countries. Need to use statistifcal programs (SPSS, Stata) to use some data files. Use Quick Lists to compare nations, regions, government and religion. International maps (African continent, countries). Some rankings are puzzling - assigning high religious persecution to Uganda when a U.S. State Dept 2011 report says " There were no reports of societal abuses or discrimination based on religious affiliation" in Uganda. Based at Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, [KF]

Barnes, Andrew - Aryanizing Projects, African Collaborators and Colonial Transcripts
Full text article. 15 p. in PDF. On British colonial policy re northern Nigeria, Islam, the Fulani, Christian missionaries. Footnotes. In Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, Vol. XVII, No. 2, 1997. Published by Duke University Press. [KF]

Bockie, Simon - "The Kongolese Saint Anthony: Dona Beatriz Kimpa Vita and the Antonian movement, 1684-1706" by John K. Thornton. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998)
Review by Dr. Simon Bockie of Thornton's book. Dona Beatriz, "a 17th-century Kongo woman of the ruling elite, who claimed to be possessed by the spirit of St. Anthony, has been called a Kongolese Joan of Arc because of her prophetically inspired crusade to throw off foreign influences and restore both spiritually and politically the fragmented Kingdom of Kongo."

Boer, John - Social Theology
Site by John Boer with information on his publications (including on Christian-Muslim Relations) and on African gospel art for sale. Boer worked in Nigeria.

Reinhard Bonnke
Evangelist, faith healer, who founded Christ for all Nations, CfaN. Its primary focus is Africa. Information on his gospel campaigns in Benin (where he met with Pres. Mathieu Kerekou), The Gambia, Kenya, Tanzania, Togo. Has offices in Nigeria, Kenya, South Africa. Also has an office in Sacramento, California.

Catholic Archdiocese of Cape Town
Has a history, biographies of the two bishops, information on the departments, societies, structure, the Dominican Sisters, etc.

Catholic Internet and E-mail Directory of Southern Africa (CIDSA)
Provides names, e-mail addresses. Covers Southern African Catholic Bishops' Conference, Dioceses and Parishes, Religious Orders and Congregations, Catholic Organisations, Catholic Schools, Catholic Health Care, Catholic Bookshops & Repositories, Catholic Publications, Private Homepages and E-Mail Addresses of Catholics. Maintained by Father G?rard T. Lagleder O.S.B. [KF]

Christian and Missionary Alliance
Use Locate a Missionary to find reports by present day missionaries (Burkina Faso, Gabon, Guinea, Mali, Congo-Brazzaville). Had missionaries in Sierra Leone, Boma (Belgian Congo). Based at the National Office of The Christian and Missionary Alliance in Colorado Springs. [KF]

Christian Network Links for Africa
Probably the most extensive list of sites for Southern African religious (Christian) organizations, also includes other African sites. Maintained by Steve Hayes, Orthodox Society of St. Nicholas of Japan, Arcadia, South Africa.

Church and Missionary Alliance (Colorado Springs, CO)
Their Archives contain reports, tapes, film, diaries, dissertations, slides, videos, etc. Has information on their missionaries in West Africa (Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso, Liberia, Cote d'Ivoire, Nigeria, Gabon, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa.)

Church of Nigeria. Anglican Communion
History of the Church Missionary Society from 1842. The Church of Nigeria established the Convocation of Anglicans in North America, CANA, formed in opposition to actions by the Episcopal Church in the U.S.

Church of the Province of Southern Africa
Site for the South African Anglican Church. Includes speeches of Archbishop Desmond Tutu, the May 1995 - May 1996 issues of Southern African Anglican News, a link to the World Council of Churches.

Church of the Province of West Africa
Based in Koforidua, Ghana. Staff and diocese directories, brief history.

Congregation des Sœurs de Saint-Paul de Fribourg
In French. Founded 1873. Missions are mainly in Africa. Based in Fribourg, Switzerland.

Consolata Missionaries
In Italian and English. Catholic missionary society which served in Ethiopia. Based in Rome, Italy. See also the Missioni Consolata.

Convocation of Anglicans in North America, CANA
Created by the Anglican Church of Nigeria led by Archbishop Peter Akinola as a rival network to the Episcopal Church of the U.S. in opposition to actions by the U.S. Episcopal Church regarding gay clergy and same-sex unions.

Council for World Mission (formerly the London Missionary Society)
Information on their African churches which include:

  • Church of Jesus Christ in Madagascar
  • Churches of Christ in Malawi
  • Presbyterian Church of Southern Africa (comprising presbyteries in South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe and based in South Africa)
  • United Church of Zambia
  • United Congregational Church of Southern Africa (comprising South Africa, Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia and Zimbabwe and based in Johannesburg)

CWC (Currents in World Christianity) Missionary Periodicals Database
"The database aims to record all foreign missionary journals published by British mission agencies from the eighteenth century up to 1960." So far has records of over 260 periodicals indicating archived location (in the U.K.), their targeted readership and regional coverage. Locate journals covering a particular African country, browse the titles, or search under several fields. The CWC is based in Cambridge, U.K and hosted by the Yale University Divinity School Library. [KF]

Dictionary of African Christian Biography
" international project of biographies of "....Africans chiefly responsible for laying the foundations and advancing the growth of Christian communities in Africa." Advisory Council members include at least eleven African scholars and religious leaders. Some biographies are from Mark R. Lipschutz and R. Kent Rasmussen's, Dictionary of African Historical Biography, 2nd edition, 1989. Includes links to religion in Africa sites. Part of the Overseas Ministries Study Center, New Haven, Conn. [KF]

Ethiopian Christians Fellowship
Has daily devotions, discussions, church news, chat, one can submit Bible questions and prayer requests, find Ethiopian Pentecostal churches and maps on how to get there.

Le Fait Missionnaire (Lausanne, Switzerland)
In English and French. Has the table of contents for this print journal on missionary history in Africa. A selection of articles are online in Adobe pdf. Includes conference announcements, a directory of sites on Religion in Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Angola, and Namibia, and links to related sites. [KF].
Full text online:

Ghana Evangelical Society, GES
Founded by Enoch Immanuel A. Agbozo. Based in Accra, Ghana.

Global Mapping International
"...a Christian inter-denominational missionary research agency. Our highest priority is serving evangelical mission ministry leaders in the developing world." Sells an Overhead Transparency Map Set, ($39.95) leader's guide, cd-rom digital map set. Other maps for purchase cover Muslim populations by country, African Muslims and Christians, Sunni and Shia Muslims, Cameroon language map, etc. Provides "custom mapping services for churches, Christian educational institutions, mission agencies, and individual missionaries." "The Global Ministry Mapping System is available only to qualified Christian non-profit ministries."

Gospel Missionary Union
" international faith mission with more than 400 missionaries serving on four continents." Describes their work at the Evangelical Protestant Church of Mali. The GMU is based in Kansas City, MO.

Graham (Billy) Center Archives, Wheaton College, IL
Collections on African Christianity from mainly North American Protestant missionaries and some African churches and organizations. Most records are 20th century; 75% concern east or central Africa. Has a page of Collections with Information About Missions to Africa. Examples are the diaries of Bernard Litchman, a health officer in Zaire from 1917 to 1961, and Elwood Davis, a physician, in Kenya 1910 to 1949. Collections include those of the Africa Inland Mission and individual missionaries (a searchable database). Has the text of an interview with Paul P. Stough, a missionary with the Africa Inland Mission in Zaire (from 1928 to the early 1960s) during Belgian colonial rule which offers insights into relations with the Zairois, Belgian officials, the Catholic missions, etc. A 48 page list of the Graham Center's Africa-related collections is available by email from:

HCJB World Radio - World Radio Missionary Fellowship, Inc.
" evangelical, interdenominational faith mission involved primarily in radio broadcasting." They work throughout Africa. Based in Colorado Springs, CO.

Imam amd the Pastor
Produced by FLTfilms, London. "The film’s protagonists, Imam Muhammad Nurayn Ashafa and Pastor James Movel Wuye, have first-hand experience of the violence, both as victims and as militia members. Close relatives of Ashafa were killed by Christians; Wuye lost his hand when Muslims tried to kill him. Today they are joint Directors of the Interfaith Mediation Centre in northern Nigeria’s main city, Kaduna." Executive Producer: David Channer. Producer/Director: Alan Channer; Assistant Producer: Imad Karam.
Article in For a Change magazine (Dec. 2006/Jan. 2007).
Article from Initiatives of Change USA (formerly Moral Re-Armament)
Article - Nigeria: From Rivalry to Brotherhood, March 2006
Obituary of David Channer (Executive Producer & father of Alan Channer)

Internet African History Sourcebook - Paul Halsall
Has full-text sources for African history arranged by topics. Includes Islam in Africa, ancient Egyptian religion, Ethiopia and Christianity, African traditional religion. Maintained by Paul Halsall, Fordham University. [KF]

Journal of Religion in Africa
"...founded in 1967 by Andrew Walls. In 1985 the editorship was taken over by Adrian Hastings, who retired in 1999. It is interested in all religious traditions and all their forms, in every part of Africa,..." Libraries pay $172 a year. Published by Brill Academic Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands.

Journal of Religious History
Table of contents only. Volume 23, Number 1, February 1999 was a Special Issue: Africans Meeting Missionaries, edited by Jean Landau and Derek Peterson, with papers presented at a conference at the University of Minnesota in 1997. Pub. by Blackwell Publishers, Oxford, U.K.

Journal of Theology for Southern Africa (Braamfontein)
Published by the South African Council of Churches. Has the tables of contents and abstracts of articles for past issues.

U.S. libraries with strong holdings on African religion include:

Lusotopie (Paris)
From the Association des chercheurs de la revue Lusotopie. Pub. by Editions Karthala, Paris. Abstracts in French, Portuguese, English. Full text articles on-line. Annual academic journal first published in 1994. Political analysis of Portuguese-speaking countries. Search by keyword across all issues in English, Portuguese, and French.
Some articles:

MAP International
Christian global health organization, works in Africa, Asia, Latin America. Information on work in East and Southern Africa including Rwanda. Links to other information on Rwanda.

Mennonite Central Committee
The MCC is the relief and development arm of the Mennonite & Brethren in Christ churches of North America. It has over 700 volunteers in c. 50 developing countries. A Regional Index leads to brief accounts of their volunteer's work in 18 African countries.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. Timeline of Art History
The African Art section covers different regions (Central Africa, Eastern Africa, Guinea Coast, Southern Africa, Western & Central Sudan, Archaeology & Rock Art). Maps, bibliographies, timeline for the continent. Explanations of features in the works depicted. Covers pre-colonial African empires & kingdoms, Islam in Africa, Christianity in Ethiopia and the Kongo Kingdom, African leadership, women, Trade among European and African precolonial nations, etc.

Milingo, Archbishop Emmanuel
Has a biography, statements by the Archbishop, by Mrs. Maria [Sung] Milingo, wife of Archbishop Milingo, interviews, photographs (including his wedding), media articles.

Mocambique On-Line - Churches
In Portuguese. Extensive annotated directory of web sites on religion and churches in Mozambique. "Esta p?gina foi feita em colabora??o com Eric Morier-Genoud [and Wim Neeleman] e tem contribui??es de Obede Baloi."

Mountain Voices
A rich resource. "interviews with over 300 people who live in mountain and highland regions round the world. Their testimonies offer a personal perspective on change and development." To access the interviews, one needs to register and fill out a questionnaire. Interviews from Lesotho, Kenya, Ethiopia, gathered by the Oral Testimony Programme of the Panos Institute. Topics discussed include agriculture, community, conflict, culture, development, economics, education, employment, environment, family life, festivals, food security, forestry, gender, health, history, identity, industry, crime, land, migration, politics, spiritual beliefs, tourism, etc. [KF]

Mundo Negro (Madrid)
In Spanish. Monthly magazine, published by the Misioneros Combonianos del Corazón de Jesús (MCCJ). News and articles on Africa; some are online. [KF]

MUNDUS Gateway to Missionary Collections in the U.K.
A rich resource for locating U.K. archives of missionary societies and missionaries in Africa. Guide to more than 400 collections of missionary materials in over 40 institutions in the United Kingdom. Locate archives by geographic area, personal name, organizations, subjects, keyword. Maintained by Archive staff at the University of London, School of Oriental and African Studies. Includes a sample of historical photographs, links to related sites.

Muyebe, Stanlaus - The Religious Factor within the Body of Political Symbolism in Malawi, 1964-1994: A Bibliographical Essay
"To what extent do the politicians in Africa use the cultural symbols as a tool for construction of political realities in African countries?" "Malawi is identified as a case study. Interconnections between the cultural traditions in Malawi and the politics in Malawi are identified and analyzed." The first 25 pages are free online in .pdf format. Or pay $6 thru credit card to access the entire book online. The book is also in print form from

Nigrizia (Verona, Italy)
Web edition of the long established monthly by the Missionari Comboniani. Has the full-text (in Italian) of selected articles for issues from Sept. 1996. The Comboni Missionaries are very active in Africa.

Orthodox Christian Mission Center
The Orthodox Christian Mission Center is "the Mission and Evangelism Agency of the Orthodox Churches in North America. Originally founded in 1985 as an arm of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North and South America..." Describes their programs in Ghana, Madagascar, Tanzania.

Religiously Remapped: Mapping Religious Trends in Africa - Eugene Carl Adogla
Religious profiles for 54 African countries. 22 maps show the predominant religion, the main minority religion, Christianity, Catholicism, Protestantism, Islam, Sunnis, Shia and other branches of Islam, traditional religions, Baha'i, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Atheism, religious freedom, religion and conflict, interesting religious facts, religious change. Includes references. Completed 2007 by Eugene Adogla, funded by a Stanford University grant.

Salvatorian Institute of Philosophy and Theology (Morogoro, Tanzania)
Religious seminary affiliated with the the Philosophy Faculty of the Pontifical Urbaniana University of Rome. Offers a B.A. in Philosophy and a Bachelor of Theology degree (four-year program of theological training for the Catholic priesthood.) The Salvatorianum Publishing House publishes religious titles in Swahili and English. Has the table of contents of its magazine, Africa Tomorrow. and the full text of the student journal, Kola Hill Digest. Photographs of the school, students, and church art work. Based in Morogoro, Tanzania. [KF]

Salvatorian Mission Warehouse (New Holstein, WI)
"Since 1968 The Salvatorian Mission Warehouse has been shipping tons of critical materials to needy villages around the world." Sends shipments to Tanzania and other African countries. "For over 30 years Brother Regis and the Salvatorian Mission Warehouse in New Holstein, Wisconsin have been sending pallets of food, vitamins, medicines, clothing, soap and other materials...." [KF]

SEDOS (Service of Documentation and   Studies), Rome, Italy
SEDOS includes "most of the major missionary religious societies in the Catholic Church" with over 80  member societies. Has full-text articles on contemporary issues, in English, French, Spanish. Articles are from various journals (AFER African Ecclesial ReviewAfrican Christian Studies, Mission de l'?glise en Afrique,etc.) reprinted in the SEDOS Bulletin. Examples - "Kenya - the Other Side of the Tourists 'Paradise" by  Clement N. Odhiambo.

Sentamu, John, Archbishop of York
June 17, 2005 - "The Bishop of Birmingham, the Rt Rev John Sentamu, has become the Church of England's first black archbishop. The Ugandan-born cleric takes over as Archbishop of York..." This is the second-highest post in the Church of England.
October 5, 2005 confirmation: Archbishop of York Official Site:
Archbishop Sentamu's choice of music. "each week a guest [on BBC Radio 4] is invited by Sue Lawley to choose the eight records they would take with them to a desert island":

Seventh-day Adventists
Has information on the Ghana Union Conference and links to official and unofficial sites throughout Africa.
The Seventh Day Adventist Periodical Index indexes about 40 SDA journals and magazines. Search for citations to articles by keyword. The index is produced at the James White Library, Andrews University.

SIM Christian Missions Homepage
" international mission organization with more than 1,800 missionaries serving in more than 43 countries;" formerly the Sudan Interior Mission. Has a large directory of missions on the internet. Based in Charlotte, North Carolina.

Societa delle Missioni Africane (SMA)
In Italian. Some information is also in French, English, Spanish. "In 1859 there was one foundation of the Society of African Mission located in Freetown, Sierra Leone. We now work in 60 dioceses in the following countries: Benin, Central African Republic, Egypt, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Togo, Zaire and Zambia. We are also located in Argentina, Philippines, India and Poland." Has the table of contents of its journal, Afriche. Based in Italy, has an office in New Jersey (See Society of African Missions. Has information on their art museums (one in Tenafly, N.J.)

Societe des Missions Africaines (SMA)
In French. "...Société des Missions Africaines (qui est appelée aussi Missions Africaines de Lyon) est une communauté des disciples de Jésus" ".....compte 1245 membres et associés, prêtres et laïcs, présents au Bénin, en R.D. Congo, en Côte d'Ivoire, en Egypte, au Ghana, au Liberia, au Maroc, au Nigeria, au Niger, en Centrafrique, au Togo, au Kenya, en Tanzanie, au Zaïre, en Zambie, et en République Sud-Africaine." Directory of offices.

Societe des Missionnaires d'Afrique (P?res Blancs / White Fathers) - Montreal, Canada
Includes a history, information on their magazine, Mission, information on their Centre de documentation africaine, etc.

Society of African Missions
New Jersey headquarters of the Societa delle Missioni Africane founded in 1859.

Some, Malidoma Patrice
Biographical information about Dr. Some and his book, "Of Water and the Spirit" on the site of "Religious Traditions of the African Diaspora" a course by Dr. Gloria H. Dickinson at the College of New Jersey, Ewing, N.J.

Southern African Missiological Society
"...formed to further the study of and research into Christian mission and related topics in Southern Africa." Publishes a journal, Missionalia. Has full text articles from older issues of Missionalia, and an annotated directory of Christian mission and mission studies sites. The African independent churches section has a directory of researchers, a discussion forum, and links to full text papers and articles. Based in Menlo Park, South Africa.

Stanford University. Missionary Archives / Records in Microform
A selected list of Africa-related missionary records in microform held in U.S. libraries. Designed for Stanford users.

This Far by Faith: African-American Spiritual Journeys
Site for the TV program. Site does not work in some older browsers. Includes a profile of Olaudah Equiano, an essay on Religion in Africa, and a timeline beginning with 1526: the first North American slave revolt. Estimated Number of Africans Exported By Region, Estimated Number of Africans, Imported to the Americas,1451-1870. "a co-production of Blackside Inc. and The Faith Project, Inc. in association with the Independent Television Service. [KF]

United Methodist Church. Electronic Guide to the Administrative files of United Methodist Communications
Inventory listing records of missionaries to Africa, mainly from the late 1930s to the 1960s, though earlier Africa-related records held may not be apparent from the keyword search facility. The records are at the United Methodist Church Archives - GCAH, Madison, New Jersey. [KF]

United Methodist Church - Global Connections Africa
Has biographies of missionaries serving in Africa, news on the Methodist church in Africa and in individual countries, information on their daily radio broadcasts, their video "A Generation of Hope" on Zimbabwe AIDS orphans, and more.

United States Institute of Peace - Personal Transformations: Moving from Violence to Peace
By Renee Garfinkel. Full text report. About individuals who have abandoned extremism and become proponents of conciliation and peace. Includes short account of Northern Nigeria peacebuilding between Muslims and Christians.

Valley View University
Private university which opened in 1979, an institution of the West Africa Ocean Division of the Seventh-day Adventists. Offers Bachelor’s degrees in Religious Studies, Theology, Business Administration, Accounting, and Computer Science. Located 31km from Accra. [KF]

Vatican. New Cardinals. February 2001
Two new Cardinals from Africa were announced Feb. 21, 2001 by the Vatican Information Service. They are Cardinal Bernard Agre of Abidjan, Ivory Coast: Title of St. John Chrysostom in Monte Sacro Alto and Cardinal Wilfrid Fox Napier, O.F.M., of Durban, South Africa: Title of St. Brancis of Assisi in Acilia.
See also, in English, the ZENIT Daily Despatch February 21, 2001 (does not list the new cardinals) and a Feb. 20, 2001 interview with Cardinal Bernardin Gantin, Dean of the College of Cardinals on the African church today. ZENIT is an international news agency. The owner of ZENIT is Innovative Media Inc. a not-for-profit corporation of the state of New York (USA).

Wajibu, Journal of Social and Religious Concern
Nairobi quarterly journal. Has the full text of some articles. Topics include AIDS, crime, the handicapped, older people, refugees, Paulo Freire's pedagogy, Christian and Muslim dialogue, "Hekima College-An Experience in Intercultural Living," etc. Earlier issues at

White Fathers / Pères Blancs / Société des Missionnaires d'Afrique
In French and English. "The Society of the Missionaries of Africa (White Fathers) was born in Algeria, founded in 1868 by Mgr Charles Lavigerie, archbishop of Algiers." Includes statistics on members, list of White Fathers martyrs (died violent deaths), work in Africa, relations with Islam, their journal, Voix d'Afrique, and other publications, photographs, directory of addresses / emails, etc. [KF]

White Fathers (Société des Missionnaires d'Afrique - Pères Blancs, Missionari d'Africa - Padri Bianchi)
Casella Postale 9078, via Aurelia 269, I-00165 Roma, Italy
The Archives are closed around July and August every year. Articles:

  • "Using the White Fathers Archive: An Update" by David Lee Schoenbrun, in History in Africa, Vol. 20, 1993, 421-422
  • "Archives de la Soci?t? des Missionnaires d'Afrique (P?res Blancs)" by Ren? X. Lamey, in Guida delle fonti per la storia dell'Africa a sud del Sahara negli archivi della Santa Sede e negli archivi ecclesiastici d'Italia/ a cura di Lajos P?asztor. ( Zug, Switzerland : Inter Documentation Co., c1983) 388-413. [KF]

World Council of Churches (Geneva, Switzerland)
The WCC comprises "about 400 million Christians represented through more than 330 churches, denominations and fellowships in 100 countries." Has a list of African members, describes their Africa Program. Publishes WCC News, whose April 2000, No. 2 issue features the WCC in Africa. [KF]

World Relief
An organization of U.S. evangelical churches organized in 1944 to assist European refugees. They are "the only evangelical agency authorized to resettle refugees in the United States." Was the largest international aid agency working in Southern Gaza Province, site of the worst flooding Feb.-March 2000. Also work in Sierra Leone, the Sudan. Based in Wheaton, IL. and Congers, NY.[KF]

Yale Divinity School. AdHoc - Image and Text Database on the History of Christianity
A Yale Divinity School faculty-library initiative, web-searchable database that contains electronic images and texts related to the history of Christianity. Contents include: Map showing locations of mission stations. (maps can be enlarged). Photographs/postcards of missionaries. Map of Anglican Church dioceses in Africa ca. 1897. Maps of Church Missionary Society missions in Africa. Map of the Partition of Africa as settled by international agreements, ca. 1891. Slave Trade Map of Equatorial Africa, ca. 1887. Based in New Haven, Connecticut. [KF]