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Chinese contemporary music

Last Updated: 23-May-2014

This guide, compiled by Visiting Scholar Zhang Jihong, provides information about contemporary music in China. Links to scores and recordings are provided where available.

Subject Librarians

Ray Heigemeir
Public Services Librarian for Music
(650) 384-9985

Introduction

The history of Chinese music dates back at least 5000 years, as long as the culture of China.  There are numerous types of Chinese music today, classified roughly into three categories: traditional music, contemporary music, and popular music. Traditional music includes royal court music handed down from ancient times, folk music, and the music of various ethnic groups. Contemporary music refers to works composed with Western music techniques, and date from the beginning of the twentieth century until the present.

The timeline of the development of Chinese contemporary can be divided roughly into three phases: 1900-1949, 1950-1976, and 1977-

In the earliest phase, music educators and composers, inspired by the enlightened thought of the Western world, composed a large number of songs in order to teach their students and motivate the general population.  The most famous works include Wen (Asking, Youmei Xiao ~ audio), Meigui san yuan (Three wishes of Rose, Zi Huang, 1932 ~ audioJiao wo ru he bu xiang ta (How Can I Help But Think of You, Yuanren Zhao ~ audioYi yong jun jin xing qu (March of the Volunteers, Er Nie, 1933 ~ audio). One of the earliest symphonic works, Huai jiu ( In memoriam, Zi Huang, 1929 ~ audio), belongs to the late Romantic style. Mu tong duan di (Buffalo Boy's Bamboo Flute, Luting He, 1934 ~ audio) is a piano piece combining contemporary compositional techniques with rich Chinese melody.

The second phase, dating from the establishment of the People’s Republic of China and ending at the conclusion of the Cultural Revolution, is called the “Revolutionization” period of Chinese contemporary music. Under the policy of art in the service of working people, many musical works were composed in a strong national style. The most famous Chinese violin concerto Liang shanbo and Zhu yingtai (Butterfly Lover, 1959 ~ audio), was written by Gang Chen and Zhanhao He, based on the Yue Ju work with the same name. The piano concerto Huang he (Yellow River, Chengzong Yin, Wanghua Chu, 1970 ~ audio) was based on the Chorus of Huang He composed by Xinghai Xian. These two works are expressions of revolutionary spirit, with Chinese folk music materials merging with the Western concerto form.

The third phase marks the current period of reform and opening in China. With the wide-ranging exchange of culture between China and other countries, Chinese contemporary music has become diversified in genre and individualized in expression and technique. Vocal music no longer holds a dominant position; there is an increased output of solo instrumental, chamber music, and orchestral works. Many works have strong individuality and high artistic quality, such as the mixed chamber piece Meng Dong (Qu Xiaosong, 1984), the orchestral work Meng size (Four Dreams, He Xuntian, 1986), the work for string quartet and orchestra Tangshi Si Shou (Poems from Tang, Zhou Long, 1995), the orchestral work Di ping xian (Horizon, Ye Xiaogang, 1985), the solo piano piece Duo ye (Chen Yi, 1984), the string quartet Feng Ya Song (Tan Dun, 1982), and the flute concerto Chou shan kong (Guo Wenjing, 1992).

简介

中国是一个拥有5000年文明的国度,中国音乐的历史同样久远,音乐种类之多,难以计数。笼统说来,当今中国的音乐可分为传统音乐、近现代音乐和流行音乐三大类。传统音乐涵盖了从古代流传下来的宫廷音乐、民间音乐和各民族音乐。近现代音乐是指20世纪以来,中国作曲家用西方作曲技法和形式创作的音乐作品。

 

近现代中国音乐从20世纪初至今经历了3个时期:1900年代到1949年以前,1950年到1977年,1978年至今。

第一个时期是中国近现代音乐的发展初期。受西方启蒙思想影响的音乐教育家以教育学生、激励人民为目的,创作了大量独唱、合唱歌曲。其中萧友梅的《问》(乐谱) (音响),黄自的《玫瑰三愿》(1932年)(乐谱)(音响),赵元任的《教我如何不想他》(乐谱)( 音响),聂耳的《义勇军进行曲》(1933年)(乐谱 )(音响) 流传最广;中国最早的交响乐之一《怀旧》(黄自,1929)(音响)散发着晚期浪漫风格,而贺绿汀的钢琴曲《牧童短笛》(1934年)(乐谱)(音响)则具有浓郁的中国风格。

第二个时期始于中华人民共和国成立终于文化大革命结束,是中国近现代音乐的“革命化”时期。在“文艺为劳动人民服务”的政策下,涌现出一大批具有强烈民族风格的音乐作品。陈钢、何占豪基于越剧《梁山伯与祝英台》音乐创作的小提琴协奏曲《梁祝》(1959年)(音响) ,殷承宗、储望华等根据冼星海的《黄河大合唱》改编的钢琴协奏曲《黄河》(1970年)( 乐谱)(音响),都是将中国民族民间音乐素材融入西方器乐协奏曲的形式,表达“革命”精神的作品。

第三个时期即“改革开放”时期,中国与世界开展广泛的文化交流,音乐呈现出体裁多样化,内容和技法个性化的风格。这一时期创作的音乐不再以声乐作品为主,器乐独奏、重奏以及乐队作品取得了长足进展:瞿小松的混合室内乐《懵懂》(1984),何训田的乐队作品《梦四则》(1986)(乐谱),周龙弦乐四重奏与乐队《唐诗四首》(1995)(乐谱),叶晓刚的交响曲《地平线》(1985)(乐谱),陈怡的钢琴曲《多耶》(1984)(乐谱),谭盾的弦乐四重奏《风雅颂》(1982)(乐谱),郭文景的竹笛协奏曲《愁空山》(1992)(乐谱)都具有较强的个性和较高的艺术性。

Books 书目

These are the standard books on Chinese contemporary music.

Zeng ding ban. Xianggang : Zhong wen da xue chu ban she, c2009.
East Asia Library » Chinese Collection » ML336.5 .L58 2009
This book is about the history of Chinese contemporary music. The Hong Kong musicologist Liu Ching-Chih observes music phenomenon both historical and current, offers criticism of composers and music educators, and reflects on the experiences and lessons of the development of Chinese contemporary music outside the social and political context on the mainland. This book has been disputed extensively, because many of the opinions are different from the traditional opinions of mainland musicologists.

讲述了中国现当代音乐在整个20世纪中的形成和发展历史。 作为香港学者,作者刘靖之从大陆社会、政治语境之外观察中国音乐的历史和现状,评价作曲家、音乐教育家的成就,反思中国音乐发展的经验与教训。本书的诸多观点与大陆音乐史学界的传统观点相左,因而引起了相当大的争议。
Hong Kong : Chinese University Press, c2010.
Music Library » Stacks » ML336.5 .L56 2010
This is the English version of Zhongguo Zhongguo xin yin yue shi lun.

英文版的《中国新音乐史论》
Di 1 ban. Shanghai Shi : Shanghai yin yue xue yuan chu ban she, 2012.
East Asia Library » Chinese Collection » ML336 .W364 2012
This is a standard textbook for students majoring in music in mainland China. It narrates Chinese music history over the past 160 years, which covers nearly the whole of contemporary music history. The development of art music, traditional music, and folk music is explored.

中国大陆音乐专业学生的标准教材。本书是所有音乐史教材中涉及近现代音乐史的时间跨度最长的:将近160年,几乎涵盖了整个近现代时期。除艺术音乐外,还叙述了这期间的中国传统音乐和民间音乐的发展状况。
Beijing di 1 ban. Beijing : Wen hua yi shu chu ban she : Xin hua shu dian jing xiao, 1992-1998.
Music Library » Stacks » ML385 .W34 1992 V.1
As a complementary of Zhongguo jin xian dai yin yue shi, this book introduces 38 Chinese composers and their works from the beginning of the 20th century to the 1980s. It focuses on descriptions of events rather than on music analyses.

作为《近现代音乐史》的补充,包括从 20 世纪初到 1980 年代初期的 38 位中国作曲家的生平和作品简介,以叙述事件为主,不包含音乐分析。
Di 1 ban. Changsha Shi : Hunan mei shu chu ban she, 2002.
East Asia Library » Chinese Collection » ML336.5 .J8 2002
The author sorts out the history of musical thought, musical language and style, and narrated the story of representative musicians and works in every period of the Peoples Republic of China. The book’s emphasis is on narrative events and historical materials.

梳理共和国 52 年的音乐艺术思想、语言、风格以及历史发展变化。叙述新中国各个历史时期的代表性音乐家及作品。侧重叙述音乐历史事件和史料。
Di 1 ban. Beijing : Ren min yin yue chu ban she, 2010.
Music Library » Stacks » ML1251 .C5 .Z46 2010
As an introduction to Chinese symphonic music, this dictionary-like book covers all the materials in this field, including the history of the symphony, famous composers and their works, conductors, and orchestras.

具有辞典性质的中国交响音乐介绍,包括中国交响乐的历史、主要作曲家、重要作品、指挥以及交响乐队等。

Organizations

研究机构