UN Day 2015, the UN at 70

 

The official logo for the 70th Anniversary of the United Nations.

Stanford University Libraries celebrates the United Nations Seventieth Anniversary

This guide brings together collections and materials held by the Stanford University Libraries, as well as information from the United Nations itself, on the UN Charter and the United Nations Conference on International Organziation (UNCIO) held in 1945, San Francisco.

Delegates of fifty nations met at San Francisco between April 25 and June 26, 1945. Working on the Dumbarton Oaks proposals, the Yalta Agreement, and amendments proposed by various Governments, the Conference agreed upon the Charter of the United Nations and the Statute of the New International Court of Justice.

The Charter was passed unanimously and signed by all the representatives. It came into force on October 24, 1945, when China, France, the USSR, the United Kingdom, and the United States and a majority of the other signatories had filed their instruments of ratification.

 

 

About UN Day

Materials on Exhibit

The following materials on exhibit at the Green Library, East Wing Lobby, until December 11, 2015.

Many of the nations participating in the UN Conference on International Organization produced their own materials about the conference, the charter, and meetings that were taking place. This publication from the Chilean Ministry of Foreign Affairs is an excellent example.
London ; New York : United Nations Information Organizations, 1945-1955.
Green Library » Jonsson Social Sciences Reading Room » JX1976.4 .A3 D6 1945 V.1
This twenty-two volume set is the authoritative compilation of documents from the UNCIO. It includes meeting agendas, meeting minutes from the four committees, organizational charts, etc.  Volume 2 which is on display contains the daily Journal of the Conference. The Journal was the daily "newspaper" about the days events: meetings and their locations, dinners, even documentary film showings. 
New York, American association for the United nations, inc., Commission to study the organization of peace [1945]
SAL1&2 (on-campus shelving) » Temporary shelving » JX1977 .E34
Many pamphlets and guides were written about the UNCIO meetings especially with regards to the drafting of the UN Charter.  Clark M. Eichelberger who authored this piece was director of the Midwest office of the League of Nations Association, later becoming the national director, the vice-president of the United Nations Association of the U.S.A., and was heavily involved with the Commission to Study the Organization of Peace, which he helped found and held numerous authoritative positions. Eichelberger was also very interested in the United Nations, having written numerous books on the topic and was a consultant to the League of Nations Secretariat. (Source: Guide to the Clark M. Eichelberger Papers, University of Iowa Libraries.
2nd and rev. ed. Boston : World Peace Foundation, 1949.
SAL1&2 (on-campus shelving) » Temporary shelving » JX1977 .G654 ED.2
In addition to guides about the UNCIO, many books and articles were written analyzing the charter. This particular volume authored by Leland Goodrich and Edvard Hambro, has three editions. The edition on display was published by the World Peace Foundation at Tufts University.Goodrich was a scholar who contributed much to the development of the United Nations. A member of the International Secretariat of the United Nations Conference on International Organization in 1945, Dr. Goodrich was the secretary of the Committee on the Peaceful Settlement of International Disputes, which drafted a section on what would ultimately become the UN Charter. (Source: Interview with Leland Goodrich. UN Dag Hammarskjöld Library) 
New York, American Enterprise Association [1946]
SAL3 (off-campus storage) » Stacks » 341.643 .A1CM
Washington, D.C., National education association of the United States [1945]
SAL3 (off-campus storage) » Stacks » 371.334 .N277
New York, N.Y., United Nations Information Office [1945]
SAL3 (off-campus storage) » Stacks » 341.643 .A2U53U F
First issue. San Francisco, Calif. : Pacific Telephone & Telegraph Co., 1945.
SAL3 (off-campus storage) » Stacks » JX1976.4 .P24 1945
This Telephone Directory listed all of the delegates, their hotels, and phone numbers where they could be reached. Additionally, a map with the key meeting locations at the back of the directory was also included.  A reproduction of the map is in the exhibit case.
 
The Republic of Ireland has been neutral in international relations since the 1930s. Although the United Kingdom fully supported Ireland's application to join the United Nations, in 1945 it was blocked by an objection by the Soviet Union in the Security Council. Ireland eventually joined the United Nations in 1955.
Boulder [Colo.] East European Quarterly; distributed by Columbia University Press, New York, 1975.
SAL3 (off-campus storage) » Stacks » JX1977.2.U45.S2
[1st ed.] New York, Vantage Press [1966]
Hoover Library » Stacks » JX1977.2 .S8 S22
In a joint statement issued during the Potsdam Conference, the three great powers, United States, Britain and the USSR, expressed their wish that Spain should not apply for membership to the United Nations given the fact that the Franco regime was founded with the help of the Axis powers, was closely associated with the Axis, and did not possess the necessary qualifications to justify membership. During the conference United States favored more moderate approach towards Spain, since it had remained neutral throughout World War II.  Spain was able to join the United Nations in 1955.
The Republic of Ireland has been neutral in international relations since the 1930s. Although the United Kingdom fully supported Ireland's application to join the United Nations, in 1945 it was blocked by an objection by the Soviet Union in the Security Council. Ireland eventually joined the United Nations in 1955.
Montevideo, Sección Prensa, Informaciones y Publicaciones del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, 1945.
SAL3 (off-campus storage) » Stacks » D754.U8.A5 1945
Uruguay stayed neutral during most of World War II, despite internal disputes and pressure to join the Allies. On January 25, 1942 Uruguay broke diplomatic relations with Nazi Germany, as 21 American nations did the same. Uruguay declared war on Germany and Japan on 15 February. On December 18, 1945, it joined the Declaration by United Nations.
London, Pub. for the United Nations Information Organisation by H.M. Stationery Off., 1945.
Green Library » Stacks » D744 .U54 1945
Item from a private collection: Appeal by representatives of the Baltic Nations to the General Assembly of the United Nations: Jointly presented on November 24, 1947, by the envoys of the three Baltic states, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. [Washington, 1947].During the interwar period the three independent Baltic States Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania were members of the League of Nations. After World War II, they were fully incorporated into the USSR after military occupation and annexation, first in 1940 and then again in 1944. Western policy was dual: on the one hand it supported the Atlantic charter notion for freedom and sovereignty of the nations; on the other hand in practice it did not refer to the Baltic States. But the non-recognition policy that most states practiced throughout the Cold War helped Baltic exile organizations to move toward the goal of regaining of independence in 1991.
London ; New York : I.B. Tauris ; New York, NY : Distributed in the United States and Canada exclusively by Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.
Green Library » Stacks » D749 .P54 2011

UN Charter Research Resources

UNCIO Archival Collections

UNCIO Photos, Films, and Soundrecordings

accessibilityaccessprivsarrow-circle-rightaskus-chataskus-librarianbarsblogsclosecoffeecomputercomputersulcontactsconversationcopierelectricaloutleteventsexternal-linkfacebook-circlegroupstudyhoursindividualinterlibrarynewsnextoffcampusopenlateoutdoorpeoplepolicypreviousprinterprojectsquietreservesscannersearchstudysupportingtabletourstwitter-circleworking