Table of Contents
Bibliography and Overviews
Elga Zalite, Bibliographic Assistant for Government Information, researched and compiled the two overviews of the Food and Agriculture Organization and the World Food Program. They provide a history, a list of significant accomplishments, as well as some of the criticisms of the programs.
The Bibliography contains citations to the materials in the Green Library Lobby cases; and were also consulted for the overviews.
President Franklin Roosevelt introduced the world to the Four Freedoms in his 6 January 1941 State of the Union Address -- Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Worship, Freedom from Want, and Freedom from Fear. These freedoms became the foundation for the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, with Article 25 specifically stating, "Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control."
The titles listed below provide a sample of the titles in the Library's collections dealing with the Freedom from Want.
IIA and David Lubin
The International Institute of Agriculture (IIA) was founded in Rome in 1905 by the King of Italy with the intent of creating a clearinghouse for collection of agricultural statistics. It was created primarily due to the efforts of David Lubin. In 1930, the IIA published the first world agricultural census. After World War II, both its assets and mandate were handed over to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. (Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Institute_of_Agriculture)
David Lubin, considered the founder of the IIA, was a merchant and agriculturist who settled in the Sacramento area. The Hoover Library and Archives has a collection of his papers, and the FAO Library in Rome is named the David Lubin Memorial Library in honor of him.
The FAO was founded 16 October 1945 in Quebec City, Canada. The FAO motto is fiat panis or "let there be bread".
Their mandate "is to improve nutrition, increase agricultural productivity, raise the standard of living in rural populations and contribute to global economic growth." They accomplish this through a variety of programs, working relationships with other IGOs and NGOs, and through research and analysis to set policies and standards.
Exports of cereals by source and destination = Exportations de céréales par provenace et destination = Exportaciones de cereales por origen y destino
Nature et faune : revue internationale pour la conservation de la nature en Afrique = Wildlife and nature : international journal on nature conservation in Africa
The World Food Programme (WFP) is the food assistance branch of the UN, delivering food releif packages to areas struck by famine, drought, or other events that prevent people from producing or obtaining enought food for themselves and their families. WFP was established in 1961 as a three year experiment to "find a way to deliver food surpluses to food-deficient peoples of the United Nations system." UN Resolution A/RES/1714(XVI) In 1965 the WFP was extended on a continuuing basis and is considered one of the world's largest humanitarian organizations addressing hunger.
The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) was an agreement entered into force by countries pledging $750 million to the fund on 30 November 1977. UN General Assembly Resolution A/RES/32/107
Cookbooks from the United Nations, part of the Dawn Nicolosi Powell Collection of Regional and Ethnic American Cookbooks.