Early recordings in the Archive of Recorded Sound
The Archive holds numerous early disc recordings of Beethoven's works; see this page for a list of titles.
The cylinder collection contains one Beethoven recording, of the "Menuett", performed by Kathleen Parlow, violin. Edison Blue Amberol, issue no. 28192 (original issue no. 4M-28026), October 1917. ARS accession no. 1460.