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Eswatini / Swaziland

See also: Eswatini News Swaziland news - Swaziland
Very current news from the Panafrican News Agency (PANA), IRIN (UN) and other sources. Formed from a merger with Africa News of Durham, N.C.

Bakhsh, Nidaa - "Swaziland Media Report"
Covers press freedom violations, history of the media. Part of the African Media Debates page of Rhodes University, Journalism and Media Studies Department.

Central Bank of Eswatini
Annual Reports, history, Monetary Survey, Bank Liquidity Position, Comparative Interest Rates: Swaziland - South Africa, Swaziland: Sumary balance of payments, 1990 - 2000, Comparative Price indices, Swaziland's foreign Assets, Swaziland Official Reserves.

CIIMDA, Centre for Indigenous African Instrumental Music and Dance Practices
Offers classrom dance, instrumental courses in SADC countries (Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, and Zambia), works with government Ministries. Publishes books. Based in Pretoria, South Africa.

Civnet (New York, NY) - Swaziland
In English and French. Civitas is "an international, non-governmental organization dedicated to promoting civic education and civil society."

Has articles from its Journal such as -
Africa's successful renaissance, by Karl Maier. 
Africa's failed renaissance, by George Ayittey.
The various states of democracy in Swaziland, South Africa, and Angola by Linda Moscarella (May 1997).
Democracy is developing in Southern Africa by David Pitts (mainly on South Africa). Has reports from their 1997 Pretoria conference, Civitas Africa.

COMESA, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
"COMESA [formerly the PTA] exists as an organisation of free independent sovereign states which have agreed to co-operate in developing their natural and human resources for the good of all their people'. With its 19 member states and population of 300 million it forms a major integrated trading block." Has information on customs tariffs by country, road/transport including road distances, economic profiles for each country (Angola, Burundi, Comoros, D.R. Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Namibia, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe) etc. Has the text of Doing Business with COMESA: the Handbook, legal guides to establishing business, etc.

The Institute for Security Studies (Pretoria)
Has text of the COMESA summit final communiques and Council of Ministers meetings reports.

Educational Research for Quality of Life, Seventh BOLESWA Symposium
Hosted by Swaziland Educational Research Association at the University of Swaziland, Kwaluseni, Swaziland, July 28 - August 1, 1997. Abstracts and some full text papers

The Woman Farmer and the Role of the Agricultural Extension Delivery System as an Educational Process, by B. L. Morolong.
The social adjustment of Grade 1 pupils: A case study of Siphofaneni and Duze Primary Schools, by M. Keregero and L. S. Simelane
The "Harambee Movement" in Kenya: the role played by Kenyans and the government in the provision of education and other social services, by S. Chieni
A need for an educational research revolution in Southern Africa, by L. Lalendle
Birth weight, stillbirth and maternal complications in Swaziland as related to parity and mothers age by G. N. Dlamini & B. Tiisekwa
Education research for better quality of life for girls in Namibia by C. Shaimemanya & C. D. Kasanda
Environmental education policy and planning in Botswana: the basis for environmental quality and sustainable development by M. Mosothwane
Swaziland secondary/high school students' risks that may promote HIV infection and the spread of AIDS by N. Mndebele
The "woman farmer" and extension services delivery system as a process of ensuring improved quality of life through education by B. L. Moorlong

Based in the Netherlands and Namibia, offers camping tours to Namibia, Swaziland, and South Africa, with the "Bushmen".

International Crisis Group - Swaziland: the Clock is Ticking
Full text report in PDF. "Swaziland has been an absolute monarchy for more than 30 years, with a royal leadership that ignores worsening social ills and a small elite that is often openly corrupt."

International Journal of Humanistic Studies (Manzini, Swaziland)
"...annual peer-reviewed Journal...Contributions are accepted from the fields of Philosophy, English Language, Literature, History, Theatre Arts, Music, Communication Arts, Anthropology, Library Studies, Information Science, Cultural Studies, Sociology and other relevant disciplines." Editor based at the Department of African Languages and Literature, University of Swaziland, Kwaluseni, Swaziland.

International Labour Organization. Case No. 1884 (Swaziland): Interim report
Complaint against the Government of Swaziland presented by the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU). Allegations: Intimidation and harassment of trade unionists and violations of the right to organize and the right to strike. 31 pages.
The Committee's conclusions
The Committee's recommendations
From the Documents of the ILO Governing Body, 268th Session, Geneva, March 1997, Report of the ILO Committee on Freedom of Association,

Internet Cafe, Mbabane
The capital's internet cafe provides full internet access. Has a directory of Swailand diplomatic missions abroad.

Lubomba Spatial Development Initiative
A multimillion dollar casino resort, game reserve, and lodge development by Swaziland, South Africa, and Mozambique, designed to make parts of Swaziland and KwaZulu Natal into a tourist destination.  Agricultural development is also a goal.

Mail & Guardian
Extensive current information on South and Southern Africa from this long established newspaper. The full text of past issues back to July 1994 is searchable by keyword at:

Mbabane, Into the Millenniun. The story of a city - By Christina Forsyth Thompson
History of the capital, chronology, historical photographs, maps (Mbabane & Swaziland).

National Emergency Response Council on HIV/AIDS, NERCHA
"NERCHA is mandated by the Swaziland government to coordinate and facilitate the national mulitsectoral response to HIV/AIDS." Full text reports such as SECOND NATIONAL MULTISECTORAL HIV AND AIDS STRATEGIC PLAN 2006 – 2008 and What is Driving the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Swaziland and What Can We Do About It? NERCHA sponsors the Young Heroes web site about orphans from AIDS.

Ohio University (Athens, Ohio). Kingdom of Swaziland Government Documents Depository
Describes the agreement making Ohio University a North American Depository for Swaziland government publications. Materials are available on interlibrary loan and listed in Ohio's online catalog, ALICE. There are also links to Swazi-related web sites. Maintained by Theodore Foster. 

Text of agreement:

Real Image [Swaziland]
Real Image is a Swaziland internet service provider, web host and design service, and seller of computers. Its page provides much information on news, business, companies, etc..

Royal Kingdom of Swaziland - Stewart Marshall
"A web site about the geography, climate, population and language of the Royal Kingdom of Swaziland, together with useful links." Maintained by Professor Stewart Marshall, Dean, Faculty of Informatics and Communication, Central Queensland University, Queensland, Australia.

Southern Africa AIDS Information Dissemination Service (Harare, Zimbabwe)
SAfAIDS is an NGO established in 1994 whose "main role is promoting policy, research, planning and programme development around HIV/AIDS in the southern Africa region." Has the text of "Code on HIV/AIDS and Employment in Southern African Development Community (SADC)".
Publishes SAfAIDS News. Its HIV/AIDS Net, by Cecilia Mhiti and Juliet Mkaronda, is a directory of 127 HIV/AIDS websites relevant to southern Africa. Medialink by Michele Fleet and Kate Mhambi, is a media directory of e-mail and www sites for Southern Africa for over 140 newspapers, radio, television and professional institutions in Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Southern Africa Jewish Genealogy Special Interest Group
"SA-SIG provides information of interest to those researching Jewish family history in the communities of South Africa, Lesotho (Basutoland), Botswana (Bechuanaland), Zimbabwe (Southern Rhodesia), Zambia (Northern Rhodesia), Swaziland, Moçambique and the former Belgian Congo." Has full text articles, sources for research, discussion forum, book list, the 1929 South African Jewish Year Book Database of biographies, etc.

Southern African Development Community, SADC
From MBendi Information Services. Background of SADC, very useful basic and directory information.

Southscan (London)
E-version of the respected print bulletin of Southern African affairs. Has the table of contents for issues from 1994 +

Swazi Observer
Closed down by the Swaziland government. See the Dispatch report, February 19, 2000, the Committee to Project Journalist press release, Feb. 28, 2000 and the Media Institute of Southern Africa Feb. 18 press release. Was the first Swaziland newspaper on the internet. Had a weekend edition, Weekend Observer.
"Swaziland, a Journey into the Past, Manzini to Mbabane, the Hard Way"
A scenic travel vignette, in 1969, thru the Swazi countryside by artist, Lowell F. Boileau from Detroit. More photos are to come.

Swaziland @ Newsletter
"News from and about Swaziland appearing twice monthly, compiled by Southern Africa Contact (Denmark) from international and local press sources, and sent to all with an interest in Swaziland - free of charge. Earlier issues can also be read at"

Swaziland Business Yearbook
Extensive selections from the print edition, basic information on the country, government, economy, investing, industries, crafts, agriculture, mining, housing, hotels/tourism, communications and media, education, directory of embassies, cost of living, etc.

Swaziland Chamber of Commerce & Industry
Each month features an industry or craft, has investment information, links to the 1996 Budget Speech, SADC. or

Swaziland Coalition of Concerned Civic Organisations
The largest civil society organization. Lists members. Based in Mbabane, Swaziland.

Swaziland. Commissions of Enquiry
Full text on the Swaziland Government web site of the -
Commission of Enquiry to investigate the use of E50 million Capacity Building under the E1.6 billion Job Creation Initiative
Commission of Enquiry to investigate conduct of certain Minister and former minister.

Swaziland Digital Archives
Digitizes old photos,  distributes them free on the internet, and for a nominal cost on CDs. Has some contemporary photos.

Swaziland Email Directory
Forms based database of people in Swaziland, the overseas Swazi diaspora, or people who have lived in Swaziland. Created and maintained by internet service provider UUNET Internet Africa in Swaziland.

Swaziland Federation of Trade Unions
Their address, list of officers, a solidarity letter supporters can send to govt. officials, press releases regarding the 1997 strike.

Swaziland Fiction
Descriptions, short excerpts of novels, plays, short stories, poetry, folktales. From "Swaziland Fiction" in Mbabane.

Swaziland Government
Includes statistical reports - 2011 annual health statistics (63 p. pdf) 2010 health statistics (49 p. pdf)
Official site.

Swaziland Industrial Development Corporation
SIDC is a private development finance bank established in October 1987 to "supply local and international funds to finance private business projects."

Swaziland Internet Directory
Extensive directory of Swaziland web sites.

Swaziland Meterological Service
Is the National Meteorological Service, weather forecast, the climate, rainfall analysis,

Swaziland. Ministry of Finance
Has the 1997 Budget Speech presented by the Minister for Finance, Themba N. Masuku.
The Ministry:

[Swaziland] National Emergency Response Council on HIV/AIDS, NERCHA
"NERCHA is mandated by the Swaziland government to coordinate and facilitate the national mulitsectoral response to HIV/AIDS." Full text reports such as SECOND NATIONAL MULTISECTORAL HIV AND AIDS STRATEGIC PLAN 2006 – 2008 and What is Driving the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Swaziland and What Can We Do About It? NERCHA sponsors the Young Heroes web site about orphans from AIDS.

Swaziland National Trust Commission
"...the parastatal organisation responsible for the conservation of nature and the cultural heritage of the Kingdom of Swaziland." On biodiversity, nature reserves, the programmes operated by the organisation, and legislation on conservation. Mantenga Nature Reserve, the National Museum, Swazi culture including kingship, archeology including rock paintings, Swazi history with a bibliography, biography of King Sobhuza II, King Sobuza II Memorial Park, tourism, a over all bibliography, etc.

Swaziland Page of Terence G. Sibiya
Sibiya is a graduate student from Swaziland at the Univ. of Pittsburg and maintains the Swazi-net discussion list. Brief information on ceremonies, the economy, travel, photos of King Mswati III and King Sobhuza II, etc. In English and SiSwati.

Swaziland Royal Insurance Corporation
"established in 1973 by a King’s Order-in-Council....The objective of the Corporation is to “provide adequate and proper insurance business of all classes including both short and long term insurance..." for individuals and businesses. 41% govt. owned.

Swaziland Today
Government newsletter of the Office of the Prime Minister, Public Policy Coordination Unit, Mbabane. Has the full-text of issues from No. 1, 1997 to date.

Swaziland Tourism Authority

Discussion list on Swaziland, formed c. 1996. To subscribe, send e-mail to:
In the message area put: subscribe swazi-net

TTI Publishing Ltd. (Manzini, Swaziland)
Publishes books and the International Journal of Humanistic Studies and LWATI: A Journal of Contemporary Research. The site owner is TTI Publishing Ltd., Swaziland.

UNISWA Research Journal of Agriculture, Science and Technology
"...a publication of the Faculties of Agriculture, Health Sciences and Science of the University of Swaziland. It publishes results of original research." Table of contents online. Articles may be purchased from African Journals Online for $15 per article (cost to high-income countries). Users from many African countries may receive free three articles per month.

United Nations Development Programme - Swaziland
Programs in Governance, Poverty Reduction, HIV/ AIDS, Communication, Gender, Environment Management, the Codification of Swazi law and Custom Project. See their publications list. Information on Swaziland's governance system.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. Chiefs of State & Cabinet Members - Swaziland
Provides a list of the President, Cabinet members, the Governor of the Central Bank, the country's Ambassador to the U.S., and its U.N. Representative.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. World Factbook - Eswatini
Basic facts on the geography, people, government, economy, communications, military, transport, transnational issues.

United States. Department of State. Report on Human Rights Practices. [Eswatini]
The reports include coverage of women, children, and labor. 2018 Report.  Pre-2017 Reports.

University of Natal. Campbell Historic Photograph Collection
"...some 30,000 images, [by Dr Killie Campbell] mainly black and white and sepia toned prints, a rich visual documentation of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, mainly of Natal and Zululand." Includes Bambata Rebellion 1906, Dinuzulu, King of the Zulu, "...early Durban, including street scenes, architecture, harbour and environs in late nineteenth century," Cape Town; Stellenbosch; Pietermaritzburg; King William's Town, Sheba Mine and town of Barberton, Swaziland, raiilways, hunting scenes, military groups, cultural dress and traditions of Northern Zululand and Tongaland. Part of the Killie Campbell Africana Library.

University of Pennsylvania's Swaziland Page
Has the CIA map, 1995 CIA World Factbook information, language information, etc. UPenn's huge site also has a keyword search engine.

University of Swaziland

University of Swaziland. Faculty of Education
Has degree requirements.

Waterford Kamhlaba United World College of Southern Africa
Well known independent international secondary school. Based in Mbabane, Swaziland.