See also: Ethiopia news


Abiche, Tefera Talore - Community development initiatives and poverty reduction : the role of the Ethiopian Kale Heywot Church in Ethiopia
Full text of the Master's thesis in Development Studies, University of the Western Cape, South Africa. 2004. 130 pages, in pdf. "...the Ethiopian Kale Heywot Church Development Program (EKHCDP) has played an important role in supporting and encouraging the development aspirations of local communities in the areas of environmental rehabilitation, water and sanitation, agriculture, health, education, credit and saving schemes."

Addis Fine Art
"In 2016, Rakeb Sile and Mesai Haileleul co-founded Addis Fine Art,..." Artists, exhibitions, online webinars. Galleries in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and London, England.

Addis Standard 
Monthly English private magazine published and distributed by JAKENN Publishing P.L.C, established 2011. Basedin Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Aethiopica: International Journal of Ethiopian Studies (Hamburg, Germany)
Published by the Institut für Afrikanistik and Äthiopistik, Universität Hamburg. Issue #1 is 1998.  Most articles are in English.

Afewerk Tekle
Article in memory of Aferwerk Tekle in Tadias magazine.

Site closed. It was archived by the Internet Archive. Among the various links, click on  index.html to see the archived pages.*/ 
"Ethiopia’s leading artist." Biography, his paintings, sculptures, mosaics, murals, art in the artist's home. Afewerk created the stained-glass windows at the entrance of Africa Hall, headquarters of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa. "In 1964, he became the first winner of the Haile Selassie I prize for Fine Arts." "In 2000, he was one of the few chosen World Laureates by the council of the ABI on the occasion of the 27th International Millennium Congress on the Arts and Communication in Washington DC." He painted Kwame Nkrumah's portrait and was awarded the American Golden Academy Award and the Cambridge Order of Excellence England. Prints of his work may be purchased online.

American Library Association - Library of Congress Romanization Tables on the Web
The scanned text of the 1997 edition of the ALA-LC Romanization Tables: Transliteration Schemes for Non-Roman Scripts, approved by the Library of Congress and the American Library Association. Includes, in Adobe pdf, Amharic, Arabic, Tigrinya.

Amnesty International. Ethiopia: Investigation reveals evidence that scores of civilians were killed in massacre in Tigray state
12 November 2020, 17:25 UTC  "Amnesty International can today confirm that scores, and likely hundreds, of people were stabbed or hacked to death in Mai-Kadra (May Cadera) town in the South West Zone of Ethiopia’s Tigray Region on the night of 9 November."

Amnesty International. Ethiopia: the Massacre in Axum   
26 February 2021, Index number: AFR 25/3730/2021

Arte Abyssinia
In English, Italian, Amharic. Has a gallery of paintings by Abiye Melaku depicting life and landscapes of Ethiopia. Site founded by Chane Alemaw Kidane, based in Rome, Italy. http://WWW.ARTEABYSSINIA.COM

An NGO founded in 2004. The goals of Ashager are to improve the education of nurses and create cooperation between US medical students and Ethiopian doctors. Based in California.

Association for Higher Education and Development (AHEAD)
"...a not-for-profit organization founded by a group of Ethiopian-Canadians who reside in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada." Our goal is to contribute toward the improvement of education in Ethiopia. Has a 43 page report, in PDF, The Potential Within: Is the Ethiopian Diaspora a Response to the Nation's Brain Drain? (2005), a directory of higher education institutions in Ethiopia, the Distribution of health training schools by type of their location, education statistics. See also the April 2005 forum on the Brain Drain and Africa. Based in Ottawa, Canada.
Helps individuals win asylum. Has the legal requirements for asylum in countries around the world and full text documents to aid in seeking asylum. Has a section on Ethiopia and full text documents, in Adobe PDF, covering political opinion and ethnic groups, to aid those seeking asylum.

Ayele, Negussay - African Americans and Ethiopia On the Eve of the Fascist Invasion
Excerpt from the book, Ethiopia and the United States, Volume I, the Season of Courtship, which appeared in the magazine (print and online), Tadias, Vol. 2, No. 2, June-July 2004. Negussay Ayele is with UCLA's Interdepartmental Program in Afro-American Studies.

BBC Lost Kingdoms of Africa
"British art historian Dr Gus Casely-Hayford explores the pre-colonial history of some of Africa's most important kingdoms."
Series 1.
1. Nubia
2. Ethiopia
3. Great Zimbabwe
4. West Africa. Benin Plaques.  Benin art at the British Museum.

Belcher, Wendy - Early African Literature: An Anthology of Written Texts from 3000 BCE to 1900 CE
Collected and edited by Wendy Laura Belcher.

Birds of Tigray, Ethiopia - Lieuwe J. Dijksen
"From December 1992 to December 1996 I lived in the small town of Abi Adi... in the Tembien zone of Tigray, the northern most region of Ethiopia. My wife worked as midwife for a local NGO, the Relief Society of Tigrai (REST)..." "...approximately 500 bird species can be seen here [in Tigray]!" Includes photographs and slide shows of the birds and the scenery, list of the birds with scientific names, information on the Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society, articles, etc.

British Council - Ethiopia
Has the Council's Newsletter, Council events, its projects.

British National Archives. Learning Curve - Mussolini and Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
"Ruled by Emperor Haile Selassie, the ancient civilisation of Abyssinia (Ethiopia) was situated between the two small Italian colonies of Eritrea and Somaliland. Its lands were fertile and rich in mineral wealth, two reasons why Italian troops attempted an invasion in 1896. Ultimately, the Italians suffered an humiliating defeat." Tutorial with photographs, excerpts from documents. Questions, activities for students. Learning Curve is a free online teaching and learning resource, [from the British National Archives] following the History National Curriculum from Key Stages 2 to 5.

Carter Center
"The Carter Center in Atlanta, Georgia is a nonprofit, nonpartisan public policy institute founded by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and his wife, Rosalynn, in 1982." Search on Ethiopia to retrieve articles.

Cato Institute
Public policy institute, supports "limited government, free markets, individual liberty, and peace". A keyword search of their site produced an article, Policy Analysis No. 92, September 28, 1987, The World Bank vs. the World's Poor by James Bovard which mentions the World Bank's relations with Ethiopia.

Centre for the Strategic Initiatives of Women (Washington, D.C.)
"In the Horn of Africa, CSIW's strengthens women's political participation in civil society for peace, democracy and human rights." Has a directory of Horn of Africa women's groups, maps.

There are full text reports on -
Women's Right in Islam (Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan)
The Culture and Tradition of Women in Somalia
Women's Work in Peace: Lessons from Training Projects in the Horn of Africa

Christian Relief and Development Assoication, CRDA
Founded 1973, an indigenous non-profit umbrella organization, an association of NGOs and Civil Society Organizations engaged in relief and rehabilitation. Based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Chu, Jenny - Images of Africa
Photographs from Angola, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Sierra Leone and Somalia taken in 2002 on relief activities of the International Medical Corps. The IMC site has additional photographs.

Citizens League of Ethiopian-Americans
"...a non-partisan action group established in 1998. The organization actively promotes the involvement of Ethiopian-Americans in the policy making of local, state and federal institutions." Based in Cupertino, California.

Cold War International History Project
Established at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (Washington, D.C.), supports the release of historical materials by governments, seeks to disseminate new perspectives on Cold War history.

Full text documents include - Anatomy of a Third World Cold War Crisis: New East-bloc Evidence on the Horn of Africa, 1977-1978.

  • The Horn, the Cold War, and New Documents from the Former East-bloc: An Ethiopian View, by Ermias Abebe
  • Moscow, Mengistu, and the Horn, by Paul B. Henze
  • East Germany and the Horn Crisis: Documents on SED Afrikapolitik, by Christian F. Ostermann
  • Russian and East German Documents on the Horn of Africa, 1977-1978

COMESA, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
"COMESA [formerly the PTA] exists as an organisation of free independent sovereign states which have agreed to co-operate in developing their natural and human resources for the good of all their people'. With its 19 member states and population of 300 million it forms a major integrated trading block." Has information on customs tariffs by country, road/transport including road distances, economic profiles for each country (Angola, Burundi, Comoros, D.R. Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Namibia, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe) etc. Has the text of Doing Business with COMESA: the Handbook, legal guides to establishing business, etc.

Committee to Protect Journalists
Based in New York city, is a nonpartisan, nonprofit organization which does not accept govt. funding. Contains "Clampdown in Addis: Ethiopia's Journalists at Risk" -

Has a searchable database of articles about attacks on the media.

Connell, Dan - "Ethiopia-Eritrea Disengagement"
A Foreign Policy in Focus, Global Affairs Commentary. Pub. 2001. FPIF is a collaborative project of the Interhemispheric Resource Center (IRC) and the Institute for Policy Studies (IPS).

Council of Alternative Forces for Peace and Democracy in Ethiopia, CAFPDE
In English and Amharic. Opposition Coalition of seventeen parties. "...the outcome of the Peace and Reconciliation Conference held in Addis Ababa from December 18 to 22, 1993 to seek peaceful solutions to the basic political problems of the country." Was part of the "All Party Conference of Ethiopian Opposition Political Organizations" which took place in July 2003 in Washington, D.C. Party profile, press releases, history of "CAFPDE and SEPDC Campaign in South West Ethiopia." Based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Web site based in Silver Spring, Maryland.

CRDA Deborah & Alice Leadership & Communication (Google Group)
"Learn how to effectively use online resources for academic purposes (research, social policy). Focus on Ethiopia, Africa. Social Work, Journalism, Public Health. Anyone is welcome to join. Started in May 22, 2008 after CRDA workshop by Zinn & Klement in Addis Ababa."

Creation of the OAU (Organization of African Unity) - Makonnen Ketema
Account by Makonnen Ketema whose father, the late Ketema Yifru, was former foreign minister of Ethiopia and closely involved in the OAU's creation. Includes a biography and photographs of K. Yifru. Also photographs of Kwame Nkrumah, Modibo Kieta of Mali, Seku Toure of Guinea, Emperor Haile Selassie, Jomo Kenyatta, William Tubman, Nnamdi Azikiwe, Diallo Telli, Tafewa Balewa, Salim Ahmed Salim and others.

Very extensive, annotated directory of internet information on Ethiopia (arts, literature, business, computers, culture, religion, education, food, forums, maps, government, health, history, human rights, languages, music, news, noted personalities, personal pages, sports, travel, etc.), links to current news, books/cds at, chat. The Founder is Kitaw Yayeh-Yirad.

D'Addis et d'ailleurs
In French and English. Ethiopian paintings, jewelry, stoles, household linens, carvings, lamps, religious icons, Bible stands, Coptic crosses. The owner is Nolwenn Brunel. Based in France.

Damena, Michael M. S., "Managing the Development of Telecommunications and Information Technology in Ethiopia"
A thesis for the Masters in Engineering Management at George Washington Univ. 1996.

Dargie, Waltenegus - The Eunuch and the King's Daughter
Site for the historical novel by Waltenegus Dargie, a researcher at University of Kassel, Faculty of Electrical Engineering / Computer Science Communication Technology, Kassel, Germany. Published by Neshee Publication. Excerpts from the novel.

Dear Ethiopia
In English and French. Site by Bertrand Duquénois, an "account of my trips in this extraordinary country." Many photographs, includes an annotated bibliography (in French).

Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)
Published by the Organization for Social Science Research in Eastern Africa (OSSREA). Payment required for access to articles.

Election 2010, May 23 - House of Peoples' Representatives and State Council Elections
European Union Election Observation Mission to Ethiopia 2010 - In English and Amharic.
Human Rights Watch - Ethiopia: Repression Rising Ahead of May Elections
Links to the full text of the HRW report, One Hundred Ways of Putting Pressure” Violations of Freedom of Expression and Association in Ethiopia (March 24, 2010).

Encyclopaedia Aethiopica
Edited by Siegbert Uhlig. Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz, 2003 - ISBN: 3447047461. Web site about the print encyclopaedia which covers Ethiopia, Eritrea,Djibouti, Somalia, Sudan. Coverage is from prehistoric times up to 1974. A page of corrections to Vol. 1 is available. Has links to related sites. Editorial headquarters are at the Institute of African and Ethiopian Studies, Hamburg University, Hamburg, Germany.   Stanford users see the Searchworks entry.

Site under construction, Ethiopia office of Environnement et developpement du tiers-monde, an international development organization based in Dakar.

Ethio Market
Find business partners in Ethiopia for exporters, importers, etc. Promotes "...promote joint venture, management contract, lease or export market partners of local companies to the foreign and local investors." Bids/Tenders information. Search for Ethiopian companies by product. Provides visibility for Ethiopian government bodies such as the Ethiopian Customs Authority.
Site has closed.  The Internet Archive has archived the site.The purpose of the website is to help Ethiopians meet and possibly build a family. "Here at we are trying to create a solution to the matrimonial problem of Ethiopians in North America." Based in Chicago, IL. 

Ethio Yellow Pages
Directory to businesses in Ethiopia, the U.S., Europe, Canada. "EthioYellowPages Inc. (EYP) is a United States based, privately held corporation. It has no ties or affiliations with any group or organization, private or government." Includes sources for Ethiopia-related software.

The site has closed. The Internet Archive has archived the site. "An alternative source of Ethiopian news and views." Current news, opinion pieces, links to Ethiopia sites and opposition parties. Based in Seattle, Washington. 

Ethiopia. Constitution
The full text. On the web site of the Ethiopian Parliament.

Ethiopia, a Country Study - Library of Congress
Published 1993. Full text of the reference work. Geography, Society, Economy, Government and Politics, History, Population, Ethnic Groups, Religion, Education, Mass Media, Military, Police, Legal System, Health, Human Rights, etc. Statistics. Bibliography.

Ethiopia. Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Agency DPPC
Official government site. Formerly the Relief and Rehabilitation Commission. Has many maps (administrative atlas, resettlement, feeding sites, agriculture, potable water, flood areas) The Public Relations Dept. publishes a Fortnight Bulletin in PDF.

Ethiopia (Government). Embassy (U.S.)
Information on the economy, investment, tourism and travel, people, history, education, etc. Has a directory of ministries, information from govt. policy documents, list of Ethiopian newspapers, etc. Includes a visa application form. The Ethiopian Peoples Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) is the ruling party.

Ethiopia Eritrea Conflict
News, articles, commentary. Covers mainly events up to 2000.

Ethiopia in the Knowledge Age - 2001 Conference on Information Communication Technologies & Development
Site has closed. The Internet Archive has archived the site. See the 2002 archived sites. Abstracts and full text of papers presented, biographies of presenters. Full text report on the Internet in Ethiopia, by Samuel Kinde (2001). Keynote by Noah A. Samara, Chairman and CEO, WorldSpace Corporation. Held in Addis Ababa.*/

Ethiopia. Ministry of Health
Full text documents - health sector development programme, health indicators, health standards, regional health. Health news. Ministory of Health Departments and Units. Directory (phone, fax) of hospitals, health agencies, health departments, regional bureaus.

Ethiopia Ministry of Labour
Labor Market Dynamics 2013 in PDF.

Ethiopia Online
Has many articles on the campaign to return to Ethiopia the Aksum Obelisk in Rome, information on Development Studies Associates, a consultancy service for development projects headed by Ethiopian economists based in Addis Ababa, messages from the Ethiolist discussion list from California regarding Ethiopia at the Atlanta Olympics, etc.

Ethiopia. Parliament
In Amharic and English. "...information regarding the structures, powers and functions of the two Houses, i.e. The House of Peoples' Representatives and The House of the Federation and their respective committees." Has basic facts, the national flag. "...draft bills presented to and bills adopted by The House of Peoples' Representatives will also be exhibited for public consumption."

Ethiopia Through Russian Eyes
The full text of two books by Alexander Bulatovich, a Russian mlitary officer, From Entotto to the River Baro and With the Armies of Menelik II have been translated and put online by Richard Seltzer of B & R Samidzat Express. They are accounts of Ethiopia in 1896-98 and are very long, over 400 kilobytes each. Also at the same site is a historical novel (set around the 1890s) by Richard Seltzer, The Name of Hero based on the life of Bulatovich.

Ethiopian American Foundation Conference, Contemporary Development Issues in Ethiopia, August 16-18, 2001, Kalamazoo, Michigan
The Ethiopian American Foundation (EAF) is a non-profit membership organization devoted to support higher education and development in Ethiopia.

Ethiopian Americans Council
"EAC mission is to empower the Ethiopian Americans community through political awareness and encourage the participation of the Ethiopian Americans in the American political process." Has copies of letters to the Ethiopian Ambassador to the U.S. Based in Bethesda, Maryland.

Ethiopian Bar Association
"...a non-profit making and a non-partisan professional association of attorneys." Publishes a newsletter, Temuagach (online in English and Amharic) and the Ethiopian Bar Review.

Ethiopian Broadcasting Service, EBS TV
In Amharic and English. "...a privately held media company established in 2008 in Silver Spring, MD." News from Ethiopia, Africa, elsewhere. Diaspora reports. Some free sample programs are online. Subscription programs on Ethiopian history, culture lifestyle, sports, entertainment, tourism, and business. Based in Silver Spring, Maryland, USA.

Ethiopian Christians Fellowship
Has daily devotions, discussions, chat, one can submit Bible questions and prayer requests, find Ethiopian Pentecostal churches and maps on how to get there.

Ethiopian Civil Service College
Established 1995 to train government civil servants. Based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Ethiopian Community Services, Inc. (San Jose, California)
Organization " the social and economical needs of the Ethiopian immigrant / refugee community in the Santa Clara County."

Ethiopian Computers and Software
Sells software (ModEth, EthioWord, GeèzEdit) for writing texts in Ethiopic or Geèz. Offers free Ethiopic fonts to read Amharic (]mro). Has links to Ethiopian sites, esp. associations and professional societies. Littleton, Colorado company owned by Aberra Molla.

Ethiopian Democratic Party / Ethiopians' Democratic party - EDP
In English and Amharic. Chairman is Dr Admasu Gebeyehu "party believes strongly in a peaceful and evolutionary process of bringing about political change. It condemns all manners of assumption of power through the use of force". Was part of the "All Party Conference of Ethiopian Opposition Political Organizations" which took place in July 2003 in Washington, D.C. Party program, news, interviews, statements, public meetings schedule and reports, and a chat room. Based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Web site based in Washington D.C. and

Ethiopian Human Rights Commission
"an independent federal state body established as per the Federal Constitution and reporting to House of People’s Representatives" Has full text reports online. Based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Ethiopian Medhin Democratic Party - MEDHIN
In English and Amharic. Dr. Seyoum Gelaye is party chairman. Opposition party, supports a federal system, and "does not advocate privileges for any special or ethnic groups." Was part of the July 2003 "All Party Conference of Ethiopian Opposition Political Organizations" held in Washington, D.C. News, press releases, political program, operates Radio Medhin and publishes The Voice of Medhin. Based in Silver Spring, Maryland. Branches in Belgium, England, The Netherlands, Germany, and Sweden. Site based in Maryland. Also has a German site.

Ethiopian National Congress
Congress, held August 2003, of Ethiopian opposition political organizations with the goal of adopting a "...common political platform on the future political direction of Ethiopia." We had pledged to stay the journey until our people become free from forced division and imposed dictatorship of the EPRDF." Produces LANDINET, an online journal, political commentary, press releases. At the Congress, 15 opposition organizations agreed to form a united front, the United Ethiopian Democratic Forces, UEDF. "The strategy of changing the regime through a free and fair election has been adopted..." Based in Washington, D.C.

Ethiopian Peoples' Revolutionary Party
Opposition party. Has the party profile, political program, press releases, contact addresses, etc.

Ethiopian-Polish Association - stowarzyszenie etiopsko-polskie"selam"
In Polish and English. "Represents Ethiopians living in Poland, Polish citizens of Ethiopian origin and Polish citizens who declared membership."

Ethiopian Politics Blog
Covers 2005 October to 2009 June.

Ethiopian Privitization Agency
The lead agency in carrying out the process of privatization of public enterprises, established 1994. Includes a directory of businesses privatized. Based in Addis Ababa.

Ethiopian Reporter (Addis Ababa)
Weekly newspaper published by Media and Communications Center (MCC), Addis Ababa. Produces an Ethiopian Yellow Pages business directory on line, a weekly Amharic newspaper, a monthly Amharic magazine

Ethiopian Restaurants - Listings and Food Guide
Find Ethiopian restaurants by U.S. state and city. Dining suggestions. About Ethiopian spices and coffee, the coffee ceremony. Recipes. Ethiopian wine. Ethiopia's celebrity chefs. Meaning of restaurant names. Ethiopian holidays. Ethiopian calendar, Ethiopian Jews, Amharic phrases. Directory of restaurants in Ethiopia.

Ethiopian Review (Washington, D.C.)
Current news, events and rallies for the Ethiopian Diaspora, the 2005 election results and reports, Ethiopian restaurant directory, Has an e-mail list.

Ethiopian Scientific Society
Site has closed.  The Internet Archive  has archived the site. Based in College Park, Maryland. Includes a directory to science research institutions in Ethiopia, a directory of Ethiopian science professionals, information on mathematics in Ethiopia and on a July 1996 Ethiopian telecommunications conference.

Ethiopian Scientific Society'{ Telecom '98 -- Africa's On-Ramps to the Internet, August 7, 1998, Washington, D.C.
Site has closed.  The Internet Archive has archived the site. The Ethiopian Scientific Society's third annual conference on telecommunications. Has the papers presented:
Wireless Local Loop & Fixed Cellular System for providing basic telephony services, by Fisseha Mekuria, Ericsson Mobile Communications.
African Internet Topology Maps and Traffic Report, by Nemo Semret, Columbia University.
Factors Affecting the Adoption of Internet Technologies, by Djime Adoum, International Business Initiatives Corporation.
Africa and the Internet: the Cost of doing Business, by Jeffrey A. Cochrane, USAID Africa Link Program and Jake Brunner, World Resources Institute.
Internet and Intranet Services In The Ethiopian Agricultural Research System, by Frehiwot Fisseha, University of Vienna.

Ethiopian Sports Federation in North America, ESFNA
Founded 1984. Has an annual soccer tournament and other sporting events. Offers scholarships. Raises funds for needs in Ethiopia.

Ethiopian Students Association, ESA
Describes their projects (book drive, meeting with the Addis Ababa University Student Council, etc.). Has "A Brief History of Ethiopian Students in Higher Education in the United States" by Hiruy Abdu, newsletter, discussion forums. Based in Alexandria, VA and the Washington, D.C. area, with representatives throughout the U.S. and beyond.

Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation
Provides "basic telephony, mobile and Internet and Multimedia services. Provide training, education and research in the field of ICT." Historical background.

Ethiopian University Support Site
Contains the full text of "Addis Ababa University Under Siege. Interviews with Members of Staff Dismissed From the University" by Ivo Strecker, May 2001, also "The Present Crisis of the Ethiopian Universities, A Sample of International Scholarly Opinion" with comments by scholars worldwide. Site hosted by Institute of Ethnology & African Studies, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany.

Ethiopian Weekly Press Digest
Access to articles by subscription only. Online version of the print weekly from Addis Ababa.

"A blog with eclectic Ethiopian and Ethio-American Commentary with a focus on the inseperable issues of economic and political freedom ... and any other subject that comes to mind." The site owner is Fantaye Neway.

" news magazine created by Mamo Gebrehiwot in 1997/8 to promote and support Ethiopian Soccer, Athletics & Cycling." News, athlete interviews, especially strong on soccer / football, sports tourism.

Ethnologue - Ethiopia
From the publication, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 13th ed. (Dallas, Tx.: Summer Institute of Linguistics, 1996), edited by Barbara F. Grimes. For each African country provides no. of speakers, dialects, linguistic affiliation, a language map, etc.

Ethnic medicine information from Harborview Medical Center. "The EthnoMed site contains information about cultural beliefs, medical issues and other related issues pertinent to the health care of recent immigrants to Seattle or the US, many of whom are refugees fleeing war-torn parts of the world." Covers Amharic, Eritrean, Ethiopian, Oromo, Somali, Tigrean. Includes Cultural Profiles, articles such as a report on Somali diet. From the the University of Washington, Health Sciences Library and the Harborview Medical Center in Seattle.

Fest Ethiopia Travel & Tour
"...a specialized travel and tour service provider based in Ethiopia offering air ticket sales, online hotel reservations, travel & tours...." Will also sell crafts. Has information on tourist attractions. Based in Ethiopia with liaison offices in the U.S., Australia, and France.

Fiameta Ethiopia
Amharic news, discussion forum, audio / video / clips from Ethiopian TV (requires Real Player, soundcard, speakers). Based in Arlington, VA.

Fistula Foundation and Hospital (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)

The hospital, founded in 1974, has become "a major teaching institution for surgeons all over Ethiopia and the developing world." Includes a link to a New York Times articles by Nicholas D. Kristof, May 16, 2003 "Alone and Ashamed" on the work of Dr. Catherine Hamlin, an Australian gynecologist, who has spent 44 years in Addis Ababa helping 24,000 women. A review of Catherine Hamlin's book about Ethiopia is on the Ethiopia/Eritrea RPCVs site.

The Foundation was founded by Richard Haas and his daughter Shaleece. The Addis Ababa Fistula Hospital was founded by Drs. Reginald and Catherine Hamlin.

Food and Agriculture Organization - Ethiopia
Has an administrative map of Ethiopia, population density map, a map of crop zones, a graph of cereal production a crop calendar, types of food consumption, food imports %, food aid and imports (%), current and previous agriculture situation, satellite images for cold cloud duration and the vegetation index, meteorological profile, desert locust situation for Africa, etc.

Foreign relations of the United States, 1964-1968. Volume 24, Africa. Editors, Nina Davis Howland, David S. Patterson.Washington, D.C. : Office of the Historian, U.S. Dept. of State, 1999.
Full text primary documents (letters, telegrams, memoranda, etc.) regarding U.S. relations with Africa. Covers the entire continent including the Horn of Africa. (Dept. of State Publication 10627).

Forum for Social Studies
"(FSS) is an independent, non-profit institution engaged in policy-oriented research on the development challenges facing Ethiopia." Publications list. Host of the Fourth Congress of the Association of African Historians, Addis Ababa, 22-25 May 2007. Based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Friends of Ethiopia
Blog about Ethiopia. Links to current news on Ethiopia. Maintained by a New York resident.

Global Issues That Affect Everyone
"...looks into global issues....and aims to show how most issues are inter-related." Links to related articles, reports. The Conflict in Africa section compares the response to conflicts in Africa to the response on Kosovo, examines corporate interests in Nigeria and oil, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone, Ethiopia and Eritrea, AIDS in Africa. Other topics: Aid is a lever to impose Structural Adjustment policies on the Third World, Myths about Aid, use of children in the military, globalization, corporations, environmental issues, population, and other issues. Maintained by Anup Shah who is based in England.

Gondarlink - Guide to Ethiopia
History, culture, religion, facts, wildlife, geography, traveler's guide, photographs. "first full school link between an English and an Ethiopian secondary school." About the relationship between Dr. Challoner's Grammar School in Amersham, England and Fasiledes Comprehensive Secondary School in Gondar, Ethiopia. You must have Java enabled to read the contents. Some files such as the Newsletter are in Adobe PDF. Photographs from Gondar, an account of life in Gondar and in Ethiopia. Chris Grant is the Director.

Graham [Billy] Center Archives, Wheaton College, IL
Collections on African Christianity from mainly North American Protestant missionaries and some African churches and organizations. Most records are 20th century. Use the Search page to locate descriptions of papers of former missionaries and teachers in Ethiopia.

Greater Horn Information Exchange
Excellent site with information from FAO, UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, U.S. Geological Survey, etc., as well as USAID. Includes human rights reports. Covers Ethiopia. Has maps, for ex. street map of Addis Ababa, administrative boundaries of Ethiopia.

Harar Explorer
Has a history section with "The City State of Harar, 1800-1850" by A. Y. Garad, National Library & Archives Dept., Addis Ababa. "An inquiry into some aspect of the economy of Harar and the records of the household economy of the Amirs of Harar, 1825-1875, by Yusuf Ahmed, "Harari Nomenclature and Tribal Grouping" - no author indicated, a bibliography "Research Materials" with no dates, publishers, and page numbers.

News about Harar, history, tourist attractions, the Harari state flag, photographs, forums, etc. Based in Canada.

Heinrich Boll Foumdation. Regional Office for the East & Horn of Africa - [Ethiopia]
Its main programs are on Gender, the Environment and Conflict and Dialogue. Its partners are in the Horn of Africa, Kenya, Uganda. Based in Nairobi, Kenya.

Full text reports include -
Somalia’ s Transition: The Role of Senior Professionals and Scholars (16 p. in PDF)
A New Path? 2002. (359 pages in PDF) - covers historical background, democratic governance, economic governance, environment consequences, role of women, regional integration. Authors include Adebayo Adedeji, Archie Mafeje, Thandika Mkandawire, Yash Tandon, Horace Campbell, Peter Anyang' Nyong'o and others.
The Potential Contribution of Renewables in Ethiopia's Energy sector. 2004 (44 p. in PDF) - Geothermal and Cogeneration Technologies.
Sustainable Development, Governance, Globalisation: African Perspective. 2002 (188 p. in PDF) - women's issues, human settlements, Uganda, the Horn, Great Lakes, environment, peace & conflict. Authors include Kwesi Kwaa Prah, Archie Mafeje, Anna Kajumulo Tibaijuka, Bereket Selassie and others.
Gender Gaps in Our Constitutions: Women's concerns in selected African Countries. 2002 (119 p. in PDF) - women in Kenya, Ethiopia, Somaliland, South Africa, Sudan, Uganda, Zimbabwe. - Pictures and Travel Journals from Southern and East Africa
The author's travel journal and photographs of Uganda (54 images), Rwanda (48 images), Tanzania, Kenya, Malawi, Zambia (67 images), Zimbabwe, South Africa, Swaziland, Mozambique, Lesotho, Namibia, Angola, Botswana, Ethiopia (120 images), recorded between November 2, 2004 and April 29, 2005. Photographs have description, location, date. The Site owner is Peder af Geijerstam who lives in Stockholm, Sweden.

Hill Monastic Manuscript Library (Saint John's University, Collegeville, Minnesota)
The Manuscript Library has filmed many of the manuscripts in Ethiopia for the Ethiopian Manuscript Microfilm Library, Addis Ababa. A list of catalogs of the microfilmed manuscripts is available.

Horn of Africa Notes, NNS, NGO Networking Service
The NNS Newsletter, from Addis Ababa, is online (August 1994-May 1995 issues) at the web site of the International Political Economy Network (Boulder, Colo.). The site also has an NNS paper on structural adjustment and trade in the Horn (nns.esap.position.paper).

Human Rights Watch - Ethiopia Reports
Full text reports. HRW is based in New York city.

Human Rights Watch - Interview: Uncovering Crimes Committed in Ethiopia’s Tigray Region
December 23, 2020 report.

Human Rights Watch - Ethiopia: Repression Rising Ahead of May Elections
Links to the full text of the HRW report, One Hundred Ways of Putting Pressure” Violations of Freedom of Expression and Association in Ethiopia (March 24, 2010).

Human Rights Watch - “Eritrea & Ethiopia. The Horn of Africa War: Mass Expulsions and the Nationality Issue, (June 1998 - April 2002)”
64 p. Pub. Jan. 2003, Full text report. "Citizens and residents expelled by both Ethiopia and Eritrea during their 1998-2000 border war should be offered repatriation and the restoration of citizenship, Human Rights Watch said..." The report "recounts the plight of almost one hundred thousand citizens and residents of both countries who were uprooted and deprived of their residence and nationality without a semblance of due process. It documents cases of mistreatment typical of the mass expulsions, including prolonged detention, lack of food, water, and medical care, beatings, and other physical abuse."

Human Rights Watch “Lessons in Repression: Violations of Academic Freedom in Ethiopia”
Pub. Jan. 24, 2003. 52 p. "The Ethiopian government is muzzling educators and students with a policy of harsh repression that includes extrajudicial killings, arbitrary arrests, and widespread denials of freedom of opinion and association..." Has the Press Release and related documents.

Imperial Ethiopia
Official site of the Imperial Family of Ethiopia. "the Imperial Crown Council, composed of the Imperial Family's princes, trusted advisors and leading clerics, is a very real link to Ethiopia's past and present." History (family dynasty from 1268, Adwa), language, the aristocracy and titles used, religion, Haile Selassie, photographs, etc.

Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
Formerly the Intergovernmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD) which was created in 1986 by Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda to co-ordinate development in the Horn of Africa. The State of Eritrea became the seventh member of IGADD in September 1993 after its independence. Has press releases. Based in Djibouti.

International Boundaries Reseach Unit, University of Durham
Founded 1989 at the Univ. of Durham (UK). Has a keyword searchable News Database which retrieves articles from the BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, West Africa, Keesings, and other sources.
Also has a keyword search of messages posted to their email discussion list, Int-Boundaries.

News Database:
Int-Boundaries Discussion Archive:

International Conference of Ethiopian Studies, 15th, Hamburg University, 2003
Papers were published in Proceedings of the XVth International Conference of Ethiopian Studies Hamburg July 20-25, 2003. Herausgegeben von Uhlig, Siegbert. Mitherausgeber: Bulakh, Maria / Nosnitsin, Denis / Rave, Thomas. Cloth, XIX, 1110 Seiten - 24 × 17 cm ISBN: 3-447-04799-2 Published by Harrassowitz Verlag.

International Conference of Ethopian Studies, 14th, Addis Ababa, 2000

International Conference on the Establishment of the Human Rights Commission and Office of Ombudsman in Ethiopia, May 18-22, 1998, Addis Ababa
Includes speeches by the President of Ethiopia, a representative from China, the Rev. Jesse Jackson, press releases, papers, etc.

International Constitutional Law
Has the full text of Constitutions for Angola, Congo-Brazzaville, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Mauritania, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, Zambia. Based at the Institut für öffentliches Recht, Bern, Switzerland.

International Journal of Ethiopian Studies (Los Angeles, California)
Published by Tsehai Publishers. " interdisciplinary, refereed journal dedicated to scholarly research relevant to or informed by the Ethiopian experience. IJES publishes two issues a year of original work in English and/or Amharic...." Based at Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, California.

International Labour Organization - EAMATData Ethiopia
Labour Market Information Database for Ethiopia. Developed by the ILO and the Ethiopian Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (MOLSA). The database includes 22 labour market statistics on national and provincial level. Includes labour force, employment, unemployment, informal employment, education, child labour, and economic activities of people with disabilities.

International Rescue Committee (New York, N.Y.)
An NGO which "helps people fleeing racial, religious and ethnic persecution, as well as those uprooted by war and violence." Describes their work in Ethiopia and elsewhere.

International Resource Group on Disarmament and Security in the Horn of Africa (IRG)
" effort to engage civil society groups and individuals in exploring alternative approaches to security policy." Has full text reports on the Horn of Africa military profiles (includes Ethiopia), Kenya, Somalia, Somaliland, Sudan, Uganda. From Project Ploughshares, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, Waterloo, Canada.

Internet African History Sourcebook - Paul Halsall
Has full-text sources for African history arranged by topics. Includes a section on Ethiopia & Christianity. Maintained by Paul Halsall, Fordham University.

Internet Library of Early Journals
A project by the Universities of Birmingham, Leeds, Manchester and Oxford to digitise substantial runs of 18th and 19th century journals. Includes Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, The Annual Register, and other titles. Blackwood's (March 1844) contains passages from The Highlands of Ethiopia, by Major W. Cornwallis Harris.

Internet Service Providers (Ethiopia) - Mike Jensen
Information on internet service, telecom infrastructure and policies, telecom costs, etc. Jensen's main site has a database searchable by country, organization, city/town of African internet service providers,internet connectivity maps, inks to related web sites.

Inventaire des bibliotheques et des catalogues de manuscrits ethiopiens
In French. Published Paris, 2004. Par Anais Wion, Marie-Laure Derat, et Claire Bosc-Tiesse.

Israel Association for Ethiopian Jews
" Ethiopian-led advocacy and service organization representing Israel's Ethiopian immigrant community. Our goal is to assist in the full and rapid absorption and integration of Ethiopian Jews into mainstream Israeli society." Facts about the community, Ethiopian Jewish culture, history, education & employment initiatives. Based in Jerusalem, Israel.

Istituto Luce Cinecittà
Historical film archive from Italy. Has Reparto Africa Orientale Italiana (1935-1938), photographs of "Italy's colonial enterprise in Ethiopia."

  • Videos from the 1920s to 1990s. Some on Ethiopia include the coronation of Tafari Makonnen, Mussolini visiting colonial troops, visits of Viceroy Rodolfo Graziani to Ethiopia, visit of Attilio Teruzzi to Somalia, Haile Selassie I, in 1952 and his 1970 visit to Rome, visit of Ethiopian Prince Assan Wessen to Paris (he speaks briefly). Site maintained by the Italian Government, Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo. Based in Rome. [KF]

JDC Archives New York 1975-1989
The organizational records of JDC, the overseas rescue, relief, and rehabilitation arm of the American Jewish community.
Search their online database.
Covers their work in Ethiopia with Ethiopian Jews. [21 results] Photographs of meetings with Meles Zenawi, the Prime Minister of Ethiopia. Has some video from Ethiopia which is not online.  Also worked in North Africa.

Jimma Institute of Health Sciences (Jimma, Ethiopia)
A training institution in health sciences, business and technology.


  • African Journals Online
  • Journal issues from Ethiopia and other African countries. Some issues are free online.

Journey Through Ethiopia - Jos Spaansen
Spaansen writes on his visits to "The Southern Rift Valley", "Lake Tana and Gonder", "Lalibela", "Harar", "Afar" and "Afar of Gewane" with accompanying photographs. He includes a history of Ethiopia. Spaansen asks that those using his photographs, etc. please acknowledge the source and provide a link to his site.

JTA Online - Global News Service of the Jewish People
"Jewish Telegraphic Agency is an international news service." Use the Search to locate news articles on Ethiopian Jews. "Headquartered in New York, JTA is a not-for-profit corporation."

Kaplan, Marion - Photographs
Kaplan writes - "Born in London, I lived as photojournalist and writer in Africa for twenty years." Includes photos of arab dhows, Ghana, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, political figures (Bokassa, Haile Selassie, Jomo Kenyatta, Idi Amin), wild animals, etc.

Kente Publications
Based in El Cerrito, California. Janice L. Dennie-Reed "has written a line of historical and contemporary romance novels based on the history of Ethiopia, and its origin in the Solomonic line of kings..." Site has excerpts from the book "Ethiopia: Land of Enchantment" by Harry R. Atkins, as part of a castles in Africa page.

Lafayette Negative Archive at the Victoria and Albert Museum
Photographs of Ethiopia including Ras Makonnen and his retinue, part of "...a collection of approximately 3,500 negatives dating from the 1880's to the 1930's" from a Dublin, Ireland photography studio founded in 1880. Ras Makönnen was an Ethiopian General & Governor of Harar and father of Emperor Haile Sellasie I. Has an account of "The Visit to England in 1902 of Ras Makonnen of Ethiopia" for the Coronation of King Edward VII. Detailed descriptions of photos.

League of Nations Photo Archive
The League of Nations Archives’ photograph collections. "The originals of the photos are held with the United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG) Library, League of Nations Archives Sub-Unit and are its property." Includes photographs such as: Abyssina (Ethiopia). Delegation from Ethiopia on the admission to the League of Nations, September 28, 1923 From left to right, Robert Linant de Bellefonds, Dedjazinatch Nadeon, Ato Fassika.Geneva, 1923. and and photograph of Haile Selassie (See the Photos of Personalities, section 15).

Includes a digital copy of The Illustrated Album of the League of Nations, the League of Nations a Pictorial Survey, and The Aims, Methods and Activity of the League of Nations (1935), 225 pages, in Adobe pdf. Has a chronology of the League of Nations from 1920 to 1946, bibliography, research guide, related sites. Produced by the League of Nations Archives, Geneva, Switzerland and the Center for the Study of Global Change, Bloomington, Indiana.

Library of Congress Country/Country Studies
Formerly called Army Area Handbooks long used as basic reference sources. Information on the history, society, economy, politics, national security of each country. Covers Ethiopia,

Library of Congress - Eritrea and Ethiopia Postcards
Historical postcards owned by the Library of Congress, U.S. Includes some from Italian Somalia. Large file. Takes a while to load.

Library of Congress - World Treasures: Beginnings
Beginnings is " exploration of how world cultures have dealt with the creation of the universe and explained the heavens and the earth." On the Creating page three/fourths down the page is a fabric, depicting from the Kebra Negast, an account of the Queen of Sheba and her encounter with King Solomon of Israel.

MEASURE DHS + - Demographic and Health Surveys
"...assists developing countries worldwide in the collection and use of data to monitor and evaluate population, health, and nutrition programs." Ethiopia statistics, datasets covering AIDS Behavior, AIDS Knowledge, Anthropometry, Female Genital Cutting, Global Positioning System Data, Maternal Mortality, Men's Survey, Micronutrients. Full text of the Ethiopia 2000 Report (covers household population, fertility, infant and child mortality, adult mortality, infant feeding, child and maternal nutrition, HIV / AIDS etc.), reports on Maternal Health Care Services in Ethiopia, 2002; Nutritional Status of Mothers and Children in Ethiopia, 2002; Youth Reproductive Health in Ethiopia, 2002.

Memory and History, Cape Town, Aug. 9-11, 2000
Memory and History : Remembering, Forgetting and Forgiving in the life of the Nation and the Community, An International Conference. Has papers online (some are in French). Topics include African Modes of Self-Writing, a memory exhibit for the Lubumbashi Museum, les Luba, Rwanda, Burundi, urban women in Lubumbashi, etc. Writers wishing to cite the content of papers in their own work need to request permission from the paper authors.

Meskot - An Ethiopian Online Literary Journal
In Amharic and English. Poetry, short stories, essays.

Metras, Michael - Ethiopia, Travels of a Youth
Account of travels through Eritrea and northern Ethiopia. " Each chapter of this book is a snapshot of a valley, a road, a city, a place. Some chapters (like "Cycling Python Valley" and "Leaving Ethiopia by Sea") recount single experiences. Others (like "Asmara to Nefasit" and "Matara") are composites of several experiences." The cd-rom (for purchase version) has over 400 photos, 11 videos, 11 music clips.

Mizan Law Review (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)
Full text of all issues available to Subscribers to Hein Online. [Stanford users please go to Hein Online in the databases page.] Part of Vol. 4, No. 1, 2010 is at

Mountain Voices
A rich resource. "...interviews with over 300 people who live in mountain and highland regions round the world. Their testimonies offer a personal perspective on change and development." To access the interviews, one needs to register and fill out a questionnaire. Interviews from Lesotho, Kenya, Ethiopia, gathered by the Oral Testimony Programme of the Panos Institute. Topics discussed include agriculture, community, conflict, culture, development, economics, education, employment, environment, family life, festivals, food security, forestry, gender, health, history, identity, industry, crime, land, migration, politics, spiritual beliefs, tourism, etc.

Mulatu Astatke - Ethio Jazz Music
"Mulatu Astatke is an innovative multi-talented musician, composer, arranger and the founder of Ethio Jazz. Ethio Jazz is jazz and fusion with the Ethiopian five-tone scales." Has audio files. "Mulatu has contributed prominently to the soundtrack of the film Broken Flowers."

National Academic Digital Repository of Ethiopia
Research from Ethiopian academic institutions. As of 2022 mainly technical, health, science, business research.  Includes Journal Articles, Conference and Workshop Papers, Datasets, theses.

National Archives and Library of Ethiopia

National Electoral Board of Ethiopia
Conducts and supervises "...all elections in Federal and State constituencies in the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia." Has the full text of the Constitution and of laws relating to elections and political parties. Describes the election process, has numbers of voters registered by gender and region.

In Amharic and English. Links to news sites, radio sites in Amharic, Afaan Oromo and Tigrigna. Chronology of Ethiopian history 1935-1956, facts about Ethiopia, audio clips of Emperor Haile Selassie speeches, discussion forum, Ethiopian web directory and information. Site based in College Park, Maryland.

NES-Global, Network of Ethiopian Scholars
Has a directory of Ethiopian NGOs. Has commentary such as The Significance of Ethiopia’s History of National Resistance for African Unity and Dignity and links to reports by Ethiopian scholars such as A Case Study of Aid Effectiveness in Ethiopia: Analysis of the Health Sector Aid Architecture and Report of the Consultation on AIDS and Traditional Medicine. Has a list of Ethiopian journals.

New York Public Library - African Diaspora in the Indian Ocean World
From the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, NYPL. "...original the historian Omar H. Ali...dozens of images of paintings and photographs...maps, and segments of documentaries." East Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Perisan Gulf, South Asia, East Asia. Video from From Africa to India: Sidi Music in the Indian Ocean Diaspora. Bibliography (books, articles, films).

Northwestern University. Melville J. Herskovits Library of African Studies. Winterton Collection
The Humphrey Winterton Collection of East African (Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Zanzibar) and Ethiopia photographs comprises c. 7,600 photographs taken primarily in East Africa between about 1860 and 1960.

Les / Les Nouvelles d'Addis
In French. News on Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa. Has its origin in a print magazine, Les Nouvelles d'Addis. Based in Saint-Rémy-de-la-vanne, France. or

Ogaden National Liberation Front
Organization opposed to the Ethiopian government. "...a grassroots social and political movement founded in 1984 by the Somali people of Ogaden" "dedicated to resotring the rights of Somalis in Ogaden to self-determination" Communiques, position papers, statements.

Ogaden Online
"News, Events, Issues Special Reports and Conversation having to do with Ogaden in particular and the Horn of Africa in General "

Oldest Known Fossils of Modern Humans Found in Ethiopia
Articles on the June 2003 announcement.
From the BBC. “Three fossilised skulls unearthed in Ethiopia are said by scientists to be among the most important discoveries ever made in the search for the origin of humans. The crania of two adults and a child, all dated to be around 160,000 years old, were pulled out of sediments near a village called Herto in the Afar region in the east of the country. They are described as the oldest known fossils of modern humans, or Homo sapiens.”

Organization for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa, OSSREA (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)
International NGO and research network, with 15 member countries, to promote research in the social sciences in Africa. Offers workshops, grants (such as on social science themes and gender issues), conferences. Publishes the Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review, the OSSREA News Letter.

Oromo Liberation Front
"The Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) is a political organization established in 1973 by Oromo nationalists to lead the national liberation struggle of the Oromo people against the Abyssinian colonial rule." Has press releases, a history, policy statements, etc. Web site based in Washington, D. C.

The Paideia Project On-line
Proceedings of the 20th World Congress of Philosophy, Boston, Massachusetts, 1998. Includes full text papers on Philosophy in Africa (The Meditations of Zara Yaquob, by Teodoros Kiros).

Pankhurst, Richard - Ethiopian History
Many articles by Dr. Pankhurst originally published in the newspaper, Addis Tribune. Topics include Ethiopian crosses, art, manuscripts, Lalibala, the looted Aksum Obelisk, Ethiopian artists, early history of photography in Ethiopia, etc.

Pathfinder International (Watertown, Massachusetts)
A non-profit founded in the 1920s. "supports family planning and reproductive health initiatives in 37 countries in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Asia and the Near East." Full text articles on Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, with photographs, statistics.

Permanent Court of Arbitration (The Hague)
The Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission of the PCA is determining the border between Ethiopia and Eritrea. The President of the Arbitration Commission for the Ethiopia-Eritrea border is Sir Elihu Lauterpacht. Has full text reports. The Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission is to decide all claims for loss, damage or injury by one Government against the other, and by nationals of one party against the Government of the other party or entities owned or controlled by the other party that are related to the border conflict. The PCA was established in 1899. t

Sasakawa Africa Association
In English and Japanese. Works, with the Carter Center, to raise the productivity of African farmers. Programs in Benin, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Uganda. Has full text of its Newsletter. Shows the beginnning only of its video, Ethiopia, My Hope...My Future... The 'Green Revolution' in Ethiopia (1998). Based in Tokyo, Japan.

Selassie, Haile - Biography
History paper by Mike Cutri at the University of San Diego (not connected to the Univ. of Calif. (San Diego).

Sellassie Family Web
Has a account of Haile Sellassie's life by site maintainer Anatoly Antohin with many photographs of Emperor Haile Sellassie and his family. Includes photographs from the Corbis Collection (owned by Bill Gates). Site maintained by Anatoly George Antohin, who teaches theatre anl film classes at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks.

Shama Books
(Addis Ababa) Publishes books about Ethiopia by writers such as Richard Pankhurst, Paul Henze. Has a brief history of Ethiopia. E-mail:

Sidama Concern
"The Sidama people are one of the Cushitic speaking people living in the North Eastern Africa [southern Ethiopia]. The population is over four million." Has the table of contents and selected full text articles online - examples "On Oromo Nationalism". Also links to current news articles. One can join the SidamaNet mailing list.

Silverman, Raymond A. - Ethiopia: Traditions of Creativity
Full text of the book is online, edited by Professor Silverman. Chapters on Ethiopian artists, including Zerihun Yetmgeta.
East Lansing : Michigan State University Museum in association with the University of Washington Press, Seattle, c1999.

Smithsonian Institution. National Museum of African Art. Ethiopian Icons: Faith and Science
This "exhibition focuses on the icon, an art form associated with the Ethiopian Orthodox church." "Church patrons commissioned artist-priests to create icons in the form of single panels, diptychs and triptychs to donate to the church." Includes images of crosses and details on conservation methods. Identifies and documents the materials used to paint Ethiopian icons.

South Omo Research Center and Museum
The Center originated out of the Addis Ababa University social anthropology programme. Full text accounts and reports by Jean Lydall and Ivo Strecker. Maps (Geographic map of South Omo Ethnographic map of South Omo). Work on wall paintings by women, the effects of interethnic marriage. Based in Jinka, Ethiopia.

Full text Working Papers -
1. Life in Gunne Social Relationships in a Village in Bashada, South Ethiopia
2. Convergence and Divergence: The Diversity of Material Culture in South Omo.
3. The Pride and Social Worthiness of Women in South Omo Ethiopia.
3. Kürbisgefässe im Leben der Banna (vorläufig ohne Abbildungen).
4. Maale Material Objects in Their Social and Ritual Context.

Southern Ethiopia
Facts about Southern Ethiopia, discussion forums, information on the Hadiyya Development Network, links to related sites. Web site based in Virginia, U.S.

Stanford Ethiopian Students Union
"The objective of SESU is to collect and disseminate information about Ethiopian history, culture, and politics in order to increase awareness about Ethiopia in the Stanford community and the Bay Area."

Student Struggle for Ethiopian Jewry
Goals include raising funds to provide assistance to the Jews left in Ethiopia and to "Urge the State of Israel to allow these 26,000 Jews to make aliyah so that they may be reunited with their families in the Jewish homeland." Has brief articles such as "Are the Falash Mura Jewish? A View From Tradition," a historical background and chronology, a report from Refugees International, etc. Based in New York City.

Swiss Peace. FAST Early Warning System - Ethiopia
Has risk assessment, conflict analysis reports for 2003. Reports are c. 7-8 pages in Adobe pdf. Swiss Peace is a peace research institute founded in 1988. "FAST aims at enhancing the political decision makers' ability to identify critical developments in a timely manner [to]...prevent or limit destructive effects of violent conflict..." Based in Bern, Switzerland.

Tadias (New York City)
"Ethiopian-American Lifestyle and Business Magazine." Online magazine (formerly also in print). Includes articles such as "Coming to America" by Prof. Donald Levine on immigration in the U.S., the Ethiopian community in Los Angeles, profiles of prominent Ethiopians such as artist Afewerk Tekle and Marcus Samuelsson, co-owner / executive chef of Aquavit, the premier Scandinavian restaurant in New York city. Founded 2003 in San Jose, California. Now Published by Tadias, Inc., New York city.

Tales of Wonder - Richard Darsie
Has some African folktales. "Tales 1-4 are taken from The Magic Drum: Tales from Central Africa, by W. F. P. Burton. London: Methuen & Co., 1961. Tales 5-9 are taken from The Fire on the Mountain and Other Stories from Ethiopia and Eritrea, by Harold Courlander and Wolf Leslau...New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1950."

Tedmak - Teddy Makonnen
Official website of Teddy Makonnen. Audio clips from his latest album. Teodros "Teddy" Makonnen, composer, arranger, producer, and performer (jazz instrumental) for over twenty years is a "contributor in the development of the Ethiopian "new age" music revolution." Met and performed with Bob Marley in 1979. Based in Alexandria Virginia.

Tigrai Development Association in North American
Based in Washington, D. C. and Mekelle, Tigrai.

Tigrean International Solidarity for Justice and Democracy
Site has closed.  Some content can be seen by putting the old URL at the end of this paragraph into the Internet Archive, Wayback Machine. TISJD goals are to promote "Peace, Democracy, Justice and Respect for Civil and Human Rights in Ethiopia." "To defend individuals who are victims of government repression, harassment, and torture because of their political views, religious beliefs, and Ethnic background." Many articles, commentary, press releases, news of rallies and demonstrations, radio programs. Based in Washington D.C.

The Top 100 People in Ethiopia (1997)
Site has closed.  The Internet Archive has archived some content.  See the earliest dates. Edited by Indigo staff journalist Isabelle Verdier. Site to promote their reference book (U.S. $360); the complete biographies are only available thru payment. Indigo Publications offers some free information - the cabinet 1991-1995, 1991 Peace & Democracy Conference participants, information on each regional state, members of the House of Peoples' Representatives and the House of the Federation. information on the political parties, directory of Ethiopian diplomatic missions, list of officials of the Addis Ababa Chamber of Commerce, Forum 84, and the Inter Africa Group.

Tsegaye, Gabre-Medhin - Ethiopian Poet Laureate
Article - Poet Laureate Tsegaye Gabre-Medhin of Ethiopia. A Short Walk Through His Literary Park
By Professor Negussay Ayele.
Interview - Ethiopia's Poet Laureate Tsegaye Gabre-Medhin
[Sep-Oct 1998 Ethiopian Review] By Wendy Belcher.

UNAIDS Ethiopia
"UNAIDS is the United Nations system's concerted effort to strengthen the national response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic." Has the full text of their Newsletter.

UNESCO. Africa Revisited
In English and French. About the "...richness, the diversity, and the fragility" of Africa's cultural heritage. Includes one page on Ethiopian Christianity. Lists World Heritage sites in Africa. Part of the UNESCO World Heritage Centre.

United Ethiopian Democratic Forces, UEFD
In English. Coalition of several opposition parties.

United Nations Development Program - Ethiopia
Development programs described.

United Nations Development Program. Emergencies Unit for Ethiopia (Addis Ababa)
A wealth of information: country profile, situation reports, reports for each region, thematic reports (food security, health, refugees/returnees). The situation reports (1996-1997) include coverage of Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, and Uganda. Will have databases for download. Has maps and an Archive of 1994-1996 reports including Somalia Reports and a Horn of Africa Review. Hosted at the UPenn African Web site.

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. World Factbook - Ethiopia
Information on geography, people, government, economy, transportation, communication, defense, etc.

United States. Department of State - Ethiopia

United States. Departmen of State. Human Rights Reports
Covers 1999-2020. Scroll down to see each Country.

United States. Embassy. Ethiopia
Visa information, Ambassador's biography, speeches, account of 100 years of Ethiopia - U.S. diplomatic relations, cultural exchanges, Ethiopian and American holidays, etc.

University of Oregon. Museum of Natural History. The Ethiopian Collection

Univ. of Pennsylvania Ethiopia Page and Search Engine
Maps, an embassy directory, travel, language information, etc. for each African country. Site created by Julie Sisskind, now maintained by Ali Dinar. The extensive UPenn African Studies site has a search facility.

University of Washington Libraries - Cities and Buildings Database
Many photographs of buildings from Ethiopia (churches, traditional wall paintings, Lalibela, photos by Juli McGruder).

[Urgessa] Tesfaye Urgessa
Ethiopian painter.

Volcanoes in Africa
Has photos of volcanoes in Ethiopia. Each entry has references to articles. One can search issues of the Bulletin of Volcanology by keyword. Located on the Volcano World site which is designed to distribute remote sensing data to non-technical users.
African volcanoes:
Volcano World:

Walta Information Centre
News, editorials in Amharic and English. Video and audio of Ethiopian TV news (ETV). Directory of Ethiopian web sites. African Union press commuiniques, Video/audio of an Oromo wedding, on preparing doro wet. "Walta Information Center is a private news and information service...It focuses mainly on major political, social and economic issues." Has a section, "Introducing The Regional States and Administrations of Ethiopia." Based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Warsaw University. Department of African Languages and Cultures.
Includes the staff directory, academic program, history of African Studies at Warsaw University, information on their journal, Studies, and an article by Prof. Joanna Mantel-Niecko, "The Clash of Cultures in Ethiopia". Department specialties include Amharic and Giiz, Hausa and Swahili Studies.

Wazéma System - Wazéma Système
Ethiopian computer writing system for Windows NT/2000/XP/Vista. Also has "Amharic and G'z textbooks and dictionary on-line." "Wazéma System is a personal computer writing system for Amharic, the Ethiopian national language, and all other Ethiopian languages." Older page at Maintained by Welé Negga. Based in London.

Wonders of the African World - Henry Louis Gates, Jr.
Site for the Public Broadcasting Service TV series. Covers Black Pharaohs, Nubia / Kush, Meroe, Gedi, the Swahili People, Zanzibar, the Ashanti and Dahomey (Benin) Kingdoms, Aksum, Gondar, the Churches of Lalibela, the Dogon, Grand Mosque of Djenne, Empires of Mali & Ghana, the Tuareg, Great Zimbabwe, a 1,000 year old South African city - Mapangubwe, the Shona People, etc. Site based on the TV programs hosted by Prof. Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (Harvard Univ.) Includes a kids' activity page, teachers' lesson plans, audio clips. [KF]

World Bank - Capacity Building in Africa
March 2005 Report assesses World Bank support for public sector capacity building in Africa over the past 10 years based on country studies of Benin, Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique.

World Health Organization. Traditional Medicine Strategy
"...up to 80% of people in the south use it as part of primary health care. The situation has given rise to concerns among health practitioners and consumers on the issue of safety, above all, but also on questions of policy, regulation, evidence, biodiversity and preservation and protection of traditional knowledge." WHo released 'a global plan...The strategy provides a framework for policy to assist countries to regulate traditional or complementary/alternative medicine (TM/CAM) to make its use safer, more accessible to their populations and sustainable."

Has full text reports such as -
Report of the Consultation on AIDS and Traditional Medicine: Prospects for Involving Traditional Health Practitioners (Francistown, Botswana, 23-27 July 1990), WHO/TRM/GPA/90.1, WHO Geneva, 1990 (full text in Adobe PDF with profiles on Botswana, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Uganda, Zimbabwe).

[Wosene] Kosrof, Wosene Worke
Ethiopian painter based in Berkeley, California. Biography. Bibliography. Exhibitions.
Site closed.  Archived by the Internet Archive - Spirits in Stone (Glen Ellen, California)*/
Site has closed. It has been archived by the Internet ArchiveWords: from Spoken to Seen - The Art of Wosene Worke Kosrof. Curated by Dr. Bárbaro Martínez-Ruiz and Dr. Allyson Purpurya. Location: Mexican Heritage Plaza, San Jose, California. Exhibition Dates: April 21 - June 30 2006.*/

Wube, Ezra - Ethiopian Artist
Wube's paintings reflect Ethiopia's traditions. Videos including his public art in Times Square, New York City, 2013.

Zerihun Yetmgeta
Art and Life and Zerihun Yetmgeta.
St. George Gallery (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)

Site has closed.  The Internet Archive has archived the site. Ethiopian painter. Biography, photographs of his paintings, bibliography of articles / books, essay (Zerihun Yetmgeta: An Ethiopian Modernist by Esseye Medhin.) Site by Raymond A. Silverman.