See also: Mauritania news

Accounts of Ancient Mauretania, c. 430 BCE- 550 CE
Part of the Internet African History Sourcebook maintained by Paul Halsall, Fordham University.

Africa Phonebooks - Mauritania
Classifieds, arranged by type of business.

Agence Mauritanienne d'Information (Nouakchott)
In French and Arabic. Official government press agency. Publishes l'édition quotidienne des journaux Chaab (en arabe) et Horizons en français and Bulletin de l'Agence Mauritanienne d'Information.

Annuaire Internet de la Mauritanie
Extensive directory of Mauritania websites. Includes a long directory of Mauritania-related associations world-wide.The Webmaster is Mohamed Dogui.

Anti-Slavery Society (London)
Works to oppose "slavery and the buying and selling of people as objects; trafficking of women and the predicament of migrant workers who are trapped into servitude..." Has a report "Trafficking of Children in West Africa." Their 1998 Antislavery Award went to Prof. Cheikh Saad Bouh Kamara from Mauritania.

Ashton Mining
Australian diamond marketer, exploration company. Has a diamond exploration project in Mauritania, the Reguibat Shield Joint Venture.

Centre d'Information et de Documentation (CID) des Nations Unies et de la Banque mondiale en Mauritanie
In French. Its Revue de Presse, reprints Mauritanian newspaper articles.

Coalition Against Slavery in Mauritania And Sudan, Inc. (CASMAS)
Site has closed. A New York based organization to "fight for the eradication of the chattel enslavement of black Africans." Has articles, their newsletter, information on the film, "Mauritania and the African SlaveTrade: 1996. A Documentary", and links to related organizations.

Committee to Protect Journalists
Based in New York city, is a nonpartisan, nonprofit organization which does not accept govt. funding.

[Daddah[ Ahmed Ould Daddah.
In French and Arabic. Campaign site for Ahmed Ould Daddah "Candidat du RFD [Rassemblement des Forces Démocratiques] aux élections présidentielles du 07 novembre 2003". Biography, achievements, articles, support documents for the candidate, interviews, campaign reports. Web site based in Kowloon, Hong Kong.

Digital Library of the Middle East
Images from the Middle East and North Africa. Includes Mauritania and Sudan (Nubia) archaeological objects, jewelry, coins, historical documents, maps, political posters, etc. owned by libraries worldwide
Maintained by the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) and the Stanford University Libraries. [KF]

Durmam Daxxel - Garba Diallo
Mr. Diallo, from Mauritania, teaches at the International People´s College, Denmark. Information about Mauritania and ethnic tensions, land ownership, etc. Has his publications on Goree (Senegal), indigenous learning, an interview with the leader of the Ghana Dance Ensemble, Nii Yartey, military rule in Mauritania and a comparison with Sudan.

Election, Presidential 2009
In Arabic and French. Site for Presidential candidate Mohamed OULD ABDEL AZIZ running for office in the July 18, 2009 election. Includes his party newspaper, Le Changement Constructif. In August 2008 he led a coup which overthrew elected President Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi.
Messaoud Ould Boulkheir - Mauritania 2009 Presidential Election
In Arabic and French. Official site of Boulkheir "the Mauritanian Obama" for the 2009 Presidential election. Opposition candidate. Came in second with 16.3 percent of the vote. Elected "Président de l’Assemblée Nationale" in 2007. Boulkheir has 5 Facebook pages, examples - SOUTENONS TOUS LE CANDIDAT OFFICIEL DU FNDD: MESS3OUD 0ULD BOULKHEIR and mess3oud ould belkhier LE CANDIDAT DU FNDD ET LE NOTRE VOTONS POUR LUI and another Facebook page.

Ahmed Ould Daddah 2007 Election Facebook page.
Blog on the Election - The Moor Next Door.
Riminfo - In French. In Arabic for some audio clips. Presidential election 2009 news.
Voice of America, July 12, 2009 -

Embassy of Mauritania. Washington, D.C.
Information about the society, politics, economy, tourism, biographical information on the Ambassador.

Encyclopedia Britannica
Access is now free to all. Use the Search to find full text articles on Mauritania.

Encyclopedia of the Orient - Mauritania Page
Encyclopedia of the Orient is an internet only encyclopedia created by Tore Kjeilen. Has much information for those going to Mauritania.
Site 1:
Site 2:

Ethnologue - Mauritania
From the publication, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 13th ed. (Dallas, Tx.: Summer Institute of Linguistics, 1996), edited by Barbara F. Grimes. For each African country provides no. of speakers, dialects, linguistic affiliation, etc.
Main Page:

[Finke] Jens Finke's Chasing the Lizard's Tail
Across the Sahara by bicycle. The full text of " first book [London: Impact Books, 1996], which describes a journey I did years back in 1988 across the Sahara by bicycle." Covers Morocco, the Western Sahara, Mauritania, Senegal and the Gambia.

For Mauritania
Site from "...a group of academics, intellectuals, and Mauritanian citizens living in various parts of the world" who "reject the coup d'etat of August 6, 2008."

Forces de Libération Africaines de Mauritanie, FLAM
In French. [Liberation Forces of Africans in Mauritania" (FLAM)]. "Les FLAM c´est l´expression de toute une communauté qui dit non au racisme et á l´esclavage des Noirs en Mauritanie." Has their manifesto, etc.

ForumDiaspora • Forum de la Diaspora Mauritanienne

Forum Mauritanien pour la Réforme et la Démocratie, FMRD
In Arabic and French. Islamic party. News, articles, declarations, interviews, press releases, editorials, and analysis. Web site based in France.

Front Arabo-Africain de Salut, FAAS
In French and Arabic. Exile opposition movement."Contre l'esclavage - Le racisme - Le tribalisme (Pour le respect des droits de l'homme). Mouvement d'opposition Mauritanien. Mouvement non-violent." Has articles, interviews, and the party publication, Le Refus: Le Journal de l ’Alliance des Forces de Refus. See also the Alliance des Forces du Refus. Web site base in France.

Front national pour la défense de la démocratie
In Arabic and French. Opposition political coalition of 14 parties. Communiques, interviews. photographs.

Front Populaire Mauritanien, FPM
In French. Opposition party. Its leader, Mohamed Lemine Shbih Ould Cheikh Melainine, was jailed by the government in 2001. Amnesty International issued an appeal on his behalf.

[Haidalla] Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidalla
In Arabic and French. Campaign site for Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidalla, 2003 presidential candidate for the “La Forces du Changement” party. News, articles, campaign itinerary, readers poll. Web site based in France.

Histoire de la Mauritanie - by Hamahou Allah Ould Salem
Histoire de la Mauritanie par Docteur Hamahou Allah Ould Salem, professeur d’Histoire à l’Université de Nouakchott. 32 p. in pdf on the web site of the Nouakchott print independent newspaper, Tahalil Hebdo.

ICI-Mauritanie, Initiative Constitutionnelle Indépendante pour la Mauritanie
In French. "ICI-MAURITANIE n'est ni une organisation ou parti politique ni une action qui aspire a longevite et reconnaissance. C'est un projet qui a un but ponctuel precis et sa duree de vie est fixee d'avance a douze mois. Son animateur principal Mr Ahmed O. Saleck n'est pas un homme politique ou une personnalite reconnue pour ses engagements dans un sens ou dans l'autre sur l'echiquier national mauritanien." Site to last until the Nov. 7, 2003 elections, includes proposals for revision of the 1991 constitution, a discussion forum.

In French. "Infotel est la première société Informatique de Mauritanie à accéder au statut de centre de compétence Novell et Microsoft." Provides internet access, web hosting, computer networking, etc. "Infotel fait partie du Groupe Bouamatou Société Anonyme (BSA groupe)." Gives examples of its clients such as the 1997 presidential election site. Has a photograph of the National Assembly for ex. but it may take a while to load.

International Boundaries Reseach Unit, University of Durham
Founded 1989 at the Univ. of Durham (UK). One of its most useful features is a keyword searchable News Database which retrieves articles from the BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, West Africa, Keesings, and other sources. One can also do keyword searches of messages posted to their email discussion list, Int-Boundaries. Has links to related net resources.

News Database:
Int-Boundaries Discussion Archive:

[Kraaij] Adrie Kraaij - Africa Trip
Kraaij sold his house, quit his job and traveled thru Morocco, Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, and Mali, Dec. 1996-April 1997, with a laptop and digital camera.

Library of Congress Country/Area Studies Handbook - Mauritania
Has the full-text of the Army Area Handbooks long used as basic reference sources. Information on the history, society, economy, politics, national security of each country. One can search across all countries or any combination of countries and browse the table of contents for a specific country.

Mauritania. Commissariat aux droits de l'homme a la lutte contre la pauvrete et a l'insertion

Mauritania Constitution 1991
Full text of the Constitution. Part of the Hamburg University (Germany) International Constitutional Law project.

Mauritania Government
In Arabic and French. Official Website. From the Journal officiel has the full text of "Le code des investissements," "La constitution de 1991," and other legislation. Information about the government, Le Centre Internet de l'administration, Aperçu historique et culture, Tourisme, Mines et industries, Données macro économiques, Financement du développement, Pêches, Agriculture et Elevage, Statistiques, Investir en Mauritanie. Includes Minutes from the Conseil des Ministres meetings.

Mauritania. Ministère de l'Artisanat et du Tourisme
In French. Has the investment code, 10 p. in PDF.

Mauritania. Ministere du Developpement Rural et de l'Environnement

Mauritania. Office Nationale de la Statistique
In French. Full text documents but it may take a while to download. Has for ex. the Annuaire statistique 1995-2005 of 144 pages in pdf.

Mauritania Red Crescent (Nouakchott)
The society's history, activities, staff. On the International Committee of the Red Cross site.

Mauritanie Contact
In French. Information on academic bodies such as Université de Nouakchott, Departement d'Histoire, Laboratoire d'Etudes et de Recherches Historiques (LERHI), Groupe de Recherche Zones Humides GREZOH. Has section on Mauritania's economy, a directory of the press, radio, education, a directory of associations, NGOs, and international bodies in Mauritania. From Centre SYFED-REFER de Nouakchott and l'AUPELF-UREF.

Mauritanie Presidentielle 2003
In French and Arabic. "Présidentielle 2003 est l’œuvre de plusieurs jeunes mauritaniens issus d’un milieu universitaire qui ont souhaité offrir aux internautes le premier espace Internet dédié à la vie politique et économique en Mauritanie." Election news, which parties are supporting President Taya. Président Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya is running for re-election in the November 7, 2003 Presidential Election. Based in Paris, France.

Model League of Arab States - Mauritania Page
Includes the U.S. Dept. of State Human Rights Reports for 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996. Maintained by Ed Haynes working with the Model League of Arab States program.

OMVS, Organisation pour la mise en valeur du fleuve Sénégal
In French. "L'OMVS est l'aboutissement d’un long processus de tentatives pour la maîtrise et l’exploitation rationnelle des ressources du fleuve Sénégal et de sa vallée." Members are Mali, Mauritania, and Senegal. Objectives include "Réaliser l’autosuffisance alimentaire pour les populations du Bassin; • Réduire la vulnérabilité des économies des Etats membres de l’OMVS face aux aléas climatiques ainsi qu’aux facteurs externes;..." Has a Centre de Documentation et d'Information Scientifique et Technique. Based in Dakar, Senegal.

Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (Paris)
In French, English, Portuguese, Spanish. L’Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (an inter-governmental organization of Francophone countries) Geography, population, economy, history, culture of Mauritania from Hachette.

Oriental Manuscript Resource, OMAR
In German and English. built at the University of Freiburg, Germany. "images of approx. 2.500 Arabic manuscripts (in full text, 134.000 images) from Mauritania together with the corresponding bibliographical metadata."

Parc National du Banc d' Arguin
In French. National park in Mauritania. An administrative office is in Nouakchott. The park "est un site écologique d'une importance exceptionnelle. Classé par la convention de Ramsar comme zone humide d'importance internationale, le Banc d'Arguin s'est vu également décerné par l'UNESCO le statut de Site Naturel du Patrimoine Mondial."

Parti Républicain Démocratique et Social (PRDS)
In French and Arabic. The government party.

Rassemblement des Forces Démocratiques, RFD
In French and Arabic. Opposition party. Ahmed Ould Daddah is party president. Has conferences, documents, press releases, declarations, biography of Ahmed Ould Daddah. "notre parti a été créé en juillet 2001, ... à la suite de la dissolution arbitraire de l’Union des Forces Démocratiques/Ere Nouvelle (UFD/EN)." June 2003 a united front was created with APP, Front populaire, PLEJ, PUDS and the RFD. Has UFD/EN documents. [CA KF]

Rassemblement pour le Dialogue des Nationalités Mauritaniennes, RDNN - Dekaalem Organisation
In French. Opposition party. President is Mamadou Samba Diop, known as Mourtudo Diop. Dekaalem is not "une organisation politique ou confessionnelle; elle s'inscrit dans la mouvance de la société civile. Elle est ouverte à tous les mauritaniens et non mauritaniens, sans discrimination de race, de sexe, ou de culture" its main objective is "d'éradiquer la peur qui anesthésie toutes nos composantes raciales et ethniques et de les inciter à dialoguer d'abord entre elles, à poser tous leurs problèmes, à proposer des solutions, à formuler ensemble un projet de société qui répondrait à la volonté et aux aspirations de tout le monde". Editorials, articles, official letters, declarations and a forum. Web site based in Ajaccio, France.

Le Refus. Le Journal de l ’Alliance des Forces de Refus
In French. Publication of the opposition group, FAAS, Front Arabo-Africain de Salut. Carries information on the opposition party, Action pour le Changement, AC, which was banned by the government January 2002. The AC opposes slavery.

Ruf, Urs Peter - Bielefeld Studies on Mauritania
Page by Ruf, a Ph.D. candidate, Dept. of Sociology, University of Bielefeld, Germany. Has photographs of the people and region of Achram-Diouk in Central Mauritania, a protest letter by scholars regarding the arrest of Mauritanian human rights activits, and a report by Ruf - "Dams and Ramparts, Cattle and Goats: Symbolic Capital and the Central Mauritanian Slaves and Haratin Struggle for Emancipation and Autonomy", Working Paper No. 287, University of Bielefeld, Sociology of Development Research Centre, Bielefeld (1998) in Adobe PDF format (10 pages, 300K).

Sahara' Media
In Arabic. Mauritania television production information agency. Produces programs, and documentary films about political, educational and social issues. The site is produced and overseen by a professional team of journalists. Editorials, news, press review, articles, an interview with 'Izz al-Din Daddah and archives. Says it is "The site represents a new style media in Mauritania since it is considered to be the first electronic journal produced and overseen by a professional team of journalists in Mauritania." Web site based in Lima, Ohio.

Smit, Pieter - Slavery on World Bank Projects in Mauritania
November 2002 report, in English and French, on present day slavery on World Bank projects. "This report tries to analise the unwanted synergy between slavery and development in Mauritania, and it formulates recommendations to change development policies in a way that development might start to actively contribute to emancipation." Includes a bibliography and a link to SOS Esclaves. Smit is a political scientist and human rights consultant.

Societé Mauritanienne des Télécommunications (former Office des Postes et Télécommunications) (OPT)
Government telecom company. Mauritania had full internet access as of Aug. 1997. The site provides:

  • Information on obtaining phone, telex, mobile phone services, etc.
  • Internet services charges
  • Information on configuring your browser, etc.
  • For those in Mauritania, how to obtain RealAudio, EudoraLight, and Acrobat.

Société Nationale Industrielle et Minière (SNIM)
In French and English. Mining company in northern Mauritania which was called MIFERMA before it was nationalized. Describes its subsidiary companies which include a tourist company, SOMASERT. Includes some tour information. Headquarters are in Nouadhibou, Mauritanie.

Surmi Voyages
In English, French, German, Spanish. "Specialists in travel to Mauritania." Offers trips from 12 to 30 days with itinerary details, information on travel requirements, has photographs. Based in Nouakchott, Mauritania.

[Taya] Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya
In French. Campaign site for president Maaouya Ould Sid’Ahmed Taya, 2003 Presidential candidate of the “Parti Républicain Démocratique et Social”. Has economic, social, and infrastructure achievements, news, issues of the Newsletter, and audio files. Web site based in Mauritania.

[Taya] Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya
In French. Campaign site for president Maaouya Ould Sid’Ahmed Taya. 2003 Presidential candidate of the “Parti Républicain Démocratique et Social”. Candidate's program, links to related sites. Web site based in France. [CA KF]

Union des Forces de Progrès, UFP
In French, Pulaar, Arabic. Political party. Mohamed Ould Maouloud is president. "Le 10 novembre 2002, l’UFP a annoncé son retrait du groupe parlementaire de l’opposition...." Party history, structure, activities, press releases, photographs, declarations, comments on slavery. Based in Nouakchott, Mauritania. Web site based in the U.S. [CA, KF]

United Nations Development Program / Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement en Mauritanie

United Nations Population Fund / Fonds des Nations Unies pour la population en Mauritanie (Nouakchott)
In French. Has population statistics from the Office National de la Statistique.

See also a 1998 UN Pop. Fund report (in Adobe PDF) on proposed programs for Mauritania.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. Chiefs of State & Cabinet Members
A list of the President, Cabinet members, the Governor of the Central Bank, the country's Ambassador to the U.S., and its U.N. Representative.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. World Factbook- Mauritania
Has 3 versions of a map, 4 versions of the flag, information on geography, people, government, economy, transportation, communication, defense. Prepared by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.

United States. Congress
Thomas, U.S. Legislative Information, is a great resource. Keyword search access to the full text of the U.S. CONGRESSIONAL RECORD (similar to parliamentary proceedings or debates) for the 103rd, 104th, and the 105th Congresses and to Congressional legislation. Also has links to the Senate and House sites such as the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations.

U.S. Department of Justice. Foreign Agents Registration Act. Semi-annual reports
Lists individuals or companies "...engaging in political activities for or on behalf of foreign governments, foreign political parties and other foreign principals."

U.S. Department of State. Report on Human Rights Practices - Mauritania
2010 Report, 2009 Report, 2008 Report, 2007 Report, 2006 Report, 2005 Report, 2004 Report, 2003 Report, 2002 Report, 2001 Report, 2000 Report, 1999 Report, 1998 Report, 1997 Report, 1996 Report, 1995, 1994, 1993 Reports.

Université de Nouakchott
In French. Hosts domain name registration for the country.

Université de Nouakchott. Bibliothèque Universitaire
In French. Includes information on other campus libraries and a list of outside Mauritanian libraries. Hosts the site for Reseau RIBAT, Réseau National d'information & de Documentation.

Universite Virtuelle Africaine, Campus de Nouakchott
In French. A distance education program of the World Bank and l'Université de Nouakchott.

Univ. of Pennsylvania Mauritania Page and Search Engine
Maps, an embassy directory, travel, language information, etc., created by Julie Sisskind now maintained by Ali Dinar. UPenn has a search facility.

West African Arabic Manuscript Database - Arabic Manuscript Management System, AMMS
A bi-lingual union catalog of records for over 20,000 Arabic manuscripts from West Africa. Find citations by authors, nicknames, titles, subjects. Includes manuscripts from Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Northern Nigeria and from collections in Paris and Northwestern Univ. The documents represent "the literary activity of Muslim literati in the Sahel region during the approximately 150 years prior to colonial conquest." Includes an early version of the essay, “The Historic ‘Core Curriculum,’ and the Book Market in Islamic West Africa” by Bruce Hall and Charles Stewart.  General Editors: Bruce Stewart Hall, Department of History, University of California, Berkeley and Charles C. Stewart, Professor, Department of History, University of Illinois, Champaign.  Project based at the University of California, Berkeley, CA. [KF] and

World Bank for Schools - Mauritania Page
Very useful guide to locating information from the vast World Bank site. Has a page for Mauritania. (GNP, population, growth rate, infant mortality, life expectancy, illiteracy rate, safe water, etc.). Links to Mauritania's key social and economic indicators, Internet projects students are doing in Mauritania, etc.