South Sudan

See also: South Sudan news | South Sudan quick facts (Wikipedia)

South Sudan became an independent country July 9, 2011

Africa Focus - Sudan
Policy and human rights issues on Sudan and U.S. relations. Highlights issues, provides links to more detailed information on each issue. Maintained by William Minter.

African Arguments - South Sudan
Commentary, articles on South Sudan politics. Editor: Alex de Waal. "hosted by the Royal African Society and the Social Science Research Council. Based in London.

African Centre for Justice and Peace
Non profit, NGO based in Africa, London and New York. Monitors human rights violations, promotes legal reform. Publishes the Sudan Human Rights Monitor.

Full text publications
such as Silencing the New Front: the Emergence of Widespread Torture against the Youth Movement(2011) Rendered Invisible: Darfur Deteriorates as International Pressure Shifts to the Referendum Process (2011) Widening the Scope: The Expanding Use of Capital Punishment in Law and Practice in Sudan (2010)

American Anti-Slavery Group (AASG) - i Abolish, the Anti-Slavery Portal
"...a grassroots organization founded in 1993 to combat slavery around the world." Accounts of slavery in Mauritania and the Sudan, the work of American Anti-Slavery Group and Christian Solidarity International to free slaves in the Sudan. Interviews, news articles. Based in Boston, Massachusetts.

American Friends of the Episcopal Church in the Sudan
Voluntary network of American Episcopalians with parishes, dioceses and foundations supporting the Episcopal Church of Sudan. Has a newsletter, Sudan Connections, the proposed Post-war Program by the Bishop of Mundri, letters from an Episcopal Priest serving in the Sudan. Holds an annual conference. Assists Sudanese in the U.S. Links to related sites. Based in Alexandria, Virginia.

Bank of South Sudan
Based in Juba.

BICC - Bonn International Center for Conversion
Independent, non-profit organization dedicated to promoting and facilitating peace and development. Offers consultancy, policy advice and training. Full text papers such as Rejuvenating or Restraining Civil War The Role of External Actors in the War Economies of Sudan by Scott Lewis (2004, 46 p. in PDF); People Safe from Guns in South Sudan A Training Manual for Local Stakeholders. Use the Search box to find publications. Founded 1994. Based in Bonn, Germany.

Bullfrog Films
Educational videos; has African studies titles. Distributes A Great Wonder on the "Lost Boys of Sudan." Based near Reading, Pennsylvania.

Carter Center
Information re former U.S. President Jimmy Carter's programs in the Sudan.  Use the SEARCH box to retrieve information on the Sudan.

Catholic Relief Services - Sudan
CRS work in the Sudan. Includes photographs. Based in Baltimore, Maryland.

Center for Research Libraries - Official Gazettes & Civil Society Documentation
Digitized issues of government official gazettes from Algeria, Congo (Brazzaville), Iran, Iraq, Libya, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Somalia (includes British Somaliland) , Sudan, and Zimbabwe (includes Southern Rhodesia).

Center for Strategic and International Studies
Reports, videos, interviews on the Sudan 2011 Referendum. Full text for ex. of Sudanese Perspectives on the 2011 Referendum. CSIS is a "public policy research institution dedicated to impact on global policy issues," based in Washington, D.C.

Christian Aid - Fuelling Poverty - Oil, War and Corruption
Full text report. 52 p. in PDF. May 2003. Includes Angola ("...where oil revenues have fuelled a 30-year civil war, from which the country is only just emerging" "Of the $5 billion the Angolan government receives in oil revenues every year, it is estimated that more than US$1 billion goes missing."), Sudan ("a country still gripped by a civil war that has been fuelled, prolonged and part-financed by oil."). The web site includes audio and video of Joseph Fiennes' visit to Angola.

Christian Solidarity Worldwide (formerly Christian Solidarity International)
"...human rights organsiation for religious liberty helping persecuted Christians and other suffering repression, victimised children and victims of disaster." Has country profiles, trip reports on the Sudan and a campaign to buy and set free Sudanese child slaves. An article citing UNICEF criticism of their work appeared in the New York Times, March 12, 1999, page A8. Based in the U.K.

Columbia International Affairs Online
Subscribers only; many universities subscribe. Use their Search to locate many full text articles, reports, briefings, by keyword, author, date, institution. Examples - "Chemical Weapons in the Sudan: Allegations and Evidence" by Michael Barletta; "Christianity and Islam in Africa's Political Experience: Piety, Passion and Power" Ali A. Mazrui; "Religion and Conflict in Sudan: A Non-Muslim Minority in the Muslim State" by Yehudit Ronen.

COMESA, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
"COMESA [formerly the PTA] exists as an organisation of free independent sovereign states which have agreed to co-operate in developing their natural and human resources for the good of all their people'. With its 19 member states and population of 300 million it forms a major integrated trading block." Has information on customs tariffs by country, road/transport including road distances, economic profiles for each country (includes the Sudan) etc. Has the text of Doing Business with COMESA: the Handbook, legal guides to establishing business, etc.

Committee to Protect Journalists
A nonpartisan, nonprofit organization which does not accept govt. funding. Use their Search to locate articles on South Sudan. Based in New York city.

Connell, Dan - "Sudan: Recasting U.S. Policy"
"Millions have died or been forcibly displaced from their homes in Africa's longest running civil war. Massive injections of U.S. and Soviet arms have kept the war raging between northern and southern Sudan for nearly a half-century. A new multiethnic and explicitly secular opposition has arisen to challenge the current Islamist regime." From Foreign Policy in Focus, October 2005. Published by Interhemispheric Resource Center (Silver City, NM) and the Institute for Policy Studies (Washington, D.C.).

Cultural Orientation - Sudan Refugees
Background information on refugees from the Sudan, includes a bibliography and links to related sites. From the Cultural Orientation Resource Center, Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, D.C.

Danforth, John C. - Outlook for Peace in the Sudan
Report of an international commission created by the U.S. government. Full text. April 2002. 35 p. Danforth is the Special Envoy for Peace in the Sudan of the George W. Bush administration. Chair of the Commission was Penn Kemble. Other members were George Moose, a former US assistant secretary of state for Africa; British members John Lyle and Sarah Uppard; Norwegians Leif Manger and Lars Kvalvaag; and Italian Elena Scisco.

Diplomatic Missions

Southern Sudan. Government. Mission in North America (Washington, D.C.)
Information on South Sudan, full text of government documents, reports, directory of missions abroad, speeches, videos, etc.

Southern Sudan. Government. Liaison Office. Brussels, Belgium
Information about travel to South Sudan, business information, press releases, photos,

Southern Sudan. Government. Liasion Office (Ottawa, Canada) Information about South Sudan, directory of other liaison offices, press releases, full text of government documents,

Durham University - Sudan Archive
The finding aid for Durham's Sudan Archive which contains the papers of over 260 institutions and individuals (administrators, soldiers, missionaries and others who served in the Sudan), from 1883-1956, is online. The finding aid includes the papers of Robert O. Collins, General Sir Reginald Wingate, Sir Harold MacMichael, Sir James Robertson, and the Gordon Memorial College Trust Fund. Has some material from the post-independence period and papers relating to countries bordering the Sudan. The Sudan Archive includes photographs, films, maps, museum objects.
Durham University Library has holdings of books, periodicals and ephemeral material on the Sudan. See their online catalog:

Election - Presidential 2010

[Arman] Yasir Arman
In Arabic and English. Yasir Arman's 2010 Sudan Presidential Election site. Arman ran for President of Sudan for the Sudan People's Liberation Movement party. March 31, 2010 Arman announced he was withdrawing from the April 11-13 election due to election rigging. His Party was to participate however in local and parliamentary elections except in Darfur.

[Kiir] Salva Kiir Campaign site of Salva Kiir Mayardit for re-election as President of the Southern Sudan Government.

National Election Commission
In Arabic and English. Organization charged with conducting elections in the Sudan. Has Presidential candidates lists, full text election information books. Based in Khartoum, Sudan.

Sudan Votes In English and Arabic. Media in Cooperation and Transition and its Sudanese partner organisations Teeba Press and the Association of Inter-Media (AIM) project to enhance the quality of media coverage on the elections. Newspaper articles and radio productions by journalists from Northern and Southern Sudan from across the political spectrum. "the first website that translates all English articles into Arabic and vice versa, in order to promote a better understanding across language barriers." Financed by the German Foreign Office.

African Politics Web Archive
Archive of Sudan election web sites. Part of the California Digital Library, Web Archiving Service.

Enough Project - Sudan and South Sudan
Use the Search to locate articles. "Enough is a project of the Center for American Progress, helping to build a permanent constituency to prevent genocide and crimes against humanity." Based in Washington, D.C.

Episcopal Church of Sudan
Statements by the Archbishop regarding political events, pastoral letters, reports of the Bishop's provincial visits, map of the Dioceses, etc.

Episcopal Church of Sudan. Diocese of Wau
"Wau Diocese covers two out of the 10 States of Southern Sudan, plus the Abyei Area" Information about the Bishop for Wau, Moses Deng Bol. Many photographs of the Referendum. Many links to other Sudan sites. News, Diocese information / projects. Based in Juba, South Sudan.

Ethnologue - Sudan
From the publication, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 13th ed. (Dallas, Tx.: Summer Institute of Linguistics, 1996), edited by Barbara F. Grimes. Provides number of speakers, dialects, linguistic affiliation, etc.

European Coalition on Oil in Sudan
"...unites over 50 European organizations working for peace and justice in Sudan." Oil industry news, full text reports, oil map, list of international oil industry companies. Based in Utrecht, the Netherlands.
Reports include -
Deconstructing Engagement. Corporate Self-Regulation in Conflict Zones – Implications for Human Rights and Canadian Public Policy. By Georgette Gagnon, Audrey Macklin, Penelope Simons. Jan. 2003. 168 p. in Adobe pdf. Assessment from the President’s Special Envoy for Peace in Sudan. John C. Danforth; Released by the Department of State April 21, 2003. Civilian Protection Monitoring Team Reports.

Foreign Policy in Focus - Articles on the Sudan
Published by Interhemispheric Resource Center (Silver City, NM) and the Institute for Policy Studies (Washington, D.C.).

Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung in Sudan
"Founded in 1925 as Germany's first political foundation, the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung is a private cultural non-profit organisation committed to the ideas and basic values of social democracy." Full text peace agreements. Offices in Khartoum and Juba.

  • Full text reports - Sudan and Somalia - Linchpins on the Horn of Africa (2010) The dynamics of conflict in the tri-border region of Sudan, Chad and the Central Africa Republik (2008) Studies on country-related conflict analysis: Sudan (2004)

Front Line Defenders, or The International Foundation for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders
Human rights organisation founded in 2001. Use the Search to find information on South Sudan. Based in Dublin, Ireland.

Frontline Fellowship (Newlands, South Africa)
"...exist to further the cause of world evangelisation by missionary outreach to resistant or neglected areas and groups in Southern Africa." Has field reports from Angola, Namibia, Sudan, Zambia, Mozambique, newsletter reports on Sudan, Zimbabwe, sells books on related topics.

Genocide Intervention Network
Has Sudan projects, works with STAND. Based in Washington, D.C.

God Grew Tired of Us
"Winner of both the Grand Jury Prize and the Audience Award at the 2006 Sundance Film Festival" "...explores the indomitable spirit of three “Lost Boys” from the Sudan who leave their homeland, triumph over seemingly insurmountable adversities and move to America" Newmarket Films in association with Silver Nitrate.

Graham (Billy) Center Archives, Wheaton College, IL
Collections on African Christianity from mainly North American Protestant missionaries and some African churches and organizations. Most records are 20th century; 75% concern east or central Africa. Collections include those of the Africa Inland Mission and individual missionaries. The African Inland Mission was especially active in Sudan, and other countries. Use the Searchable Online Database.

News, profiles of South Sudan ethnic groups, full text of South Sudan laws, directory of NGOs / humanitarian groups, full text of peace documents, press releases, reports, maps, Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly members list, directory of South Sudan diplomatic missions, list of primary schools, travel information. "Gurtong Trust - Peace and Media Project is an independent, not-for-profit, community-based project, which aims at removing all ethnic, political or personal obstacles on the way to unity, peace and mutual respect among South Sudanese." Established 2002. Support from the Swiss Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and Open Society Institute.

House of Nationalities
Information about and from traditional leaders in South Sudan. Latest information from c. 2009. "How can the more than sixty ethnic communities living in the South Sudan unite while preserving their diversity and keeping their dignity? How can cultural ignorance be overcome and mutual respect be enhanced for each and every community?"

Human Rights Watch - Sudan
Has full text reports on the Sudan - Democracy on Hold, Rights Violations in the April 2010 Sudan Elections, the World Report 2003, World Report 2002, World Report 2000 on the Sudan, Famine in Sudan, 1998. For other reports, use the Search page. HRW is a nongovernmental organization established to monitor and promote human rights. It is supported by contributions from private individuals and foundations worldwide. It accepts no government funds. Based in New York, NY.

Indiana University Libraries. Nuer Field Notes
A project to "preserve and make accessible a set of linguistic field notes [on the Nuer language] recorded by Eleanor Vandevort, who was a missionary in the South Sudan between 1949 and 1963." Includes the full text of the book, A Leopard Tamed, by Eleanor Vandevort, a biography of Eleanor Vandevort, by Dr. Marion Frank-Wilson, a History of Colonial and Missionary Linguistics in the Southern Sudan, by Dr. Edward Miner, Pedagogical Grammar of Nuer, slides of life in Southern Sudan, and a bibliography.

Institute for Security Studies, ISS - Roundtable Report: Southern Sudan: The Option of Secession and its Regional Implications
Compiled by Andrews Atta-Asamoah and Jort Hemmer, 30 September 2010. Full text. 6 pages in PDF. Based in Tshwane, South Africa.

Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
Formerly the Intergovernmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD) created in 1986 by Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda to co-ordinate development in the Horn of Africa. The State of Eritrea became the seventh member of IGADD in September 1993 after its independence. Has press releases. Statement on Sudan Referendum. Communiques on Sudan. Based in Djibouti.

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, IDP
Very fine site. Profiles of internally displaced persons in over twenty countries (Angola, Burundi, DRC, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Liberia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda). Extensive historical background, political situation, protection issues, international response, statistics, graphs, maps, sources used with links to online sources. From the Norwegian Refugee Council, Global IDP Project, based in Geneva, Switzerland.

International Boundaries Reseach Unit, University of Durham
For Sudan older short reports from 1992. Founded 1989 at the Univ. of Durham (UK). Keyword searchable News Database. Has a discussion list, Int-Boundaries.

International Crisis Group
" an independent organisation working to prevent wars and shape policies that will build a more peaceful world." Founded 1995. Reports on South Sudan - conflict issues, climate, oil issues,etc.

International Directory of Middle East Scholars

Emmanuel Jal

Jal is a Sudanese ex-child soldier turned rap artist. "In Waat, Emmanuel met Emma McCune, an British aid worker who had famously married the rebel commander Riek Machar. She rescued the eleven-year-old Emmanuel - who had by then spent five years with the SPLA - and adopted him. She smuggled him into Nairobi but, tragically, she was killed a few months later in 1993 in a car accident. Emmanuel attended school, which Emma's friends financed, and after forming several music groups he produced his own single" - World Music Network. Article - "Straight Out of Sudan: A Child Soldier Raps", New York Times, Oct. 2, 2005.

Facebook Page -
Myspace Page -
GUA Africa -
War Child - Film about Jal -
TED site with video interview -

Justice Africa
"...research institute and advocacy organisation founded in 1999 in London to campaign for human rights and social justice across Africa." The directors are Dr. Alex de Waal, Dr Tajudeen Abdul-Raheem, and Yohannes Ajawin. Full text reports on the Sudan (Darfur), HIV / AIDS, and Security. Justice Africa Sudan section. Blog by the late Tajudeen Abdul-Raheem. Based in London.

Justice and Equality Movement
In English, Arabic, German, French. Site for one of the rebel organizations. Background on the Darfur rebellion. A translation in English of The Black Book: Imbalance of Power and Wealth in the Sudan. In the Black Book, "Using statistics, the authors claim that Sudan is controlled by only one Region (Northern Region) with just over 5% of Sudan’s population. Within this hegemonic Region, power is monopolised by only three ethnic groups. The Book then gave detailed statistics about the hegemony of the Northern Region over the whole the county." Article - Counter-Insurgency on the Cheap, by Alex de Waal.

Kevane, Michael - Sudan
Prof. Kevane's commentary, articles on the Sudan. Kevane was President of the Sudan Studies Association (U.S.) 2002-2005. Includes his chapter on the Sudan 2001-2002 for Africa Contemporary Record. Also link to the syllabus for his class, African Economic Development.

Koinonia Nuba
"Koinonia Nuba is an offspring of Koinonia Kenya, a Christian Community founded in 1988 by Father Renato Kizito Sesana, a Comboni Missionary." It is an organization of lay Christians..." Based in Gidel, Nuba Mountains, Sudan. For older news on the Sudan, from Koinonia Community (Kenya), see Sudan Report 2002, 2003, 2004.

Library of Congress Country/Area Studies Handbooks
Has most of the full-text of the Army Area Handbooks long used as basic reference sources. Information on the history, society, economy, politics, national security of each country. Covers the Sudan.   One can search across all countries or any combination of countries and browse the table of contents for a specific country. Sudan:
Countries page:

Lost Boys of Sudan
Award-winning documentary film about two Sudanese refugee boys and their experiences in U.S. society. Producer / Directors: Megan Mylan and Jon Shenk. Study guide with classroom ideas and essays by Sudanese refugees and Sudan experts. Ideas for assisting refugees and victims of Darfur. The 87 minute film, in English and Dinka with subtitles, may be purchased. Site based in San Francisco, California.

Lost in America - By Leigh Flayton
"It was supposed to be a storybook tale of young refugees triumphing against all odds. But an alarming number of Sudan's "Lost Boys" have spiraled into alcohol abuse, crime and even fratricide. What went wrong?" Article in the online magazine. You need to click on their ad to read the article unless you subscribe to

Lou Nuer Community USA
"...a (501 c 3)...registered non profit organization found in 1992 by the first (24) Lou immigrants in the United States of America...its members entirely consist of people from three GOSS established counties, of Akobo, Nyirol, and Uror in Jonglei State Southern Sudan." List of chiefs, Lou Nuer students in the US and UK, Based in Des Moines, Iowa. s

[Martell] Peter Martell - Notes from South Sudan
Martell is the correspondent for Agence France-Presse and the BBC in South Sudan. Reports from South Sudan (from July 2010 to date), great photographs, video, links to blogs and related sites.

Middle East Research & Information Project, MERIP (Washington, D.C.)
MERIP is a a non-profit, non-governmental organization, over 30 years old. Use the Search to locate articles on the Sudan such as "Migration, Modernity and Islam in Rural Sudan" by Victoria Bernal and "Sudan's Opposition and the US," by Dan Connell.

National Endowment for Democracy, NED - Sudan
Information on grants for pro democracy projects in Sudan and South Sudan. NED is "a private, nonprofit foundation dedicated to the growth and strengthening of democratic institutions around the world. Each year, NED makes more than 1,000 grants to support the projects of non-governmental groups abroad." Based in Washington, D.C.

National Election Commission
In Arabic and English. Organization charged with conducting elections in the Sudan. Has Presidential candidates lists, full text election information books. Based in Khartoum, Sudan.

Network Startup Resource Center
Information on the internet and networking in Sudan. Has full text documents providing a history of the internet in Sudan. NSRC, run by Randy Bush, John Klensin, Steven Huter, Michael Downhill, is a major site for information on electronic networking in Africa.

Omni Resources
Sells maps of Sudan (geologic, travel, topographic) and other countries. Also sells continent and regional maps (minerals, oil and gas, geologic, travel, political).Has a flag image. Based in Burlington, North Carolina.

Persecution Project
"...founded in 1997 for the express purpose of collecting and disseminating information about the worldwide incidence of Christian persecution, with particular focus on Africa." "Persecution Project Director Brad Phillips is a frequent guest on conservative and Christian talk radio programs aired around the country." Based in Vienna, Virginia.

Physicians for Human Rights (PHR)
PHR "...mobilizes the health professions and enlists support from the general public to protect and promote the human rights of all people." Use the Search box to locate articles on Sudan. AIDS campaign, Darfur, Sudan Survival Campaign. Based in Boston, Massachusetts. See report - No Where to Turn: Failure To Protect, Support and Assure Justice for Darfuri Women. May 2009 report on sexual violence against Darfuri women refugees.

Political Parties
Directory of Sudan political parties and organizations web sites. From the Stanford University Libraries.
Prendergast, John - Resolving the Three Headed War from Hell in Southern Sudan, Northern Uganda, and Darfur
8 p. in PDF. (Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Africa Program, Occasional Paper, No. 3, Feb. 2005.

Public Broadcasting Corporation - Jim Lehrer News Hour
May have transcripts of broadcast stories on the Sudan. For those with sound cards has a RealAudio version as well. Has a keyword search facility for the entire site.

Public Broadcasting Corporation, PBS - Lost Boys of Sudan
About the film. Includes a lesson plan for the film the Lost Boys of Sudan. See also the 19 page guide in PDF.

Radio - South Sudan

Miraya - a 24 hour, 7 day a week radio station operated by the United Nations Mission in Sudan in partnership with Fondation Hirondelle, a Swiss non-governmental organization. News. Listen to radio news in English and Arabic. Referendum 2011 results. Based in Juba & Khartoum. [KF]
Sudan Catholic Radio Network - News, documents re politics, etc. "initiated in 2006 by the Comboni Missionary Institutes and the Sudan Catholic Bishops' Conference." "SCRN is an apolitical body." Links to related sites. Based in Juba.
Sudan Radio Service - Independent station. "SRS is a project of Education Development Center, an international NGO, with support from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)." News. Audio news in English & Arabic. Based in Juba & Nairobi, Kenya. [KF]
Radio Dabanga
In Arabic and English. Radio station by Darfuri for Darfuri, operating since 1 December 2008. Current news. Audio in in Darfur Arabic. "a project of the Radio Darfur Network, a coalition of Sudanese journalists and international (media) development organizations" Links to related sites.

Referendum (January 9-15, 2011)
Southern Sudan Referendum Bureau. In Arabic and English. Official site. Southern Sudan Referendum Commission. In Arabic and English. BBC - South Sudan Referendum - include maps, photographs
Sudan Vote Monitor
Project led by the Sudan Institute for Research and Policy (SIRP) and Asmaa Society for Development. See also the Sudan Vote Monitor Blog.
Sudan Votes
In English and Arabic. Media in Cooperation and Transition and its Sudanese partner organisations Teeba Press and the Association of Inter-Media (AIM) project to enhance the quality of media coverage on the elections. Newspaper articles and radio productions by journalists from Northern and Southern Sudan from across the political spectrum. "the first website that translates all English articles into Arabic and vice versa, in order to promote a better understanding across language barriers." Financed by the German Foreign Office.

United Nations Mission in the Sudan
- The UN magazine, In Sudan, has a special issue on the Referendum, November 2010 (20 p. in PDF).

Observer Missions.
Carter Center - Use the Search for information on Observers from former President Jimmy Carter's Center.
European Union. Election Observation Mission to Sudan 2011
Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD). Southern Sudan Observation Mission. African Studies Center Leiden - Southern Sudan at a crossroads - Background to the civil war / referendum. Bibliography of books, articles, videos, websites.
United States Institute of Peace - Eye on Sudan: USIP Experts on Sudan's Referendum - Refugee Club - Celebrate South Sudan. Animated film on the South Sudan Referendum. By Hisham Haj Omar. also at:

Rift Valley Institute
An independent association based in Kenya and the United Kingdom, founded in 2001 to support research, publishing and educational initiatives in the African Rift Valley region: North-East Africa, the Horn, the Great Lakes, East Africa and South Central Africa. "Fellows of the Institute include academic specialists from Africa, Europe and the Americas and local and international practitioners in the fields of aid, development, environmental conservation and human rights." Has a Sudan Abductee Database which can be consulted in Kenya or London.

Sudan Notes and Records - has the full text of 1918-1959.

Right to Play
" athlete-driven international humanitarian organization that uses sport and play as a tool for the development of children and youth" in Liberia, Chad, Benin, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and other countries. The President is Johann Olav Koss (Olympic Gold Medalist speed skater from Norway) . Joey Cheek donated the funds from his speed skating gold medal (500 m) at the 2006 Winter Olympics to Right to Play for children in Darfur, Sudan. Based in Toronto, Canada. [KF]

San Francisco Bay Area Darfur Coalition
"The Coalition was formed in 2004 by members of each of the Bosnian-Herzegovinian Center of San Francisco, Jewish Community Relations Council of San Francisco, and New Sudan Generation. The Coalition now has over 40 member organizations and numerous individual members."

Satellite Sentinel Project
Project supported by actor, George Clooney and John Prendergast (Enough Project), Google, U.N. and others to monitor the border area between northern and southern Sudan prior to and after the Southern Sudan January 9, 2011 referendum on independence. Maps, reports, petition, etc.

Social Science Research Council - Making Sense of Sudan - Alex De Waal, Editor
Blog. Articles, commentary, official press releases, web resources. Dating from 2007.

South Sudan. Embassy of the Republic of South Sudan, Washington, D.C.

South Sudan. Government
Ministries, the States, full text of Presidential decrees, speeches, investing in South Sudan, full text laws, NGO directory, etc.

South Sudan. National Bureau of Statistics

South Sudan Info
Very good resource. News, commentary, maps, extensive Media section, legislation, extensive links to related sites. "David Widgington started this SouthSudanInfo blog project to inform himself about post-war Southern Sudan."

South Sudan Nation
"...independent website for South Sudan Secession & National Independence since 2003" News, commentary, historical chronology, John Garang speeches,

South Sudan. National Bureau of Statistics
Official site. Full text of Statistical Yearbook for Southern Sudan, key indicators for the country and each state, 2006 Southern Sudan Household Health Survey, 2008 Census preliminary results, consumer price indices (in Excel), etc. Based in Juba, South Sudan.

South Sudan Online
>Old, inactive U.S. State Department site. Has security updates (1996-97), some maps. Provided for relief workers and linke to relief organizations in the Sudan. Site sponsored by the U.S. Dept. of State. "The U.S. govt. does not guarantee the validity of information on the site.".

South Sudanese Friends International (SSFI)
"Founded in 1994 by Wal and Julia Duany, and based in Bloomington, Indiana..." Works on peace making and community development. "Though we are guided by Christian principles, SSFI is not affiliated with any religious or political entity." Has full text documents from conferences such as the Dinka-Nuer West Bank Peace and Reconciliation Conference held in Wunlit, Bahr el Ghazal, Sudan from February 27 - March 8, 1999 and resolutions from the Liliir People-to-People Peace and Reconciliation Conference, May 2000. Full text articles on oil companies and on slavery in the Sudan, annotated directory of web sites, a few issues of Southern Sudanese Lens, their newsletter, photographs of Southern Sudan life.

Southern Sudan Referendum Commission
In English and Arabic. Site closed some time after July 18, 2012.

Stanford University - STAND. Students Taking Action Now: Darfur
Began as a student organization at Stanford University working on Darfur (fundraising, awareness, etc.)

Sudan-American Foundation for Education
SAFE was established in 1985 as a non-profit by "...concerned American and Sudanese business persons, academics, and government officials." Collects and delivers donated books to university, college, and public libraries throughout the Sudan. Based in Arlington, Virginia.

Sudan Human Rights Association
Older site, up to September 30, 2007. "...monitors living conditions of refugees in the Great Lakes Region in Africa and advocates for their rights. In Northern Uganda and South Sudan the organisation empowers refugees by training Paralegals..." Based in Kampala, Uganda.

Sudan News and Views- 1994 April - 1997 September/October
Edited by Dr. Yasin Miheisi as an "independent electronic newsletter working to advocate peace, human rights and humanitarian aid for the Sudan" is also at the Univ. of Pennsylvania African Studies web site.

Sudan Open Archive
"full-text database of historical and contemporary books and documents" on the Sudan. Includes government documents, dictionaries, photographs, a directory of Sudan web sites, etc. "designed and implemented by the Kenya and UK-based Rift Valley Institute"

Sudan People`s Liberation Movement, SPLM/A - SPLM Today
Official site. Its Chairman was the late John Garang. News, speeches, historical background, Declaration on the Final Peace Phase, various protocols and agreements, the Machakos protocol, photographs, South Sudan coat of arms, national anthem and flag, etc. For other political parties,

see Politcal Parties (Sudan) - Eric Reeves
Published analytic briefs and advocacy writings (c 2002 to date) on Sudan by Eric Reeves. Reeves is Professor of English Language and Literature, Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts. "He has spent the past twelve years working full-time as a Sudan researcher and analyst" Photographs, maps.

Sudan Studies Association
" independent professional society founded in the United States in 1981. Membership is open to scholars, teachers, students, and others with interest in the Sudan." Publishes a newsletter, SSA Newsletter. Has a discussion list - sudanstudies - Sudan Studies Association

Sudan Studies Society of the United Kingdom
"...established in 1987 to encourage and promote Sudanese studies in the United Kingdom and abroad in all disciplines and levels." Publishes Sudan Studies, offers other publications, holds an annual symposium.

Sudan Sunrise Foundation
"...a movement of individuals from all religious backgrounds and identities working to facilitate the reconciliation efforts of all Sudanese..." "...facilitates efforts of Southern Sudanese in Southern Sudan to provide education, health care and community development."

Sudan Update
An independent non-profit based in England. " information and referral service for individuals and organisations seeking a politically non-aligned briefing on the situation in Sudan." Covers education (book-burning, attacks on higher education and the arts), oil, women's situation, refugees, slavery, problems of the Darfur region, the Beja, the people of the Ingessana, discrimination against the Coptic Christian community, the Uduk, press freedom, etc. They publish a newsletter, Sudan Update.

Old Site: New site:

Three issues of Sudan Update are on the Univ. of Pennsylvania site:
Vol. 10, No. 8, 5 May 1999:
Vol. 10, No. 9, 25 May 1999:
Vol. 10, No. 10, 1 June 1999:

Sudan Votes
In English and Arabic. Media in Cooperation and Transition and its Sudanese partner organisations Teeba Press and the Association of Inter-Media (AIM) project to enhance the quality of media coverage on the elections. Newspaper articles and radio productions by journalists from Northern and Southern Sudan from across the political spectrum. "the first website that translates all English articles into Arabic and vice versa, in order to promote a better understanding across language barriers." Financed by the German Foreign Office.

Sudanese Online
In English and Arabic. Current news and news archives. Commentary / analysis. Large directory of Sudan sites.

Sudanese Online Research Association
In English and Arabic. For the Sudanese Diaspora living outside Sudan.  Many links to web sites about the Sudan - statistics, refugee camps, Darfur, essays/papers/reports, etc. Based in Australia.

Turshen, Meredith - Politics of Oil in Africa
Article in S & F Online, Issue 2.2, Winter 2004. Published by The Barnard Center for Research on Women.

Tvedt, Terje - An annotated bibliography on the Southern Sudan, 1850-2000
Bergen, Norway: Centre for Development Studies, University of Bergen, 2002. Purchase online. 2 vols. Has sample sections online.

U N Women
Works in Sudan and other African countries. Promotes women's empowerment and gender equality, funds projects, has African regional offices, annual reports online, supports the African Campaign to Eliminate Violence Against Women Formerly UNIFEM. Full text publications online such as - Towards Achieving the MDGs in Sudan: Centrality of Women’s Leadership and Gender Equality (2005, 30 p.)

Understanding Sudan - a Teaching and Learning Resource
"...modules for teachers in high school, college, and universities to integrate into their courses." Covers history, political economy, ecology, societies and cultures, literatures in indigenous and colonial languages, arts and music, and scholarly work. Video. Created by Drs. Michael Kevane, Martha Saavedra, and Mariane Ferme.

United Nations Development Program - South Sudan
Full text documents, newsletters, annual reports.

United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. Report of the Special Rapporteur, Ms. Asma Jahangir on her Mission to Sudan - PDF advance edited version.

United Nations. Independent special investigation into the violence in Juba, South Sudan, in July 2016
Executive Summary [in PDF] of the Independent Special Investigation into the violence which occurred in Juba in 2016 and UNMISS response.  The Special Investigation Chair was Patrick Cammaert. Nov. 1, 2016 UN article about the report.

United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan, UNMISS
"The Security Council established the United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS) for an initial period of one year, starting from 9 July 2011."

United Nations Mission in Sudan
Full text of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement for Southern Sudan, Security Council resolutions, resolutions and information on Darfur, the African Union in Sudan, press releases, situation and other reports, photographs, job vacancies. Based in New York city and Khartoum.

United Nations. Operation Lifeline Sudan.
Site has closed. Use the Search to locate Operation Lifeline Sudan articles. "The work of UNICEF and the World Food Programme." "...established in April 1989. It is a consortium of two UN agencies -- UNICEF and the World Food Programme -- as well as more than 35 non-governmental organizations" Has photographs of the "...relief operation in Thiekthou and Ajiep, Sudan, by UN photographer Eskinder Debebe in August 1998."

United States. Agency for International Development - Sudan
Aid fact sheet & profile. Disaster assistance reports. Maps (of refugee camps). Photos. Full text reports (over 100) such as - South Sudan Transition Strategy 2011-13, Southern Sudan : funding according to need (2010, 20 pages PDF; Review of Sudanese government accounting practices : final report, 1983, 98 pages," etc.

United States Committee for Refugees
World Refugee Surveys. Use the Search to find reports. Asylam Research information. The U. S. Committee for Refugees is a private non-profit organization based in Washington, D.C.

United States. Congress. House. Committee on International Relations. Subcommittee on Africa.
Hearing: America's Sudan Policy: A New Direction? March 28, 2001. 71 pages in PDF. Speakers - Honorable Edward R. Royce, Michael K. Young, Mr. Eric Reeves, Mr. J. Stephen Morrison, Mr. Roger Winter, Pastor Gary I. Kusunoki. Also in Hathi Trust for libraries which belong.

United States. Consulate General - Juba

United States. Departmen of State. Human Rights Reports
Covers 2016-2020. Scroll down to see each Country.

U.S. Institute of Peace (Washington, D.C.)
Extensive reports on South Sudan.

University of Bern. Centre for Development and Environment - Sudan Map Shop
Maps of Southern Sudan, Darfur, Nuba Mountains. "Reports, hard copy maps, digital map files and individually compiled desktop maps..." High resolution maps, print maps can be ordered. Based in Bern, Switzerland.

University of Juba

University of Pennsylvania Sudan Page and Search Engine
Maps, an embassy directory, travel, language information, etc., created by Julie Sisskind, now maintained by Ali Dinar. UPenn has a search facility where one can input keywords to receive information found on their very large web site.

Vigilance Soudan
In French and English. Organization, based in Paris, which provides information on human rights and liberties in the Sudan. Has some issues of their newsletter online.

Voice of Witness - Out of Exile
"...a 501(c)(3) registered non-profit book series...Using oral history as a foundation, the series depicts human rights crises around the world through the stories of the men and women who experience them." Published books on Zimbabwe and the Sudan. Based in San Francisco, California.

Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict
"...a network of local, regional and international non-governmental organizations working to protect the security and rights of children in armed conflicts." Has reports on Angola, Burundi, DR-Congo, Liberia, and Sudan (and map of Sudan with regional boundaries). The 6-member steering committee includes CARE, and World Vision. Based in New York city.

Welcome 193
Support for the July 9, 2011 independence of South Sudan using social media. For non-profit organizations working to build the foundations of the new country. Follow on Twitter.

West, Deborah L. - Sudan: Saving Lives, Sustaining Peace
Full text report. 42 p. in PDF. Pub. by Harvard University, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2006. (Belfer/WPF Report No. 42.)

Older sources c 1997. WorldViews (formerly Third World Resources) based in Oakland, California is a non-profit organization covering Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East. Its Africa World Press Guide has a section on the Sudan.

Youth Organization of Warrap State, YOWS
Founded May 2008, organized by Southern Sudanese youth living in the US and Canada whose origin is Warrap State in Southern Sudan.