See also: Sudan news | South Sudan | Political parties

African Centre for Justice and Peace
Non profit, NGO based in Africa, London and New York. Monitors human rights violations, promotes legal reform. Publishes the Sudan Human Rights Monitor.
Full text publications such as
Silencing the New Front: the Emergence of Widespread Torture against the Youth Movement (2011)
Rendered Invisible: Darfur Deteriorates as International Pressure Shifts to the Referendum Process (2011)
Widening the Scope: The Expanding Use of Capital Punishment in Law and Practice in Sudan (2010)

African Studies Center Leiden - Southern Sudan at a crossroads
Background to the civil war / referendum. Bibliography of books, articles, videos, websites.

African Union. The Situation in the Darfur Region of the Sudan
Decisions, documents, communiques, protocols, press releases by the African Union.

Agricultural University of Norway. Noragric Centre for International Environment and Development Studies
Has many conservation, agricultural projects in Africa. Full text (34 p. in PDF) of Noragric Working Paper No. 19: Haug, Ruth (2000); Livelihood security among pastoralists in Northern Sudan: Post-hunger development in a country at war. (1,8 MB). See the Publications section for a list of print reports, other reports, a list of masters theses, many on Africa. Based in Ås, Norway.

Ahfad University for Women
A private university in Omdurman, Sudan dedicated to educating women. Describes academic program, history, library, etc. They publish the Ahfad Journal

Alsarah & and Nubatones
"...they blend a selection of Nubian 'songs of return' from the 1970s-today with original material and traditional music of central Sudan." "...residing in Brooklyn, NY, she performs music from different parts of the Middle East, and East Africa. Most recently, she has been working with The Sounds of Taraab"

American Anti-Slavery Group (AASG) - i Abolish, the Anti-Slavery Portal
"...a grassroots organization founded in 1993 to combat slavery around the world." Accounts of slavery in Mauritania and the Sudan, the work of American Anti-Slavery Group and Christian Solidarity International to free slaves in the Sudan. Interviews, news articles. Based in Boston, Massachusetts.

American Friends of the Episcopal Church in the Sudan
Voluntary network of American Episcopalians with parishes, dioceses and foundations supporting the Episcopal Church of Sudan. Has a newsletter, Sudan Connections, the proposed Post-war Program by the Bishop of Mundri, letters from an Episcopal Priest serving in the Sudan. Holds an annual conference. Assists Sudanese in the U.S. Links to related sites. Based in Alexandria, Virginia.

Arab Film Distribution
Distributes cinemas of the Arab world in North America. Has films from North Africa including the Sudan. All films have English subtitles. Based in Seattle, Washington.

Arab World Geographer (Toronto)
Table of contents and abstracts of articles. Includes articles on the Sudan, Egypt, Nigeria, South Africa. The Editor-in-Chief is Professor Ghazi Falah, Centre for Urban & Community Studies, University of Toronto (Canada). To find articles for ex. from do a keyword search.

Archaeology of Early Northeastem Africa
In Memory of Lech Krzyzaniak
Editors: Karla Kroeper, Marek Chlodnicki, Michal Kobusiewicz
Poznan´ : Poznan´ Archaeological Museum, 2006.
Series: Studies in African archaeology (Poznan´, Poland), v. 9.
1061 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm.

  • Proceedings of the International Symposium organized by the Poznan´ Archeological Museum, Institute of Archeology and Ethnology Polish Academy of Science, Poznan´ Branch and International Comission of the Later Prehistory of Northeastern Africa held at the Poznan´ Archeological Museum, Juliy14th-18th 2003.

Bank of Sudan
Economic indicators, images of past currencies, photographs of past Bank Governors, daily, monthly and annual exchange rates, diagram of Sudan's banking system. Based in Khartoum. or

BBC Lost Kingdoms of Africa
"British art historian Dr Gus Casely-Hayford explores the pre-colonial history of some of Africa's most important kingdoms."
Series 1.
1. Nubia
2. Ethiopia
3. Great Zimbabwe
4. West Africa. Benin Plaques.  Benin art at the British Museum.

BICC - Bonn International Center for Conversion
Independent, non-profit organization dedicated to promoting and facilitating peace and development. Offers consultancy, policy advice and training. Full text papers such as Rejuvenating or Restraining Civil War The Role of External Actors in the War Economies of Sudan by Scott Lewis (2004, 46 p. in PDF); People Safe from Guns in South Sudan A Training Manual for Local Stakeholders. Use the Search box to find publications. Founded 1994. Based in Bonn, Germany.

Bullfrog Films
Educational videos; has African studies titles. Distributes A Great Wonder on the "Lost Boys of Sudan." Based near Reading, Pennsylvania.

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace - The Future of Sudan
Background, the Referendum, Political Players, Oil Issues. Interactive Map.

Carradori, Arcangiolo - Arcangelo Carradori's Dictionary of Seventeenth-century Kenzi Nubian
With an Introduction by Jay Spaulding. "The Oldest Dictionary of an African Language." Dictionary originally published by Carradori in the 17th century, in Italian. On the web site,, based in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania.

Carter Center
Information re former U.S. President Jimmy Carter's programs in the Sudan.  Use the SEARCH box to retrieve information on the Sudan.

Catholic Relief Services - Sudan
CRS work in the Sudan. Includes photographs. Based in Baltimore, Maryland.

Center for Research Libraries - Official Gazettes & Civil Society Documentation
Digitized issues of government official gazettes from Algeria, Congo (Brazzaville), Iran, Iraq, Libya, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Somalia (includes British Somaliland) , Sudan, and Zimbabwe (includes Southern Rhodesia).

Center for the Advancement of Democratic Awareness in Sudan - CADAIS
Older site. 2002 news. "An advocacy organization dedicated to fostering democracy, human rights, and civil liberties in Sudan." The webmaster is Musa A. Murawih.

Center for Strategic and International Studies
Reports, videos, interviews on the Sudan 2011 Referendum. Full text for ex. of Sudanese Perspectives on the 2011 Referendum. CSIS is a "public policy research institution dedicated to impact on global policy issues," based in Washington, D.C.

Chemical Weapons in the Sudan: Allegations and Evidence, by Michael Barletta
Concerns the al-Shifa Pharmaceutical Factory in Khartoum. Article in The Nonproliferation Review, (Fall 1998, Volume 6 . Number 1, 22 pages), Center for Nonproliferation Studies. In Adobe pdf. Barletta is a Senior Research Associate at the Monterey Institute of International Studies, Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey, California.

China National Petroleum Corporation, CNPC
CNPC "formed a joint operating group with the Sudan National Petroleum Corporation (Sudapet), Petroliam Nasional Berhad (Petronas), and Canadian STATE Petroleum Company" for petroleum exploration in the Southern Sudan. [Petronas " Malaysia's national petroleum corporation...Wholly-owned by the Government, the corporation is vested with the entire oil and gas resources..."]

Christian Aid - Fuelling Poverty - Oil, War and Corruption
Full text report. 52 p. in PDF. May 2003. Includes Angola ("where oil revenues have fueled a 30-year civil war, from which the country is only just emerging" "Of the $5 billion the Angolan government receives in oil revenues every year, it is estimated that more than US$1 billion goes missing."), Sudan ("a country still gripped by a civil war that has been fuelled, prolonged and part-financed by oil."). The web site includes audio and video of Joseph Fiennes' visit to Angola.

Christian Solidarity Worldwide (formerly Christian Solidarity International)
"...human rights organization for religious liberty helping persecuted Christians and other suffering repression, victimized children and victims of disaster." Has country profiles, trip reports on the Sudan and a campaign to buy and set free Sudanese child slaves. An article citing UNICEF criticism of their work appeared in the New York Times, March 12, 1999, page A8. Based in the U.K.

Civilian Protection Monitoring Team, CPMT
Site has closed. The CPMT is a verification team to monitor attacks against civilians in the Sudan. Has full text reports on attacks against civilians, current news from various sources, the agreement between the Sudan Government and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement, photographs.. "The CPMT is a contract operation funded by United States Government; a private US professional services company provides the international monitors...Although funded by the United States, the CPMT operates independently of the United States Government, the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement." Based in Khartoum, Sudan.

Coalition Against Slavery in Mauritania And Sudan, Inc. (CASMAS)
Site has closed. A New York based organization to "...fight for the eradication of the chattel enslavement of black Africans."  Has articles, their newsletter, information on the film, "Mauritania and the African SlaveTrade: 1996. A Documentary", and links to related organizations.

Cold War International History Project (Washington, D.C.)
Established at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, supports the release of historical materials by governments, seeks to disseminate new perspectives on Cold War history.
Has full text reports -
Anatomy of a Third World Cold War Crisis: New East-bloc Evidence on the Horn of Africa, 1977-1978. 98 p. in PDF
The Horn, the Cold War, and New Documents from the Former East-bloc: An Ethiopian View, by Ermias Abebe
Moscow, Mengistu, and the Horn, by Paul B. Henze
East Germany and the Horn Crisis: Documents on SED Afrikapolitik, by Christian F. Ostermann
Russian and East German Documents on the Horn of Africa, 1977-1978

Columbia International Affairs Online
Subscribers only; many universities subscribe. Use their Search to locate many full text articles, reports, briefings, by keyword, author, date, institution.
Examples - "Chemical Weapons in the Sudan: Allegations and Evidence" by Michael Barletta; "Christianity and Islam in Africa's Political Experience: Piety, Passion and Power" Ali A. Mazrui; "Religion and Conflict in Sudan: A Non-Muslim Minority in the Muslim State" by Yehudit Ronen.

COMESA, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
"COMESA [formerly the PTA] exists as an organisation of free independent sovereign states which have agreed to co-operate in developing their natural and human resources for the good of all their people'. With its 19 member states and population of 300 million it forms a major integrated trading block." Has information on customs tariffs by country, road/transport including road distances, economic profiles for each country (includes the Sudan) etc. Has the text of Doing Business with COMESA: the Handbook, legal guides to establishing business, etc.

Committee to Protect Journalists
A nonpartisan, nonprofit organization which does not accept govt. funding. Use their Search to locate articles on the Sudan. Based in New York city.

Communist Party of Sudan
In Arabic and English. Press releases, position documents, their Information Bulletin, links to related sites. Site based in the U.K.

Compartes Chocolates
Fundraising for Darfur. Compartes was founded in 1950 in Los Angeles, California. Its African Chocolate Collection benefits "Relief International's efforts in Darfur and directly help[s] feed malnourished children as well as fund[s] a womens help center."

Connell, Dan - "Sudan: Recasting U.S. Policy"
"Millions have died or been forcibly displaced from their homes in Africa's longest running civil war. Massive injections of U.S. and Soviet arms have kept the war raging between northern and southern Sudan for nearly a half-century. A new multiethnic and explicitly secular opposition has arisen to challenge the current Islamist regime." From Foreign Policy in Focus, October 2005. Published by Interhemispheric Resource Center (Silver City, NM) and the Institute for Policy Studies (Washington, D.C.).

Cultural Orientation - Sudan Refugees
Background information on refugees from the Sudan, includes a bibliography and links to related sites. From the Cultural Orientation Resource Center, Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, D.C.

Danforth, John C. - Outlook for Peace in the Sudan
Report of an international commission created by the U.S. government. Full text. April 2002. 35 p. Danforth is the Special Envoy for Peace in the Sudan of the George W. Bush administration. Chair of the Commission was Penn Kemble. Other members were George Moose, a former US assistant secretary of state for Africa; British members John Lyle and Sarah Uppard; Norwegians Leif Manger and Lars Kvalvaag; and Italian Elena Scisco. [KF]

Darfur Information Centre
Information about the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) formerly the Darfur Liberation Front. Links to maps, news, history, articles. Maintained by Dr. Ali Dinar, African Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania.

De Waal, Alex
Articles on the Horn of Africa, Somalia, Sudan by De Waal, fellow of the Global Equity Initiative at Harvard University, and programme director at the Social Science Research Council in New York.

Digital Library of the Middle East
Images from the Middle East and North Africa. Includes Mauritania and Sudan (Nubia) archaeological objects, jewelry, coins, historical documents, maps, political posters, etc. owned by libraries worldwide
Maintained by the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) and the Stanford University Libraries. [KF]

Dotawo : a journal of Nubian studies
Open access journal. Examples of contents - Vol. 5, 2018 focuses on "Nubian women, both ancient and contemporary. Nubian women, whether they were queens or commoners." Vol. 3, 2016 covers Know-Hows and Techniques in Ancient Sudan.

Durham University. Sudan Archive
Online records:
Intelligence Reports 1889-1903
"Reports were published by the Egyptian Army, printing any reports from the Sudan and the area around it pertinent to the campaign against Mahdist Sudan and the defence of the Condominium."

Governor-General Reports, 1902-1952
"The reports for the years 1902-1914, when General Sir Reginald Wingate was Governor-General, are particularly valuable, containing a wealth of information and statistics on every aspect of the administration."

Staff Lists, 1899-1963
"contain the names of all Sudan Government employees, both British and Sudanese, from 1914-1963."

Government Gazettes, 1899-1970

Maps, photographs, exhibits and a blog.  Online catalog of books, periodicals and ephemeral material on the Sudan.
Archive of the papers of administrators from the Sudan Political Service, missionaries, soldiers, business men, doctors, agriculturalists, teachers and others. The papers are not online.  Includes the papers of Professor Robert O. Collins, General Sir Reginald Wingate, Sir Harold MacMichael, Sir James Robertson, and the Gordon Memorial College Trust Fund. Has some material from the post-independence period and papers relating to countries bordering the Sudan.

eAfrica - Special Feature: Darfur and the Politics of Genocide
Electronic Journal of Governance and Innovation from the South African Institute of International Affairs, Braamfontein, South Africa. Volume 2, November 2004 is a special on Darfur. 16 p. in PDF.

Election - Presidential 2010

  • [Arman] Yasir Arman
  • In Arabic and English. Yasir Arman's 2010 Sudan Presidential Election site. Arman ran for President of Sudan for the Sudan People's Liberation Movement party. March 31, 2010 Arman announced he was withdrawing from the April 11-13 election due to election rigging. His Party was to participate however in local and parliamentary elections except in Darfur.
  • [Kiir]
  • Salva Kiir
  • Campaign site of Salva Kiir Mayardit for re-election as President of the Southern Sudan Government.
  • National Election Commission
  • In Arabic and English. Organization charged with conducting elections in the Sudan. Has Presidential candidates lists, full text election information books. Based in Khartoum, Sudan.
  • Sudan Electionnaire
  • Issues and positions of the 16 main parties for the April 2010 elections. From Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) in the Sudan and the Institute for Peace Research, University of Khartoum.
  • Sudan Votes
  • In English and Arabic. Media in Cooperation and Transition and its Sudanese partner organisations Teeba Press and the Association of Inter-Media (AIM) project to enhance the quality of media coverage on the elections. Newspaper articles and radio productions by journalists from Northern and Southern Sudan from across the political spectrum. "...the first website that translates all English articles into Arabic and vice versa, in order to promote a better understanding across language barriers." Financed by the German Foreign Office.
  • Human Rights Watch - Democracy on Hold, Rights Violations in the April 2010 Sudan Elections.
  • African Politics Web Archive
  • Archive of Sudan election web sites. Part of the California Digital Library, Web Archiving Service.

Encyclopaedia Aethiopica
Edited by Siegbert Uhlig. Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz, 2003 - ISBN: 3447047461. Web site about the print encyclopaedia which covers Ethiopia, Eritrea,Djibouti, Somalia, Sudan. Coverage is from prehistoric times up to 1974. A page of corrections to Vol. 1 is available. Has links to related sites. Editorial headquarters are at the Institute of African and Ethiopian Studies, Hamburg University, Hamburg, Germany.   Stanford users see the Searchworks entry.

Encyclopedia of the Orient
An internet only encyclopedia. Has articles on the Sudan, many contributed by Abubakr Sidahmed who maintains the Nubian Home Page. Encyclopedia created by Tore Kjeilen.

Enough Project
NGO "...helping to build a permanent constituency to prevent genocide and crimes against humanity" "Co-founded by Africa experts Gayle Smith and John Prendergast." Focus on on the Sudan, eastern Congo, northern Uganda, Somalia, Chad and Zimbabwe. Full text policy reports. Based in Washington, D.C.

Enough Project - Democracy: A Key to Peace In Sudan
Report by John Prendergast and Roger Winter. Jan. 9, 2008. "There are three major electoral milestones critical to the implementation of the CPA over the next three years: 1) the population census in April 2008; 2) the national elections by July 2009; and 3) a self-determination referendum for Southern Sudan by March 2011." "We are focusing currently on the situations in Congo, northern Uganda, Darfur, southern Sudan and the spillover violence in Chad." Based in Washington, D.C.

Ethnologue - Sudan
From the publication, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 13th ed. (Dallas, TX: Summer Institute of Linguistics, 1996), edited by Barbara F. Grimes. Provides number of speakers, dialects, linguistic affiliation, etc.

European Coalition on Oil in Sudan
"...a coalition of European organizations working for peace for Sudan..." "We invite the oil companies operating in suspend their operations until there is peace. We urge the European governments to actively discourage investment in Sudan's oil sector..." News, full text reports, list of international oil industry companies. Based in Utrecht, the Netherlands.
Reports include -
Deconstructing Engagement. Corporate Self-Regulation in Conflict Zones – Implications for Human Rights and Canadian Public Policy. By Georgette Gagnon, Audrey Macklin, Penelope Simons. Jan. 2003. 168 p. in Adobe pdf.
Assessment from the President’s Special Envoy for Peace in Sudan. John C. Danforth; Released by the Department of State April 21, 2003
Civilian Protection Monitoring Team Reports.

Evangelicals for Darfur
Supports the deployment of a United Nations peacekeeping force in Darfur and multilateral economic sanctions. In partnership with the Save Darfur Coalition. Based in Washington, D.C.

Expo Team For Services Co. Ltd.
In Arabic and English. Private Sudanese international trade and finance brokers. Promotes investment, services (i.e locate a local agent, obtain government approvals, advertising and promotion, organizes exhibitions, undertakes P.R. campaigns for international organizations in Sudan.) Publishes the Sudan Poultry Magazine. Based in Khartoum.

Facing History [Sudan]
Resources for teachers on genocide and the Darfur, Sudan crisis. Has curriculum unit on Darfur. "Facing History helps students find meaning in the past and recognize the need for participation and responsible decision making." Loans videos (such asLost Boys of Sudan) to educators in the Facing History network. Based in Brookline, Massachusetts.

Fontes historiae nubiorum : textual sources for the history of the middle Nile region between the eighth century BC and the sixth century AD
Author(s): Eide, Tormod,; 1934- ; editor and others.
Bergen, Norway : University of Bergen, Dept. of Classics, 1994-2000
4 volumes online.  Egypt, Kush, Nubia, Meroe, Ethiopia.
v. 1. From the eighth to the mid-fifth century BC 
v. 2. From the mid-fifth to the first century BC 
v. 3. From the first to the sixth century AD 
v. 4. Corrigenda and indices

Foreign Policy in Focus - Articles on the Sudan
Published by Interhemispheric Resource Center (Silver City, NM) and the Institute for Policy Studies (Washington, D.C.).

Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung in Sudan
"Founded in 1925 as Germany's first political foundation, the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung is a private cultural non-profit organisation committed to the ideas and basic values of social democracy." Full text peace agreements. Offices in Khartoum and Juba.

Full text reports -
Sudan and Somalia - Linchpins on the Horn of Africa (2010)
The dynamics of conflict in the tri-border region of Sudan, Chad and the Central Africa Republik (2008)
Studies on country-related conflict analysis: Sudan (2004)

Frontline - Sudan, the Quick and the Terrible
"...reporter Amy Costello travels...into Sudan's war-torn Darfur region to learn about the roots of what many consider to be an ongoing genocide." Who's who in Darfur, synopsis of the program, interview with Costello, facts and statistics, video of the program, map, links to related Sudan sites, readers' comments on Sudan issues.

Frontline Fellowship (Newlands, South Africa)
"...exist to further the cause of world evangelisation by missionary outreach to resistant or neglected areas and groups in Southern Africa." Has field reports from Angola, Namibia, Sudan, Zambia, Mozambique, newsletter reports on Sudan, Zimbabwe, sells books on related topics.

Genocide Intervention Network
Has Sudan projects, works with STAND. Based in Washington, D.C.

In Arabic. A nonviolent resistance movement created 2009 by university students. Opposed to Sudan's National Congress Party government. Has a Facebook page (in Arabic). Project to help build Manute Bol's schools in South Sudan.

Gordon, Major-General Charles George. "The Siege of Khartoum" from The Journals of Major-General C.G. Gordon, C.B., at Kartoum. (London: 1885), pp. 378-395. Excerpt from the book. On Hillsdale College's web site, "Documents in Military History," a collection of primary sources mainly on European military history before the twentieth century. Maintained by Dr. Dave Stewart, History Dept., Hillsdale College, Hillsdale, MI.

Graham (Billy) Center Archives, Wheaton College, IL
Collections on African Christianity from mainly North American Protestant missionaries and some African churches and organizations. Most records are 20th century; 75% concern east or central Africa. Collections include those of the Africa Inland Mission and individual missionaries. The African Inland Mission was especially active in Sudan, and other countries.

Greater Horn Information Exchange
Excellent site with information from FAO, UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, U.S. Geological Survey, etc., as well as USAID. Includes human rights reports. Covers Burundi, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda.

News, profiles of South Sudan ethnic groups, full text of South Sudan laws, directory of NGOs / humanitarian groups, full text of peace documents, press releases, reports, maps, Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly members list, directory of South Sudan diplomatic missions, list of primary schools, travel information.

"Gurtong Trust - Peace and Media Project is an independent, not-for-profit, community-based project, which aims at removing all ethnic, political or personal obstacles on the way to unity, peace and mutual respect among South Sudanese." Established 2002. Support from the Swiss Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and Open Society Institute.

Historical Atlas of the Twentieth Century- from Matthew White
Has a map of Africa in the early 1900s showing colonial possessions, a map of the Maji Maji rebellion 1905-1906, boundaries of the former Biafra (Nigeria), Southern Africa 1968-1975, the Chad civil war mid to late 1980s, Sudan civil war 1983. M. White is a librarian, see his FAQ. The Systems of Government maps are not quite accurate.

Historical dictionary of ancient and medieval Nubia [2004]
Author: Lobban, Richard.
Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, ©2004.
(lx, 511 pages) : illustrations, maps
Online access requires payment. Many libraries subscribe.

Human Rights Watch - Crisis in Darfur
Background, interviews, map, photographs, videos.

Human Rights Watch - Sudan
Has full text reports on the Sudan - Democracy on Hold, Rights Violations in the April 2010 Sudan Elections, the World Report 2003, World Report 2002, World Report 2000 on the Sudan, Famine in Sudan, 1998. For other reports, use the Search page. HRW is a nongovernmental organization established to monitor and promote human rights. It is supported by contributions from private individuals and foundations worldwide. It accepts no government funds.

[Ibrahim] Mo Ibrahim Foundation
In English, French, Portuguese, Kiswahili, Arabic. Issues the Ibrahim Index of African Governance, a ranking of sub-Saharan African nations according to governance quality. The first Index appeared Sept. 2007 with details of rankings.Awards the Mo Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership to a former African head of state "who has demonstrated excellence in African leadership." Mo Ibrahim is the Sudanese founder of Celtel International, a mobile telephone company.

Indiana University Libraries. Nuer Field Notes
A project to "preserve and make accessible a set of linguistic field notes [on the Nuer language] recorded by Eleanor Vandevort, who was a missionary in the South Sudan between 1949 and 1963." Includes the full text of the book, A Leopard Tamed, by Eleanor Vandevort, a biography of Eleanor Vandevort, by Dr. Marion Frank-Wilson, a History of Colonial and Missionary Linguistics in the Southern Sudan, by Dr. Edward Miner, Pedagogical Grammar of Nuer, slides of life in Southern Sudan, and a bibliography.

Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
Formerly the Intergovernmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD) created in 1986 by Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda to co-ordinate development in the Horn of Africa. The State of Eritrea became the seventh member of IGADD in September 1993 after its independence. Has press releases. Based in Djibouti.

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, IDP
Very fine site. Profiles of internally displaced persons in over twenty countries (Angola, Burundi, DRC, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Liberia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda). Extensive historical background, political situation, protection issues, international response, statistics, graphs, maps, sources used with links to online sources. From the Norwegian Refugee Council, Global IDP Project, based in Geneva, Switzerland.

International Boundaries Reseach Unit, University of Durham
For Sudan older short reports from 1992. Founded 1989 at the Univ. of Durham (UK). Keyword searchable News Database. Has a discussion list, Int-Boundaries.

International Conference on Sudan Studies, Fifth, University of Durham, 30th August - 1st September 2000
Site has closed. Hosted by the Univ. of Durham, Dept. of History.
Dept. of History:

International Crisis Group - Crisis in Darfur
Updated 2009. Covers: Present Situation, History, Humanitarian Situation, Analysis, News, Documents, Maps, What Needs to be Done. "an independent, non-profit, non-governmental organisation, with over 110 staff members on five continents." Based in Brussels, Belgium.

International Crisis Group - Sudan
The ICG is "a private, multinational organisation committed to strengthening the capacity of the international community to anticipate, understand and act to prevent and contain conflict." Has many full text reports on the situation in the Sudan. Based in Brussels, Belgium.
Example of reports -
Politics and Transition in the New South Sudan (April 2011)
The EU/AU Partnership in Darfur: Not Yet a Winning Combination (25 October 2005)
Darfur Deadline: a New International Action Plan (2004 August) -includes a map with regions
Sudan: Now or Never in Darfur (2004 May)
Sudan: Towards an Incomplete Peace (2003 December)
Capturing the Moment: Sudan's Peace Process in the Balance (2002 April)
God, Oil and Country: Changing the Logic of War in Sudan (2002 January, 275 pp.)
Dialogue or Destruction? Organising for Peace as the War in Sudan Escalates (2002 June, 31 pp.)
Sudan's Best Chance for Peace: How Not to Lose It.(2002 Sept., 47 p.)

International Crisis Group - Sudan Endgame
Full text, in Adobe pdf. 45 p. Pub. July 2003. "Sudan’s peace process is entering its final, most difficult phase and it is essential that the United States make a clear commitment to its bilateral relationship with Sudan and remain closely involved in the post-agreement process. The resolution of outstanding issues such as the status of the national capital, the presidency and security arrangements will require a ‘grand bargain’ between the government in Khartoum and the SPLA in the South..."

International Crisis Group - Sudan's Other Wars
Full text report, in Adobe pdf. Published June 2003. "The two-party framework in which Sudan’s peace talks are being held is not adequately addressing all the country’s current armed conflicts: especially the long-running rebellions in the “Three Areas” (Abyei, the Nuba Mountains and Southern Blue Nile) in the North, and the more recent outbreak of armed conflict in Darfur in western Sudan."

International Directory of Middle East Scholars
Maintained by the Middle East Studies Librarian at Columbia University (NYC).

Internet Society - Sudan Internet Society, SIS
In English and Arabic. Maintains the Sudan Country Code Top Level Domain ".SD" Registry. Provides "leadership in addressing key issues about the roles and uses of Internet." Lists the domain name categories with prices. Based in Khartoum.

[Jal] Emmanuel Jal

Jal is a Sudanese ex-child soldier turned rap artist. "In Waat, Emmanuel met Emma McCune, an British aid worker who had famously married the rebel commander Riek Machar. She rescued the eleven-year-old Emmanuel - who had by then spent five years with the SPLA - and adopted him. She smuggled him into Nairobi but, tragically, she was killed a few months later in 1993 in a car accident. Emmanuel attended school, which Emma's friends financed, and after forming several music groups he produced his own single" - World Music Network.
Article - "Straight Out of Sudan: A Child Soldier Raps", New York Times, Oct. 2, 2005.
Facebook Page -
Myspace Page -
GUA Africa - .
War Child - legally rent or purchase a film about Jal.
TED site with video interview -

Justice Africa
"...research institute and advocacy organisation founded in 1999 in London to campaign for human rights and social justice across Africa." The directors are Dr. Alex de Waal, Dr Tajudeen Abdul-Raheem, and Yohannes Ajawin. Full text reports on the Sudan (Darfur), HIV / AIDS, and Security. Justice Africa Sudan section. Weekly blog by Tajudeen Abdul-Raheem. Based in London.

Justice and Equality Movement
In English, Arabic, German, French. Site for one of the rebel organizations. Background on the Darfur rebellion. A translation in English of The Black Book: Imbalance of Power and Wealth in the Sudan. In the Black Book, "Using statistics, the authors claim that Sudan is controlled by only one Region (Northern Region) with just over 5% of Sudan’s population. Within this hegemonic Region, power is monopolised by only three ethnic groups. The Book then gave detailed statistics about the hegemony of the Northern Region over the whole the county." Article - Counter-Insurgency on the Cheap, by Alex de Waal.

Kaplan, Marion - Photographs
Kaplan writes - "Born in London, I lived as photojournalist and writer in Africa for twenty years."  Includes photos of arab dhows, Ghana, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, political figures (Bokassa, Haile Selassie, Jomo Kenyatta, Idi Amin), wild animals, etc..

Kevane, Michael - Sudan
Prof. Kevane's commentary, articles on the Sudan. Kevane was President of the Sudan Studies Association (U.S.) 2002-2005. Includes his chapter on the Sudan 2001-2002 for Africa Contemporary Record. Also link to the syllabus for his class, African Economic Development.

Koinonia Nuba
"Koinonia Nuba is an offspring of Koinonia Kenya, a Christian Community founded in 1988 by Father Renato Kizito Sesana, a Comboni Missionary." It is an organization of lay Christians....." Based in Gidel, Nuba Mountains, Sudan.

For older news on the Sudan, from Koinonia Community (Kenya), see Sudan Report 2002, 2003, 2004.

Lessons Learned from U.S. Humanitarian Interventions Abroad. Edited by Thomas S. Blanton (May 9, 2000)
(National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 30 ). "report from inside the U.S. government on the successes and failures of the most recent U.S. humanitarian interventions abroad, including Kosovo, Sudan,..." On the site of the National Security Archive, George Washington University, Washington, D.C.

Library of Congress Country/Country Studies
Formerly called Army Area Handbooks long used as basic reference sources. Information on the history, society, economy, politics, national security of each country. Covers Sudan,

Lost Boys of Sudan
Award-winning documentary film about two Sudanese refugee boys and their experiences in U.S. society. Producer / Directors: Megan Mylan and Jon Shenk. Study guide with classroom ideas and essays by Sudanese refugees and Sudan experts. Ideas for assisting refugees and victims of Darfur. The 87 minute film, in English and Dinka with subtitles, may be purchased. Site based in San Francisco, California.

Lost in America - By Leigh Flayton
"It was supposed to be a storybook tale of young refugees triumphing against all odds. But an alarming number of Sudan's "Lost Boys" have spiraled into alcohol abuse, crime and even fratricide. What went wrong?" Article in the online magazine. You need to click on their ad to read the article unless you subscribe to

Mapping Asia in UK Libraries
Provides collection descriptions of resources held in U.K. university, special and public libraries. Includes the Sudan. Read about the Sudan Archive at the University of Durham Library. Find information on Sudan newspapers and holdings in U.K. libraries. Read a report on Asian language expertise in U.K. libraries. The project was funded by the Research Support Libraries Programme and covers Asia, the Middle East and North Africa.

Middle East Research & Information Project, MERIP (Washington, D.C.)
MERIP is a a non-profit, non-governmental organization, over 30 years old. Use the Search to locate articles on the Sudan such as "Migration, Modernity and Islam in Rural Sudan" by Victoria Bernal and "Sudan's Opposition and the US," by Dan Connell.

MtvU - Darfur is Dying
Site has closed. Online game from mtvU (music video TV program for university students) designed to raise awareness of the issues around the Darfur situation. See the BBC article July 6, 2006 on the game.

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Art of Ancient Egypt, Nubia, and the Near East
Nubian Art. The Museum possesses the largest and most important collection of Nubian art outside of Khartoum.

National Endowment for Democracy, NED - Sudan
Information on grants for pro democracy projects in Sudan and South Sudan. NED is "a private, nonprofit foundation dedicated to the growth and strengthening of democratic institutions around the world. Each year, NED makes more than 1,000 grants to support the projects of non-governmental groups abroad." Based in Washington, D.C.

National Election Commission
In Arabic and English. Organization charged with conducting elections in the Sudan. Has Presidential candidates lists, full text election information books. Based in Khartoum, Sudan.

Network Startup Resource Center
Information on the internet and networking in Sudan. Has full text documents providing a history of the internet in Sudan. NSRC, run by Randy Bush, John Klensin, Steven Huter, Michael Downhill, is a major site for information on electronic networking in Africa.

New York Public Library
Historical photographs include

The Oriental Institute, University of Chicago - Egypt and Sudan Projects and Photographic Archives
Nubia Salvage Project. The Institute participated in the 1960s UNESCO effort to rescue archaeological sites from the rising waters of the Aswan High Dam. Other Nubia Expeditions.

Our Pledge - Americans Against the Darfur Genocide
How to lobby your Senator, Congressman, the White House. News updates. Darfur background. Community organizing guide. Based in the San Francisco Bay Area.

Persecution Project
"...founded in 1997 for the express purpose of collecting and disseminating information about the worldwide incidence of Christian persecution, with particular focus on Africa." "Persecution Project Director Brad Phillips is a frequent guest on conservative and Christian talk radio programs aired around the country." Based in Vienna, Virginia.

Physicians for Human Rights (PHR)
PHR "mobilizes the health professions and enlists support from the general public to protect and promote the human rights of all people." Use the Search box to locate articles on Sudan. AIDS campaign, Darfur, Sudan Survival Campaign. Based in Boston, Massachusetts.

See report - No Where to Turn: Failure To Protect, Support and Assure Justice for Darfuri Women. May 2009 report on sexual violence against Darfuri women refugees.

Political Parties
Directory of Sudan political parties and organizations web sites. From the Stanford University Libraries.

Political Resources on the Net - Sudan
A directory of sites on Sudan politics (parties, organizations, governments, embassies, media, etc.). Maintained by Radio Radicale.

Prendergast, John - Resolving the Three Headed War from Hell in Southern Sudan, Northern Uganda, and Darfur
8 p. in PDF. (Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Africa Program, Occasional Paper, No. 3, Feb. 2005.

Project Ploughshares - Horn of Africa
" effort to engage civil society groups and individuals in exploring alternative approaches to security policy." Full text reports on the Horn of Africa military profiles, Kenya, Somalia, Somaliland, Sudan, Uganda. From Project Ploughshares, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, Waterloo, Canada.

Full text Sudan reports are on "Civil-Military Relations in the Sudan," "The Military-Civilian Constitutional Relationship: The Case of the SPLA in Southern Kordofan and Eastern Sudan."

Public Broadcasting Corporation - Jim Lehrer News Hour
May have transcripts of broadcast stories on the Sudan. For those with sound cards has a RealAudio version as well. Has a keyword search facility for the entire site.

Public Broadcasting Corporation, PBS - Lost Boys of Sudan
About the film. Includes a lesson plan for the film the Lost Boys of Sudan. See also the 19 page guide in PDF.

Radio Dabanga
In Arabic and English. Radio station by Darfuri for Darfuri, operating since 1 December 2008. Current news. "...a project of the Radio Darfur Network, a coalition of Sudanese journalists and international (media) development organizations...Radio Dabanga is conceived, operated and facilitated by Free Press Unlimited in the Netherlands."

Referendum (January 9-15, 2011)
Southern Sudan Referendum Bureau. In Arabic and English. Official site.
Southern Sudan Referendum Commission. In Arabic and English.
BBC - South Sudan Referendum - include maps, photographs

Rift Valley Institute
Independent, non-profit organization, has reports on Sudan, South Sudan, Somalia, Somaliland, Puntland, Democratic Rep. of the Congo. Conservation, digitization program with the National Archive of South Sudan.  Founded in Sudan in 2001. "Fellows of the Institute include academic specialists from Africa, Europe and the Americas and local and international practitioners in the fields of aid, development, environmental conservation and human rights." 

Right to Play
" athlete-driven international humanitarian organization that uses sport and play as a tool for the development of children and youth" in Liberia, Chad, Benin, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and other countries. The President is Johann Olav Koss (Olympic Gold Medalist speed skater from Norway) . Joey Cheek donated the funds from his speed skating gold medal (500 m) at the 2006 Winter Olympics to Right to Play for children in Darfur, Sudan. Based in Toronto, Canada.

Rights Maps
Cartography and geographic research for the human rights community. Has oil field maps for the Sudan, ethnic maps, town maps. Maps are sold and created by Michael Miller.

Rural Development in White Nile Province, Sudan : a study of interaction between man and natural resources. Edited by H. R. J. Davies
Full text of the book. Tokyo, Japan: United Nations University Press, 1986. 142 p. Covers climate change, agriculture, nomadism, cheese industry, trade, drought, water supply, local administration, the gummuiya scheme.

San Francisco Bay Area Darfur Coalition
"The Coalition was formed in 2004 by members of each of the Bosnian-Herzegovinian Center of San Francisco, Jewish Community Relations Council of San Francisco, and New Sudan Generation. The Coalition now has over 40 member organizations and numerous individual members."

Satellite Sentinel Project
Project supported by actor, George Clooney and John Prendergast (Enough Project), Google, U.N. and others to monitor the border area between northern and southern Sudan prior to and after the Southern Sudan January 9, 2011 referendum on independence. Maps, reports, petition, etc.

Save Darfur Coalition
" of faith-based, humanitarian and human rights organizations,....formed to raise public awareness and to mobilize North Americans and members of the international community..." Suggestions for mobilizing on the issue of genocide in Darfur. Has an e-mail list, photographs. Site based in Washington, D.C.

SFDAS, Section Francaise de la direction des antiquites du Soudan [French Archaeological Unit in the Sudan]
In French. Online books, journals, conference proceedings. Based in Khartoum.

Serials include:

  • Dotawo : a journal of Nubian studies.
  • Dotawo No. 3
  • Also online Vol. 1-5, 2014-2018 from Fairfield University.; DiMenna-Nyselius Library. ; Punctum Books.
  • Archéologie du Nil moyen
  • In French and English. Annual. 1986-2006 10 volumes
  • Published by Association pour la promotion de l'archéologie nilotique (Lille, France)
  • Lille, France : F. Geus,  Vol. 1 (1986)-; Ceased with v. 10.
  • "Fouilles d'Oxford en Nubie" "Oxford Excavations in Nubia" in Annals of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Liverpool, Institute of Archaeology
  • Vols. 8-15, 1921-1928
  • Oxford University organized a series of expeditions to southern Egypt and Sudan. The expeditions occurred from 1910 to 1936.

Spaulding, Jay - The Sudanese Travels of Theodoro Krump, 1700-1702
Published 1974. Full text online. "Offered here is an English translation of the Sudan portion of Theodoro Krump's Hoher und Fruchtbarer Palm-Baum des Heiligen Evangelij (Augsburg: Georg Schulter & Martin Happach, 1710). "Theodoro Krump's account of Sinnar between 1700 and 1702 is in many respects the most important single written source concerning the precolonial history of the Sudan." "Krump contributes data of unparalleled quality on the organization and conduct of the trans-Saharan caravan trade, the commerce in slaves, Sudanese medical practices, Sudanese relations with Ethiopia and a wide array of often unexpected vignettes of daily life." Prof. Spaulding teaches in the History Dept., Kean University, Union, New Jersey.

Sudan. Advisory Council on Human Rights of the Government of Sudan
Site has closed. The Internet Archive has archived the site. "...official government information on human rights in Sudan." Has the full text of an unofficial English translation of the Proposed Constitution of Sudan.*/

Sudan Airways
Founded 1947.

Sudan-American Foundation for Education
SAFE was established in 1985 as a non-profit by "...concerned American and Sudanese business persons, academics, and government officials." Collects and delivers donated books to university, college, and public libraries throughout the Sudan. Based in Arlington, Virginia.

Sudan Archaeological Research Society
"Founded in 1991...provides a focus for anyone interested in the archaeology of the Sudan." The Society's Archive "...contains the original records from the Society's survey and excavation projects, currently those at Gabati, in the Northern Dongola Reach, at Kawa, at Jebel Umm Rowag and between Amri and Kirbekan above the Fourth Cataract. The archives for Soba East and the Wadi Halfa to Kerma Railway are also included." Links to related sites.

Sudan Archaeological Society in Berlin/ Die Sudan-archaologische Gesellschaft zu Berlin E.V.
Based at Humboldt-Universitat, describes their projects, has the table of contents of its bulletin, photographs of wall paintings, temples, links to other Sudan archaeology web sites, and an annotated bibliography of publications on the Sudan.

Sudan Artists Gallery
Showcase for painters, graphic artists, sculptors, illustrators, with biographical information, examples of their work. Maintained by Iman Shaggag.

Sudan Council of Churches

Sudan. Embassy, The Hague, Netherlands
In English and Arabic. News, facts about the Sudan, maps, photographs, oil exploration, agriculture statistics, etc. Links to related Sudan sites.

Sudan. Embassy. Pretoria, South Africa
Information on Sudan, visas, maps, news, etc.

Sudan. Embassy. Washington, D.C.
Official site. News, photographs, facts about the people, government, geography, tourism, business, press releases. Has an email list. Documents such as Khartoum Declaration of Protection of Wild Life, Constitution of Sudan, Nuba Mountain Peace Agreements, Khartoum Peace Agreement. Links to other Sudan sites.

Sudan. Government
In Arabic and English.

Sudan Human Rights Association
Older site, up to September 30, 2007. "monitors living conditions of refugees in the Great Lakes Region in Africa and advocates for their rights. In Northern Uganda and South Sudan the organisation empowers refugees by training Paralegals..." Based in Kampala, Uganda.

Sudan Human Rights Organization - Cairo Branch
"...a Sudanese human rights and democracy entity." full text issues of Sudan Human Rights Quarterly, press releases, articles, reports on the Situation of Human Rights in Sudan, position statements from the Women's Forum.

Sudan Infonet
Older site. An education and information service from the Sudan Working Group (USA). Provides current news on the Sudan. Funded by the Presbyterian Church (USA).

Sudan. Judiciary
In Arabic and English.

Discussion list. To subscribe, send email to:
In the Message area, put: SUBscribe Sudan-L yourfullname
To unsubscribe, send email to:
In the Message area, put: SIGNOFF Sudan-L
To contact the listowner write to: SUDAN-L-request@LISTSERV.CC.EMORY.EDU

Sudan Memory Project
"to conserve and promote valuable cultural materials from and about Sudan through digitisation" Includes films, photographs, manuscripts, objects, documents, maps and art works. Issues of the Sudan Times 1914-1956. Issues of Youth and Sports, Radio, Television and Theatre, Al-Khartoum, Huna Omdurman. Short essays on Sudan history and culture. Support from the Sudanese Association for Archiving Knowledge, Professor Marilyn Deegan from King’s College London, the National Records Office in Sudan, and the British Council.

Sudan. Ministry of the Cabinet
In Arabic and English. Official site.

Sudan. Ministry of General Education
In Arabic and English.

Sudan. Ministry of Foreign Affairs
In Arabic. Directory of Sudan's embassies, diplomatic missions. Based in Khartoum, Sudan.

Sudan. Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research
In Arabic.

Current Sudan news, from Agence France Presse, news in Arabic from the Sudanese daily newspaper Al-Rayaam and others papers. Has a discussion group, information on government, cabinet, political parties, history, trade organizations, the media, maps, statistics, educational institutions, banks, Sudan's embassies, hotels, music (with audio clips), directory of Sudanese, a list of discussion groups, dining customs and recipes, links to related sites. Maintained by Muaz M. Ataalsid. The site uses frames so some pages are from outside sources.

Sudan News Agency, SUNA
In Arabic and English. News reports from the Sudan government news agency.

Sudan News and Views - 1994 April - 1997 September/October
Edited by Dr. Yasin Miheisi as an "independent electronic newsletter working to advocate peace, human rights and humanitarian aid for the Sudan" is also at the Univ. of Pennsylvania African Studies web site.

Sudan Notes and Records
The Sudan Open Archive has the full text of 1918-1959 issues.

Sudan Open Archive
"full-text database of historical and contemporary books and documents" on the Sudan.  Has full text issues of Sudan Notes and Records and the Richard Grey Papers. Includes government documents, dictionaries, photographs, a directory of Sudan web sites, etc. "designed and implemented by the Kenya and UK-based Rift Valley Institute"

Sudan-Reach Women's Foundation
Non-political non-proift created by Sudanese and American women to improve the lives of Sudanese women and their families worldwide. Programs on women's education and health. Based in Cambridge, Massachusetts. - Eric Reeves
Published analytic briefs and advocacy writings (c 2002 to date) on Sudan by Eric Reeves. Reeves is Professor of English Language and Literature, Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts. "He has spent the past twelve years working full-time as a Sudan researcher and analyst" Photographs, maps.

Sudan Studies Association

Sudan Studies Society of the United Kingdom
"...established in 1987 to encourage and promote Sudanese studies in the United Kingdom and abroad in all disciplines and levels." Publishes Sudan Studies, offers other publications, holds an annual symposium.

Sudan Transparency and Policy Tracker
Established in 2022 to respond to the need for more organized and sustained anti-corruption campaigning. investigation and analysis of corruption issues. Reports, text of Sudanese laws (in Arabic). Based in West Orange, New Jersey.

Sudan University of Science and Technology
Has a directory of theses.

Sudan Update
An independent non-profit based in England. " information and referral service for individuals and organisations seeking a politically non-aligned briefing on the situation in Sudan." Covers education (book-burning, attacks on higher education and the arts), oil, women's situation, refugees, slavery, problems of the Darfur region, the Beja, the people of the Ingessana, discrimination against the Coptic Christian community, the Uduk, press freedom, etc. They publish a newsletter, Sudan Update. [KF] Old Site:
New site:
Three issues of Sudan Update are on the Univ. of Pennsylvania site.
Vol. 10, No. 8, 5 May 1999:
Vol. 10, No. 9, 25 May 1999:
Vol. 10, No. 10, 1 June 1999:

Sudan Vote Monitor. Project led by the Sudan Institute for Research and Policy (SIRP) and Asmaa Society for Development. See also the Sudan Vote Monitor Blog.

Sudan Votes

In English and Arabic. Media in Cooperation and Transition and its Sudanese partner organisations Teeba Press and the Association of Inter-Media (AIM) project to enhance the quality of media coverage on the elections. Newspaper articles and radio productions by journalists from Northern and Southern Sudan from across the political spectrum. "the first website that translates all English articles into Arabic and vice versa, in order to promote a better understanding across language barriers." Financed by the German Foreign Office.

Sudanese American Physicians Association (SAPA)
"a not-for-profit, scientific professional, non-partisan, and humanitarian membership-based organization established in January 2019, for physicians of Sudanese descent living and working within the United States to provide support networking, education among physicians within the United States as well as collaboration with physicians and healthcare organizations in Sudan and abroad." Based in Plano, Texas.

Sudanese Association For Northern California, S.A.N.C
"...a social charitable nonprofit organization dedicated for serving the Sudanese community in Northern California." Community events, the SANC Monthly Newsletter, etc.

Sudanese Development Initiative Abroad, SUDIA
Founded in Cairo in 1995, a private, non-profit, provides information, development support programs for Sudanese in Egypt and worldwide. Has research reports such as a 7 page report on Women's Health & Economic Needs of the Displaced Sudanese Community in Egypt and a 76KB report in MS Word 6.0 in .zip form on Women's Role in Afro-forestry: The Sudan. Hosts the page of the Sudanese Center for Information and Culture which promotes the artistic creativity of Sudanese groups in exile.

Sudanese Online
In English and Arabic. Current news and news archives. Commentary / analysis. Large directory of Sudan sites.

Sudanese Online Research Association
In English and Arabic. For the Sudanese Diaspora living outside Sudan.  Many links to web sites about the Sudan - statistics, refugee camps, Darfur, essays/papers/reports, etc. Based in Australia.

[Taha] Republican Thought - Ustadh Mahmoud Mohammed Tahad
In English and Arabic. The life and thought of Ustadh Mahmoud Mohammed Taha. Biography of Taha, history of his Republican Party and movement and his execution by the government in 1985. The texts of his books in Arabic, interviews, letters. About Islam, Islam in the Sudan, education , etc.

Talisman Energy, Inc.
Canada's largest independent oil and gas company, involved in controversy over its operations in the Sudan. It announced Oct. 2002 that it was pulling out of its Sudan operations. Based in Calgary, Canada.

Turshen, Meredith - Politics of Oil in Africa
Article in S & F Online, Issue 2.2, Winter 2004. Published by The Barnard Center for Research on Women.

Tvedt, Terje - An annotated bibliography on the Southern Sudan, 1850-2000
Bergen, Norway: Centre for Development Studies, University of Bergen, 2002. Purchase online. 2 vols. Has sample sections online.

Umma National Party
In Arabic. Manifesto, press releases, interviews, a who's who, speeches, conference communiques, publications, etc. Founded Feb. 1945 "aimed at attaining the country’s independence from the Condominium Reign." Its leader Sadiq al Mahdi is the great-grandson of the Mahdi.

U N Women
Works in Sudan and other African countries. Promotes women's empowerment and gender equality, funds projects, has African regional offices, annual reports online, supports the African Campaign to Eliminate Violence Against Women Formerly UNIFEM.
Full text publications online such as - Towards Achieving the MDGs in Sudan: Centrality of Women’s Leadership and Gender Equality (2005, 30 p.)

Understanding Sudan - a Teaching and Learning Resource
"...modules for teachers in high school, college, and universities to integrate into their courses." Covers history, political economy, ecology, societies and cultures, literatures in indigenous and colonial languages, arts and music, and scholarly work. Video. Created by Drs. Michael Kevane, Martha Saavedra, and Mariane Ferme.

United Kingdom. Parliament - Darfur: the Killing Continues
Mon 23 Jan [2006] : Committee publishes Second Report of Session 2005-06, Darfur: the killing continues (HC 657), and calls for sanctions on Sudan until Government complies on Darfur - PN16b.
Press release:
Full text report in PDF.

United Nations Observer Missions.
Carter Center - Use the Search for information on Observers from former President Jimmy Carter's Center.

United Nations Development Program - Sudan
Figures for donations from various countries. Full text peace agreements, free online videos such as Sudan, Islam and HIV/AIDS, photographs, newsletters, press releases, etc.

United Nations Development Program. Emergencies Unit for Ethiopia (Addis Ababa)
The situation reports (1996-1997) include coverage of the Sudan. Will have databases for download. Has maps and an Archive of 1994-1996 reports including the Horn of Africa Review. Hosted at the UPenn African Web site.

United Nations Human Rights - Sudan
News, statements, reports.

United Nations Mission in Sudan
Full text of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement for Southern Sudan, Security Council resolutions, resolutions and information on Darfur, the African Union in Sudan, press releases, situation and other reports, photographs, job vacancies. Based in New York city and Khartoum.

United Nations. Operation Lifeline Sudan.
Site has closed. Use the Search to locate Operation Lifeline Sudan articles. "The work of UNICEF and the World Food Programme." "established in April 1989. It is a consortium of two UN agencies -- UNICEF and the World Food Programme -- as well as more than 35 non-governmental organizations" Has photographs of the "relief operation in Thiekthou and Ajiep, Sudan, by UN photographer Eskinder Debebe in August 1998."

United Nations. ReliefWeb
Has recent Sudan news. Maintained by the UN Dept. of Humanitarian Affairs.

United States. Agency for International Development - Sudan
Aid fact sheet & profile. Disaster assistance reports. Maps (of refugee camps). Photos. Full text reports (over 100) such as - South Sudan Transition Strategy 2011-13, Southern Sudan : funding according to need (2010, 20 pages PDF; Review of Sudanese government accounting practices : final report, 1983, 98 pages," etc.

United States. Government Accountability Office
DARFUR CRISIS: Death Estimates Demonstrate Severity of Crisis, but Their Accuracy and Credibility Could Be Enhanced. Nov. 2006. 77 pages in PDF. Full text report. Concerns the accuracy of Darfur death estimates by six sources.

See related New York Times article, An Atrocity That Needs No Exaggeration. By Sam Dealey, August 12, 2007.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. Chiefs of State & Cabinet Members - Sudan
Provides a list of the President, Cabinet members, the Governor of the Central Bank, the country's Ambassador to the U.S., and its U.N. Representative.

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. World Factbook
Basic information, map, from the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency Factbook.

United States Committee for Refugees
World Refugee Surveys. Use the Search to find reports. Asylam Research information. The U. S. Committee for Refugees is a private non-profit organization based in Washington, D.C.

United States. Congress. House. Committee on International Relations. Subcommittee on Africa.
Hearing: America's Sudan Policy: A New Direction? March 28, 2001. 71 pages in PDF. Speakers - Honorable Edward R. Royce, Michael K. Young, Mr. Eric Reeves, Mr. J. Stephen Morrison, Mr. Roger Winter, Pastor Gary I. Kusunoki. Also in Hathi Trust for libraries which belong.

United States. Departmen of State. Human Rights Reports
Covers 1999-2020. Scroll down to see each Country.

U.S. Department of State. "Strikes on Terrorists-Related Facilities in Afghanistan and Sudan, August 20, 1998"
U.S. government statements, TV interviews, etc.

U.S. Institute of Peace (Washington, D.C.)
Extensive reports on the Sudan. Example: Toward a New Republic of Sudan (June 2011).

University of Dongola
In Arabic. Has contact email addresses. Based in Dongola, Northern State, Sudan.

University of Juba

University of Khartoum. Digital Repository
Research from the University - journal articles, theses, historical documents, etc. Examples below.

  • find publications from departments such as the Dept. of Archaeology

University of Pennsylvania Sudan Page and Search Engine
Maps, an embassy directory, travel, language information, etc., created by Julie Sisskind, now maintained by Ali Dinar. UPenn has a search facility where one can input keywords to receive information found on their very large web site.

Vigilance Soudan
In French and English. Organization, based in Paris, which provides information on human rights and liberties in the Sudan. Has some issues of their newsletter online.

Voice of Witness - Out of Exile
"...a 501(c)(3) registered non-profit book series.....Using oral history as a foundation, the series depicts human rights crises around the world through the stories of the men and women who experience them." Published books on Zimbabwe and the Sudan. Based in San Francisco, California.

Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict
"...a network of local, regional and international non-governmental organizations working to protect the security and rights of children in armed conflicts." Has reports on Angola, Burundi, DR-Congo, Liberia, and Sudan (and map of Sudan with regional boundaries). The 6-member steering committee includes CARE, and World Vision. Based in New York city.

West, Deborah L. - Sudan: Saving Lives, Sustaining Peace
Full text report. 42 p. in PDF. Pub. by Harvard University, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2006. (Belfer/WPF Report No. 42.)

Wide Horizon Education Resources - Ancient Civilization of Kush
Lesson plans on Kush (from a newsletter, Wide Horizon, Nov. 1999) produced by Wide-Horizon Education Resources, San Diego, Calif. WER, headed by Dr. David Mollet. Uses the Waldorf approach to education. Has an article about the lesson plan from Social Studies Review.

Wonders of the African World - Henry Louis Gates, Jr.
Site for the Public Broadcasting Service TV series. Covers Black Pharaohs, Nubia / Kush, Meroe, Gedi, the Swahili People, Zanzibar, the Ashanti and Dahomey (Benin) Kingdoms, Aksum, Gondar, the Churches of Lalibela, the Dogon, Grand Mosque of Djenne, Empires of Mali & Ghana, the Tuareg, Great Zimbabwe, a 1,000 year old South African city - Mapangubwe, the Shona People, etc. Site based on the TV programs hosted by Prof. Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (Harvard Univ.) Includes a kids' activity page, teachers' lesson plans, audio clips. [KF]

World Public Opinion
"...a consortium of research centers studying public opinion on international issues in their respective countries...research centers in more than 25 countries across all of the major continents." A few Africa-related public opinion polls - African opinion on the indictment of Sudanese President Bashir for war crimes 2009; African views on globalization 2006; opinions on democracy 2006; the Darfur crisis 2005; globalization, the U.S., Europe, trade 2004. Also U.S. opinion on engagement with Africa 2003. Based in Washington D.C.

Older sources c 1997. WorldViews (formerly Third World Resources) based in Oakland, California is a non-profit organization covering Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East. Its Africa World Press Guide has a section on the Sudan.