African Archaeology Information Online

Addis Ababa University. Institutional Repository
Use the Search to find research on archaeology.

African Archaeology
News, links to web resources by African region, ancient maps, bibliographies, journals, Africanist archaeologists' web sites, discussion lists, directories, university programs, organizations. "developed from the "Anthropology Resources on the Internet" (ARI) directory.... started by Allen Lutins in 1995" Part of the World Wide Web Virtual Library. Maintained by Bernard Clist since 1999. [KF]

African Timelines
Chronology with descriptions for Ancient Africa, African Empires, African Slave Trade & European Imperialism, Anti-Colonialism, Post-Independence Africa, plus Sources for Further Study. Site by Cora Agatucci, Associate Professor of English, Central Oregon Community College, Bend, Oregon.

African World Heritage Fund
An international NGO, founded in 2006, "that supports the implementation of the UNESCO World Heritage Convention (1972) on the African continent." "AWHF's mission is to build the required capacity for increasing the number of African sites on the UNESCO World Heritage List." Full text reports, articles, annual reports. Based in South Africa. [KF]

Archaeology Data Service
Large database of journal articles. Depository for research data. The types of data involved include: text reports, databases (related to excavated contexts or artefacts, for example), images (including aerial photographs, remote sensing imagery, photographs of sites, features and artefacts), digitised maps and plans, numerical datasets related to topographical and sub-surface surveys and other locational data, as well as reconstruction drawings. Based at the University of York.

Archaeology of Early Northeastem Africa
In Memory of Lech Krzyzaniak
Editors: Karla Kroeper, Marek Chlodnicki, Michal Kobusiewicz
Poznan´ : Poznan´ Archaeological Museum, 2006.
Series: Studies in African archaeology (Poznan´, Poland), v. 9.
1061 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm.

  • Proceedings of the International Symposium organized by the Poznan´ Archeological Museum, Institute of Archeology and Ethnology Polish Academy of Science, Poznan´ Branch and International Comission of the Later Prehistory of Northeastern Africa held at the Poznan´ Archeological Museum, Juliy14th-18th 2003.

Site closed.  The Internet Archive has archived the site. Argos was a peer-reviewed, limited area search engine covering the ancient and medieval worlds. "Quality is controlled by a system of hyperlinked internet indices which are managed by qualified professionals who serve as the Associate Editors of the project."  Searches retrieve many archeological web sites about the Sudan, Egypt, etc. Based at the Univ. of Evansville.*/

BBC Lost Kingdoms of Africa
"British art historian Dr Gus Casely-Hayford explores the pre-colonial history of some of Africa's most important kingdoms."
Series 1.
1. Nubia
2. Ethiopia
3. Great Zimbabwe
4. West Africa. Benin Plaques.  Benin art at the British Museum.

Cahiers de terrain de l'archéologue africaniste Raymond Mauny (1912-1994)
In French. "Ce site présente les cahiers de terrain de l'archéologue africaniste Raymond Mauny (1912-1994) déposés à la Bibliothèque de recherches africaines."

Centro Studi Archeologia Africana
Based in Milan. Work in Togo, Mali, Niger and Eritrea, etc. Lists their research projects, publications, has photos, illustrations.

Christiansborg Archaeological Heritage Project, CAHP
In English, Ga, and Twi. 17th century Christiansborg Castle, today Osu Castle, was a site involved in the trans-Atlantic slave trade. It is a UNESCO World Heritage site and is now the Office of the President of Ghana. Archeological reports, videos, photos, bibliography. Funders/supporters include Ghana’s present and former Presidents, Stanford University, Hampshire College, the British High Commission in Accra, etc. Based in Osu, Accra, Ghana.

[Coulibaly] Jean-Baptiste Coulibaly. Archéologie en pays tusian (Burkina Faso) : vestiges anciens et actuels
de l’occupation humaine. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I; Université Ouaga 1
Professeur Joseph Ki-Zerbo (Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso), 2017. Français.
HAL Id: tel-01619650
Thèse pour l’obtention du grade de Docteur des universités
366 p.

Databases (subscription required)

David, Nicholas, et. al. "Ethnoarchaeology Bibliography"
"Keyword Bibliography of Ethnoarchaeology and Related Topics" arranged alphabetically by author. Professor David teaches in the Dept. of Archaeology, Univ. of Calgary (Canada). His research interests include the archaeology of Africa and Europe.

Digital Library of the Middle East
Images from the Middle East and North Africa. Includes Mauritania and Sudan (Nubia) archaeological objects, jewelry, coins, historical documents, maps, political posters, etc. owned by libraries worldwide
Maintained by the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) and the Stanford University Libraries. [KF]

In French. Site of the Association pour la promotion du patrimoine culturel de Djenné. Includes a history of Djenné, a map and photographs of the tombs of saints, full text issues of their Bulletin, information on archeology work, traditional crafts. Based in Djenné, Mali. [KF]

Dotawo : a journal of Nubian studies
Open access journal. Examples of contents - Vol. 5, 2018 focuses on "Nubian women, both ancient and contemporary. Nubian women, whether they were queens or commoners." Vol. 3, 2016 covers Know-Hows and Techniques in Ancient Sudan.

Eastern African Archaeology Online
Covers Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia, including Somaliland and greater East Africa and the Indian Ocean region (Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, South Sudan, Burundi, Rwanda, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, Comoros, Mauritius, and Seychelles). A large directory of links to archaeology web sites.  [KF]

Grzymski, Krzysztof
Brief descriptions of archaeologist Grzymski's field projects in Egypt and in Sudanese Nubia - Hambukol/Letti Basin (medieval Nubian town) and Meroe (the capital of Kush). On the site of the Royal Ontario Museum. Near Eastern and Asian Civilizations Department (NEAC). [KF]

Inagina, the Last House of Iron
Documentary film on metallurgy work by the Dogon blacksmiths of Mali. "a unique testimony of a thousand-year-old technology which has now disappeared"
UNESCO has a preview.
Review of the film by Els A. Baerends (access by Proquest database license), American Anthropologist; Oxford Vol. 102, Iss. 2, (Jun 2000): 356-357. DOI:10.1525/aa.2000.102.2.356
Documentary Educational Resources sells copies.

Internet African History Sourcebook - Paul Halsall
Has full-text sources for African history arranged by topics. Includes the Black Athena Debate, human origins, Egypt, Nubia, Ethiopia, Islam in Africa, West African kingdoms, Great Zimbabwe, etc.. Maintained by Paul Halsall, Fordham University.

Journal of African Archaeology (Frankfurt)
In English and French. Published by Africa Magna Verlag, Frankfurt. Editorial office at J.-W. Goethe University, Frankfurt/Main, Germany. Began publication 2003; published twice a year.

Journal of Eastern African Studies
Journal of the British Institute in Eastern Africa, based in Nairobi, Kenya. Published by Routledge. Articles in the humanities and social sciences, especially archaeology, history, linguistics and anthropology of Eastern Africa. Encourages interdisciplinary analysis.

Mali Interactive
Accounts of archaeological excavations and information on the people and culture of Jenn?. The project leaders include Profs. Rod and Susan McIntosh, archaeologists, from Rice University's Anthropology Dept. U.S. A goal is to save archaeological information from destruction by erosion. Jenn? is the earliest known urban settlement south of the Sahara and a UNESCO World Heritage site. Photos, news, teaching resources, information on Mali and archaeology. Links to a historical geography unit for grade 6 on Timbuktu and the Niger River by Ginny White.

McGregor Museum (Kimberley, South Africa)
"...has departments actively engaged in research in history, oral history, archaeology and rock art, with a principal focus on the Northern Cape Province, South Africa." Is strong in "Military History, focussing on the Anglo-Boer War." Has an EnviroZone covering the natural environment of the Northern Cape and an exhibition on the human history of the Northern Cape from three million years ago, and departments of botany and zoology. Their library holds "unpublished diaries of ordinary citizens reflecting life during the Siege of Kimberley (October 1899-February 1900)." Its walking tour lists historical events in Kimberley. Has links to other museums in Kimberley.

Miller, D.E. & Maggs, T. 1994. Pre-colonial metalworking in Africa, especially southern Africa: a bibliography:1-67. Department of Archaeology, University of Cape Town (African Studies Library).
"...concentrates on southern Africa, that is, Angola, Namibia, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland and South Africa. It is incomplete and may have some inappropriate entries." Journal articles, books.

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Art of Ancient Egypt, Nubia, and the Near East
Nubian Art. The Museum possesses the largest and most important collection of Nubian art outside of Khartoum.

New York Public Library
Historical photographs include

Old Bulawayo Project - Univ. of Birmingham, Field Archaeology Unit
An archaeological research project at Old Bulawayo, the late 19th century capital of the Nbebele king, Lobengula. The project is run by the Univ. of Birmingham Field Archaeology Unit and Zimbabwe National Museums and Monuments.

The Oriental Institute, University of Chicago - Egypt and Sudan Projects and Photographic Archives
Nubia Salvage Project. The Institute participated in the 1960s UNESCO effort to rescue archaeological sites from the rising waters of the Aswan High Dam. Other Nubia Expeditions.

Parliamentary Millennium Project
Site works only in Microsoft's browser. Antiquarian Western maps (from South Africa's Parliament) and their view of Africa are contrasted with African history from an African perspective. Uses photographs of archaeological discoveries to illustrate Africa's history before Europeans arrived. Lukasa memory boards and "map" staffs are seen vis a vis Western maps. Different historical experiences influence "the way we make policy decisions and how we see our future society." Has audio files of speeches about the project by Frene Ginwala and Naledi Pandor. From South Africa's Parliament, Cape Town.

Parsons, Neil - History of Botswana
Authoritative historical essays, by Professor Parsons of the University of Botswana, History Department. Has a chapter on archaeology. [KF]

Pradines, Stephane - Ceramique en pays sereer et tumulus senegambiens / The pottery of the Sereer and the tumuli of Senegambia
Paper, in French, from the e-journal, Internet Archaeology, No. 3, Autumn 1997. There is an abstract in English.

[Raymaekers] Fondation Paul Raymaekers / Paul Raymaekers Foundation
Established by the scholar, Paul Raymaekers. Grants to Ph.D. students, aged below 30. Private library (c. 5,000 items) open to Belgian and European Ph.D. students by appointment. Book list if online. Collection of c. 10,000 photographs and negatives. Collections of African metalwork, masks, statuettes, ceramics. Areas of interest: Archaeology, Prehistory and protohistory, Social sciences of religions, rural Development in Congo. Based in Rhode St. Genèse, Belgium. [KF]

SFDAS, Section Francaise de la direction des antiquites du Soudan [French Archaeological Unit in the Sudan]
In French. Online books, journals, conference proceedings. Based in Khartoum.

Serials include:

  • Dotawo : a journal of Nubian studies.
  • Dotawo No. 3
  • Also online Vol. 1-5, 2014-2018 from Fairfield University.; DiMenna-Nyselius Library. ; Punctum Books.
  • Archéologie du Nil moyen
  • In French and English. Annual. 1986-2006 10 volumes
  • Published by Association pour la promotion de l'archéologie nilotique (Lille, France)
  • Lille, France : F. Geus,  Vol. 1 (1986)-; Ceased with v. 10.
  • "Fouilles d'Oxford en Nubie" "Oxford Excavations in Nubia" in Annals of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Liverpool, Institute of Archaeology
  • Vols. 8-15, 1921-1928
  • Oxford University organized a series of expeditions to southern Egypt and Sudan. The expeditions occurred from 1910 to 1936.
  • MNL. Meroitic newsletter.
  • Paris: École pratique des hautes études (France).; Section des sciences religieuses. ; Centre de recherches archéologiques.
  • In French. No. 1-30, 1968-2003

Books include:

  • Excavations at Kerma ...
  • Author(s): Reisner, George Andrew, 1867-1942.
  • Corp Author(s): Joint Egyptian Expedition of Harvard University and the Boston Museum of Fine Arts.
  • Publication: Cambridge, Mass., Peabody Museum of Harvard University, 1923.
  • 2 volumes illustrations, 78 plates, XXVI folded plans 28 cm.
  • Language: English
  • Series: Harvard African studies,; vol. 5-6
  • The royal tombs of Ballana and Qustul
  • Author(s): Emery, Walter B. 1903-1971. (Walter Bryan), with chapters by L. P. Kirwan.
  • Egypt.; Maṣlaḥat al-Āthār. ; Centre national de la recherche scientifique (France)
  • Publication: Cairo: Government Press, Boulâq, 1938.
  • illustrations, plates, folded maps ; 35 cm
  • Contents: V. 1. Text -- v. 2. Plates.
  • Note(s): At head of title: Service des antiquités de l'Égypte. Mission archéologique de Nubie, 1929-1934.
  • Parts 1-10. Plates 1-3.
  • Buhen
  • Author(s): Randall-MacIver, David, 1873-1945.
  • Woolley, Leonard,; 1880-1960, ; author.
  • Philadelphia, University Museum, 1911
  • 2 volumes color frontispiece, illustrations (plans) 96 plates, plans A-G (2 folded) 28 cm.
  • Buhen is the site of one of the fortresses established in Nubia by the pharaohs to defend their southern border and control the trade routes that passed through the Nile from Sudan.

Society of Africanist Archaeologists
An international "organization of archaeologists, researchers from associated disciplines and others who share an interest in African archaeology and African societies." Full text articles from their bulletin, Nyame Akuma, enhanced access to back issues of the bulletin, and a discussion forum, links to archaeology web sites. [KF]

Society of Africanist Archaeologists
The old site has been archived by the Internet Archive. Has the table of contents of their journal, Nyame Akuma, from No. 1, 1972, information on their conferences, websites of members, etc.

South Africa Meteorite Crater, the Vredefort Dome - UNESCO World Heritage Site
The oldest and largest meteorite crater found on earth, the Vredefort Dome, in South Africa was added in 2005 to a list of protected World Heritage sites by the United Nations. 20 page Evaluation in PDF. See also BBC July 15, 2005 report. [KF]

Southern African Association of Archaeologists Conference, Johannesburg, April 2000
Has full text papers:

  • Timeless Time - Africa and the World by Martin Hall
  • Archaeology in the community: The legal aspects by Janette Deacon
  • Bones of Contention: The Kouga Saga by Johan Binneman
  • Thoughts on Archaeology and the African Renaissance by Aron Mazel
  • Paper by A. B. Esterhuysen

Sudan Archaeological Research Society
"Founded in 1991...provides a focus for anyone interested in the archaeology of the Sudan." The Society's Archive "contains the original records from the Society's survey and excavation projects, currently those at Gabati, in the Northern Dongola Reach, at Kawa, at Jebel Umm Rowag and between Amri and Kirbekan above the Fourth Cataract. The archives for Soba East and the Wadi Halfa to Kerma Railway are also included." Links to related sites. [KF]

Sudan Archaeological Society in Berlin/ Die Sudan-archaologische Gesellschaft zu Berlin E.V.
Based at Humboldt-Universitat, describes their projects, has the table of contents of its bulletin, photographs of wall paintings, temples, links to other Sudan archaeology web sites, and an annotated bibliography of publications on the Sudan.

Sungbo's Eredo, Africa's Largest Single Monument
A 10th century 100 mile long wall and moat, Sungbo's Eredo, was one of the largest monuments in sub-Saharan Africa. It was erected around a Yoruba kingdom.

Thulamela - Excavating in South Africa
Pages by Marius Loots describe the excavations at Thulamela located in Kruger National Park. Artifacts from Thulamela date from c.1240 AD to 1630 AD. Thulamela is linked with Great Zimbabwe. Photos include gold jewelry and skeletons excavated by Sidney Miller and, 3 years later, by the Univ. of Pretoria, Dept. of Anatomy. There is one page on Mapungubwe, another gold site in South Africa.

Torres, Leida I - "The Black Presence in Antiquity: a Selected Bibliography" by Leida I. Torres and Andrea Only
Bibliography of books, chapters in books, journal articles from Howard University's, Moorland-Spingarn Research Center. [KF]

UNESCO World Heritage Sites - Africa
"The Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage... agreement, signed to date by more than 150 States Parties, was adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO in 1972. Its primary mission is to define and conserve the world's heritage, by drawing up a list of sites whose outstanding values should be preserved for all humanity and to ensure their protection through a closer co-operation among nations."
Africa sites are in Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo-Kinshasa, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Senegal, Seychelles, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia,  Zimbabwe.

University of  Botswana. History Department. Subject Index and Checklist of History and Archaeology Dissertations and Research Essays Submitted at the University of Botswana, 1976-1998
Lists four M.A. dissertations and 222 B.A. research essays.

University of Calgary (Canada) Dept. of Archaeology
The department has the following projects:

  • Maya-Wandala Project - Directed by Dr. Scott Maceachern, research in Cameroon and Borno State, Nigeria "to elucidate the historical relationships between populations found in this area today. [1992-93]...and earlier populations
  • The Ghana Ethnoarchaeological Project - Directed by Nick Gabrilopoulos, concerns fieldwork among the Tallensi and their use of space and the built environment
  • The Asante Archaeology Project - In Ghana directed by Prof. Peter Shinnie

University of Cape Town. Department of Archaeology
Has sections on the Historical Archaeology Laboratory, the Materials Laboratory, the Stable Light Isotope Laboratory.

University of Cape Town. Institutional Repositories
Use the search to find research on archaeology.

University of Khartoum. Digital Repository
Research from the University - journal articles, theses, historical documents, etc. Examples below.

  • find publications from departments such as the Dept. of Archaeology

University of the Witwatersrand. Institutional Repository
Has research papers on archaeology.

Vansina, Jan - "Historians, Are Archeologists Your Siblings?"
"All historians, whatever their disciplinary affiliation, can therefore learn a great deal from the practice of archeologists about the perils and the successes of reconstructing history from a varied lot of sources. Hence the contribution of archeology to the history of Africa is not limited to the discovery of new and complementary sources to be used by others, but goes to the very heart of the historical enterprise."  Article from History in Africa, 22 [1995], 369-408.