History of religion

Adam Matthew Publications
Microfilm publisher. Sells 19th and 20th century journals and archival collections for African studies and other areas. Online guides to the collections include Church Missionary Society records. Search World Catalog to locate libraries with holdings of these microforms. http://www.ampltd.co.uk/

  • Africa Through Western Eyes. Part 1-2: Original Manuscripts from the Royal Commonwealth Society Library at Cambridge University Library
  • Church Missionary Society Archive -  See Section IV: Africa Missions. The Introduction contains a history of the CMS by Rosemary Keen. Guides to the various sections are online.
    • Section IV: Africa Missions
    • Part 1: West Africa (Sierra Leone), 1803-1880. 27 reels
    • Part 2: West Africa (Sierra Leone), 1820-1880. 18 reels
    • Part 3: Nigeria - Yoruba, 1844-1880. 17 reels
    • Part 4: Nigeria - Yoruba, 1844-1880. 17 reels
    • Part 5: West Africa (Sierra Leone), 1820-1880. 17 reels
    • Part 6: Nigeria - Niger, 1857-1882. 12 reels
    • Part 7: Sudan, 1905-1949. 21 reels
    • Part 8: Nigeria - Yoruba, 1880-1934. 23 reels
    • Part 9: Nigeria - Yoruba, 1880-1934. 23 reels
    • Part 10: Nigeria - Niger, 1881-1934. 36 reels
    • Part 11: Nigeria - Niger, 1880-1934, and Nigeria - Northern Nigeria, 1900-1934. 20 reels
    • Part 12: West Africa (Sierra Leone), 1881-1934. 26 reels
    • Part 13: West Africa (Sierra Leone), 1935-1949, and Nigeria Missions, 1935-1949. 32 reels
    • Part 14: Egypt, 1889-1934. 17 reels
    • Part 15: Egypt, 1889-1949. 14 reels
    • Part 16: South Africa, 1836-1843, Kenya, 1841-1888, and Nyanza, 1876-1882. 16 reels
    • Part 17: Kenya, 1880-1934. 29 reels
    • Part 18: Kenya, 1880-1934. 29 reels
    • Part 19: Tanganyika, 1900-1934, Nyanza, 1880-1886, and Rwanda, 1933-1934. 13 reels
  • Colonial Discourses. Series One: Women, Travel & Empire, 1660-1914 Part 1: Early travel accounts by women, and women's experiences in India, Africa, Australasia and Canada

Africa Inland Mission
Information on AIM, a missionary organization with over 850 missionaries in 15 African countries. Has a link to the web page of their school in Kenya, the Rift Valley Academy. There is more information provided by the Billy Graham Archives which hold the records of AIM including a history and detailed inventory of AIM's records. They were especially active in Kenya, Zaire, Uganda, Tanzania, Sudan, and the Central African Republic. Billy Grapham Archvies - https://www.wheaton.edu/about-wheaton/museum-and-collections/billy-graham-center-archives/welcome/
Collections Overview - https://www.wheaton.edu/about-wheaton/museum-and-collections/billy-graham-center-archives/research/
Search their Archives - https://archives.wheaton.edu/?
AIM current acitivites site: http://www.aim-us.org/

AfricaBib - Women Travelers, Explorers and Missionaries to Africahathi 
Database of articles created by Davis Bullwinkle who retired in March 2008. The database is now hosted by the African Studies Centre, Leiden (Netherlands) Library. http://www.africabib.org/travelers.html

A discussion list on African and African-diaspora philosophy. To subscribe, send e-mail to: listserv@bucknell.edu
Leave the Subject blank. In the Message area, put: subscribe afri-phil YourFirstName YourLastName

Agenzia Fides
In English, Italian, French, etc. News, articles and documents from the Vatican regarding Catholic missions in Africa and other countries. Has for example (in Portuguese) a 2004 pastoral letter issued by the Catholic Bishops of Angola (summary in English). Photographs (from the 1930s to present) from African countries can be downloaded. http://www.fides.org/

American Theological Library Association, ATLA
Sells microfilm of missionary journals and monographs. Example - The Missionary Lutheran on missionary work in Nigeria. Search their online catalog. "Established in 1946, the American Theological Library Association (ATLA) is a professional association of more than 1,000 individual, institutional, and affiliate members providing programs, products, and services in support of theological and religious studies libraries and librarians."  https://www.atla.com/
Some universities subscribe to the ATLA Religion Database which indexes articles, books.

Archives Hub
Excellent resource for finding United Kingdom archives of organizations, people, topics. Holdings from over 330 institutions. https://archiveshub.jisc.ac.uk/

Baptist Mid-Missions
The missions originated in 1911 when founding father, William C. Haas, went to central Africa. They now operate in eight African countries (Congo-Kinshasa, Liberia, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Central African Republic, Chad, Ethiopia, Zambia). They have worked in Chad since 1925 and in the CAR since the 1920s. Has a brief history of the CAR and history of the CAR mission. Based in Cleveland, Ohio. [KF] http://www.bmm.org/

Basel Mission Archive. Photogaraph Collection
Over 25,000 images from the Basel Mission Archive with 6,100 images from Cameroon and 5,900 images from Ghana "dating from 1860 (in the case of Ghana) or 1885 (in the case of Cameroon) to ca. 1945." Includes the "Basel Mission's "sample book" of engravings used in its publications in the 19th century." "These were often "drawn" very exactly from photographs and increase the number of images of direct interest to students of Africa...". The web-site includes a substantial essay in interpretation of the use of photographs for themes of interest to historians, written by Emmanuel Akyeampong. Search the image database by Proper name, Institution name, Photographer / Photo Studio, Theme, Geography. http://www.bmpix.org
Bockie, Simon - "The Kongolese Saint Anthony: Dona Beatriz Kimpa Vita and the Antonian movement, 1684-1706" by John K. Thornton. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998)
Review by Dr. Simon Bockie of Thornton's book. Dona Beatriz, "a 17th-century Kongo woman of the ruling elite, who claimed to be possessed by the spirit of St. Anthony, has been called a Kongolese Joan of Arc because of her prophetically inspired crusade to throw off foreign influences and restore both spiritually and politically the fragmented Kingdom of Kongo." http://www.riia.org/baf/reviews/thornthornto1.htm

British Broadcasting Company. The Story of Africa
"...the history of the continent from an African perspective." "from the origins of humankind to the end of South African apartheid" by major African historians (Jacob Ajayi, George Abungu, Director-General of the National Museums of Kenya and others). Includes audio of each segment of the BBC program. (Requires sound card, speaker or headphone). Each segment has a timeline, bibliography, useful links. Includes traditional religions, Islam, Christianity. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/africa/features/storyofafrica/

CAMP. Catalog of Nigerian Pamphlets on Microfilm
Compiled by the African Collection, Yale University Library, New Haven, Connecticut for the Cooperative Africana Microform Project and the Center for Research Libraries. http://www-apps.crl.edu/areastudies/CAMP/collections/camppamp.htm
Full text, 60 pages, in Adobe pdf. Citations to 1,000 pamphlets on microfilm. Included are market literature titles from the Simon Ottenberg collection. Types of pamphlets - Nigeria, Biafra, Southern Nigeria government publications, market literature, political party pamphlets, church and religious pamphlets, magazines and other serials. Authors include Obafemi Awolowo, Nnamdi Azikiwe, Samuel A.Crowther, the Action Party, N.C.N.C. Dates range from the late 19th century to pre-World War II and the mid 1960s. Languages - English, Yoruba, Ibo, Hausa. There is an index by author and subject. The microfilmed pamphlets are available from CAMP, Cooperative African Materials Project, based at the Center for Research Libraries, Chicago. The inventory is part of CAMP's Guides to Collections. [KF]

Congregation du Saint-Esprit (Montreal)
Includes biographies of missionaries serving in Africa:

  • Jacques Laval (1803-1864) served in Mauritius - http://www.total.net/~grenaud/Laval.htm
  • Daniel Brottier (1876-1936) served in Senegal - http://www.total.net/~grenaud/Brottier.htm
  • Fran?ois Libermann (1802-1852) -   http://www.total.net/~grenaud/liberman.htm

See also their Paris office, archives, and journal, Memoire Spiritain, described in the section: Libraries & Archives in Europe.

Consolata Missionaries
In Italian and English. Catholic missionary society which served in Ethiopia. Based in Rome, Italy. See also the Missioni Consolata. http://en.ismico.org/

Die Deutsche Kolonialgesellschaft (DKG) Bildarchiv
In English and German. The Stadt- und Universitätsbibliothek Frankfurt am Main has put on-line a large keyword searchable database of colonial era photographs, 1822-1936, from the archives of the Deutsche Kolonialgesellschaft [German Colonial Society], a major organization behind Germany's colonial expansion. Covers Namibia, Tanzania, Cameroon, Togo, etc.  One can click on the small photos to see a larger version. The database can be searched by Region, Subject Areas, Keyword, Person, Photographer, People. The collection, of thousands of photographs, is also being microfilmed for preservation. Description of the Image Collection of the German Colonial Society. [B.Lawrance and KF] http://www.ub.bildarchiv-dkg.uni-frankfurt.de/

Dictionary of African Christian Biography
"...an international project of biographies of "....Africans chiefly responsible for laying the foundations and advancing the growth of Christian communities in Africa." Advisory Council members include at least eleven African scholars and religious leaders. Some biographies are from Mark R. Lipschutz and R. Kent Rasmussen's, Dictionary of African Historical Biography, 2nd edition, 1989. Includes links to religion in Africa sites. Part of the Overseas Ministries Study Center, New Haven, Conn. [KF] http://www.dacb.org/

Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
Biographies of persons who died between the years 1000 and 1930. Use the Advanced Search. Under Geography, select Africa, then country. Find biographies of missionaries such as John Forbes of the White Fathers and Arthur Bouchard (Sudan), military personnel such as Duncan MacInnes (Ghana, South Africa), William Robert Wolseley Winniett (Ghana) and Frederick Charles Denison (Sudan), Richard Pierpoint (born in Senegal). There are fifteen biographies of persons connected to South Africa in some way. A joint project of the University of Toronto and the Université Laval. [KF] http://www.biographi.ca/EN/index.html

Documenting the American South
Has full text primary sources (books, monographs) including works by African-American missionaries in Africa, slaves' accounts of Africa. The Education section has Lessons Plans. From the University Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. http://docsouth.unc.edu/

Durham University - Sudan Archive
The finding aid for Durham's Sudan Archive which contains the papers of over 260 institutions and individuals (administrators, soldiers, missionaries and others who served in the Sudan), from 1883-1956. The Archive includes photographs, films, maps, museum objects. http://www.dur.ac.uk/Library/asc/sudan/index.html
Durham University Library has holdings of books, periodicals and ephemeral material listed in their online catalog.

Embangweni, Malawi Web
About Embangweni, Malawi and the mission station, also covers other mission stations in the Synod of Livingstonia (related to the Church of Central Africa Presbyterian). The Mission consists of a Hospital, Church, School for the Hard of Hearing, Robert Laws Secondary School and the Embangweni Full Primary School. Has the full text of "Donald Fraser and the Ngoni Church" a Lecture delivered 2002 by Dr. T. Jack Thompson, University of Edinburgh. http://embangweni.com/
Also has:

Emory University. Pitts Theology Library
Has a good collection of African journals on religion. http://www.pitts.emory.edu/

Episcopal Church of Sudan
Statements by the Archbishop regarding political events, pastoral letters, reports of the Bishop's provincial visits, map of the Dioceses, etc. [KF] http://www.sudan.anglican.org/

Episcopal Church of Sudan. Diocese of Wau
"Wau Diocese covers two out of the 10 States of Southern Sudan, plus the Abyei Area" Information about the Bishop for Wau, Moses Deng Bol. Many photographs of the Referendum. Many links to other Sudan sites. News, Diocese information / projects. Based in Juba, South Sudan. [KF] http://wau.anglican.org/

Fage, J. D. - A Guide to Original Sources for Precolonial Western Africa Published in European Languages : for the most part in book form
Madison : African Studies Program, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1994. 200 p. AUniversity of Wisconsin Libraries Africana Digitization Project. See the Copyright notice for use. http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Africana.Fage01

Le Fait Missionnaire (Lausanne, Switzerland)
In English and French. Has the table of contents for this print journal on missionary history in Africa. A selection of articles are online in Adobe pdf. Includes conference announcements, a directory of sites on Religion in Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Angola, and Namibia, and links to related sites. [KF]. http://www2.unil.ch/lefaitmissionnaire/
Full text online:

Ford Foundation. Secrets of the Sahara. By Christopher Reardon
Secrets of the Sahara is a well-written account of efforts by Mali scholars to preserve manuscripts from the 14th century onwards. "Dozens of families in Timbuktu are working to preserve a trove of ancient manuscripts that may redefine the history of Islam and Africa." "Many of the ancient texts date back to the Songhaï empire, a prosperous kingdom that peaked in the 15th and 16th centuries." Topics cover "astronomy, mathematics, medicine and geography. There are poems and folk tales." http://www.fordfound.org/publications/ff_report/

Les Freres des ecoles chretiennes en D.R.C. (Christian Brothers)
In French. Order serving since 1909 in the Congo (Kinshasa/DRC). They now work in 22 African countries. Has a biography of founder, Jean-Baptiste de La Salle and a history of their Congo work since 1909. http://www.ic.cd/feccongo/
See also the LaSalle.org site for a directory of schools in Africa.

Moderated discussion group for African history and humanities. Sponsored by the Univ. of Illinois-Chicago and Michigan State.
To subscribe to H-Africa, send email to: listserv@h-net.msu.edu
Leave the subject area blank. In the message area put:sub H-Africa yourfirstname yourlastname, your institution
Its website (http://h-net.msu.edu/~africa/) includes past messages (posted since March 1995), book reviews, tables of contents lists, a key word search engine, and past discussion topics such as - African islamic history.

Access by Subscription only; some universities subscribe. The American Council of Learned Societies has a $3-million grant to sponsor an electronic publishing initiative for monographs of high quality in the field of history. "The fully searchable collection is aimed at college and graduate students and scholars, and has additional potential on the secondary school level and in historical associations and museums." http://www.historyEbook.org/
Historians from the African Studies Association are selecting Africa-related titles. Africa-related titles are in one listing by author:

Indiana University Libraries. Nuer Field Notes
A project to "preserve and make accessible a set of linguistic field notes [on the Nuer language] recorded by Eleanor Vandevort, who was a missionary in the South Sudan between 1949 and 1963." Includes the full text of the book, A Leopard Tamed, by Eleanor Vandevort, a biography of Eleanor Vandevort, by Dr. Marion Frank-Wilson, a History of Colonial and Missionary Linguistics in the Southern Sudan, by Dr. Edward Miner, Pedagogical Grammar of Nuer, slides of life in Southern Sudan, and a bibliography. [KF] http://www.dlib.indiana.edu/collections/nuer/

International Mission Photography Archive, c 1860-1960
Based at the University of Southern California.

Internet African History Sourcebook
Has full-text sources. Maintained by Paul Halsall, Fordham University. Includes Africa and Islam, Ethiopia and Christianity. http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/africa/africasbook.html
See also Halsall's Internet Islamic History Sourcebook.

Islam and Africa: Myths and Realties, Teachers Summer Institute 2002, June 17 - 28, 2002, University of Kansas
This two-week institute sponsored by the African Studies Resource Center dealt with the issue of conceptions and misconceptions of Islam and Africa. Site includes some of the presentations in full, lesson plans, bibliographies and links. http://www.ku.edu/~asrc/resources/outreach/suminst/2002/announce2002.htm

Islamic Family Law
Islamic family law is "the most widely applied family law system in the world today,..." The project seeks to "explore and substantiate possibilities of reform within particular communities of Muslims in their own context." For each country covered, provides a history, legal practices, effects on women, a bibliography. Full text of "Domestic Violence and Shari’a: A Comparative Study of Muslim Societies in the Middle East, Africa and Asia" by Lisa Hajjar. From the Emory University, School of Law. [KF] http://www.law.emory.edu/IFL/

Jesuit Documents on the Guinea of Cape Verde and the Cape Verde Islands, 1585-1617: : in English translation
Authors: A Teixeira da Mota; P E H Hair. [Liverpool?] : Issued by the Dept. of History, University of Li verpool, 1989. 1 vol. (various pagings). (Privately produced and circulated by the late Paul Hair.) AUniversity of Wisconsin Libraries Africana Digitization Project. See the Copyright notice for use. http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Africana.Jesuit01

Journal of Theology for Southern Africa (Braamfontein)
Published by the South African Council of Churches. Has the tables of contents and abstracts of articles for past issues. http://www.uct.ac.za/depts/ricsa/jtsa/index.htm

Kingdoms of the Medieval Sudan
An introduction to the history of Sudanic Africa (the states of Songhay, Kanem-Bornu, and Hausaland.) Discusses trade and Islam. Photographs by Lucy Johnson illustrate - Images of Islam (Grand Mosque at Jenne), River Scenes, Daily Life, The Dogon, Traditions and Beliefs, The Desert. Has multiple-choice tests. Project arises from a Andrew W. Mellon Foundation grant to Xavier University's Center for the Advancement of Teaching (New Orleans, LA). Site by J. Rotondo-McCord. [KF] http://webusers.xula.edu/jrotondo/Kingdoms/

Koinonia Nuba
"Koinonia Nuba is an offspring of Koinonia Kenya, a Christian Community founded in 1988 by Father Renato Kizito Sesana, a Comboni Missionary." It is an organization of lay Christians....." Based in Gidel, Nuba Mountains, Sudan. [KF] http://koinoniasudan.org/
For older news on the Sudan, from Koinonia Community (Kenya), see Sudan Report 2002, 2003, 2004.

Library of Congress. Ancient Manuscripts from the Desert Libraries of Timbuktu
"Dating from the 16th to the 18th centuries, the ancient manuscripts... are indicative of the high level of civilization attained by West Africans during the Middle Ages." "The manuscripts...are from the Mamma Haidara Commemorative Library and the Library of Cheick Zayni Baye of Boujbeha,..." Has images of the documents which concern Islamic knowledge of astronomy, law, the Songhai Empire, slavery, Sufi religion, mathematics, political governance, medical knowledge, attitude towards non-Muslims, trade. [KF] http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/mali/

Livingstone, David, "Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa"
Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa; Including a Sketch of Sixteen Years' Residence in the Interior of Africa, and a Journey from the Cape of Good Hope to Loanda on the West Coast; Thence Across the Continent, Down the River Zambesi, to the Eastern Ocean. (London, 1857). Full-text of the book with information on slavery. Part of Project Gutenberg. Includes an 1858 review of the book in Harper's Magazine. [KF] http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/1039

Lusotopie (Paris)
From the Association des chercheurs de la revue Lusotopie. Pub. by Editions Karthala, Paris. Abstracts in French, Portuguese, English. Full text articles on-line. Annual academic journal first published in 1994. Political analysis of Portuguese-speaking countries. Search by keyword across all issues in English, Portuguese, and French. http://www.cean.u-bordeaux.fr/lusotopie/
Some articles:

Masonen, Pekka - "Not Quite Venus from the Waves: The Almoravid Conquest of Ghana in the Modern Historiography of Western Africa"
Full text article, [co-authored with Humphrey J. Fisher], from History in Africa, Vol. 23, 1996, pp. 197-232. The article "focuses on the alleged Almoravid conquest of Ghana in 1076 AD and the spread of Islam in the Sudanic Africa." "This version is not identical to the printed version of 1996. Several printing errors are corrected and there are a few additions, including subtitles. The arguments are, however, unchanged." "...there is no direct evidence for any conquest, still less a violent and destructive conquest, of Ghana by the Almoravids. The conquest hypothesis is a European creation." On Dr. Masonen's website. http://www.uta.fi/~hipema/Venus.htm

Metropolitan Museum of Art. Timeline of Art History
The African Art section covers different regions (Central Africa, Eastern Africa, Guinea Coast, Southern Africa, Western & Central Sudan, Archaeology & Rock Art). Maps, bibliographies, timeline for the continent. Explanations of features in the works depicted. Covers pre-colonial African empires & kingdoms, Islam in Africa, Christianity in Ethiopia and the Kongo Kingdom, African leadership, women, Trade among European and African precolonial nations, etc. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/splash.htm

Miran, Jonathan - Grand mufti, érudit et nationaliste érythréen. Note sur la vie et l'oeuvre de cheikh Ibrâhîm al-Mukhtâr (1909-1969)
In French, English abstract. 29 p. In Chroniques Yéménites, 2002, published by the Centre Français d'Archéologie et de Sciences Sociales de Sanaa, Yemen. "Appointed the Grand Mufti of Eritrea by the Italians in 1939, the Sheikh Ibrâhîm al-Mukhtâr occupied an important place in the heart of the Eritrean Muslim community, until his death. A scholar and writer, he was convinced of the singularity of his country's history, favored the development and modernization of its Muslim institutions and took an active role in the nationalist struggle, especially against Ethiopian presence in Eritrea." http://cy.revues.org/document.html?id=126

The Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
Nubia Salvage Project. The Institute participated in the 1960s UNESCO effort to rescue archaeological sites from the rising waters of the Aswan High Dam. Artifacts recovered from that effort were presented in two exhibitions: Nubia, Its Glory and Its People, 1987 Exhibition. Description and history by Bruce Williams. Includes religious history and Vanished Kingdoms of the Nile, The Rediscovery of Ancient Nubia, 1992 Exhibition. Includes an image of a Nubian princess ca. 1320 B.C.
Nubia Slavage Project: http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/PROJ/NUB/Nubia.html
Photographic Archives. Seven historical photographs from the Sudan (Nubia). A sample of photographs taken by Institute expeditions in the early 20th century.

Pankhurst, Richard - Ethiopian History
Articles by Dr. Pankhurst originally published in the newspaper, Addis Tribune. Topics include the History of Ethiopian Religious Art and Manuscripts, Ethiopian crosses, art, manuscripts, the Churches of King Lalibala. http://www.cs.indiana.edu/hyplan/dmulholl/ethiopia/history/pankhurst.html

Parsons, Neil - History of Botswana
Authoritative historical essays, by Professor Parsons of the University of Botswana, History Department. Has a chapter on Religion. Includes primary documents. http://www.thuto.org/ubh/bw/bhp1.htm

Passport to Paradise: Visualizing Islam in West Africa and the Mouride Diaspora
Exhibition on "the Mourides, a mystical Muslim movement originating in Senegal, West Africa." Topics, illustrated by paintings and other media, include the rise of Islam, a biography of Amadu Bamba, the Mouride work ethic, Mouride women, the Mouride global networks, the saint's tomb at Touba.

  • The devotional sanctum of Serigne Faye with paintings by Assane Dione.
  • A Mouride mosque and residential complex made entirely of straw.
  • Followers of Sheikh Ibra Fall who are "apostles of hard work."

A book and an educational program accompnay the exhibit organized by the Fowler Museum of Cultural History, University of California, Los Angeles.
For teachers there is a curriculum guide and online exhibition. http://www.fmch.ucla.edu/passporttoparadise.htm

Revista Lusófona de Ciência das Religiões (Lisbon)
In Portuguese, French, or English. Published by Edicões Universitárias Lusófonas. Full text articles such as on the Inquisição em África. http://cienciareligioes.ulusofona.pt/

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
The well-known branch of the New York Public Library devoted to the history, society, and culture of people of African descent has an online exhibition, the Schomburg Legacy, Documenting the Global Black Experience for the 21st Century.  It features art work, historical documents and letters, the Herskovits Collection, the John Henrik Clarke Collection, the Ralph J. Bunche Collection and others.  The Schomburg's exhibition, Images of African-Americans from the 19th Century, includes a photograph of Bishop Sameul A. Crowther, first African Anglican bishop. [KF] http://www.nypl.org/research/sc/sc.html

School of Oriental and African Studies, SOAS. Library, University of London
The Africa Section is especially strong in African language publications, it holds the Hardyman Madagascar Collection. Has a page on locating missionary & church archives in the U.K and photographs. The librarian in charge is Mrs. Barbara Spina. http://www.soas.ac.uk/library/
Search their online web catalog.

Seventh Day Adventist Periodical Index
Indexes about 40 Seventh Day Adventist journals and magazines. "Currently the index covers the years 1980-81, 1983- ." Search for citations to articles by keyword, author, title, obituaries. The index is produced at the James White Library, Andrews University.
Also has citations to obituaries.

Siegle, Brian - The Kafulafuta Mission in Zambia
"Kafulafuta mission was part of the colonial enterprise in British Central Africa, and it largely framed the colonial experience of the rural Copperbelt's Lamba people." Full text of a paper presented 1999 at the Southeast Regional Seminar in African Studies. Dr. Siegel teaches in the Sociology Department, Furman University, Greenville, SC. http://www.ecu.edu/african/sersas/BrianSiegel.htm

[Smith, Amanda] An Autobiography. The Story of the Lord's Dealings with Mrs. Amanda Smith the Colored Evangelist; Containing an Account of Her Life Work of Faith, and Her Travels in America, England, Ireland, Scotland, India, and Africa, as an Independent Missionary
(Chicago: Meyer & Brother, Publishers,1893). Full text of the book by the African-American missionary. She traveled to Liberia in 1882, to Sierra Leone, Old Calabar. Includes illustrations. Part of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's Documenting the American South. [KF] http://docsouth.unc.edu/smitham/smith.html

Southern African Missiological Society
"...formed to further the study of and research into Christian mission and related topics in Southern Africa." Publishes a journal, Missionalia. Has full text articles from older issues of Missionalia, and an annotated directory of Christian mission and mission studies sites. The African independent churches section has a directory of researchers, a discussion forum, and links to full text papers and articles. Based in Menlo Park, South Africa. http://www.geocities.com/missionalia/index.html

Stanford University. Missionary Archives / Records in Microform
A selected list of some Africa-related missionary records in microform held in U.S. libraries. Designed for Stanford users, especially undergraduates. http://library.stanford.edu/africa-south-sahara/browse-topic/religion/missionary-records-microform

Sudan Interior Mission
Began in 1893 to evangelize sub-Saharan Africa. A base in Nigeria was established in 1902.
Full text of books, reports, journals, theses, manuscripts, interviews, the journals Sudan Witness, Africa Now and more. Dating from late 1880s.  Includes Angola, Southern Africa, West Africa. http://archives.sim.org 

[ Hoover Library has Sudan Witness 1965-1967, found in Searchworks only by the title. https://searchworks.stanford.edu/view/389782 ] 
Organizations which merged into the SIM - "Cape General Mission (CGM), which merged with South East Africa Evangelistic Mission (SEAEM) to become South Africa General Mission (SAGM), and was later called Africa Evangelical Fellowship (AEF), which worked in several countries in Southern Africa (1889-1998)."

See also the contemporary organization -
SIM International
"international mission organisation with more than 4,000 workers serving in more than 70 countries." https://www.sim.org/home


The Sukuma Museum (Mwanza, Tanzania)
Describes the revival of Sukuma traditional arts and culture taking place among traditional doctors, chiefs, artists, and dancers. Covers religion in Usukuma, healing practices, chiefs and royal history, a history and tour of the Sukuma Museum. Has many photographs including historical photos. By Mark and Aimee Bessire. M. Bessire was a Fulbright Fellow and Consusltant to the Museum. http://photo.net/sukuma/

Tierno Bokar
Site for the play directed by Peter Brook adapted from Amadou Hampate Ba's book, Vie et enseignement de Tierno Bokar: le sage de Bandiagara. The U.S. premiere was at Columbia University. "Tierno Bokar (1875-1939) was a Sufi sage,... and a spiritual leader in his village in Mali. His clan, exponents of repeating a Sufi prayer 12 times, was embroiled in a debate with a rival clan that advocated repeating it 11 times, a debate that devolved into a conflict over power and leadership in the Tijani Sufi Order. Video clips and transcripts of interviews. Site at Columlbia University, New York city. [KF] http://www.tiernobokar.columbia.edu

United Methodist Church. General Commission on Archives and History
"...the official archival repository for The United Methodist Church." Based in Madison, New Jersey at Drew University. http://www.gcah.org/
Has online guides to the Church archives and guide to collections such as:

  • the Herbert Cookman Withey Collection (late 19th c. in Angola)
  • Bishop John McKendree Springer Papers (correspondence with African nationals, the Congo Protestant Council, 1920-1961, Angola, Central and Southern, Congo, Liberia, Rhodesia, Southeast Africa)
  • Roger Stilman Guptill Collection (Belgian Congo, training of African missionaries)

See also United Methodist Archives Center (Drew University Library)
For a brief description of holdings see Special Collections (includes British newspapers and periodicals from the British Empire). http://www.depts.drew.edu/lib/uma.html

L'Universite catholique de Louvain. Centre d'histoire de l'Afrique (Louvain-la-Neuve)
Has a list of their publication series: Enqu?tes et documents d'histoire africaine. Lists publications on missionaries / religion. http://juppiter.fltr.ucl.ac.be/FLTR/publications/pub_afrique.html

University of Birmingham. Special Collections. Ecclesiastical and Mission Archives
Holds the Church Missionary Society Archives. Covers missions in Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Nigeria, Nyanza, Ruanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda. The Society is now called the Church Mission Society. The microfilming company, Adam Matthew, has filmed many records. http://www.is.bham.ac.uk/specialcoll/archives_cms.htm

University of Calgary - The Islamic World to 1600
"From the introduction to the first millennium of Islamic history" Includes under Regional Dynasties, a section on West Africa. Developed by the Applied History Research Group, University of Calgary. http://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/islam/ also in hisreligion

University of California Press - eScholarship Editions
Many full text books online. Some titles open only to University of California users. Browse by subjects African History (over 20 titles) and African Studies (over 50 titles). http://content.cdlib.org/escholarship/
Titles open to all including: Beyond the Stream: Islam and Society in a West African Town. Author: Robert G. Launay Published: University of California Press, 1992

University of Southern California. Internet Mission Photography Archive
"...historical images from Protestant and Catholic missionary collections in Britain, Norway, Germany, and the United States." Search by country or repository. Includes Ghana, Madagascar, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe between the mid-19th and mid-20th centuries. The photographs relating to Africa come from the archives of the Moravian Church, Leipzig Mission, the Norwegian Missionary Society, and the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. Site based at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles. [KF] http://digitallibrary.usc.edu/impa/controller/index.htm

Weiss, Holger - "They Did Not Want Us to be Here: Finnish Missionary Activity in Northern Namibia and its First Setbacks, 1869-1872
(University of Helsinki, Institute of Development Studies, Working Paper 1/99). See the list of publications and Weiss' paper. Publications List: http://www.valt.helsinki.fi/kmi/julka.htm
Weiss Paper: http://www.valt.helsinki.fi/kmi/wp199.htm#I. Introduction

West African Arabic Manuscript Database
A bi-lingual union catalog of records for over 20,000 Arabic manuscripts from West Africa. Find citations by authors, nicknames, titles, subjects. Includes manuscripts from Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Northern Nigeria and from collections in Paris and Northwestern Univ. The documents represent "the literary activity of Muslim literati in the Sahel region during the approximately 150 years prior to colonial conquest." Charles C. Stewart, Professor, Department of History, University of Illinois, Champaign is General Editor. [KF] http://westafricanmanuscripts.org/

West African Online Digital Library - Historical Photographs
Project of Michigan State University, IFAN, and WARC. http://www.aodl.org/

  • Sampling from L'Institut Fondemental d'Afrique Noire, IFAN (historical photographs),
  • Phil Curtin Collection (photographs, audio interview on his work on economic change in precolonial Senegambia in the era of the slave trade, Bundu),
  • Photographs from “Passport to Paradise’: Sufi Arts of Senegal and Beyond (the "urban visual culture of the Mourides, a Senegalese Sufi movement centered upon the life and teachings of a local saint named Sheikh Amadou Bamba"),
  • Mosques of Bondoukou (1980s photographs). [KF]

White Fathers / Pères Blancs / Société des Missionnaires d'Afrique
In French and English. "The Society of the Missionaries of Africa (White Fathers) was born in Algeria, founded in 1868 by Mgr Charles Lavigerie, archbishop of Algiers." Includes statistics on members, list of White Fathers martyrs (died violent deaths), work in Africa, relations with Islam, their journal, Voix d'Afrique, and other publications, historical photographs, directory of addresses / emails, etc. [KF] http://www.africamission-mafr.org/

[Wurno] - Malam Haliru Muhammad Wurno
"Malam Haliru Muhammad Wurno was a historian who lived in Wurno Nigeria, sometime capital of the Sokoto Caliphate and final resting place of Sultan Muhammad Bello and other rulers and Wazirs of the Caliphate." The documents are in Arabic and posted by Prof. John Edward Philips who hopes that site visitors will contribute to this experiment in web publication of a collective translation of Haliru's writings. Prof. Philips teaches at Hirosaki University in Japan. http://human.cc.hirosaki-u.ac.jp/philips/Haliru/haliru.htm or http://www2.gol.com/users/philips/Haliru/haliru.htm

Yale University. Divinity School Library
Special Collections has on Online Guide to Archives and Manuscript Collections at the Yale Divinity Library and a Finding Aid Database. There is a list of Africa-related individual and organization collections. The library has an excellent collection of missionary society records in microform. Some of these microform collections are also held by the Center for Research Libraries and other U.S. libraries. https://web.library.yale.edu/divinity

Yale University. History of Christianity
"resources in the area of History of Christianity, including the best databases, reference tools, and online resources" Includes Free Web Resources on Religion: Image Resources. https://guides.library.yale.edu/historyofchristianity

Yale University. Missionary Periodicals Online
Database of online missionary journals. https://guides.library.yale.edu/c.php?g=296315&p=1974392

Yattara, Almamy Maliki and Bernard Salvaing - Almamy : une jeunesse sur les rives du fleuve Niger
In French. Preface by Adame Ba Konari. (Imprint: Brinon-sur-Sauldre : Grandvaux, 2000. 443 p.) "Almamy Yattara, born in Mali in about 1922, tells the story of his childhood and youth in Guimballa, a region to the south-west of Timbuctoo. At the same time as he was pursuing his higher education in Islamic studies with great masters, he learned about agriculture, stock breeding, commerce, fishing, hunting, living in a world where the supernatural and the everyday are inextricably linked." "He presents an unusual light on the encounter between Islam and colonisation in a region of Mali still hardly affected by modern and colonial influences. Has extracts from the book, photos, reviews of the book. http://salvaing.free.fr


Print sources

Henige, David P.
Catholic missionary journals relating to Africa : a provisional checklist and union list for North America. [Honolulu, Hawaii] : Crossroads Press ; Waltham, Mass. : African Studies Association, c1980. 71 p. Series: (The Archival and bibliographic series.