K-12 history education resources

See also: Education - Teaching about Africa | History (multiple subjects)

Africa Access
Guide to children's literature on Africa. Reviews are written by univ. faculty, librarians, and teachers many of whom are in African studies or have lived in Africa. Use the Search to locate, for ex., Swahili culture. Has an Africana Book Buddies Club. Information on winners of the Children's Africana Book Awards (CABA). Edited by Brenda Randolph. [KF] http://www.africaaccessreview.org/

Africa Map Puzzle
Identify countries and capitals. Easy and Hard levels of difficulties.  Time yourself on how fast you can complete the puzzle. From Owl and Mouse Educational Software. http://www.yourchildlearns.com/mappuzzle/africa-puzzle.html

Africa South of the Sahara: Selected Internet Resources - Photographs
Directory of internet resources for contemporary and historical photographs of Africa. Maintained by Stanford University Libraries. http://library.stanford.edu/africa-south-sahara/browse-topic/photographs

African Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Dr. Gloria Emeagwali, Professor of History, Central Connecticut State University, provides citations to books and links to web sites relating to the, "Background History of Africa, African Food Processing Techniques, African Textile Techniques, African Metallurgy, Colonialism and Africa's Technology, and Mathematics in pre-colonial Hausaland, West Africa. http://www.africahistory.net

African Odyssey InterActive - Kennnedy Center for the Performing Arts
Site for a festival in New York of music, dance, and theater from Africa and the African Diaspora.  Has interviews with artists, a directory of web sites about Dance, Music, Literary Arts/Storytelling, Theater/Performance, K-12 teaching resources. [KF] http://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/aoi/artsedge.html

African Timelines
Chronology with descriptions for Ancient Africa, African Empires, African Slave Trade & European Imperialism, Anti-Colonialism, Post-Independence Africa, plus Sources for Further Study. Site by Cora Agatucci, Associate Professor of English, Central Oregon Community College, Bend, Oregon. http://www.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/hum211/timelines/htimelinetoc.htm

Africans in America - October 19-22, 1998
"Africans in America will be the first comprehensive television history of the international events leading to the growth of racial slavery in the United States. The series opens in the 16th century on Africa's Gold Coast with the European and African trade, and ends on the eve of the American Civil War in 1865." Has a teacher's guide. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/

American Historical Association
The Teaching section, has a special membership plan for K-12 teachers, awards the Beveridge Family Teaching Award for distinguished K-12 history teaching, has a special web site for collaborative projects to strengthen history education for K-16 students, essays on teaching history, etc. Has a directory of U.S. history departments. [KF] http://www.historians.org/

American University. Washington College of Law - Rwanda Commemoration Project: Genocide In Our Time
The College of Law, Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law's Rwanda Commemoration Project: Genocide In Our Time produced a resource booklet (background, programming ideas, bibliography) , a lesson plan for high schools. Based in Washington, D.C. [KF] http://www.wcl.american.edu/humright/center/rwanda/

Amistad America
Site for Freedom Schooner Amistad and Amistad America. The Freedom Schooner visits U.S. and international ports providing educational programs, interviews with the captain or crew on the history and the significance of the Amistad story, the transatlantic slave trade and present-day race relations. Recounts the story of the 1839 Amistad incident. Extensive curriculum resource center for elementary, middle school, and high school lesson plans. Based in New Haven, Connecticut. http://www.amistadamerica.org/

Amistad Links
Links to sites about the Amistad incident. Includes Exploring Amistad, a web site, partially funded by NEH, which will have primary historical documents. Also links to the Steven Spielberg/Debbie Allen film site which has a slavery timeline and huge (9MB) film trailer/ads video clips. http://www.amistad.org/

Ancient Africa: Lesson Plans and Activities
Links to curriculum units on Ancient Africa developed by schools around the U.S. Page by Lin and Don Donn. http://members.aol.com/donnandlee/index.html#AFRICA

Animated Atlas of African History
Interactive atlas depicting changes from 1879 - 2002 in territorial names, conflicts, colonization and decolonization, post-colonial political developments, economic and demographic changes. Use through the web or download to your computer. Initiated by Professor Nancy Jacobs, Brown University. http://www.brown.edu/Research/AAAH/

Anti Slavery International - Breaking the Silence. Learning About the Transatlantic Slave Trade
For teachers, lesson plans. Organised by themes - Africa before the Transatlantic Slave Trade, through to Legacies in Africa, the Americas, Caribbean and Europe and Slavery Today. BBC African kingdoms timeline. Racist views of Africa, etc. "a joint initiative between UNESCO, Anti-Slavery International, the British Council and the Norwegian Agency for Development Co-operation (NORAD)." Based in London, England. [KF] http://old.antislavery.org/breakingthesilence/

Black History Canada
In English and French. Annotated online resources about Canada's Black history. Mathieu Da Costa (a free Black African translator); Slavery in Canada; Timeline; Teachers' Section. "compiled by editors from The Canadian Encyclopedia (Historica-Dominion Institute) in consultation with Rosemary Sadlier, President of the Ontario Black History Society." http://www.histori.ca/blackhistory.

British Broadcasting Company. The Story of Africa
"...the history of the continent from an African perspective." "from the origins of humankind to the end of South African apartheid" by major African historians (Jacob Ajayi, George Abungu, Director-General of the National Museums of Kenya and others). Includes audio of each segment of the BBC program. (Requires sound card, speaker or headphone). Each segment has a timeline, bibliography, useful links. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/africa/features/storyofafrica/

British National Archives. Learning Curve - Mussolini and Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
"Ruled by Emperor Haile Selassie, the ancient civilisation of Abyssinia (Ethiopia) was situated between the two small Italian colonies of Eritrea and Somaliland. Its lands were fertile and rich in mineral wealth, two reasons why Italian troops attempted an invasion in 1896. Ultimately, the Italians suffered an humiliating defeat." Tutorial with photographs, excerpts from documents. Questions, activities for students. Learning Curve is a free online teaching and learning resource, [from the British National Archives] following the History National Curriculum from Key Stages 2 to 5. http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/heroesvillains/mussolini/default.htm

Caravans of Gold. Fragments in Time: Art, Culture and Exchange across Medieval Saharan Africa
Teacher resources for the Workshop May 28, 2020 arising from the exhibit at the Smithsonian National Museum of African Art. Sponsored by Smithsonian National Museum of African Art, Georgetown University, and Howard University. https://www.blockmuseum.northwestern.edu/exhibitions/2019/caravans-of-gold,-fragments-in-time-art,-culture,-and-exchange-across-medieval-saharan-africa.html?mc_cid=4e18f33082&mc_eid=79af6d0774

Civilizations in Africa - Washington State University
Pre-colonial history. One page each on Mali, Songhay, Great Zimbabwe, Kush, Ghana, Islamic invasions, Swahili kingdoms, Hausa Kingdoms, Kanem-Bornu. "...designed as a learning module in the form of a "research textbook." Part of the Washington State University World Civilizations web site. Text by Richard Hooker. Some links are not accessible. http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/CIVAFRCA/CIVAFRCA.HTM

Dowling, Mike - Electronic Passport
Mike Dowling teaches at Roosevelt Middle School in West Palm Beach, Florida. "The Electronic Passport is a collection of the lessons I have written for my students." Includes Ancient Africa, Colonial Africa, Africa Today. http://www.mrdowling.com/

Earth & Sky
Earth & Sky is a daily radio program on science topics. Includes short pieces on Africa's climate 1 million years ago, the largest meat-eating dinosaur found in Africa, the ancestors of modern humans traced back to Africa, Nobel Peace Prize winner Wangari Maathai. Provides citations to related books and articles. Sponsored by the National Science Foundation and the Natl Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration. The program can be heard in the US and on Voice of America. http://www.earthsky.com/

Footsteps (Peterborough, NH)
Print magazine on African & African American history for middle school children (ages 10-14). Has a full text article on Africans in the United States, by Harvard Prof. J. Lorand Matory. Each issue of the magazine focuses on a different theme. Has teachers' guides for its Liberia issue by Jo Sullivan, for the Mansa Musa: King of Mali issue, Published by Cobblestone Publishing, Peterborough, NH. http://www.footstepsmagazine.com

Google Earth
Combines satellite imagery & maps. Need to download the software which is free for personal use. (See computer requirements, need Windows 2000 or XP, 400 MB disk space minimum). For African cities (such as Dar es Salaam) does not show detail, only an "airplane" view; but you can "fly" from city to city. See the Union Buildings in Pretoria, South Africa. [However you can't fly to Kisangani, DRC or Darfur, Sudan yet.] Click on the Borders check box to see country borders. Very useful for seeing the location of lakes, bays in relation to cities, etc. The Keyhold Community site has an Education discussion area for teachers and students using the maps. [KF] http://earth.google.com/

History Footsteps. Victoria County History Project
Includes The Bristol Slavery Trail. The British port town of Bristol was involved with the Transatlantic slave trade "just over 150 years from around the 1660's to the early 1800's. History as "told through historical documents (in Archive section), illustrations, photographs, video clips, with activity sheets for young people. There are teachers' notes. "The Slave Trail web was commissioned in 2001 by the Victoria County History Project based at the Institute of Historical Research at the University of London..." [KF] http://www.historyfootsteps.net/

Internet African History Sourcebook - Paul Halsall
Has full-text sources for African history arranged by topics. Includes the Black Athena Debate, human origins, Egypt, Nubia, Ethiopia, Islam in Africa, West African kingdoms, Great Zimbabwe, religion, the slave trade, excerpts from "Equiano, The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, The African" (London, 1789),  David Livingstone, excerpt from Edward Morel's Black Man's Burden, 1903, Nkrumah, the "Loi-Cadre" of June 23, 1956, Jomo Kenyatta speech 1952, Arusha Declaration, 1967, speech by Kenneth Kaunda on African Development and Foreign Aid (1966), statements/speeches on Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence 1965, and more. Maintained by Paul Halsall, Fordham University. [KF] http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/africa/africasbook.html

Kingdoms of the Medieval Sudan
An introduction to the history of Sudanic Africa (the states of Songhay, Kanem-Bornu, and Hausaland.) Discusses trade and Islam. Photographs by Lucy Johnson illustrate - Images of Islam (Grand Mosque at Jenne), River Scenes, Daily Life, The Dogon, Traditions and Beliefs, The Desert. Has multiple-choice tests. Project arises from a Andrew W. Mellon Foundation grant to Xavier University's Center for the Advancement of Teaching (New Orleans, LA). Site by J. Rotondo-McCord. http://webusers.xula.edu/jrotondo/Kingdoms/

Mali Interactive
Accounts of archaeological excavations and information on the people and culture of Jenn? will be posted to this site from Jenn?, Mali January 18-30, 1997. The project leaders include Rod and Susan McIntosh from Rice University's Anthropology Dept. U.S. 4th, 5th, and 6th graders from a Texas school district will email messages to Mali and receive replies from the project participants. A goal is to save archaeological information from destruction by erosion. Jenn? is the earliest known urban settlement south of the Sahara and a UNESCO World Heritage site. Has photos, news, teaching resources, information on Mali and archaeology. http://anthropology.rice.edu/maliinteractive.html

Maps.Com - African Map Quiz
African map game using Macromedia's Flash. Drag the name of the country to its correct location on the map outline. Check your score. The Maps.com site also has a black and white map of the African continent. http://www.maps.com/learn/games/africa.html

National Geographic - First Footprints Found of Modern Man
Press release of the August 1997 discovery in South Africa. http://www.nationalgeographic.com/society/ngo/events/97/footprints/index.html

National Geographic - In Search of Human Origins
A team from the U.S., Botswana, and South Africa hunt for fossils in Botswana, Sept.-Oct. 1998. How to interpret findings, why is Africa a hotspot for hominid development, classroom ideas for K-12, links to related sites. http://www.nationalgeographic.com/outpost/

History of Nubia the area partly in southern Egypt and partly in northern Sudan. Articles such as "How Much Can We Trust the Writen Record?" and "Where does Nubia fit in the Context of Nile Valley Civilization and the Ancient World?" Section for kids. Links to related sites. Conceived by Northeastern Univ. Professor Ron Bailey and Marcia Baynes. Produced by Education Development Center, Newton Massachusetts. [KF] http://www.nubianet.org/

Outreach World
Find resources by global region, country, subject, resource type, time period, grade level, instructional strategy. News for teachers. Supported by "120[U.S.] federally-funded National Resource Centers (NRCs) based at 146 universities, focusing on Africa, Asia, Canada, Europe, Latin America, the Middle East, the Pacific Islands and International Studies, and 42 Language Resource Centers (LRCs) and Centers for International Business and Education Research (CIBERs) based at 44 universities and dedicated to promoting foreign language study and international business." Based in Van Nuys, California. [KF] http://www.outreachworld.org/

Parsons, Neil - History of Botswana
Authoritative historical essays, by Professor Parsons of the University of Botswana, History Department. Includes primary documents. http://www.thuto.org/ubh/bw/bhp1.htm

PBS. Global Connections - Liberia and the United States: Historic Ties and Policy Decisions
Grade Level 9-12. "Students will understand how relations between countries change over time in response to both domestic and international pressures. They will think critically about factors affecting U.S. foreign policy toward Liberia and analyze the comparative weight of historic ties, historic debts, pragmatic political alliances, and human rights." Video clips of Franklin D. Roosevelt's Liberia trip, a meeting of President William V. S. Tubman with President John F. Kennedy, President Samuel Doe, commentary by Herman Cohen. Use the PBS search box to find other stories about Liberia. [KF] http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/globalconnections/liberia/educators/history/lesson1.htm

PBS Teachers
Public television free lesson plans. Teacher professional development, videos, blogs. Select grade level, then Cultural Studies: Africa. Topics include Nigerian elections, Sudan, AIDS, slavery, Rwanda, African culture, Ethiopian religions, South Africa, African drumming, Queen of Sheba, Timbuktu, Kenyan women, Swahili coast. [KF] http://www.pbs.org/teachers/socialstudies/inventory/culturalstudiesafricanstudies-912.html

Schmidt, Nancy - "Africana Resources for Undergraduates: A Bibliographic Essay"
Dr. Schmidt was the former Africana Librarian, Indiana University. Published in Phyllis M. Martin and Patrick O'Meara (eds.), Africa. Third edition. ( Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995, pp. 413-434.)  " The author would like to point out that this essay, published in 1995 and written a year before, does not reflect some more recent publications and web resources." http://www.libraries.iub.edu/index.php?pageId=1000297

Slavery and the Making of America
PBS television series (first aired Feb. 9, 2005). "four-part series documenting the history of American slavery from its beginnings in the British colonies to its end in the Southern states and the years of post-Civil War Reconstruction." "Episode one opens in the 1620s with the introduction of 11 men of African descent and mixed ethnicity into slavery in New Amsterdam." Chronology, resources for teachers, annotated book list for students, virtual museums prepared by four groups of students, online resources. See also a review of the TV series by David W. Blight, "America: Made and Unmade by Slavery" in The Chronicle Review, Feb. 4, 2005. [KF] http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/

Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History - African Voices
Site for a permanent exhibit at the Museum in Washington, D.C. Attractive site featuring master sculptors (Lamidi Fakeye), a history moving timeline, society, metalworking, clay pottery and a master potter, an annotated bibliography. Uses Flash software; some captions are difficult to read. http://www.mnh.si.edu/africanvoices/

South Africa: Overcoming Apartheid, Building Democracy
"...video footage documenting mass resistance and police repression, historical documents, rare photographs, original narratives and essays" "interviews with 45 South African activists"; biographies; maps; "designed especially for high school and undergraduate students." Includes Black Consciousness Movement, Truth and Reconciliation Commission, post-apartheid era. Has a 3 minute preview video. An Educators section uses primary materials. Maintained by Michigan State University MATRIX (matrix.msu.edu) and the MSU African Studies Center (africa.msu.edu). http://overcomingapartheid.msu.edu

South African Historical Documents - African National Congress site
The site maintained by the African National Congress has the full-text of primary documents - speeches by Albert J. Lutuli, Oliver Tambo, Mandela, G. M. Naicker, Yusuf Dadoo, Olof Palme, documents from Umkhonto we Sizwe, the OAU and the UN, documents concerning women in the struggle, the text of leaflet bomb fliers, biographies of leaders, etc. http://www.anc.org.za/ancdocs/history/

South African History Online
An NGO, people's history online, based in Sunnyside, South Africa. Has a History of Film in South Africa (including a chronology), a history classroom section, This Day in History, a chronology of South African history, biographies, topics (African independence, Black Consciousness, Black education, Gandhi, Paul Kruger, Mandela, Umkhonto we Sizwe, passive resistance, the United Nations and apartheid, etc.). [KF] http://www.sahistory.org.za/
The Online Wall of Remembrance has biographies / photographs of anti-apartheid leaders, a list of banned people. "We are inviting you to help us with biographical details, letters, diaries, articles, photographs and reminiscences on those South Africans, people in your family communities people who played a leading role in the struggle."

Stanford Program on International and Cross-Cultural Education, SPICE
"(SPICE) serves as a bridge between Stanford University and K-14 schools by developing multidisciplinary curriculum materials on international themes." Sells curriculum units with Africa-related topics. http://spice.stanford.edu/


UCLA. World History for Us All
A project of the UCLA Department of History. https://whfua.history.ucla.edu/     Includes sections on -

The Early Career of Homo sapien 200,000 – 10,000 BCE  https://whfua.history.ucla.edu/units/two/panorama/02_panorama.pdf

Migration and change in Africa south of the Sahara1000 - 200 CE  https://whfua.history.ucla.edu/units/four/landscape/Era04_landscape3.php

West African Geography, Climate, and History 500-1600 CE https://whfua.history.ucla.edu/units/five/closeup/Era05_closeup531.php

The Making of the Atlantic Rim 1500-1800 CE https://whfua.history.ucla.edu/units/six/landscape/06_landscape5.pdf

Resistance to Imperialism in Africa, Asia, and the Americas, 1880-1914 https://whfua.history.ucla.edu/units/seven/closeup/closeup751.pdf

Nationalism and Social Change in Colonial Empires (includes Kenya and the Mau Mau) https://whfua.history.ucla.edu/units/eight/landscape/08_landscape4.pdf

A Multitude of Sovereign States 1945-1975  https://whfua.history.ucla.edu/units/nine/landscape/09_landscape3.pdf


United Kingdom. National Archives
Has online exhibitions such as the Black Presence: Asian and Black History in Britain, 1500-1850, which includes Black Romans and West Africa before the Europeans(with amap of West Africa in 1600). http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/pathways/blackhistory/

United Kingdom. National Archives. Learning Curve
The Archives' education section for schools includes:

Wide Horizon Education Resources - Ancient Civilization of Kush
Lesson plans on Kush (from a newsletter, Wide Horizon, Nov. 1999) produced by Wide-Horizon Education Resources, San Diego, Calif. WER, headed by Dr. David Mollet. Uses the Waldorf approach to education. Has an article about the lesson plan from Social Studies Review. http://members.cox.net/waldorfedu/weredu/index.html

Wise's World Paper Money Collection
A great collection of scanned images of African and other paper money. Dates vary for each country, some from 1919 to the 1990s. See French West African currency from the 1930s and 40s or Biafra's currency. Many have portraits of African leaders. Ronald Wise, Jr. works at Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis. http://aes.iupui.edu/rwise/notedir/africa.html

Wonders of the African World - Henry Louis Gates, Jr.
Covers Black Pharaohs, Meroe, Gedi, the Swahili People, Zanzibar, the Ashanti and Dahomey (Benin) Kingdoms, Aksum, Gondar, the Churches of Lalibela, the Dogon, Grand Mosque of Djenne, Empires of Mali & Ghana, the Tuareg, Great Zimbabwe, a 1,000 year old South African city - Mapangubwe, the Shona People, etc. Site based on the TV series hosted by Prof. Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (Harvard Univ.) Includes a kids' activity page, teachers' lesson plans, audio clips. http://www.pbs.org/wonders/
For comments on H-Africa about the TV series, see:

  • In the Film section, page down to "Wonders of the African World" http://www.h-net.msu.edu/~africa/threads/index.html#Films
  • A Preliminary Critique from Prof. Ali Mazrui and Black Orientalism. http://igcs.binghamton.edu/igcs_site/dirton2.htm
  • Africa Update (Central Connecticut State University) Vol. 7, No. 1, Winter 2000 on the debate. http://www.ccsu.edu/AFSTUDY/updtWin2k.htm
  • New York Times review of the TV program (October 25, 1999) by Walter Goodman
  • West Africa Review, Special issue of the e-journal on the TV series. Vol. 1, No. 2, Jan. 2000 and Vol. 1, No. 2a. http://www.westafricareview.com/

World History - Map Tutorial
Tutorial by Professor Joni Seager, University of Vermont. Provides an analysis of the “Africae novo” map, from the early 1600s. Annotated bibliography, directory of on-line maps. The World History site is created by the Center for History and New Media, George Mason University. [KF] http://chnm.gmu.edu/worldhistorysources/unpacking/mapsmain.html

Yale University. Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance and Abolition
The "Center seeks to promote a better understanding of all aspects of the Atlantic Slave System, including the Africans' resistance to enslavement, the black and white abolitionist movements, and of the ways in which slavery finally came to an end." Includes a Classroom section with a Lesson Plans on the Amistad Case (with narrative, timeline, documents) and on The Gullah: Rice, Slavery, and the Sierra Leone-American Connection. Has the introduction and bibliography to"Abolitionists Abroad: American Blacks and the Making of Modern West Africa" by Lamin Sanneh. See entry under Sanneh. http://www.yale.edu/glc/index.html