International relations

See also: South Africa international relations | United States - Africa Leaders Summit, August 4-6, 2014 (Washington, D.C.)

Has a Database to locate scholars on African-Asian relations. Maintained by The National Bureau of Asian Research (NBR) and the Asia Society.

Africa Action (Washington, D.C.)
Formerly Washington Office on Africa, combines the American Committee on Africa, The Africa Fund, and Africa Policy Information Center (APIC). "a national organization that works for political, economic and social justice in Africa." "We monitor Congressional legislation and executive policies and actions and issue action alerts to advance progressive legislation and policy." Has full text briefing papers, statements on issues. Has a directory, Key Congressional committees and administration officials related to Africa, 1999-2000.

Africa and Europe in 2015 [Online conference, Feb. - Oct./Nov. 2000]
Site gone. In English, French, Dutch. "virtual conference which is organized by the Dutch Labour Party (PvdA, Partij van de Arbeid) and the Evert Vermeer Foundation (a Dutch NGO for development cooperation). The PvdA is thinking about the future of Africa and Europe. What will Africa look like in the year 2015 and what role can Europe play?" "...the commission needs visions and opinions of Africans and Europeans."

Africa Centre for Strategic Studies
The Africa Center for Strategic Studies is located within the U.S. Department of Defense’s National Defense University. It "fosters professional development of Africa’s civilian and military leaders, supports democratic governance in Africa, and facilitates long-term, continuing dialogue with and among leaders from Africa, Europe, and the United States." Has highlights from a roundtable discussion on "September 11: Terrorism from an African Perspective." [KF]

Africa-China Reporting Project, ACRP
"to improve the quality of reporting on Africa-China issues by providing facilitation and capacity building for journalists via reporting grants, workshops and other opportunities."  Funded by the Ford Foundation.  Based at the University of the Witwatersrand, Journalism Department, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Africa Faith and Justice Network (Washington, D.C.)
"...a Catholic network of individual and group members focused on Africa and the experience of its people. AFJN is committed in faith to collaborate in the task of transforming United States mentality and policy on Africa. It seeks to be an instrument of education and advocacy on behalf of justice for Africa.

Africa Focus
"...a free independent electronic publication providing reposted commentary and analysis on African issues, with a particular focus on U.S. and international policies. AfricaFocus Bulletin is edited by William Minter.

Africa Portal 
Closed June 1, 2022. Policy research on Africa. Has a Digital Library and Experts Directory. Maintained by the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI, Waterloo, Canada) and the South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA, Johannesburg). [KF]

Africa Reparations Movement
Site has closed. See also the Internet Archive which archived some pages. Information on the movement to obtain reparations for the enslavement and colonisation of African people in Africa and the African Diaspora. Also to secure the return of African artefacts taken from Africa. Includes paper by Chinweizu on "Reparations and a New Global Order", speech by British Prime Minister William Gladstone in 1871 on looted Ethiopian artefacts, a discussion list, ARM Talk, and a chronology of slavery. 

African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes, ACCORD (Durban, South Africa)
"...organisation involved in Conflict Resolution, Peacekeeping and Preventive Diplomacy throughout the continent of Africa." Has the full text of some Occasional Papers on topics such as peacekeeping, conflict management, Sierra Leone, Lesotho, SADC. Has full text of articles from its journal, Conflict Trends.

African Commission on Human & Peoples' Rights (Banjul, The Gambia)
In English and French. Established by the former Organization of African Unity. "is charged with ensuring the promotion and protection of Human and Peoples' Rights throughout the African Continent." Has a directory of NGOs with observer status, the full text of Basic Instruments, the Mauritius Plan of Action 1996-2001 etc. Email:

African Development Bank
The ADB is a multinational development bank supported by 77 nations (member countries) from Africa, North and South America, Europe and Asia, headquartered in Abidjan. Has speeches, press releases re loans and grants, information on each member country, a chart comparing basic indicators for all countries, resolutions and annual meeting records in MS Word 7.0, projects approvedselected publications.[KF]

African Journal of International Affairs (Dakar, Senegal)
A bi-annual publication of CODESRIA, Dakar, Senegal. Has the tables of contents and abstracts of article. Photocopies of articles can be ordered. Pay by check or money order. From International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications (London).

African Journal of International Affairs and Development (Ile-Ife, Nigeria)
Published by College Press Ltd. Has the table of contents and abstracts of articles. One can order photocopies of articles; $20 for up to two articles Pay by cheque or money order in £sterling or US$. Libraries pay $40 per year.

African Press Organization - APO Source
In English and French. Database of press releases related to Africa. Includes the situation of journalists, the media, press freedom; relations with the US;relations with France;relations with China; the European Union; etc. Has a mailing list and a RSS feed. Organizes press videoconferences. Has a mailing list on companies in Africa. Based in Lausanne, Switzerland.

African Security Review (Pretoria)
Quarterly journal of the Institute for Security Studies, Pretoria, South Africa. Has the table of contents for recent issues and some full text articles from older issues. 

African Union
In English and French. The Organization of African Unity heads of state summit in Lusaka, July 2001 approved tranforming the OAU into an African Union along the lines of the European Union. News, reports, speeches, communiques, decisions, links to related sites.
See also: AfriMAP has a guide to the African Union. Pub. Jan. 2010. It includes "Suggestions on how to influence AU decisions and policy processes."

African Union - BBC Articles
Background articles. Pages take a while to load:

AFRICOM, United States Africa Command
"United States Africa Command, in concert with other U.S. government agencies and international partners, conducts sustained security engagement through military-to-military programs, military-sponsored activities, and other military operations as directed to promote a stable and secure African environment in support of U.S. foreign policy." Based at Kelley Barracks in Stuttgart, Germany.

Annan, Kofi - United Nations Secretary-General
Internet and print resources about U. N. Secretary-General, Kofi Annan. From Africa South of the Sahara: Selected Internet Resources.

Association for Diplomatic Studies & Training
Has interviews with US foreign service officers which are also in the LIbrary of Congress web site, Frontline Diplomacy: The Foreign Affairs Oral History Collection of the Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training  ADST is a non-profit based in Arlington, Virginia.
Has short essays such as -
Peace Corps to Ambassador: Thomas Hull in Sierra Leone.
Political and Ethnic Strife in the South Sudanese Civil War.

Association of Concerned Africa Scholars
The Internet Archive has archived past sites. ACAS is an organization of scholars concerned with the policies of the U.S. govt. towards Africa, developing action networks with African scholars, and mobilizing support in the U.S. on issues related to Africa. Their web site includes addresses for key Senate and House members. 

Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies (Philadelphia, PA)
A specialized library and museum devoted to the history of immigration and migrations in America. Has an African Immigrants Project, an online African Immigrants Directory covering the Greater Philadelphia area (44 p, in Adobe PDF), an online catalog and a guide to their 60,T000 vol. Research Library's manuscript and microfilm collections.

Brookings Institution
A private, independent, nonprofit research organization in Washington, D.C. "Brookings... addresses current and emerging policy challenges and offers practical recommendations for dealing with them." Scholars working on Africa are Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, Thomas Pickering, Landry Signé. Past scholars were Francis M. Deng, Howard Wolpe.

Bundu, Abass - Democracy by Force?: A study of international military intervention in the conflict in Sierra Leone from 1991-2000
Book available for sale in print or online (in Adobe PDF). One can see the first 25 pages free (in Adobe PDF). 330 p. Published by Universal Publishers/, 2000.

[Bush] President George W. Bush's Africa Trip, July 7-12, 2003
News stories, photographs, audio clips on Bush's 2003 trip to Senegal, South Africa, Botswana, Uganda, Nigeria.

Canada. Foreign Affairs - Canada and Sub-Saharan Africa
Canadian Government site. Canada's relations with Africa. Embassies and Consulates in Africa

Cato Institute
Public policy institute, supports "limited government, free markets, individual liberty, and peace". Has the full text of  U.S. Aid to Anti-Communist Rebels (1986), by Ted Carpenter, the World Bank vs. the World's Poor (1987 re Tanzania, Ethiopia, etc.), by James Bovard, Can Foreign Aid Prevent International Crises?, by Doug Bandow, What's Wrong with Trade Sanctions (1985 re South Africa), by Bruce Bartlett and abstracts of books by George Ayittey and Walter E. Williams on Africa and South Africa respectively. Has a keyword search for the site.

Center for Global Development, CGD
Independent think tank which works to reduce poverty in developing countries. Based in Washington D.C.

  • Articles on Africa include What Is the Point of Schooling? The Politics of Education Policy in Tanzania Since 1961 by Ken Opalo, Opportunities for US–Africa Space Cooperation and Development by Rose Croshier, The Electricity Situation in Ghana by Ebenezer Nyarko Kumi, Why Is China Building So Much in Africa? by Charles Kenny.
  • Podcasts include "Lagos to Mombasa," commentary by Gyude Moored which will dicuss climate in Africa. Fellows include Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala. CGD funders include the Australian Govt., Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Ford Foundation, Imperial College, London, International Rescue Committee. 

China-Africa Business Council, CABC
In Chinese and English. Promotes Chinese investment in Africa. The "(CABC) is jointly founded by the China Society for Promotion of the Guangcai Program, the United Nations Development Programme and the Ministry of Commerce/China International Center for Economic & Technical Exchanges. It is a non-governmental organization." China's Africa policy, news. Based in BeiJing, China.

China-Africa Development Fund, CADFund 
In English, Chinese, French. Fund set up as a result of the "2006 (Nov. 4) Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation." Supports Chinese businesses investing in Africa. Based in Beijing, China.

China Global South Project
Independent organization co-founded in 2010 by journalist Eric Olander and media scholar Dr. Cobus van Staden. Has free podcasts (also on YouTube) such as Africa in the Era of Great Power Competition, Politics of Chinese-financed Infrastructure Development in East Africa, U.S.-China Tech Competition in the Middle East, Wolf Warriors 2: Why a China-Africa Blockbuster is Blowing Up the Box Office. Subscription required for analysis, news.

China in Africa - the Real Story
"Digging into the myths and realities of Chinese aid, investment and economic engagement" Blog on China-Africa relations by Deborah Brautigam, Professor in American University's International Development Program.

China. Ministry of Foreign Affairs
In English and Chinese. Embassies in Africa. The Africa section contains information on trade, exchanges, important agreements, full text communiques between China and African countries.  Ambassadors to Africa Past and Present

In English and French. "ChinAfrica, launched in January 1988, is China's only monthly magazine featuring news, views and analysis, and targeting an African audience" Began publications Jan. 1988. Based in Beijing,  China.

China's Trade Safari in Africa
May 2005 article, in Le Monde diplomatique, by Jean-Christophe Servant, on China's relations with Africa. Inlcudes footnotes. "60% of the 4m cubic metres of undressed timber exported from Africa every year go to Asia, almost all of that to China." "in 2004 it [China] contributed more than 1,500 troops to the UN presence..."

Chinaview -
In English, French, Chinese, Arabic, etc. News from Xinhua News Agency, the state and worldwide news agency in China. Current news about Africa. Use the Search box to find news about African countries.

[China] Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, FOCAC
In EnglishFrench, Chinese. Organization for China-Africa relations. Documents, speeches by China's President and other officials. Commentary by scholars. Directory of Chinese Diplomatic Missions in AfricaChinese academic institutions.

[Clinton] President Bill Clinton's Africa Trip (March 22 - April 2, 1998)
President Bill Clinton's Africa trip.

[Clinton] President Bill Clinton's Africa Trip (August 26-29, 2000)
News stories, photographs, audio clips on Clinton's trip to Nigeria, Tanzania, Egypt.

[Clinton] Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton's Africa Trip, August 3 - 14, 2009
The trip covers Kenya, South Africa, Nigeria, Angola, Liberia, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Cape Verde. This is the earliest trip by a U.S. Secretary of State to Africa of any administration. It is the longest foreign trip for Secretary of State Clinton's first year in office. State Department speeches, video, photographs, articles from the press, commentary on the trip.

Cold War International History Project (Washington, D.C.)
Established at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, supports the release of historical materials by governments, seeks to disseminate new perspectives on Cold War history.
Has full text reports:

  • New Evidence on the Cold War in Southern Africa
  • Havana's Policy in Africa, 1959-76: New Evidence from Cuban Archives, by Piero Gleijeses
  • Fidel Castro's 1977 Southern Africa Tour: A Report to Honecker
  • Moscow and the Angolan Crisis, by Odd Arne Westad
  • Soviet Documents on Angola and Southern Africa, 1975-1979

Anatomy of a Third World Cold War Crisis: New East-bloc Evidence on the Horn of Africa, 1977-1978.

  • The Horn, the Cold War, and New Documents from the Former East-bloc: An Ethiopian View, by Ermias Abebe
  • Moscow, Mengistu, and the Horn, by Paul B. Henze
  • East Germany and the Horn Crisis: Documents on SED Afrikapolitik, by Christian F. Ostermann
  • Russian and East German Documents on the Horn of Africa, 1977-1978

Colgan, Ann-Louise - "Walter Kansteiner, Assistant Secretary of State for Africa"
Full text article on Walter Kansteiner, President Bush's nominee for Assistant Secretary of State for Africa. Part of the Foreign Policy in Focus series pub. by the Interhemispheric Resource Center, Albuquerque, NM

Columbia International Affairs Online
Subscription only; some universities subscribe. Use their Search to locate many full text articles, reports, conference papers, books, briefings, by keyword, author, date, institution. Has an events section. Full text books include: Anthropology of Anger: Civil Society and Democracy in Africa, (1996) by Celestin Monga and Linda Fleck and Hemmed In: Responses to Africa's Economic Decline (1993) by John Ravenhill and Thomas M. Callaghy.

COMESA, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
"COMESA [formerly the PTA] exists as an organisation of free independent sovereign states which have agreed to co-operate in developing their natural and human resources for the good of all their people'. With its 19 member states and population of 300 million it forms a major integrated trading block." Information on customs tariffs by country, road/transport including road distances, economic profiles for each country (Angola, Burundi, Comoros, D.R. Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Namibia, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe) etc. Has the text of Doing Business with COMESA: the Handbook, legal guides to establishing business, etc.

Commission for Africa
The site is closed. The Internet Archive has archived some pages.  "...launched by Prime Minister Tony Blair on 26 February 2004 to generate action for a strong and prosperous Africa." Includes press releases, the initial Consultation Document,Action for a Strong and Prosperous Africa (Nov. 2004. 16 p.), reports, photographs of meetings. [KF]

Committee for Academic Freedom in Africa Newsletter

The Commonwealth

Corporate Council on Africa
Formed in 1992 is "a non-profit, non-partisan, membership organization of American corporations and individuals that are committed to developing the African private sector and strengthening the commercial relationship between the United States and Africa." Has information on its 1999 April Summit (participants include heads of state, prime ministers, high-level U.S. officials), various speeches, etc.

Corporate Watch
" online magazine and resource center investigate and analyze corporate activity. We are committed to exposing corporate greed by documenting the social, political, economic and environmental impacts of these transnational giants."   Use their keyword search to locate, for ex., information on the Chad-Cameroon oil pipeline. Based in San  Francisco, CA.

Council on Foreign Relations
Has an Africa program.  Publishes the journal, Foreign Affairs. The Council, based in New York, is a think tank founded in 1921 whose mission is " to foster America's understanding of other nations,..." [KF]

DANIDA, Danish International Development Assistance Reports
Many reports (full report and a summary) on Danish development assistance. Includes Cape Verde, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Zimbabwe and the African National Congress (South Africa).

Darwin's Nightmare
Documentary film directed by Hubert Sauper. 107 minutes. "an extraordinary work of visual journalism" - New York Times Aug. 3, 2005. Best Documentary 2004 - European Film Awards. "cargo planes come daily to collect the latest catch [of fish] in exchange for their southbound cargo… Kalashnikovs and ammunitions for the uncounted wars in the dark center of the continent." Filmed in Tanzania.

Denmark. Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Has full text reports on development co-operation with African countries (Angola, Benin (in Danish), Eritrea, Ghana (in Danish) Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Southern Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.) Has some statements on disposal of pesticides in Mozambique.

Digital National Security Archives
License required for access. Full text primary sources, some in Adobe PDF format, on U.S. foreign relations. Mainly one page each. Includes memos, cables re Angola, military training by South Africa for the Contras, African reaction to the Cuban missile crisis, Zambia, Mozambique, etc. "The National Security Archive is a non-profit research institute and library in Washington, D.C., which provides unprecedented public access to declassified government documents obtained through extensive use of the US Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)."

East African Community
The East African Community (EAC) is the regional intergovernmental organisation of Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Has the full text of the Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community, press releases, speeches, statistics databases, staff directory. Based in Arusha, Tanzania.

ECOWAS, Economic  Community of West African States
In English, French, Portuguese. ECOWAS created in 1975, promotes "economic integration in 'all fields of economic activity, particularly industry, transport, telecommunications, energy, agriculture, natural resources, commerce, monetary and financial questions, social and cultural matters ....."  The 16 member countries are: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Cote d'Ivoire, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo. Statistics & financial information. See also ECOWAS Parliament. and
Related : is a private commercial travel site with information about individual countries.
Has the street address, phone, fax of embassies in Washington D.C. Also links to the web pages of embassies.

Foreign Policy Association
Many full text reports on Africa. Use the Site Search. The FPA is a non-profit, non partisan NGO founded in 1918. Has a link to World Affairs Councils throughout the US. Based in New York city.

Foreign Policy in Focus
Policy briefs on foreign policy issues pub. by the Institute for Policy Studies (Washington, D.C.) and the Interhemispheric Resource Center (Albuquerque, NM). Has In Focus briefs on Africa (U.S. economic policy & Africa, Burundi, Congo-K, Eritrea, Nigeria, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Western Sahara) which "offer recommendations for alternative policy directions [to] make the United States a more responsible global partner." Publishes The Progressive Response on new issues in U.S. foreign policy.

Foreign Relations of the United States Ebooks
Information about the Foreign Relations of the US series.

Foreign Relations of the United States, 1961-1963, Volume 9: Foreign Economic Policy
Editors: Evans Gerakas and others. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Historia, U.S. Dept. of State, 1995. Full text. From the print volume. Covers aid to Africa, German-U.S. coordination regarding aid, relations with South Africa with regard to U.S. Strategic Materials and Commodities Policy during the administration of President John F. Kennedy. (Dept. of State Publication, 10229) [KF]

Foreign relations of the United States, 1964-1968. Volume 24, Africa
Editors, Nina Davis Howland, David S. Patterson.Washington, D.C. : Office of the Historian, U.S. Dept. of State, 1999. Full text primary documents (letters, telegrams, memoranda, etc.) regarding U.S. relations with Africa. (Dept. of State Publication 10627). [KF]

France. Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Section on Africa.

French Foreign Legion - Légion étrangère

Global Issues That Affect Everyone
"...looks into global issues....and aims to show how most issues are inter-related." Links to related articles, reports. The Conflict in Africa section compares the response to conflicts in Africa to the response on Kosovo, examines corporate interests in Nigeria and oil, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone, Ethiopia and Eritrea, AIDS in Africa. Other topics: Aid is a lever to impose Structural Adjustment policies on the Third World, Myths about Aid, use of children in the military, globalization, corporations, environmental issues, population, and other issues. Maintained by Anup Shah who is based in England. [KF]

GoodWorks International (Atlanta, GA)
Older site. Business consulting firm facilitating business in Africa and the Caribbean. Its Chairman is Andrew Young, former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations and former Mayor of Atlanta.

INCORE Guides to Sources on Conflict and Ethnicity
The Initiative on Conflict Resolution and Ethnicity (INCORE), is a joint initiative of the University of Ulster, Northern Ireland and the United Nations University. INCORE has annotated guides to internet sources on conflict and ethnicity in Algeria, Angola, Burundi, DRC / Congo-Kinshasa, Cote d'Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Liberia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda..

Institut de recherche pour le développement (Paris)
In French. "L'IRD est un établissement public à caractère scientifique et technologique, placé sous la tutelle des [French] ministres chargés de la Recherche et de la Coopération. Depuis cinquante ans [formerly ORSTOM], il conduit des recherches sur les milieux intertropicaux." Has offices in Africa. Has a journal citation database, HORIZON, photo images in their INDIGO database, a database of the map library holdings (maps from the early 1900s), database of mosquito viruses, a database of fish, the Observatoire de la Pêche dans le Delta Intérieur du Niger (Mali).

InterGovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
"....the Authority superseding the Intergovernmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD) which was created in 1986 by the six drought stricken countries of Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda to co-ordinate development in the Horn of Africa.....Eritrea became the seventh member of IGADD in September 1993 after its independence. IGAD headquarters is in Djibouti." Has communiques and resolutions of Summit meetings, press releases (esp. on Somalia). [KF]

International Action Network on Small Arms, IANSA (London)
A global network of NGOs concerned with the proliferation and unlawful use of small arms. Has a wealth of full text documents from different organizations, includes information on the 2001 United Nations Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects, a directory of its over 40 African participants, events list. [KF]

International Boundaries Reseach Unit, University of Durham
Founded 1989 at the Univ. of Durham (UK). Has a keyword searchable News Database which retrieves articles from the BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, West Africa, Keesings, and other sources.  Has the tables of contents for their Boundary & Security Bulletin (1993- ), a discussion list, int-boundaries, and links to related net resources. [KF]

International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty. The Responsibility to Protect
Report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty. Co-chairs were Gareth Evans and Mohamed Sahnoun. Full text. (Pub. Ottawa, Canada: IDRC, 2001. 110 p. plus cd-rom) "The report's central theme is "The Responsibility to Protect", the idea that sovereign states have a responsibility to protect their own citizens from avoidable catastrophe, but that when they are unwilling or unable to do so, that responsibility must be borne by the broader community of states." Commission was established partly in response to the genocide in Rwanda.

International Court of Justice (The Hague, Netherlands)
The principal judicial organ of the United Nations. The Court's role is to settle in accordance with international law the legal disputes submitted to it by States, and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by duly authorized international organs and agencies. Has a huge collection of ful text documents on cases submitted. Recent cases - Cameroon / Nigeria boundary dispute, Kasikili / Sedudu Island (Botswana/Namibia) boundary dispute, Guinea-Bissau / Senegal case, and the Libya / Chad dispute.

International Crisis Group - CrisisWeb (Brussels)
Current full text reports and analysis of events for Central Africa (Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. ICG is a private organization with offices in Bruxelles and Washington, D.C. [KF]

International Law Institute
Has an Africa centre for Legal Excellence which offers continuing education and research for lawyers, finance officials, and other professionals from all nations of sub-Saharan Africa. The Austrian government is the primary sponsor of training activities for the Centre. Course presentations and materials are oriented towards African conditions. The Centre provides "internships to students interested in international trade and development issues in the sub-Saharan region."

International Organization for Migration (IOM) - Africa Programs
IOM's Return and Reintegration of Qualified African Nationals Programme (RQAN), with funds from the European Union and in cooperation with participating African governments, offers to eligible candidates assistance in returning to employment or self-employment in target or non-target African countries, in sectors of priority to the recipient country’s development." The IOM also works in Angola and has assisted Rwandans returning to Kigali from Kinshasa.

International Organizations on the Web - Africa
Links to Africa-related inter-governmental organizations and NGOs on the web site of the Union of International Associations founded 1907 in Brussels.

International Resource Group on Disarmament and Security in the Horn of Africa (IRG)
" effort to engage civil society groups and individuals in exploring alternative approaches to security policy." Has full text reports on the Horn of Africa, Kenya, Somalia, Somaliland, Sudan, Uganda. From Project Ploughshares, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, Waterloo, Canada.

Internet Archive - September 11, 2001 Web Archive
The Internet Archive hosts preserved web sites regarding the September 11, 2001 events (World Trade Center, Pentagon). Use the Search to find comments from Africa regarding September 11. Archives old pages from for example. A project of the Pew Research Center, Library of Congress, Internet Archive (Brewster Kahle and others), and
For a print article, see "Everyone's Catastrophe. The Slaughter in the USA Creates More Economic and Political Problems for Africans" in Africa Confidential (London), Sept. 28, 2001, V. 42, No. 19.

Interstate Online
A journal of political affairs produced by International Relations undergraduates at the University of Wales, Aberystwyth. Has a few articles on Africa. including - Issue No. 50 "International NGOs and the New Humanitarian Agenda." by Babu Rahman and "The Western Media and Africa: Issues of Information and Images" by Ama Biney (using Somalia and Rwanda as examples).

Israel, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Information on relations with African countries.

Jane's Defence (Coulsdon, Surrey, U.K.)
Use their Search to locate articles.. Has Risk Pointers (country risk assessments), some free interviews, see articles listed in large type (such as interviews with African military / defence offiicals, former Deputy Commander U.N. Assistance Mission to Rwanda (Brigadier-General Henry Kwani Anyidoho of Ghana), Chairman of Armscor, the South African Defence Minister, the Chief of the South African Air Force, the Chief of the South African Army, etc.). From the Jane's Information Group.

Japan and Africa
Links to Africa-Japan related web sites - the Japan International Cooperation Agency and its aid projects in Africa, Japan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (its embassies, cooperation projects), the Export-Import Bank of Japan and it's lending programs, and other resources. The pages are in English and Japanese.

Japan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Country by country descriptions of Japan's relations with Africa.

Japan - South Africa Network
The network fosters cooperation (business, science and technology, etc.) between Japana and South Africa. Linked to the Embassy of South Africa in Tokyo.

Johnson (Lyndon B.) Library and Museum
Has full text oral history interviews in Adobe Acrobat .pdf format. Use the Acrobat Find (the binoculars) for keyword searches. Walt Rostow talks about a meeting with President Kennedy and President Keita of Mali reassuring Kennedy that Africa would not become communist. Has an interview with Dean Rusk on the US dropping paratroopers in Stanleyville, Congo and sending transport planes to show support for the Congo govt. against mercenaries, on U.S. policy in the Nigerian civil war. [KF]

Journal Mifon au Bénin (Centre Culturel Chinois au Benin)
In French and Chinese. Blog. "Mifon Journal vous donne les meilleures nouvelles de la culture et des arts et beaucoup plus pour en savoir plus sur le Bénin et la culture chinoise."

Journal of Humanitarian Assistance
A free e-journal based at the University of Bradford, Bradford, U.K.. Has full text articleson Burundi, Rwanda, Zaire. Also articles on Somalia, Uganda, Tanzania, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.

Lessons Learned from U.S. Humanitarian Interventions Abroad
Edited by Thomas S. Blanton (May 9, 2000) (National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 30 ). "report from inside the U.S. government on the successes and failures of the most recent U.S. humanitarian interventions abroad, including Kosovo, Sudan,..." On the site of the National Security Archive, George Washington University, Washington, D.C.

Matchafa: pour comprendre le monde
In French. Blog on Europe and the West's relations with Africa, present and past. Covers all continents.

Mathaba Network - United States of Africa
Information on Libya, a BBC video about bombing of a Sudan school, account by Louis Istvan Szondy, a British and Australian citizen, of torture and detention in the Sudan, the Western Sahara situation, plus a vareity of human rights sites (not annotated). Based in London.

McKinney, Cynthia - Roundtable on "Covert Action in Africa: a Smoking Gun in Washington, D.C."
Statements presented at a roundtable discussion, April 6, 2001, of international investigative journalists convened by Congresswoman Cynthia McKinney, U.S. House of Representatives. Concerns U.S. foreign policy in the Great Lakes Region (Rwanda, Congo), the role of Maurice Tempelsman, the De Beers diamond business, etc.

MetaLib GPO
Search the database for information on US international relations. For ex. a search for Equatorial Guinea found a law suit against the Equatorial Guinea Govt. by a US law firm for non payment of services. Also retrieved (from the 151 Congressional Record) a report that Dan Burton (House of Representatives, Indiana) in 2005 lauded President Teodoro Obiang Nguem and the Govt. of Equatorial Guinea for being the first African country to donate  to the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami relief effort ($200,000).

Migration Policy Institute - Migration Information Source
" independent, non-partisan, non-profit think-tank in Washington, D.C. dedicated to the study of the movement of people worldwide." On immigration, migration, refugee policy in Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, United Kingdom, United States. Immigration statistics. Data is from the U.S. Census Bureau and the Urban Institute. Statistics of foreign-born by state. For example California in 2000, 113,255 Califorians were born in Africa. 11,818 were from Ethiopia, 13,939 were from Nigeria. 14,359 were from South Africa. Profiles of selected countries (Botswana, Cape Verde, Kenya, Lesotho, Mali, South Africa.) Find statistics, from 1980 to 2002, on numbers of asylum seekers from individual countries to countries of asylum. The Institute is based in Washington, D.C.

National Security Archive, (George Washington University)
An independent research institute and library in Washington, D.C. which collects and publishes declassified documents acquired through the Freedom of Information Act, FOIA. Their holdings include press clippings on Africa and a Horn of Africa refugees (1979-1984) collection. Their microfiche collection, South Africa: The Making of U.S. Policy, 1962-1989 (2,500 documents on 439 microfiche, cost U.S. $3,900). The collection is held by at least 23 U.S. libraries and Oxford U.; check RLIN or the OCLC World Catalog for a list of these. The site provides information on how to use the FOIA.
Their Digital National Security Archives has full text documents, mainly one page each, in Adobe PDF format, on U.S. foreign relations. Includes memos, cables re Angola, military training by South Africa for the Contras, African reaction to the Cuban missile crisis, Zambia, Mozambique, etc. "The National Security Archive is a non-profit research institute and library in Washington, D.C., which provides .... public access to declassified government documents obtained through extensive use of the US Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)."

National Summit on Africa, Africa Society of the
The Summit was a two-year initiative to improve public understanding about Africa and U.S.-Africa relations. It seeks to create "an expanded and broad-based constituency for Africa; enabling a diverse coalition of organizations and individuals to develop a shared Agenda for Action for U.S.relations with the countries of Africa".Has their newsletter, Palaver.
See also:

New Partnership for Africa's Development
In English and French. Site only works in MS Internet Explorer. "This initiative was endorsed by the OAU summit of Heads of State and Governments in Lusaka, Zambia on the 11 July 2001."

New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD)
Full text document, in Adobe pdf, 63 pages. NEPAD is "a pledge by African leaders...that they have a pressing duty to eradicate poverty..." "African peoples have begun to demonstrate their refusal to accept poor economic and political leadership." On the site of South Africa's Dept. of Foreign Affairs.

[New Partnership...... ] Partnership with the Private Sector for financing Africa's growth through NEPAD'' Dakar, on April 15 - 17, 2002
"The Dakar Conference will be an opportunity for participants to review concrete projects in 10 priority areas, including those dealing with Infrastructure, Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Energy and Agriculture."
See also regarding NEPAD:

Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD)
In English and Norwegian. "a directorate under the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs." Describes Norway's development assistance to African countries (statistics, projects). Includes an annotated bibliography with Africa-related citations, "Corruption - A selected and annotated bibliography."

Norwegian Council for Africa
Was the Norwegian Council for Southern Africa. Now covers Sub-Saharan Africa. Is a member of the Norwegian Nigeria Campaign for an oil boycott of Nigeria. Has a list of net resources on Africa, "Index on Africa".
Index on Africa:
Nigeria Campaign:

[Obama] President Barack Obama - Ghana Trip, July 10-11, 2009
President Obama's speeches, videos, New York Times and BBC articles. Commentary from think tanks, African writers.

Open Democracy
Site for the non-profit, Open Democracy Ltd, funded by the Open Trust, a registered UK charity. Articles on China - U.S. relations, Liberia in transition (2007), the DR Congo’s political opportunity by Gérard Prunier (2007), Ghana: fifty years of independence, What future for Zimbabwe (2007) by Wilf Mbanga, Zimbabwe between past and future (2006), by Andrew Meldrum, Africa and democracy, etc. Based in London.

Organisation internationale de la Francophonie
Extensive information on Francophone Africa. Formerly Agence de cooperation Culturelle et Technique, ACCT, an inter-governmental organization for French-speaking countries created in Niamey in 1970 by Leopold S. Senghor, Habib Bourguiba, and Hamani Diori. Information on African members.

Organization of African Unity. See its successor, the African Union
Site has closed. Was the official site. Has press releases, speeches of the OAU Secretary General, the OAU Charter, a biography of the Secretary General, maps and basic facts, the African Charter on Human & Peoples' Rights (1981), Rules of Procedure of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (1995),  a history of the OAU African Economic Community, etc. [KF]

[OAU] First OAU Ministerial Conference on Human Rights in Africa, 12-16 April 1999.
In English and French.  The "Declaration and Plan of Action," full text speeches and statements. On the site of the Mauritius, Ministry of Foreign Affairs & International Trade.

Organization of African Unity, Researching the - Boston University Law Library
A guide to OAU documents on the web by Stephanie Burke.

Partnership Africa Canada
"...created in 1986 with the support of the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) and Canadian and African non-governmental organizations (NGOs)." Topics include blood diamonds, the African Peer Review Mechanism, NEPAD and development. Links to African civil society organizations. Based in Ottawa, Canada.
Public policy resource owned and founded by A2S2 Digital Projects, Inc. Has a selection of links to Africa-U.S. foreign relations issues.

Power and Interest News Report, PINR
PINR is "an independent organization that utilizes open source intelligence to provide conflict analysis services in the context of international relations." Reports on Africa include "Somalia's Fluid Politics Move Toward Polarization" ( July 07 2006); "Somaliland and the Issue of International Recognition;" "China and Angola Strengthen Bilateral Relationship" (June 23 2006); "Nigeria Avoids a Governance Crisis" (June 21 2006); " "Rebel Attack Threatens Deby's Government in Chad;" "Elections Approach in Democratic Republic of Congo.'' Based in Chicago, Ilinois.

Program on Security and Development, SAND
"...focuses on documenting, investigating and consulting..." regarding the proliferation and indiscriminate use of small arms and light weapons. Hosts the Geneva 2001 database an electronic collection of official statements made and actions taken by governments regarding the proliferation and misuse of small arms and light weapons. Includes actions by South Africa and Liberia's decision to destroy surplus weapons in 1999. Full text documents (in Adobe .pdf) are available such as the Tools for Arms Project in Mozambique by the Christian Council of Mozambique (1999). Affiliated with the Monterey Institute of International Studies, Monterey, Calif.

Project Muse
Full text articles, for subscribers only, to titles such as Human Rights Quarterly, Journal of Democracy, World Politics. Search thru all journals or selected ones only. A important resource for subscribers. From Johns Hopkins University Press.

Project Ploughshares
"...promotes disarmament and demilitarization, the peaceful resolution of political conflict..." Has full text articles from its newsletter, Ploughshares Monitor, the full text of its annual Armed Conflicts Report on the state of war around the world (which has maps of deaths in conflicts, a human development map, child soldiers map, landmines map). Projects include International Resource Group on Disarmament and Security in the Horn of Africa and the Sudan Track II Diplomacy Project (includes Military Profiles of Horn of Africa countries). Based at the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, Conrad Grebel College, Waterloo, Canada.

Public Citizen. Global Trade Watch
Information on why the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act should be opposed and the HOPE for Africa Act.   "Public Citizen is a national consumer and environmental organization founded by Ralph Nader in 1971."

RAND is a nonprofit public policy research institute in Santa Monica, California. Its site has a subject index to abstracts of its publications on Africa. Robert Klitgaard is Dean of its Graduate School of Policy Studies.
Subject Index:
Main Page:

Refugees International - Must Boys Be Boys? Ending Sexual Exploitation & Abuse in UN Peacekeeping Missions
Full text on-line. 44 p. in PDF. "argues that a hyper-masculine culture has evolved within UN peacekeeping missions that breeds a tolerance for such extreme behaviors. The report calls on the UN to insure that the necessary funding and resources are made available to fully address the problem." Based in Washington, D.C.

Rothchild, Donald - Managing Ethnic Conflict in Africa: Pressures and Incentives for Cooperation
Full text of the book, includes chapters on Angola, South Africa, Sudan, Zimbabwe. The entire book is keyword searchable. (Washington, D.C. : Brookings Institution Press, c1997. 343 p.)
Also at the Brookings site is the full text of Mixed Messages: American Politics and International Organization 1919-1999 by Edward C. Luck. (Washington, D.C. : Brookings Institution Press, c1999. 374 p.)

Russia - Africa Summitt, 2019 October 23-24, Sochi
First in the history of Russian-African relations to which the head of every African state and the leaders of major regional associations and organizations have been invited. Information on the economic exhibition exhibitors, panels, etc. Cultural events featured an exhibition on a little-known expedition to Ethiopia by Nikolay Gumilyov in 1913, also an exhibition of Russian researchers on the African continent – Yegor Kovalevsky, Lev Tsenkovsky, Nicholas Miklouho-Maclay, Wilhelm Junker, and Nikolay Vavilov.  [KF]

SADC Southern African Development Community
In English, French, Portuguese. Members are Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Has full text reports, including statistics, on these sectors: Culture, Information and Sport, Regional Drug Control Programme, Gender, Health, Human Resources, Development, Employment and Labour, Transport, Communications, Meteorology, Tourism. Also links to other SADC units/organizations, full text issues (in Adobe pdf) of its magazine, SADC Today. Based in Gaborone, Botswana.

SADC Youth Movement
"To provide platform for young people to engage in constructive dialogue and share experiences with regard to youth development in the SADC Region." The Secretariat is in Pretoria, South Africa.

"project dealing with small arms issues in the Horn of Africa"; "promotes dialogue and non-violent conflict resolution. Projects are implemented by the Bonn International Center for Conversion - BICC and the International Resource Group on Disarmament and Security in the Horn of Africa (IRG). Does field work in Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan. Has report of a 2000 Workshop on Proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons in Garissa District (Kenya), a report of a workshop on the Control and Managment of Arms on Inter-communal, Domestic and Business Violence (Kenya). Has text of intergovernment declarations on small arms (Nairobi, Bamako), a link to a 42 p. report, Curbing the Demand for Small Arms - Lessons in East Africa and the Horn of Africa and a directory of peace related organizations in the Horn.

Sandline International
"...a Private Military Company (PMC) focusing on conflict resolution. The company operates worldwide and is resourced by professionals with many years of operational experience at senior rank within first world armies. Sandline maintains representative offices in the UK and USA."Has newspaper articles, papers by Sandline stating its position on private armies. It worked for the Sierra Leone govt. in 1998.

SD Development Newsletter (U.S. Agency for International Development, Washington, D.C.)
Articles on USAID's projects in Africa on governance, economic growth, agriculture, information technology, the environment, education, health, humanitarian assistance. Quarterly published by the Office of Sustainable Development, Bureau for Africa, U.S. Agency for International Development.

Sister Cities International
Find which African cities and U.S. cities have Sister City ties. Find all the Sister City relationships by state, then by city. Find cities / local government bodies in Africa seeking Sister City ties. Toolkits, etc. Based in Washington, D.C.

Social Science Research Council. After Sept. 11
Essays on the events of Sept. 11. Includes "Good Muslim, Bad Muslim – An African Perspective" by Mahmood Mamdani, Herbert Lehman Professor of Government and Anthropology, Columbia University.

South African Institute of International Affairs
A research institute at the Univ. of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. Describes their research (landmines, drug trade, etc.), fellowships, publications. Includes the full text of International Policy Updates - speeches/lectures on, mainly, Southern African issues. Includes a speech by the U.S. Ambassador to South Africa on "The United States and South Africa" SAIIA Facts - briefings for corporate members, two pages on international issues, many on Southern Africa.

Southern African Customs Union, SACU
"(SACU) consists of Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland. ... established in 1910, ..." Text of agreements, press releases, WTO | Trade policy review - Southern African Customs Union reports (1998, 2003), etc. Based in Windhoek, Namibia.

Speak Out
Not-for-profit speakers' bureau provides progressive speakers and artists for campus events, organization meetings, etc. Based in Emeryville, California.

Stedman, Stephen John - " International Actors and Internal Conflicts"
"...surveys the recent literature on the role of international actors in internal conflicts. It covers a range of activities-conflict exacerbation, preventive action, mediation, implementation, peacekeeping and peace enforcement, and structural mediation or rule-making." 26 p. Part of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund Project on World Security. Paper in Adobe pdf format.

Stellenbosch University. Centre for Chinese Studies, CCS

African East-Asian Affairs. The China Monitor (Stellenbosch, South Africa)
Publication of the Centre for Chinese Studies, Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
2005-2016 issues.
Subscription required for access.  News organization based in Austin, Texas. Reports on current issues.

Switzerland - "Die Beziehungen zwischen der Schweiz und Südafrika"
In German. July 1999 full text report on relations between the Swiss government and South Africa. Covers trade, investment, aid. Produced by the Interdepartementale Arbeitsgruppe Schweiz - Südafrika. On the web site of the Swiss Federal Dept. of Economy.

Training Diplomats of Postcolonial African States 1957–1997
"Many of the first generation of African diplomats were trained abroad, in Europe, North America, as well as in Africa. This project analyses the geopolitical dynamics of this diplomatic training through a focus on the spaces, networks, and power relations of learning to be a diplomat." Research project "by three geographers at UK universities King’s College London and Oxford, and funded by the Leverhulme Trust."

Transafrica Forum
An African-American foreign policy institution, "founded in 1981 to provide a forum for the collection, analysis and dissemination of information about Africa and the Caribbean and about the United States' policies affecting these regions." Has a table comparing the size of African countries to the United States. Full text of its journal, Globalization Monitor and the Transafrica Forum Newsletter. Full text reports such as Sweatshops in Lesotho (2002, 32 p. in PDF), a biography of Patrice Lumumba (2001, 3 p. in PDF), Clothing as a Cultural Express: African Fashion (2000, 3 p. in PDF), Female Genital Mutilation in Africa (2000, 4 p. in PDF), and other reports. Its President, Bill Fletcher, Jr., succeeded Randall Robinson. [KF]

Transparency International
An NGO to "counter corruption in international business transactions national levels." See their Corruption Perceptions Index 2005. "Transparency International is not saying in this index that one country is more corrupt than another. We are reporting how business people, political analysts, and the general public around the globe perceive levels of corruption in different countries. We must also bear in mind that many of these business people are a part of the problem." Has national chapters in Africa. Issues of its Newsletter (1995 +) have country updates. Based in Berlin, Germany.

Union Économique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine, UEMOA
In French. "a été créée par le Traité signé à Dakar le 10 janvier 1994 par les Chefs d’Etat et de Gouvernement des sept pays de l’Afrique de l’Ouest ayant en commun l’usage d’une monnaie commune, le F CFA." Members are Bénin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinée Bissau, Mali, Niger, Sénégal, Togo. Press releases, official statements, documents such as "Indice Harmonisé des Prix à la Consommation du mois d'avril 2004 )" and "Communiqué final de la réunion des Ministres en charge de la Promotion de la Femme des États membres..." Based in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. [KF]

United Kingdom. Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Policies on Africa
Statements on U.K. foreign policy regarding Zimbabwe, Sierra Leone, NEPAD, U.K. and France African policies, the U.K. Commission for Africa, African Country Profiles, travel advisories, etc.

United Nations
Enormous amounts of information:

United Nations African Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders (UNAFRI)  (Kampala)
The Institute furthers the "incorporation, in national planning, of suitable policies and programmes for crime prevention and criminal justice."   Has a databank on African extradition and mutual assistance country reports, their newsletter, workshop reports, and other reports. Some reports are in MS Word and should be saved to a floppy disk.

United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (October 1993 – March 1996)
"UNAMIR was established by Security Council resolution 872 (1993) of 5 October 1993 to help implement the Arusha Peace Agreement signed by the Rwandese parties on 4 August 1993."
The Canadian Forces College web site has papers on UNAMIR and Canada's Operation Lance, their participation in UNAMIR.

United Nations. Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)

U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees and Refworld
Has brief information on refugees in 22 African countries (including North Africa), current news, press releases, and photos. Among selected documents from their database, Refworld, are speeches of the High Commissioner, extensive country information (from the U.N. Commission on Human Rights, the detailed Writenet reports, etc.) There are Tanzania case laws, a select bibliography on refugee women, and a section for teachers.

United Nations Millennium Summit - New York, 6-8 September 2000
"World leaders from more than 150 countries attended the United Nations Millennium Summit." Has the addresses from all Heads of State, the group photo, photos of speakers, the list of participants, etc.

United Nations Non-governmental Liaison Service. Voices from Africa
Has the full text of these issues online:

United Nations. Office of the Special Adviser on Africa, OSAA
"...established on 1 May 2003 by the Secretary-General..." Many full text reports.

United Nations. Secretary General [Kofi Annan]
Full-text of the 1997 M.I.T. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) commencement speech by U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan.

United Nations Treaty Collection
Access is free to Permanent Missions to the United Nations, Federal Government Offices, NGOs, UN staff, UN Agencies, Individuals and Institutions within Developing Countries. Some universities subscribe. Find citations to treaties covering all countries. There are some full text treaties. For ex. one can find a "Basic Agreement concerning assistance by the United Nations Development Programme to the Government of Eritrea.Signed at Asmara on 11 June 1994."

United States Africa Command, AFRICOM
Coordinates all U.S. military and security interests in Africa. Established October 2007. Became fully operational October 1, 2008. FAQ, news, press releases, activities. Based in Stuttgart, Germany.
See also BBC article Feb. 18, 2008 "US shifts on AFRICOM base plans"

United States - Africa Trade Debate 1999
The Africa Policy Information Center (Washington, D.C.) provides information on bills (Hope for Africa Act, etc.) in Congress "concerning U.S. economic relations with Africa.
Pt. 1.  Contains (1) a press release (Feb. 4) from the Subcommittee on Trade of the House Committee on Ways and Means on H.R. 434, the "African Growth and Opportunty Act," (2) testimony presented on Feb. 9 by the Washington Office on Africa on behalf of the Africa Trade Policy Working Group and (3) a press release from Rep. Jesse Jackson Jr. (Feb. 23, 1999) introducing H.R. 772, the "Hope for Africa Act of 1999."
Pt. 2. Information on bills in Congress "concerning U.S. economic relations with Africa, as well as an open letter from Leon Spencer, Ex. Director, Washington Office on Africa."

United States, African Growth and Opportunity Act, Public Law 106-200
Law signed by Pres. Clinton May 18, 2000, is Public Law No: 106-200. Title: An act to authorize a new trade and investment policy for sub-Sahara Africa, expand trade benefits to the countries in the Caribbean Basin......."

United States, Agency for International Development
Section on Sub-Saharan Africa.

United States, Army War College. Strategic Studies Institute (Carlisle, Pennsylvania) - Mali
Has full text reports.

United States, Census Bureau, Profile of the Foreign-Born in the United States: 2000
Report by A. Dianne Schmidley, pub. 2001. (Current population reports. Special studies ; P23-206) In Adobe pdf. The report notes - "Among the population age 25 and older in 2000, 94.9 percent of the foreign born from Africa had completed high school or more education..." The high school completion rates for the foreign born from other areas - Europe (81.3 percent), Asia 83.8 percent, Northern America (85.5 percent), South America (79.6 percent). Figure 14.2 in the report indicates that 49.3% of the U.S. foreign-born from Africa had a bachelor's degree or more. Percentage figures for other areas - Asia (44.9%), Northern America (36.2%), Europe (32.9%). "In 2000, the foreign-born population from Africa was 0.7 million, up from 0.4 million in 1990." "The median length of residence of the population from Africa was 10.2 years in 2000,..." The U.S. Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Dept. of Commerce. [KF]

U.S. Committee for Refugees
Information on the refugee situation in each African country, a directory of refugee assistance organizations, press releases, photographs. One can order their publications online. The USCR was founded in 1958 at the request of Pres. Eisenhower to coordinate the United States' participation in the United Nations' International Refugee Year (1959). [KF]

United States, Congress, House, Committee on International Relations. Subcommittee on Africa
Many full text transcripts of hearings on Africa.

United States, Congress. Senate, Committee on Foreign Relations
See the Subcommittee on African Affairs. " The subcommittee has geographic responsibilities corresponding to those of the Bureau of African Affairs in the Department of State."

United States - Congressional Information

  • U.S. GPO Access. Provides keyword search access to the full-text of the U.S. Congressional Record, 1994 + , Hearings 1997/1998 + , Federal Register, 1994 +, Congressional Bills 1993/94 + and other US. government documents.

United States, Defense Security Cooperation Agency
"...defense articles declared as excess by the Military Departments can be offered to foreign governments or international organizations in support of U. S. national security and foreign policy objectives." See the database of U.S. military equipment given to African countries. [KF]

United States, Department of State

United States, Department of State, Bureau of African Affairs
"...advises the Secretary [of State] and guides the operation of the U.S. diplomatic establishment in the countries of Sub-Saharan Africa." Has a page for each country with fact sheets, press releases, U.S. diplomatic visits, related sites. Has U.S. Embassies in Africa, Susan Rice's remarks at the African Studies Assoc. Nov. 1997 conference,  information on the African Crisis Response Initiative, etc. See also the organizational directory for the Bureau. [KF]

United States. Department of State. Bureau of Intelligence and Research. Arms and Conflict in Africa
July 1999 report. 6 pages

United States, Department of State, Diplomatic List
Directory of African ambassadors and their staffs and spouses in the U.S.

United States, Department of State, Embassies in Africa
From the U.S. International Information Programs.. Page with biographies of U.S. Ambassadors to Africa.

United States, Department of State, Foreign Affairs Network (DOSFAN)
Has a keyword searchable database, State Dept. briefings, speeches of the Secty. of State, travel, trade,and business information, key officials.
The State Dept. has a report, "1995 Patterns of Global Terrorism" which has short sections on Angola, Chad, Ethiopia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan.

United States, Department of State, Foreign Commentary on the U.S.
One can do a keyword search, by country to retrieve information from their archives. Files can be 10-20 pages.

United States, Department of State, Foreign Consular Offices in the U.S.
Directory, includes honorary consuls.

United States, Department of State, International Information Programs
(Former USIS.) Alot of current information on US - Africa relations. The Daily Washington File, arranged by region, carries transcripts of speeches by the U.S. Secretary of State, press releases; etc. Statements, speeches from several years back can be found thru an "Archive" search. Has links to web sites of U.S. Embassies in Africa, information on the U.S. Fulbright fellowships administered by USAID, the Hubert Humphrey Fellowships, Council for International Exchange of Scholars, the Institute of International Education (New York)
Daily Washington File on Africa:
Main page:

United States, Department of State, Key Officers of Foreign Service Posts

United States, Department of Transportation Initiative and Partnership with Africa
"As part of the Clinton Administration's broad-based effort to support Africa's integration into the global economy, Secretary Rodney Slater has launched the Transportation Initiative and Partnership with Africa." Its goals are expanding trade and investment opportunities, supporting African economic integration. Information on the Secretary of Transportation's 1998 Africa trip and the "Safe Skies for Africa Initiative."

United States European Command - Africa
Has information on the African Crisis Response Initiative, defense / strategic related press releases, Africa Division contact addresses.

United States Information Agency Declassified Historical Information
Search for citations to USIA (only) declassified records. Has information on how to request records once found. Most citations are from the 1960s. Does not list declassified documents from other U.S. federal agencies.

United States Institute of Peace
"independent nonpartisan national institution established and funded by Congress. Our mission is to help prevent, manage, and resolve international conflicts..." Programs in conflict resolution. Full text publications online (Orphans of Conflict: Caring for the Internally Displaced, Managing Communications, Lessons from Interventions in Africa [1996], etc.). Has grants, fellowships. Offers a free course in conflict analysis.
Other reports online:
Political Islam in Sub-Saharan Africa (2005)
U.S. Human Rights Policy toward Africa (8/2001)
Peacekeeping in Africa (3/2001)
Angola's Deadly War: Dealing with Savimbi's Hell on Earth (10/1999)
Postgenocidal Reconstruction: Building Peace in Rwanda and Burundi (9/1999)
Putting Humpty Dumpty Together: Reconstructing Peace in the Congo (8/1999)
Building for Peace in the Horn of Africa: Diplomacy & Beyond (6/1999)
A New Approach to Peace in Sudan (2/1999)
Can Nigeria Make a Peaceful Transition to Democratic Governance? (12/1997)
Zaire's Crises of War and Governance (4/1997)
Future U.S. Engagement in Africa: Opportunities and Obstacles for Conflict Management (7/1996)
NGOs and the Peace Process in Angola (4/1996)
Rwanda: Accountability for War Crimes and Genocide (1/1995)
U.S. Contribution to Conflict Prevention, Management, and Resolution in Africa (12/94)
Sudan: Ending the War, Moving Talks Forward (5/1994)

United States Mission to South Africa
Official site.

U.S. National Security Page
Information on policies, world events which shape U.S. foreign and national security policy. Has a link to the National Defense University which includes the Institute for National Strategic Studies. The INSS site carries the full text of its report, Strategic Assessment 1995, U.S. Security Challenges in Transition, including the chapter on Sub-Saharan Africa, by James Woods. The Armed Forces Staff College (part of the Natl Defense Univ.) Library has a short bibliography on Peacekeeping with references to Somalia. [KF]
U.S. National Security Page -
National Defense University -
Institute for National Strategic Studies -

U.S. Office of the U.S. Trade Representative
Has full text, in Adobe PDF format, of the Comprehensive Trade and Development Policy for the Countries of Africa (Dec. 1997).
See the Washington Office on Africa's response to the report, "African trade and the Gospel: Reflections on the recent passage of the African Growth and Opportunity Act."
See also: U.S. African Growth and Opportunity Acts (1996, 1997).

United States Institute of Peace. Muslim World Initiative - Political Islam in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Need for a New Research and Diplomatic Agenda
By David Dickson. (SPECIAL REPORT 140). Includes statistics on the number of Muslims & Christians in West African and Greater Horn of Africa countries. (Also a PDF version in 12 pages). [KF]

United States, Whitehouse - Africa

Virtual Library on International Development
English and French versions. Links to web sites. Site by the Canadian International Development Agency.

Washington Office on Africa
Has a directory of Key Contacts for Africa 2003-2004, U.S. top government and congressional officials involved with African affairs, articles from their newsletter, Washington Notes on Africa, on US - Africa trade relations and other topics, educational packets on Conflict Diamonds, HIV/AIDS, Sudan, Development Assistance, Trade. Has internships. Mainly support from U.S. national church structures, based in Washington, D.C. [KF]

Weissman, Stephen R. - Preventing Genocide in Burundi: Lessons from International Diplomacy
Full-text of the U.S. Institute of Peace monograph (Peaceworks No. 22, July 1998).

Workers Aid - Unite Africa
"The Unite Africa site is socialist in outlook and international in scope. Those of us involved in setting it up are Marxists, but we have neither a ready-made programme nor a party prepared in advance as a "vanguard" for workers, unemployed people and the dispossessed." Includes an interview with Claude Meillassoux on child labour from the publication, Carre Rouge (May 2000 issue), a review of the film, New World Order (Somewhere in Africa), and of John Iliffe's book "Africans: The History of a Continent." On the web site of Workers Aid for Bosnia which was founded in London in 1993.

World Bank - Aid and Reform in Africa: Lessons from Ten Case Studies
Full text in Adobe PDF. Covers Ghana, Uganda, Ethiopia, Mali, Tanzania, Cote d'Ivoire, Kenya, Zambia, Democratic Rep. of the Congo, Nigeria. How can aid be used to support reform. Pub. March 2001.

World Bank. Aid Effectiveness Research. Aid and Reform in Africa
Has full text case studies in Adobe PDF. Topics: Aid and reform in Africa, in Cote d'Ivoire, DRC, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Mali (in French). See also the Aid Effectiveness page. [KF]

World Peace Foundation (Cambridge, MA)
Describes their projects, publications, conferences. Its President is Robert I. Rotberg.

World Politics
Has abstracts of articles with brief comments from web site visitors. Includes for ex. "Clarifying the foreign aid puzzle: a comparison of American Japanese, French, and Swedish Aid Flows" By Peter J. Schraeder, Steven W. Hook, and Bruce Taylor. The full-text is available for subscribers to Project Muse; many universities subscribe. Journal from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public & International Affairs.