See also: Literature | South Africa language

Académie Africaine des Langues / African Academy of Languages, ACALAN - Facebook Page
One of its goals is to promote the use of African languages in African intergovernmental organisations. Includes background on past Organization of African Unity decisions regarding African languages. Founded through the initiative of the President of Mali, Alpha Oumar KONARE. Has text of the OAU's Language plan of action for africa. Based in Bamako, Mali. [KF]

Africa & Asia: Göteborg working papers on Asian and African languages and literatures
Published by the Dept of Oriental and African Languages, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden. Full text articles are on-line.

African Language Materials Archive
"...a multi-partner project focusing on the promotion and documentation of literature and literacy in the languages of Africa."

African Language Teachers Association
"The African Language Teachers Association is an organization dedicated to the teaching and learning of African languages. Its membership is open to individuals and organizations that share this interest."

Information on South Africa's eleven offiicial languages. Translation sources, dictionaries, radio stations, links to related sites, maps. Hosts an online Northern Sotho) - English Dictionary. Origins of some South African place names as provided by David Joffe. Based in Pretoria, South Africa.

African Online Digital Library
Project of Michigan State University, IFAN, and WARC. Includes:

African Philosophy
Ejournal sponsored by the International Society for African Philosophy and Studies (ISAPS) and published by Africa Resource Center, Inc. Articles include: Language, Culture, Science, Technology and Philosophy - Art and 'Art' in Africa: Conceptual Clarification, Confusion or Colonization? - Race and Racism in the Works of David Hume.

African Storybook
Open access to picture storybooks in the languages of Africa. Includes stories in English. Based in Johannesburg, South Africa.

African Studies Library, Leiden - Somali Literature
By Dr. Annachiara Raia. Essay and selected titles and web resources from the African Studies Library, Leiden, The Netherlands.

A directory service. Has a Yoruba language page. Based in Norway, was established in 1998 by Anthony Adebayo Martins, Dele Olawole nd Orevaoghene C. Obaro."

Woordeboek : Afrikaans-Engels, Engels-Afrikaans
en die Afrikaanse spelreels van die Akademie vir Taal, Lettere en Kuns /
Author: Kritzinger, M. S. B. 1896-1977.; Steyn, H. A. Publication: Pretoria : J.L. van Schaik, 1923
Free online.

Afrique Orale - Archives sonores et ressources documentaires de la tradition orale en Afrique
In French. Includes a database of citations to the oral recordings held by research institutes such as the Centre d'études linguistiques et historiques par tradition orale (CELHTO) in Niamey, Niger and the full text of the 1236 Charte de Kurukan Fuga, un document fondateur de l'empire du Mali. Has links to papers such as "La Tradition Orale : de la collecte à la numérisation" by A. Raphaël NDIAYE, an audio file of Boubou Hama on African history, links to a site about Amadou Hampâté BA. [KF]

Against All Odds. African Languages and Literatures into the 21st Century, Asmara, Eritrea, January 11-17, 2000
In English, French, Tigrinya. An international conference and festival. Chairs are Ama Ata Aidoo, Mbulelo Mzamane, Nawal El Saadawi, Ngugi wa Thiong’o. Web site has a photo tour of Eritrea.

Akan - Learn your Name in
Find your name in the Akan language (Ghana), has a bibliography, language map. Site produced by the Dept. of Linguistics, Univ. of Oregon. [KF]

AltaVista Free Translation Service
Provides free translation of text to and from French, Portuguese, Spanish, German, Italian.

Alternation (Durban, South Africa)
Journal published by the interdisciplinary Centre for the Study of Southern African Literature and Languages, University of Durban-Westville, South Africa. Volumes Vol 2. No. 2. 1995 and Vol 6. No. 1. 1999 are online. [KF]
To locate books, in Zulu for example, use the POWER SEARCH. Put in the Search Box - subject Zulu language.

American Library Association - Library of Congress Romanization Tables on the Web
The scanned text of the 1997 edition of the ALA-LC Romanization Tables: Transliteration Schemes for Non-Roman Scripts, approved by the Library of Congress and the American Library Association. Includes, in Adobe pdf, Amharic, Arabic, Tigrinya.

American Overseas Digital Library ALMA (African Language Materials Archive)
Many full text books, in Adobe PDF, in Wolof, Mandinka, Pulaar. Each title has full bibliographic information. A project of the West African Research Association and the AODL, supported in part by UNESCO and Columbia University. The WARA site describes the project.

Andersen, Peter - Krio Proverbs
Andersen's Sierra Leone Page includes Krio proverbs and short stories in Krio.

ANLoc, African Network for Localization
"...established by Acacia to overcome the limitations of technology on language that prevent most Africans from participating in the digital age" - Martin Benjamin of ANLoc. Their Afrigen project will create locales for 100 African languages. Information on keyboards, fonts, etc. Works with Bisharat, Kamusi Project, Kasahorow and others.

Aramati, African Languages and Multimedia Applications
Online courses for learning Swahili. Has a demo but the main site requires payment / password. "Subscriptions allow you unlimited access to site materials for the time span purchased. Free technical support with issues concerning the site." Purchase subscriptions through Site maintained by Dr. John Mugane. [KF]

Atlas of Natural and Agronomic Resources of Niger and Benin (University of Hohenheim)
In English and French. "Adapted Farming in West Africa." Summarizes spatial data related to sustainable land use planning." Maps of Political borders, Population, Topography, Climate: Precipitation, Soils, Vegetation, Urbanisation. Has a brief history of Niger, Benin language map. ArcView files. Users have "free access to all basic data underlying the maps." Editors are K. Stahr, K. Vennemann, L. Herrmann, M. Von Oppen. The program is funded by the "Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft" (German Research Foundation) and the University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany. [KF]

Babawilly's Dictionary of Pidgin English Words and Phrases
Dictionary of Nigerian pidgin english. "In this compilation I have limited myself to what I would call 'Lagos Pidgin' ...The three major Nigerian languages namely Igbo, Yoruba and Hausa feature prominently in Pidgin English in general, however with Lagos being historically a Yoruba city 'Lagos Pidgin' consists of a disproportionately high number of Yoruba words." Babawilly is a writer and "siddon comedian."
Bade, David W., compiler. Books in African Languages in the Melville J. Herskovits Library of African Studies, Northwestern University: A Catalog. (Evanston, Ill: Program of African Studies, Northwestern University, c2000. Vols. 1-2 online (1,045 pages.) (PAS Working Paper, 8.) In Adobe pdf. (takes a very long time to load). Print edition distributed by Northwestern University Press. Volume 3 only in hardcopy. This is the 2002 Conover-Porter Award Co-Winner for excellence in an Africana bibliography or reference work. and

[Bambara] Bibliothèque électronique bambara
Non-profit, non commercial collection of published or unpublished texts in Bambara. Includes periodicals. Books published in Mali generally become out of print by 10-15 years or earlier. Questions on the project can be sent to Mahamadou Konta (dpiaa.konta at, head of the bamanankan unit of AMALAN (Malian Academy of Languages), and to Valentin Vydrin (vydrine at, teacher-researcher at LLACAN (Language, Languages ​​and Cultures of Black Africa - CNRS UMR 8135), professor of Mandingo at INALCO (National Institute of Oriental Languages ​​and Civilizations).

Barbot's West African Vocabularies of c. 1680
Author: Jean Barbot. Editor: P. E. H. Hair (Paul Edward Hedley).  [Liverpool] : Centre of African Studies, University of Liverpool, 1992. 43 p. (Parallel text in French, English, Wolof, Fula, Twi and Ewe). (Privately produced and circulated by the late Paul Hair). Full text of the book. AUniversity of Wisconsin Libraries Africana Digitization Project. See the Copyright notice for use.

BBC World Service - Africa
The British Broadcasting Corp.'s schedules and radio frequencies for its broadcasts in Hausa, Kinyarwanda/Kirundi, Somali, and Swahili is at:

Beard, Robert - Online African Dictionaries and Online Grammars
Links to online African dictionaries and grammars from Professor Beard, Director of the Russian and Linguistic Programs at Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA.

Bisharat "A language, technology & development initiative"
Provides research, advocacy, and networking relating to use of African languages in software and web content. Focuses on rural development in West Africa. Has an extensive annotated directory of sites on language and ICT, African languages, translation software, basic documents on language policy in Africa, etc. See various discussion lists on aspects of African languages.

Bisharat - Basic documents on language policy in Africa / Documents de base sur la politique linguistique en Afrique
In French. " documents issus des réunions et conférences sur l'harmonisation de transcription et des stratégies de promotion des langues africaines qui ont eu lieu en Afrique dans les années 60 à 80."

Bisharat - Translation Software and African Languages
In English and French. Links to software and online translation sources.

Boston Language Institute (Boston, Massachusetts)
Has 30-hour each Yoruba and Zulu programs at all levels for $695 each course. Its Bookstore (using offers language titles but you would do better to search Amazon directly which has a larger selection. To order books, see also the Bookdealers Section of this guide.

Buganda Home Page -  Focus on Language
Has sections on Speaking and Writing Luganda, The Luganda Society, Luganda Grammar, Reviews of Select Luganda Books, A Luganda Phrasebook, Suggested Further Reading. Maintained by Mukasa E. Ssemakula.

Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, Univ. of London
Has the table of contents. Published by Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Carradori, Arcangiolo - Arcangelo Carradori's Dictionary of Seventeenth-century Kenzi Nubian
With an Introduction by Jay Spaulding. "The Oldest Dictionary of an African Language." Dictionary orginally published by Carradori in the 17th century, in Italian. On the web site,, based in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania.

Centre for Advanced Studies of African Society, CASAS
Has full text papers on language issues in Africa, on Pan-Africanism, and on develoment. Publishes Tinabantu - Journal of African National Affairs. Carries discussion topics on AIDS, maize, improving soil fertility, the neem tree (control of agricultural pests) in English and at least four African languages. [KF]

Chichewa Online Dictionary / CE-EC Dictionary
Free access is "limited to 10 searches per day and to the first lines of an entry." Unlimited access is Euro 20 per year. Over "40,000 entries from English into Chichewa and the other way round". Includes a history of Chichewa and the dictionary. [KF]

Comparative Bantu On-line Dictionary Project
"...started in 1994 by Larry Hyman and John Lowe to produce... a lexicographic database to support and enhance the theoretical, descriptive, and historical linguistic study of the languages in the important Bantu family." Download the Bantu MapMaker for making linguistic maps on a Mac. It comes with maps of Africa and an inventory of about 500 Bantu languages names with their locations. Has searchable dictionaries in many languages, a searchable Bantu bibliography, a searchable Tanzania Language Survey and links to related sites.

Conferences, Past

Creolist Archives
Page of the CreoLIST mailing list for creolists and others interested in creolistics and other contact language issues. The discussion list beganin February 1997. The website has audio files of Nigerian Pidgin English, Reunion Creole, Seychelles Creole; "The sociolinguistic situation in the Cape Verde islands" by Marlyse Baptista; A bibliography of works concerning Mauritian Creole, compiled by Lisa Morken (1999); a searchable inventory of various alternative names for West African ethnolinguistic groups involved in the transatlantic slave trade, by Mikael Parkvall; a bibliography of works concerning Portuguese-based creoles and related subjects, compiled by Matthias Perl (1998); the full text of "Creole And Education In Guinea-Bissau" by Hildo Hon?rio do Couto (1998); "A Dual Approach to French Creole Genesis" by Mikael Parkvall (1995). [KF]

Dagaare Linguists Home Page
" informal grouping of professional academic linguists who have worked on the Dagaare language." Introduction to the language, directory of scholars, full text issues of the Journal of Dagaare Studies, mailing list, related links. "Dagaare is the language of the Dagaaba (plural of Dagao), a predominantly agricultural community of approximately one million people located in north-western Ghana (formerly the Gold Coast) called the Upper-West Region, and in south-western Burkina-Faso (formerly Upper Volta)." [KF]

Deutsche Welle
Germany's international radio offers programs in Amharic, English, Hausa, Kiswahili, etc. For those with sound cards, speakers, and the RealPlayer plug-in, one can listen to their "Africa Report", 15 minutes of news from reporters in Africa.

Dictionnaire Swahili-Français
Author: Sacleux, Charles
Paris, Institut d'ethnologie, 1939-1941
Series: Université de Paris. Travaux et mémoires de l'Institut d'ethnologie.; Vols. 36-37.  From Leiden University. Scholarly Publications.

Digital Dialects
Interactive activities for learning languages. The Swahili Activities Page has interactive games for learning the Swahili language. Created by Craig Gibson. Learning games also in Afrikaans, Arabic, Somali.

Dogon (Dictionary)
"The dictionary was compiled by Marcel Kervran, a member of the Peres Blancs, who lived in the town of Bandiagara, Mali for about 30 years. This dictionary has over 7000 head words." Part of the  University of Iowa Libraries. Center for Electronic Resources in African Studies.

Dwyer, David
Professor of Anthropology, Linguistics, and African Studies at Michigan State University. Has course syllabi, some full text documents such as "The Role of Culture In the Language Classroom" by David Dwyer, Antonia Schleicher, University of Wisconsin, Lioba Moshi, University of Georgia.

Ede Yoruba-L
Discussion list for teachers and scholars of the Yoruba language. Connected with the Yoruba Language Task Force of the African Language Teachers’ Assoc. The list owner is Ojo Akinloye. To subscribe, send e-mail to:
In the message area, put: subscribe Ede Yoruba-L YourName

Ekegusii Dictionary Project
Open source online Ekegusii-English dictionary. Ekegusii is the language of the Gusii in Kenya. Site founded by a student at Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.

Electronic Journal of Africana Bibliography (EJAB) - Prosody and Intonation in Non-Bantu Niger-Congo Languages: An Annotated Bibliography
By Christopher R. Green. EJAB is a peer-reviewed, open access journal of annotated bibliographies published by the University of Iowa Libraries."

ePALS: Classroom Exchange
K-12 classes can locate schools in Africa which are interested in communicating by e-mail, IRC Chat, in English, French, Swahili, Afrikaans, and other languages. Based in Easton, Connecticut.

Érudit - Language Articles
In French, some English. Find full text journal articles (also books, theses) through a keyword Search. Examples of articles online:

  • Développement des langues africaines : De Yaoundé à Zanzibar
  • Des lexiques en langues africaines (sängo, wolof, lingala) pour l'utilisateur de l'ordinateur
  • La traduction en anglais de la littérature francophone : perception du phénomène au Nigéria
  • Literary Translation in Africa : The Nigerian Experience

Erudit is a Canadian university sponsored project to disseminate the results (journals, books, theses, preprints) of university research.

Major resource for languages. Stanford users should access the licensed version from Searchworks. From the publication, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 13th ed. (Dallas, Tx.: Summer Institute of Linguistics, 1996), edited by Barbara F. Grimes. For each African country provides no. of speakers, dialects, linguistic affiliation, a language map, etc.

Fafunwa Foundation Internet Journal of Education (Lagos, Nigeria)
"The main objectives of this journal is to make the works of Nigerian scholars in the field of Education more visible to the rest of the world." "The criteria for selection will be the quality of the articles and the depth of their contribution to educational research or educational policy and practice not only in Nigeria but in other parts of the world." Full text articles [see links at the top] include "Languages And The National Policy On Education." [KF]

Foreign Language Test Database
Searchable database of secondary and college level language proficiency exams for languages other than English. "it currently contains more than 140 tests in 63 languages. The database is maintained by the National Capital Language Resource Center, a joint project of Georgetown University, The George Washington University, and the Center for Applied Linguistics."

Foreign Service Institute Language Courses
Full text of African language manuals online. Free online language tapes. This is not a government site.. "These courses were developed by the United States government and are in the public domain." Site maintained by Glen D. Fellows.
Has for example - Yoruba Basic Course. Full text of the manual. Washington, D.C. : U.S. Foreign Language Institute, 1963. 381 pages in PDF. "These courses were developed by the United States government and are in the public domain." Site maintained by Glen D. Fellows.

Foreign Service Institute (U. S.) - Swahili; basic course
[by] E. W. Stevick, J. G. Mlela [and] F. N. Njenga. 1963. 560 pages. Free e book from Hathi Trust.

Fortune, George - University of Florida, George Fortune Collection
Razia Nanji, formerly Univ. of Florida African Language Selector, has prepared a contents list for the George Fortune collection (language and literature, Xhosa, Swahili, Ndebele, Zulu, Chinyanja. Lozi, Luvale, esp. Shona and other languages):

Frankfurter Afrikanistische Bl?tter
Has the table of contents. On language and ethnography. Published by the Institut für Afrikanische Sprachwissenschaften, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität, Frankfurt / Main.

Ganda Ancestry
"Ancestry information on the Baganda - members of the kingdom nation of Buganda (Uganda, East Afrrica)." Has an online English - Luganda translation dictionary. Ganda culture information. Names of cities, villages, and other places in Buganda. [KF]

Geider, Thomas - A Bibliography of Swahili Literature, Linguistics, Culture and History
Full text online. In Adobe pdf, 101 pages. No. 10, 2003 of the online journal Swahili Forum, published at the Department of Anthropology and African Studies, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany.

Goethe-Universitat (Frankfurt am Main). Institute of African Linguistics
Mainly in German. Includes staff, courses, research, their extensive publications list, the tables of contents of their journal, Frankfurter Afrikanistische Bl?tter, their library, etc.

Google [in Akan]

Guosa Language
Guosa is a lingua franca created to unify Nigeria and West Africa. Audio lessons may be heard every Saturday at 10.00 a.m. Pacific Time on Edo Radio. Maintained by Alex G. Igbineweka, Director of Edo & Guosa Languages, American Heritage University, 2035 North D Street, San Bernardino, CA 92405.

Habari East Africa
Short news summaries prepared from Kenyan newspapers, the Kenya Broadcasting Co., Kenya Television Network, KTN. The news is not supplied directly by the newspapers. Includes Provincial news and news in Swahili.

Hausa Charsets & Keyboards
Discussion forum on extended character sets, fonts for West African languages. The list owner is Don Osborn of

Hausa Home Page
Site from the Univ. of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Dept. of Linguistics with information on the Hausa language, its history, information on orthography, a short bibliography, a couple of sound files for those with sound cards. One can join a Hausa mailing list.

Email discussion list about the Hausa language. Hosted by Minnesota State University-Akita. To subscribe send e-mail to:
In the body of the message type only: subscribe hausa-l your_first_name your_last_name

Hausa Newspaper - Gaskiya ta fi Kwabo. 1939-1958
In Hausa. The British Library Endangered Archives program digitized this first newspaper published entirely in Hausa. 411 issues with information about African attitudes towards World War II, Nigerian experiences in the war, influences on the Nigerian nationalist movement, etc. Microfilm of later years (1959-1972, 1974-1978, 1980-1982 some issues missing) is at the Center for Research Libraries. CRL also has issues on film pre 1958.
Background on the digitization project.
The issues:

Hausa Popular Literature Project, School of Oriental and African Studies (London)
Information includes author, title, publisher, year of publication, no. of pages, image of the book cover. "This database documents the private collection of Hausa popular literature and video film in the possession of Professor Graham Furniss of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London." Includes a 15 page essay by Prof. Furniss, Documenting Hausa Popular Literature [covers film also]. [KF]

Helsinki Corpus of Swahili
Annotated Swahili corpus on-line. (12 million words) of Swahili text. Prose text from Swahili newspapers, the news site of Deutsche Welle, and books of various genres. Access is permitted by application for research purposes. Annotated using the Swahili Language Manager developed by Arvi Hurskainen, Professor of African languages. Maintained at the University of Helsinki, Institute for Asian and African Studies and Finland's Center for Scientific Computing.

Moderated discussion list on Hausa, neighboring and related languages, literature and culture. Sponsored by H-Net, Michigan State University. "It began as a list concerned exclusively with language, but it has also hosted discussions ranging from traditional, Arabic-based orthography to computerization of Hausa, from grammar to culture and other subjects." Moderator is John E. Philips.
To join H-HAUSA, send a message to: (with no signatures or styled text, word wrap off for long lines) and only this text: sub H-HAUSA firstname lastname, institution

A moderated discussion list in Swahili and English. On the use, teaching, promotion and general advancement of the Swahili language and culture.

Igbo Language & ICT (Fonts, Keyboards & Applications)
Discussion list. Subscribe through the website.

i Love Languages (formerly Human-Languages Page)
"...catalog of language-related Internet resources." Categories include Language Lessons, Collections of Links, Linguistics, Conferences, Multilingual Resources, Dictionaries, Organizations, Free Translation, Teaching Resources.

Indiana University. Department of Linguistics. African Language
Courses, a language map, the African Language Cultural Festival, the study abroad program, etc.

Indiana University Libraries. African Language and Literature Collection
Search for published materials and field recordings in African languages. There is a list of Periodicals on African Linguistics and in African Languages and a list of films in African languages.

Indiana University Libraries. Nuer Field Notes
A project to "preserve and make accessible a set of linguistic field notes [on the Nuer language] recorded by Eleanor Vandevort, who was a missionary in the South Sudan between 1949 and 1963." Includes the full text of the book, A Leopard Tamed, by Eleanor Vandevort, a biography of Eleanor Vandevort, by Dr. Marion Frank-Wilson, a History of Colonial and Missionary Linguistics in the Southern Sudan, by Dr. Edward Miner, Pedagogical Grammar of Nuer, slides of life in Southern Sudan, and a bibliography. [KF]

Institut d'Etudes Creoles et Francophones
In French. Based at l'Universit? de Provence, Aix-en-Provence. Affiliated with l'Universit? de la R?union. Publishes a newsletter, Gazet sifon bl?/ Lavwa ka bay.

Institut de recherche pour le développement. Laboratoire de cartographie appliquée (Bondy, France)
In French. Publishes printed maps, atlases, cdroms. On-line maps can be downloaded. Maps include linguistic and other maps of Province Extrême-Nord Cameroun. Has SPHAERA, a database of citations to African maps from sources world-wide; the same citations can be accessed through a clickable map. There is a catalog of maps produced by the IRD. Provides a GIS software program, Savane. The IRD, l’Institut de recherche pour le développement, was (formerly ORSTOM), based in Paris, France. [KF]

Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales, INALCO
In Fench and English. Provides instruction in "languages from Central Europe to Africa and from Asia to America via Oceania." Established 1795, based in Paris, France.

Intec College Courses
Intec College, Cape Town, South Africa, offers a distance education courses in Xhosa and Zulu. Email contact:

Inter Press Service - Kiswahili News
Inter Press Service, known for its informative news articles, has a keyword searchable database of news articles in Kiswahili.

International Children's Digital Library
Free online children's books in English, Swahili, Shona, Arabic "a five-year project funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Institute for Museum and Library Services (IMLS) to create a digital library of international children's books." Based at the Univ. of Maryland, College Park, Maryland. [KF]

International Journal of the Sociological of Language
Has the table of contents. Produces special issues such as "Sociolinguistics in West Africa," "Language and Ethnicity in the New South Africa," "Sociolinguistic Issues in Sub-Saharan Africa." Published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co., Berlin, Germany. Libraries pay $242.00 a year.

Ipheji labakhuluma isiZulu
In Zulu. Page provides links to other Zulu pages and seeks to "increase the use of Zulu on the internet in South Africa." Maintained by Benjamin Fredlund who grew up speaking Zulu and now studies civil engineering in England.

IRIN Integrated Regional Information Network (United Nations, Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs)
IRIN offers free news (in Swahili) by e-mail on Central and East Africa.   Information comes from the media, UN, NGOs, etc.
To subscribe, send e-mail to: joanne@wa.ocha.unon.or
Provide Full Name and position, Agency and its originating country, Current country of residence / duty station.

Jaghbub Font Package (Yoruba on a Mac)
Fonts designed for typing Arabic on a Macintosh; but they can also be used to type Yoruba on a Mac. From the Univ. of Bergen (Norway) Centre for Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies.

Closed site, access is by password. Online journal of the Univ. of Wisconsin, Dept. of African Languages and Literature. Contains original work by students in Arabic, Hausa, Swahili and Yoruba.

Journal of Dagaare Studies (Hong Kong)
Publishes on the "arts and sciences that bear on the language, culture and society of the Dagaaba of West Africa." "Dagaare is the language of the Dagaaba (plural of Dagao), a predominantly agricultural community of approximately one million people located in north-western Ghana...called the Upper-West Region, and in south-western Burkina-Faso.... Has links to related sites such as an "on-line dictionary or lexical resource base of the basic vocabulary items in Dagaare with Cantonese and English equivalents." Based at the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. [KF]

Journal of Eastern African Studies
Journal of the British Institute in Eastern Africa, based in Nairobi, Kenya. Published by Routledge. Articles in the humanities and social sciences, especially archaeology, history, linguistics and anthropology of Eastern Africa. Encourages interdisciplinary analysis.

Journal of Language and Popular Culture in Africa (Amsterdam)
Full text articles. Published by Language and Popular Culture in Africa, an internet project set up by Johannes Fabian and Vincent de Rooij of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the University of Amsterdam in the Netherlands.

Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages (Amsterdam : John Benjamins Pub. Co.)
Website of the print journal which began publication in 1986. Has the table of contents with abstracts of articles plus selected items online such as "Genitival Structures in Krio," by Dudley K. Nylander, Fourah Bay College (University of Sierra Leone).

Kagan, Alfred - Sources for African Language Materials from the Countries of Anglophone Africa
Kagan is the African Studies Bibliographer, University of Illinois Library, Champaign/Urbana. The report was prepared for the 61st IFLA General Conference, August 1995.

KAMUSI Project - Internet Living Swahili Dictionary Project
Cooperative scholarship project, begun at Yale University, now part of the World Language Documentation Centre, based in Wales, U.K. An online dictionary which can be constantly updated.
A mailing list exists for those wishing to contribute to the project. To join send e-mail to
In the message area, type: subscribe KAMUSI-L lastname firstname

Kanga Writings
Sayings and proverbs in Kiswahili which appear on kangas, the cotton dress worn in East Africa. This page prepared by Hassan Ali, a Ph.D. student in electrical engineering at the Univ. of Ottawa. Has a link to a history of the kanga by Odemari S. Mbuya.

" is focused on propagating technical standards for African languages." Alphabets for Akan, Ga-Dangme, Gbe, Hausa, Igbo, Mande, Yoruba. Keyword searchable dictionaries for Akan, Ewe, Ga-Dangme, Hausa, Igbo, Vai, Wolof, Yoruba. "Started as the kasahorow Dictionary Project for the Twi and Fanti languages...... has transitioned from a Twi-Fanti-English dictionary, into an Akan languages dictionary....."

Kente Cloth Festival Inc. (New York City)
"...non-profit organization dedicated to the promotion of the Kente cloth and Kente accessories around the world." Sells kente cloth. Includes a history of kente (in tiny print), Twi translations. Holds an annual Kente Cloth Festival.

Khuluma, Beginner's Course in Zulu
By Beverley Muller & Sihawukele Ngubane. Page to advertise the book and tape. Has audio files.

Kibira Films
Produced Bongoland, a film in Swahili about the experiences of an African immigrant to America. By independent filmmaker Josiah Kibira.

Kiswahili Language and Culture, Yamada Language Center, Univ. of Oregon
Annotated links to Swahili language learning sites.

Konyin KBD Software and Keyboard
Type "Nigeria specific alphabets like Å Æ Ê Î Ð Ô Û Ý Þ Ñ and currency sign ¦ on a computer and in any software application..." "To correctly produce the special Nigerian alphabets, you need to either purchase KBD software and Keyboard or use web font embedding to reflect these alphabets." Based in Framingham, Massachusetts.

The KyaNgonde Language - Malawi
The Terralingua web site on endangered languages has a short piece on the KyaNgonde language contributed by Walusako A. Mwalilino. Terralingua seeks to preserve the world's linguistic and biological diversity. The site has links to information on endangered languages.

Lanfrica: A database for African languages
"Lanfrica catalogues and links African language resources... " Developed by Bonaventure [from Benin], a final-year MSc Student in Data Engineering at Jacobs University Bremen, Germany. "We want to improve the visibility and representation of African languages..." "it aims to bring together existing initiatives dealing with the machine readability of African languages."  Has data sets for Hausa, Kiswahili which can be used in building Automatic Speech recognition. Welcomes contributions, has a Slack channel.  EurekAlert article about Lanfrica.

Langage, Langues et Cultures d'Afrique Noire
In French. Site for African language research in France. Has a directory of researchers in African languages, (by African language, by African country), includes lists of their publications, courses taught. Has bibliographies (by African country, by title, by type), a survey of French research centers for African languages, recent publications, conferences, etc.

Language and Popular Culture in Africa
"The main aim of LPCA is to document and further the study of expressions of popular language and culture in Africa." Maintained by Johannes Fabian and Vincent de Rooij of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Amsterdam. [KF]
Has full text archives such as:

Language Museum
Has samples of 2000 languages. "Every sample includes 4 parts: (1) a sample image, (2) an English translation, (3) the speaking countries and populations, (4) the language's family and branch. The Language Museum is constructed and maintained by Zhang Hong, an internet consultant and amateur linguist in Beijing China."

Languages of Zambia Page
Lists all languages in Zambia alphabetically and by the Guthrie classification. For most languages provides a bibliography including journal articles. Clicking on the Zambia map produces a list of languages spoken in each province. Created by Lee S. Bickmore, on the Dept. of Anthropology faculty at the University at Albany (SUNY), Albany, New York.

Last, Joseph Thomas - Polyglotta Africana orientalis: or a comparative collection of two hundred and fifty words and sentences in forty-eight languages and dialects spoken south of the Equator and additional words in nineteen languages
Full text. 239 pages. Digitized by Google. Published by Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1885.

Learn Yoruba
The site's goal is to "promote the reading, speaking and writing of the Yoruba language PROPERLY - complete with all the required intonation and diacritic marks - on the World Wide Web." From Bis Bus International, Ontario, Canada, a private organization.whose Executive Director is Dr. Adebusola Onabajo Onayemi, an Independent Yoruba Scholar and Anesthesiologist.

Liberia Pedia [Glossary, Folk Tales]
"Digital archives of scholarship on Liberia...." Maintained by C. Patrick Burrowes, Ph. D., Associate Professor of Humanities and Communications, Penn State (Harrisburg, PA).

Linguasphere Observatory
"...a research network devoted to the classification of the world's languages and dialects, the study and promotion of multilingualism...." Has "extracts from the recently published 'Linguasphere Register of the World's Languages and Speech Communities' including: the Mandic (Mande) languages spoken in West Africa and the Inner-Bantu languages (east and south) spoken in Central and Southern Africa." Linguists are invited to send comments on the extracts. The Linguasphere Press sells the 2 vol. Linguasphere Register at the site ($175 or $275 for online version). Directed by David Dalby. Includes Dalby's Language Map of Africa and the adjacent islands, a directory of African language department sites, discussion lists, journals, an annotated directory of general language sites, and a table of the world's major languages (with nos. of speakers). [KF]

Linguist List
Page archiving messages from a discussion list for linguists, has Africa-related content. Their tables of contents page includes the journal, "Linguistique Africaine".
The publisher of Linguistique Africaine, the Universite catholique de Louvain, has the table of contents for the latest issue at its web site:

Linguist's Software
Fonts for over 630 languages for Windows and Macintosh computers. Has a free newsletter. Licenses fonts for embedding in Adobe PDF files. Based in Edmonds, Washington.

"This is a project that aims to translate Linux GUI such as KDE and GNOME and popular software such as Open Office, Mozilla Firefox and Thunderbird into the Igbo language."

In Afrikaans (and a little English). News about new books, book reviews, profiles of writers, book and publishing events, the language debate, essays / opinion pieces, films, theatre, music, gay literature, Xhosa, Zulu and more. Based in Stellenbosh, South Africa.

The Lord's Prayer in 1103 languages and dialects
Site maintained by Michael Olteanu, who has a Master of Sciences in Computer Engineering and "spent five years in the death camps of the Romanian Gulag" and by Christus Rex, Inc., a private, non-profit organization dedicated to the dissemination of information on works of art preserved in churches, cathedrals and monasteries all over the world.

A multilingual translation dictionary. Translates Afrikaans, Swahili and Zulu to English and vice versa. Has a table of each country's national language with the ISO-country code and the numerals from 1-10 in Afrikaans and Swahili.

Mandé Language Family of West Africa: Location and Genetic Classification
By Valentin Vydrine and T. G. Bergman. Cartographer: Matthew Benjamin. On the site of SIL International.

Mande Languages
In Russian and French. Information on research by Russian scholars. A diagram illustrating Famille linguistique mandé with bibliography.
2e Colloque International sur les langues et la linguistique mandé. Full text papers from the conference in St. Petersburg, Russia, September 15-17, 2008.

Mande Subgroups and Languages Map
Prof. Thomas Bassett working with a technical staff has a map showing the Mande subgroups and languages. Suggestions for changes or additions can be sent to Prof. Bassett.

Marx, Karl and Frederick Engels - Communist Manifesto / Isibophezelo Senhlangano Yamakhomanisi
Translated into Zulu by Brian Ramadiro. With a foreword by Neville Alexander. ([Egoli]: WOSA (Workers' Organisation for Socialist Action [2002] 60 pages. On the web site of Voice of the Turtle, an online journal of left-wing politics and culture.

Michigan State University - African Languages
Describes the academic program, faculty, etc. Offers courses on campus in 29 African languages and has a summer intensive language institute.

Michigan State University - e-LCTL [Less Commonly Taught Languages] Initiative
"...a project for the national US/ED Title VI community."
LCTLs offered in the US: Data on foreign language course offerings and enrollments in the U.S. by world region
Priorities in teaching African and other LCTLs: includes a Report on Prioritizing Instruction in African Languages with a categorization of 92 top African languages
Database of Electronic Materials for Teaching & Learning the LCTLs: a database of digital resources for learning and teaching less commonly taught languages (websites for dictionaries, glossaries, language learning exercises, etc.)

Multilingual Books and Tapes
Has a selection of dictionaries, language learning books (including the Foreign Service Institute cassettes and books) and tapes. Included are Amharic, Chinyanja, Fula, Hausa, Igbo, Kirundi, Lingala, More, Pulaar, Shona, Somali, Sotho, Swahili, Tigrini, Twi, Yoruba, Zulu. Based in Seattle, WA. Contact: Ken Tomkins.

National Archives of Nigeria, Kaduna - Northern Nigeria: Precolonial documents preservation scheme - major project (EAP535)
In English, Arabic, Hausa, Ajami. British colonial documents and Arabic and Hausa manuscripts.

  • Northern Province Secretariat, provincial files, Divisional & District Office records, court records, maps, photographs 1897-1920. Topics include slavery, Islam, labor, agriculture, culture, reform of Caliphate institutions.
  • Arabic & Hausa Manuscripts. Covers "the social, economic and political history of the Sokoto Caliphate (the largest 19th century Islamic empire in West Africa)" - local chronicles,  correspondence, legal documents, religious literature late 18th century to 1903.
  • The Archives.
  • Background on the British Library Endangered Archives project: or DOI:
  • Collection EAP087/2:"Selection of Records from the Office of the Secretary of the Northern Provinces, Nigeria"
  • Background on the National Archives, Kaduna.
  • A study based on the documents: "Convict labour in early colonial Northern Nigeria: a preliminary study," by Mohammed Bashir Salau. Chapter in "From Dust to Digital: Ten Years of the Endangered Archives Programme"  Maja Kominko (ed.) Cambridge : Open Book Publishers, 2016.    1 online resource. or

Nigerian Pidgin Sayings
"Some pidgin sayings and their translations" by Gaga Ekeh. On the home page of Omolola Ogunyemi.

[N'ko] Illustrated English N'ko Alphabet, Book One
An Introduction to N'ko for English Speakers. By Mamady Doumbouya. Full text online.

N'ko Institute
"Manden people live mainly in West Africa, however other people of Manden origin can be found as far as India, and Bangladesh. They are also known as Bamanan, Dioula, Maninka-Mory, Maninka, Mandingo, Garo etc." Has an introduction to N'ko, the writing system, alphabet, etc. also

N'ko Institute of America
A non-profit organization based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Has the N'ko alphabet, numerals, greetings, etc. and links to related sites.

N'ko, the Mandingo Language Site
In N'ko and English. "N'ko is an alphabet created in West Africa by the Guinean scholar Souleymane Kanté in 1949. It was designed to accurately transcribe African tonal languages with special attention to tones that cannot be transcribed with the Latin alphabet. It is used mainly by West African speakers of Mande languages, such as Maninka, Bambara, Dioula and their dialects."

Nordic Journal of African Studies
Published by the Nordic Association of African Studies. "a refereed journal of African Studies, appearing three times per year. Has appeared as a printed version since 1992, but since 2004 only digitally. Full text articles since 1992 are on-line." Many articles on African linguistics. Search online issues by keyword.

Nordiska Afrikainstitutet / Nordic Africa Institute (Uppsala, Sweden)
Extensive books and electronic publications program. Publications in English, Swedish, French. Some titles are available free, in Adobe pdf. For example has the full text of Language, Democracy and Education in Africa, by Birgit Brock-Utne, (Nordiska Afrikainstitutet. Discussion Papers No 15). 2002. 46 p. In Adobe pdf. [KF]

Northwestern University. Herskovits Library of African Studies
Has sample audio files (Arabic, Igbo, Swahili, Yoruba).

Nyakyusa Homepage
The Nyakyusa live in Tanzania and Malawi. Has a bibliography on the Nyakyusa including journal articles, stories in Nyakyusa, information on a Nyakyusa dictionary for sale produced by a team including Knut Felberg maintainer of the page.

Observatory of Cultural Policies in Africa, OCPA - African Languages
NGO, created, in 2002, as a partnership of the African Union, UNESCO, and Ford Foundation. Monitors cultural trends and national cultural policies and enhances their integration in development. Has the full text of their newsletter, OCPA News, meeting reports, documents (such as - Language Policies in Africa [1997] (121 p. in PDF), South Africa's White Paper on Arts, Culture and Heritage 1996 (MS Word doc), the African Renaissance, South Africa and the World, by Thabo Mbeki). National cultural policies, and working papers, etc. Full text issues of their cultural newsletter, OCPA News. Based in Maputo, Mozambique. [KF]

Open Swahili Localisation Project - Kilinux (kln X )
Produced a free Office software suite in Swahili, "Jambo OpenOffice". The suite is based on OpenOffice; the Swahili project was led by Alberto Escudero. They also produced a Swahili version of Tux Paint, a popular free and open source drawing program for children; its called TuKsi Koti la Rangi. Is also producing a Swahili IT glossary.
Open Swahili Localization Project:
Jambo Open Office:

Spell checker for Swahili. Sold by Lingsoft, Inc. Cost is around $146-147.00.

PanAfrican Localisation Resource Wiki
In English (some French). Wiki on African writing systems, profiles of African languages, ICT and localisation situations of all countries of Africa, sources for fonts, keyboards, language maps, policy, organisations. Originally run by IDRC-funded projects, now hosted by Bisharat.

Peppercorn Books & Press
Distributes books in Somali, Swahili, Shona, Yoruba, Amharic, isiZulu, Setswana, Twi and many other African languages. Language dictionaries, grammers, phrasebooks, thesaurus, K-12 and teacher resources, books on politics, culture, history. Based in Greensboro, North Carolina.

Polyglot 3000
Software program for Windows PCs. "an automatic language identifier that quickly recognizes the language of any text, phrase or even single words." "Recognizes more than 400 languages" including many African languages. From Likasoft, a company based in Cyprus.

Randriamasimanana, Charles - References on Malagasy Language and Linguistics
A bibliography on Malagasy language and linguistics by Dr. Randriamasimanana of University of Oxford, Center for Philology, Linguistics & Phonetics, U.K. It includes journal articles. Maintained on the web site of University of Oslo, Norway. [KF]
See also Malagasy Clause Structure, 19 p. in PDF.

Red Sea Online
Has rules of the game, layli, and software to play the game (similar to mancala), a list of books on Somaliland, a Somali-English-Italian online dictionary. Based in Pisa, Italy.

RIFAL, Reseau international francophone d'aménagement linguistique
"Le Rifal a été créé en 2000 par le regroupement institutionnel du Rint (Réseau international de néologie et de terminologie) et du Riofil (Réseau international des observatoires francophones de l’inforoute et du traitement informatique des langues),...." Publishes Cahiers du RIFAL. RIFAL members include the main linguistic bodies in Francophone Africa. Based at Agence intergouvernementale de la Francophonie, Paris, France.

Robillard, Didier de - "Contribution a un inventaire des particularit?s lexicales du fran?ais de l'?le Maurice"
In French. Full text of the book. (Vanves : EDICEF, c1993. 143 p.) Has a short bibliography. [KF]

Route-X Swahili / English Discussion Forums
Hosts several Swahili language discussion forums.

SALAMA - Swahili Language Manager
Computational management of Swahili. SALAMA is "a computational environment for handling Swahili text. Includes morphological, syntactic and semantic analysis of text, including rule-based disambiguation. Applications: a spell checker, morphological and syntactic tagger, as well as tools for dictionary compilation. The most recent applications include machine translation from Swahili to English." Maintained at the University of Helsinki.

Le Sango
In Sängö and French. Site of the Association pour la prommotion du sängö to promote use of the Sängö language, the Central African Republic's national language. Has a bibliography of publications on Sängö, prose and poetry, discussion list, annotated links to related sites. The owner is Marcel Diki-Kidiri, reseracher at the CNRS and author of many linguistic works. [KF]

Sesotho Online
Has an online dictionary. Teaching resources, folk tales, grammar, proverbs, Basotho names, downloadable dictionary,  Sesotho words for computer terms, the periodic table, numbers, geographic names, etc. 

SIL International (formerly known as the Summer Institute of Linguistics)
Has a large number of full text sociolinguistic surveys and a bibliography, by country, of SIL publications; some are in full text online. Has the full text of "Mabire: A Dying Language of Chad" by Eric Johnson and Cameron Hamm. Publishes Ethnologue: languages of the world with maps and indexes, (Dallas, SIL International,) edited by Barbara F. Grimes. SIL is based in Dallas, Texas. [KF]

SomiTek, Somali Information Technology
A software company, based in Richardson, Texas, has produced Hikaadiye, a Somali/English word processing program which includes a Somali spell checker. They also produce Tarjume software, which translates from Somali to English and vice verse. The software runs on Windows 95, 98 or NT. .

Somlans, Somali Language Services Ltd.
Translation services, from Somali to English and vice versa. Based in London, England.

South African Voices
"...oral tales, histories, and poems from among the Nguni peoples: the Xhosa and Zulu in South Africa, the Swati in Swaziland, and the Ndebele in the southern part of Zimbabwe. Collected by Professor Harold Scheub, Department of African Languages and Literature, UW-Madison. From the late 1960s into the 1970s. Text is keyword searchable. Includes audio files. From the University of Wisconsin Library, Madison, Wisconsin.

South African Journal of African Languages
Subscription required for Access. Published by the African Language Association of Southern Africa (ALASA). Indexed in Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts

Examples of articles -
Linguistic inequality in Cameroon: The case of advertising in Douala.
Language management and devolved governance in Kenya.
Tangomas’ language: Orality and ritual discourse in Bakossi traditional medical practice.
A textual analysis of male gayness in Nakanjani Sibiya’s novel, Bengithi lizokuna.

Southern African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies
The journal requires a subscription for access. Indexed in Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts. Published in association with the Southern African Applied Linguistics Association (SAALA) and the Linguistics Society of Southern Africa (LSSA). Published in Grahamstown, South Africa.

Examples of articles -
Translation and identity: Translation of the Freedom Charter into Afrikaans as a case in point.
Attitudes of University of Botswana Faculty of Humanities students towards minority languages.
An analysis of language policy versus practice in two South African universities.
Kids sold, desperate moms need cash’: Media representations of Zimbabwean women migrants.

Stanford Digital Language Lab
Language learning facility for Stanford University. Has audio and video recording capability, foreign language digital media content, and software images to support computing in multiple foreign character sets. Access to subscription based Scola (which has TV from African countries; some universities subscribe). or

Stanford University, Global Perspectives on Human Language. Scientific Studies in honor of Professor Joseph Greenberg
Conference, April 25 - 27, 2002, Stanford University.

SudLangues (Dakar)
In French. " La revue Sudlangues est destinée aux universitaires, enseignants, chercheurs et étudiants intervenant dans le secteur des sciences du langage." E-journal published by la Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines de l'Université Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar (Sénégal). Full text articles.

SUGIA, Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika (Frankfurt)
Tables of contents. Features African langauges and history. Based at Institut f?r Afrikanische Sprachwissenschaften, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universit?t, Frankfurt / Main.

Swahili Forum (Mainz)
Published at the Department of Anthropology and African Studies, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany. Annual journal. Issues from 2003 are only online. Table of contents for older issues. No. 10, 2003 is "A Bibliography of Swahili Literature, Linguistics, Culture and History" by Thomas Geider (in Adobe pdf, 101 pages).

Swahili Manuscripts Database - School of Oriental and African Studies, SOAS
Covers "manuscripts dating from the 1790s to the 1970s, contained in the papers of William Taylor, Alice Werner, William Hichens, Wilfred Whiteley, Jan Knappert and Yahya Ali Omar.... holds microfilms of the manuscripts... deposited by JWT Allen at the University of Dar es Salaam." Search by keywords across the text of all records, or search individiual collections. See images of the manuscripts, listen to Shaikh Yahya Ali Omar reciting a manuscript. The Adam Matthew company has microfilmed the collection. [KF]

Swahili - Noun Classification
Report by Ellen Contini-Morava, Dept. of Anthropology/Program in Linguistics, Univ. of Virginia, on a two-phase study of the semantics and syntax of noun classification. Phase I (on the web site) is an investigation of the semantic structure of the noun classes from a cognitive-semantic perspective.

Tanzania Home Page - Richard Madete
General information, links to many other Tanzania and Swahili-related sites. Includes lists by Richard Madete of Kiswahili dictionaries, books on Kiswahili proverbs, and a Comprehensive Swahili Reference in Poetry, a list (including journal articles) of Swahili literature and poetry titles, arranged by author. Chard's (Tanzania) Home Page

TED Open Translation Project
Translates the technology - entrepreneur conferences into many languages, including Swahili. Receive an email newsletter or RSS feed about new talks as they are translated.

Terralingua, Partnerships for Linguistic and Biological Diversity
A directory to organizations concerned with African endangered languages, the full text of its Discussion Paper series, such as "A Peaceful Quest for the Institutionalisation of Ethnic Rights in Madagascar" by Jonah Andrianarivo & Andriantefinanahary (1998), the full text of Uwe Siebert's "Bibliography on minority and/or endangered languages in Nigeria" and other resources. Based in Hancock, Michigan. [KF]

Tokyo University of Foreign Studies. Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa
Established in 1964, the Institute conducts research "pertaining to the languages, linguistics, history, anthropology and ethnology of Asia and Africa". They publish the Journal of Asian and African Studies (Tokyo).

Transcript Translation Services
On the Durbanet website. Offers translations from and into Zulu, French and English. Minimum charge Rand 25. Based in South Africa.
Open source software translation project to make software available in the eleven South African languages. Offers the Mozilla browser in Xhosa, Zulu, Sepedi, Sotho, Siswati, Venda and a bit of Tswana and an Office Suite in Xhosa, Zulu and Venda. Has a Newsletter.

TravLang's Translating Dictionaries
Free translation of words from Afrikaans to English, English to Afrikaans, Afrikaans to German, German to Afrikaans, French to English and vice versa, Portuguese to English and vice versa and other languages. Has a Foreign Language for Travelers page which includes for Afrikaans, Zulu, and Sesotho a pronunciation guide, sound files, basic words and words for numbers, dates and time, travel, places, etc. You can download a freeware windows multilingual translating dictionary. Maintained by physicist Dr. Michael Martin.

In French. Discussion list. "Cet e-groupe existe pour: donner publicité aux projets en Afrique utilisant l'Unicode; discuter des questions et problèmes pratiques avec Unicode et les jeux de caractères pour des langues africaines; et partager des expériences utiles sur le développement et utilisation des polices unicodes pour langues africaines." The list owner is Dr. Don Osborn.

Universite Cheikh Anta Diop. Département d'Histoire - Virtual Library - African Language
In French.
Contents include Unpublished Documents such as:
Proverbes et énigmes wolof cités dans le Dictionnaire volof-français de Mgr Kobès et du R.P. Abiven publiés par Charles Becker, Victor Martin et Mohamed Mbodj
Chants Wolof et La sagesse de Ncothie Barma manuscrits inédits publiés par C. BECKER et M. MBODJ
Contribution à la réflexion sur les règles de transcription du pulaar. By Lam Aboucry Moussa

Universiteit Gent (Ghent University) - Afrikaanse Talen en Culturen
Find Masters theses (full text online, in Dutch) and abstracts of Ph.D. theses in English (at least one in full text - English in Tanzania: an anatomy of hegemony, by Stephen Mugeta Neke, 2002). The University is in Ghent, Belgium.

Universiteit Gent (Ghent University). Department of African Languages and Cultures (Ghent, Belgium)
In English and Flemish. Information on staff, courses. Is the home of the Interdisciplinary Research Group Africa (IDOGA). [KF]

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). Language Materials Project, Teaching Resources for Less Commonly Taught Languages
Find print publications for some African languages (dictionaries, grammars, readers, references, audio resources) for beginning to advanced levels. [Those with access to World Catalog from OCLC can locate additional print publications in African languages. [KF]

University of Illinois Library (Urbana / Champaign)
List of recently acquired African language materials, arranged by language.

University of Illlinois - Urbana / Champaign - Swahili Program
"Course materials for Swahili classes: vocabulary lists, grammar notes, and links to online flashcards. Links to other Swahili resources and websites; and Pictures from past events at the University of Illinois."

University of Malawi - Chancellor College. Centre for Language Studies
Promotes the development of all Malawian languages - Chichewa, Chitumbuka, Chiyao, Chisena, Chiitonga, Chilomwe etc. Has Online Dictionaries for Chichewa, Ciyawo, and Citumbuka. Hosts MaLex - Malawi Lexicon Project. Publishes Malilime Journal. Based in Zomba, Malawi. [KF]
Full text reports:

  • Language Mapping Survey for Northern Malawi with Language Maps
  • Sociolinguistic Surveys of Four Malawian Languages: with special reference to education
  • Towards the Standardization of Chiyao Orthography - 2000
  • Assessment of the effectiveness of HIV and Aids messages among the youth - 2007

University of Minnesota. Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition. Course Offerings for Less Commonly Taught Languages (LCTLs)
Database covering some 2,000 educational institutions in North America. Search on the name of an African language and find where it is taught in North America.

University of Wisconsin - Madison. Department of African Languages and Literature
Has their newsletter.

University of Wisconsin - Madison. National African Language Resource Center, NALRC
"...federally funded, nonprofit national foreign language center dedicated to the advancement of African language teaching and learning in the United States." Sponsors annual summer institutes and workshops for African language instructors, issues publications, has a clickable language map of Africa, a Yoruba section, online language brochures, reports, etc. [KF]

University of Zambia Medical Library. Guide to Medical Resources
Their site has a medical phrase table (in ChiBemba, ChiNyanja, Ci Tonga, Si Lozi and English).

Virtual Institute of Mambila Studies
The Institute "seeks to collate and connect ...researchers with an interest in the Mambila people of the Nigeria-Cameroon borderland and their neighbours..." "...research is primarily of an anthropological and linguistic nature..." The site has reports on David Zeitlyn's research on kinship and language and his annotated version of C. K. Meek's early ethnological work in the region, and Bruce Connell's comparative study of Mambila dialects. There is a Mambila riddle machine - an interactive introduction to Mambila riddles and a bibliography of anthropological, linguistic, and related research on Mambila. The site has a short story by Jonathan W. Mangbon, (from Mambila L.G.A.) "Drink and the Innocent Policeman" and the History and Customs of Ntem by P. M. Kaberry and E. M. Chilver. Site established by Zeitlyn and Connell.

Web Resources for African Languages, WebAL

Webbook of African Language Resources
"...designed by Michigan State University in Consultation with the African Language Teachers Association to provide information about the resources available for the study of African languages." For each language provides classification and where spoken, number of speakers, dialect survey, usage, orthographic status, no. of sets of learning materials needed.

Wolof Online
Offers a course, a combination of an online/offline Wolof tutorial and live, chat-based interaction with a Wolof instructor. Has a message board, a few photographs.

Wood, Alan - Unicode and Multilingual Support in HTML, Fonts, Web Browsers and Other Applications
Test pages, fonts, browsers, applications and utilities, links to web sites. Includes Ethiopic.

World Language Resources
Sells dictionaries, games, language learning products, fonts and software for use with specific African languages. Based in Los Angeles, CA.

World Lingo
For a fee offers professional translation, machine translation. Has a free translator (Arabic, Hausa. 500 word limit). Based in Las Vegas, Nevada.

[Wurno] - Malam Haliru Muhammad Wurno
"Malam Haliru Muhammad Wurno was a historian who lived in Wurno Nigeria, sometime capital of the Sokoto Caliphate and final resting place of Sultan Muhammad Bello and other rulers and Wazirs of the Caliphate." The documents are in Arabic and posted by Prof. John Edward Philips who hopes that site visitors will contribute to this experiment in web publication of a collective translation of Haliru's writings. Prof. Philips teaches at Hirosaki University in Japan. or

Yoruba at the University of Wisconsin-Madison
Page on why study Yoruba, course syllabi, download a Yoruba font, links to Yoruba cultlure on the web.

Yoruba Language & ICT
Discussion list on fonts, keyboards & applications.

Zambia Languages Page
Lists all languages in Zambia alphabetically and by the Guthrie classification. For most languages provides a bibliography including journal articles. Clicking on the Zambia map produces a list of languages spoken in each province. Created by Lee S. Bickmore, on the Dept. of Anthropology faculty at the University at Albany (SUNY), Albany, New York.

Zarma Dictionary, Dictionnaire Zarma, Zarmaciine Kaamuusu
"This is a short multilingual dictionary of Zarma developed and modified over a number of years by Peace Corps language trainers, volunteers, and staff in Niger. It serves as a reference for learners at a basic to intermediate level and is not intended to reflect the full richness of the language." Has links to other Zarma or Songhay sites. Developed by Peace Corps, Niger. Site maintained by Don Osborn.

Zulu Online Dictionary - isiZulu
Zulu-English/English-Zulu online dictionary. Includes a discussion forum where readers can suggest new entries and translations.