See also: South Africa maps

Africa Map
"AfricaMap is based on the Harvard University Geospatial Infrastructure (HUG) platform, and was developed by the Center for Geographic Analysis to make spatial data on Africa easier for researchers to discover and explore." It will "Accumulate both contemporary and historical data supplied by researchers and make it permanently accessible online." Uses map layers.

Africa Map Puzzle - From Owl and Mouse Educational Software
Levels of difficulty from easiest to hardest. Learn geography and the names of the capitals. Also print outline maps of Africa and African countries.

African Geographical Review
Subscription required for access. Published by the Africa Specialty Group within the Association of American Geographers. Formerly the East African Geographical Review founded in 1963 at Makerere University. Has the table of contents. Includes a tribute to co-founder the late Prof. Bryan W. Langlands and his contributions to Ugandan geography. (Subscription required ).

Online maps from the 15th century to 1982. Zoom in on maps to see details. Includes slave factories c. 1750. Has Rizzo's slides from a presentation - Lake Debo: A Beacon Through The Ages A study of nearly 500 maps following the evolution of the representation of West Africa's Lake Debo. The Afriterra physical library includes rare maps and books. Maintained by Gerald J. Rizzo, St. Petersburg, Florida. [KF]

American Museum of Natural History. Congo Expedition, May 1909-November 1915 [Maps]
"In 1909,...Herbert Lang and James Chapin set sail for the Belgian Congo....By the time they sailed home five and one-half years later, they had collected tons of precious zoological and anthropological specimens..."
Chapin and Lang's itinerary
A central African map with layers. Select which features will appear on the map: lakes, cities, roads, railroads, forest, mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, etc., a map of Chapin and Lang's travels
Historic maps reflecting the "development of European knowledge of African geography from 1562 through 1940." Reproduced with permission of the New York Public Library and the British Library
A bibliographic essay on sources by Paula Willey, specially prepared bibliographies on Congo Conservation (314 citations), Description & Travel (1218 citations), Maps & Atlases (220 citations). [KF]

Animated Atlas of African History
Interactive atlas depicting changes from 1879 - 2002 in territorial names, conflicts, colonization and decolonization, post-colonial political developments, economic and demographic changes. Use through the web or download to your computer. Initiated by Professor Nancy Jacobs, Brown University.

Art and Life in Africa - University of Iowa
This site introduces a related CD-ROM project and serves as an online searchable catalog of the Univ. of Iowa's Stanley Collection of African Art. The Countries Database has individual country maps showing some ethnic groups and a continent country-boundaries map. There is a Peoples Database. The Project is directed by Professor of Art, Christopher Roy.

Atlas of Natural and Agronomic Resources of Niger and Benin (University of Hohenheim)
In English and French. "Adapted Farming in West Africa." Summarizes spatial data related to sustainable land use planning." Maps of Political borders, Population, Topography, Climate: Precipitation, Soils, Vegetation, Urbanisation. Has a brief history of Niger, Benin language map. ArcView files. Users have "free access to all basic data underlying the maps." Editors are K. Stahr, K. Vennemann, L. Herrmann, M. Von Oppen. The program is funded by the "Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft" (German Research Foundation) and the University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany. [KF]

Atlas on Regional Integration in West Africa
From the OECD, ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States) and the Sahel and West Africa Club (SWAC). Maps, charts, graphs on: transport, telecommunications, the ecologically vulnerable zone of Sahelian countries, cotton, migration, transboundary river basins, languages, Africa-China, oil and gas. Maps can be saved and printed.
Includes telephone / mobile subscribers, GSM coverage; migration inside and outside Africa.

Austen, Ralph A. - Mapping Africa: Problems of Regional Definition and Colonial/National Boundaries
"...maps can help us understand three major issues in the history of Africa: first, the physical and ecological factors which define this continent both internally and in relationship to the outside world; secondly, indigenous representations of space in the precolonial era, which provide a basis for putting more recent Western cartography into perspective; and, finally, colonial boundaries, which represent both European interventions in Africa and the continuing cartography of postcolonial development." Austen is Professor Emeritus of African History, Universitiy of Chicago.

BBC - "Africa's Oldest Map Unveiled"
"The oldest map of the African continent, [the Da Ming Hun Yi Tu] ,dating back to 1389, has gone on display in Cape Town. It is part of an exhibition drawing attention to the history of South Africa and the way it is perceived around the world. The Chinese map, covering more than 17 square metres, was produced in silk." November 12, 2002 BBC report. [See the Parliamentary Millennium Project for a similar map.] According to a message from Helene Baumann posted to H-Africa, Nov. 13, 2002, the map is the first map in the 3 vol. atlas:
Title: Zhongguo gu dai di tu ji / Cao Wanru... [et al.] bian = An Atlas of ancient maps in China / edited by Cao Wanru ... [et al.]
Imprint: [Beijing] : Wen wu chu ban she : Xin hua shu dian jing shou, 1990-1997.
Physical Description: 3 v. : maps (some col.) ; 36 cm.
Notes: Chinese and English; essays in Chinese with English summaries.
Contents notes: [1] Zhan guo--Yuan. -- [2] Ming dai. -- [3] Qing dai.
Subject (LC): Cartography--China--History.
The atlas includes a 5 page essay on the map. [KF]

Bibliotheque nationale de France - Gallica - Maps
In French. Has Africa in Maps.

Boston University. African Studies Center. Outreach Program
Curriculum guide for Africa, "How Big is Africa " Map comparing the country sizes of Africa, China, Europe, the United States.

Boston University. Library. African Map Collection
The Library has over 1500 African maps focusing on the continent of Africa and its countries. Inventory of maps by date, country, title.

British Library - Maps of Africa
Many online African maps.

Campbell, Tony - The Map History Site / History of Cartography
Everything about early maps. Topics include Conferences & Talks, Discussion lists, Exhibitions, Fellowships & Prizes, Globes, Image sites, Links & Gateways, Map collecting, Map collections, Map societies, Marketplace, News (sources), Researchers, Thefts. Journals, articles, lists, Images of early maps on the web .Has a Search engine for the site. Maintained by Tony Campbell, Map Librarian (retired), British Library, London. [KF]

Checklist of Online Vegetation and Plant Distribution Maps
Has links to vegetation/forest maps of Africa, Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo-Brazzaville, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and the Indian Ocean. Compiled by Claire Englander of the Univ. of California-Berkeley, University & Jepson Herbaria/SMASCH Project, and Philip Hoehn from the Stanford University Branner Earth Sciences Library and Map Collections.

[Congo, Democratic Republic] United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, MONUC
In English and French. Main MONUC site. Chronology of events from 1997 to date. Has a GIS Unit, Geographic Information Systems Unit, Office of Gender Affairs, Civilian Police Component, various maps (city maps, DRC climate, hydrography, Ituri tribes, Congo villages, Rwanda, Uganda, etc), military contributions by country, etc. Based in Kinshasa. [KF]

Council for Geoscience (Pretoria, South Africa)
" organization established by Act of Parliament with a responsibilty to acquire and store geoscience information on South Africa..." "the legal successor of the Geological Survey of South Africa." Has free geological-related software, the table of contents of Africa Geoscience Review, the table of contents of the now ceased Palæontological Memoirs, a searchable online library catalog, etc. Promotes Manifold software for 3D data analysis, the Manifold System Release software to create maps using GIS. Other free software: SADC Bibliographic database, SADC Map database. [KF]

Custom Maps
University Earth Science / Geology Libraries
- If you are a student or faculty member, the librarians at university geology libraries can often help you create a custom map using GIS (Geographic Information Systems) software called ArcView.
For those using Adobe Illustrator, Adobe Photoshop, Macromedia Freehand, who wish to customize their own maps, a few sources are below:

  • Digital Vector Maps  - Royalty free vector maps for sale in Adobe Illustrator and PDF format. African continent maps ($30-$130) Site of Chris Chubb (cartographer) and Rich Gilmour (web developer). Based in San Diego, California.
  • Digital Wisdom. Mountain High Maps - Sells EPS, tiff African maps for use in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator, Macromedia FreeHand and PhotoStyler, CorelDraw and PhotoPaint, Micrografx Picture Publisher. Also has flags. Based in Tappahannock, Virginia.
  • Map Resources - Royalty free maps. Create custom maps or buy clipart maps. Maps in gif, jpeg, Adobe Illustrator formats. Sells African regional maps ($20 + ), has only South Africa for country maps. Purchase individual maps or a CD-ROM set. From Cartesia Software, Lambertville NJ.

Digital Chart of the World Data - Harvard University
Boundaries up to 1991/1992. One can download the boundaries and layers of individual countries, in Arc/INFO export format, from ESRI's Digital Chart of the World data set.

Digital Library of the Middle East
Images from the Middle East and North Africa. Includes Mauritania and Sudan (Nubia) archaeological objects, jewelry, coins, historical documents, maps, political posters, etc. owned by libraries worldwide
Maintained by the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) and the Stanford University Libraries. [KF]

Digital Vector Maps
Royalty free vector maps for sale in Adobe Illustrator and PDF format. African continent maps ($30-$130) Site of Chris Chubb (cartographer) and Rich Gilmour (web developer). Based in San Diego, California.

Digital Wisdom. Antique Maps of the World
Sells on cd-rom royalty-free historical maps. Mainly for artists wanting maps for art projects. Each cd-rom is over $200. Based in Tappahannock, Virginia.

Digital Wisdom. Mountain High Maps
Sells EPS, tiff African maps for use in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator, Macromedia FreeHand and PhotoStyler, CorelDraw and PhotoPaint, Micrografx Picture Publisher. For editable maps. Also has flags. Based in Tappahannock, Virginia.

East View Geospatial
Sells Russian military topographic maps of Africa and of African countries, nautical charts (Indian Ocean), geological maps, national and colonial topographic maps, GIS services, geospatial data. "Can produce a database of geographical name mapping. Each individual name will have an accurate coordinate location as well as all native and variant names with detailed source information." Based in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Examples: maps of Mozambique ports, sells maps from the Institut Geographique National de Belgique et Service de Cartographie du Rwanda, Geological Survey of Zambia, etc.

Ethiopia - United Nations Development Program. Emergencies Unit for Ethiopia (Addis Ababa)
Administrative and thematic maps of Ethiopia. From the UNDP Addis Ababa office, hosted at the UPenn African Web site.

Ethiopian Mapping Authority
"...the national mapping organization officially mandated for Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing activities in Ethiopia. EMA produces and distributes standard maps and related Geoinformation as well as tailor made products to the public and private sectors." Describes their activities and products including a list of maps, atlases. Based in Addis Abeba.

Ethnologue - Language Maps
From the publication, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 13th ed. (Dallas, Tx.: Summer Institute of Linguistics, 1996), edited by Barbara F. Grimes. Has a languages of Africa map, language maps for each country.

European Commission. European Digital Archive of Soil Maps of the World
Online collection of soil maps from Africa (over 2000 maps), Asia, North America, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Europe (EuDASM). "Maps are presented full-scale, with thumbnail pictures and metadata for easy navigation. From the EU Joint Research Centre and ISRIC - World Soil Information.

Sells maps for climbers (Mt. Kilimanjaro, Mt. Kenya, Rwenzori, Mt. Elgon). Offers climbing tours. Based in the U.K.

Exploring Africa An Exhibit of Maps and Travel Narratives from Leo Africanus to Chinua Achebe
Curated by Patrick Scott, Associate University Librarian for Special Collections. From the University of South Carolina Library, Dept. of Rare Books & Special Collections.

Florida Geographic Alliance - African Maps
"The Florida Geographic Alliance is a professional organization affiliated with the National Geographic Society...and housed at the Florida State University within the Institute of Science and Public Affairs. It is comprised of Primary, Secondary, Community College, and University Geography Educators,..." Has in Adobe pdf format - African Continent with names, same map without names, Kenya, Kenya physical geography, Timbuktu with Mansa Musa's route, Nigeria agricultural products, and other maps.

Food and Agriculture Orgaization of the U.N. - Africover
"The purpose of the Africover Project is to establish a digital georeferenced database on land cover and a geographic referential for the whole of Africa including: geodetical homogeneous referential, toponomy,roads, hydrography." Maps show forest, agriculture, rangeland, landcover, landform. Create custom maps for Burundi, Egypt, Eritrea, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda. Download the public domain geographic layers you need (requires free registration). "public domain data has been organized in data warehouses to allow you to perform powerful and easy GIS operations." [KF]

France. Bibliotheque nationale. Voyages en Afrique - Maps
In French. "900 volumes de textes, 30 titres de revues, 80 cartes venant des collections imprimées de la BnF, 20 heures d'enregistrements sonores des fonds du Musée de la parole et du geste et 6500 photographies issues des fonds de la Société de géographie." Access documents by type (books, journals, maps, photographs), geographic area, era. Part of the French national library's Gallica site.
Contents include:

  • Maps of peoples and kingdoms, colonial history, physical map, antique maps, nautical maps
  • A Bibliography and a Chronology

Galaxy of Maps and Books (Fort Lauderdale, FL)
Sells a reproduction of Willem Janszoon Blaeu's 1665 map of Africa (click on the orange icon to see the map).

Purchase royalty-free maps and flags of the world ($380). Can be custom made in Adobe Illustrator or Photoshop, but only the EPS format maps can be used on the web. Offers a free Southern Africa vector map in Adobe Illustrator 4 format. From Graphi-Ogre (Hendaye, France).

Geo e-Links Africa
" portal to sustainable rural development experiences" Find case studies through a digital map of Africa. Case study sites can be viewed against base maps, FAO soil maps,and precipitation, agroclimate maps. "Case study topics include parks, wildlife, and biodiversity conservation; forest management and forestation, sustainable agriculture, agroforestry and agroecosystem management; soil and water conservation, and management of grasslands or other grazing resources." Find studies by category, country, environmental context, and other parameters. Maintained by Development Ecology Information Service, Alexandria, Virginia. - Africa Maps
Satellite maps and political maps of selected African countries, meteor craters in Africa such as the Bosumtwi crater in Ghana which is " is almost completely filled by Lake Bosumtwi", map of the Sahara Desert. Maintained by Dr. Hobart King, Department of Geography & Geology, Mansfield University, Mansfield, Pennsylvania.

Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
Put in the name of a place and the database provides country, longitude, latitude. From the Getty Information Institute, Los Angeles, California.

Global Forest Watch - Maps
" international data and mapping network..."
Full text reports include: An Analysis of Access to Central Africa's Rainforests (26 pages, in Adobe pdf), An Overview of Logging in Cameroon (72 pages), A First Look at Logging in Gabon (56 pages), Monitoring for Impact - Lessons on Natural Resources Monitoring from 13 NGOs (2 vols., has case studies from Cameroon, Nigeria, Angola). Create interactive maps for Cameroon and Gabon (showing logging concessions, protected areas); also has an African continent interactive forest map. Provides downloadable data (over 35 gigabytes of map data); one must register first. [KF]

Global Mapping International
"...a Christian inter-denominational missionary research agency. Our highest priority is serving evangelical mission ministry leaders in the developing world." Sells an Overhead Transparency Map Set, ($39.95) leader's guide, cd-rom digital map set. Other maps for purchase cover Muslim populations by country, African Muslims and Christians, Sunni and Shia Muslims, etc. Provides "custom mapping services for churches, Christian educational institutions, mission agencies, and individual missionaries." "The Global Ministry Mapping System is available only to qualified Christian non-profit ministries."

Globalis - Interactive World Map
Generate custom maps (African continent) and country rankings. Maps can be selected and copied into other programs (Word, Photoshop, etc.) For each country has a static map and statistics on the economy, education, environment, energy consumption, gender equality, health, human development, population, technology, water. Compare a country's statistics with the rest of the world. The African continent map only provides selected country names. Site aimed at secondary schools, high schools and colleges. Based on UN statistics, esp. the Human Development Report. Produced by the Norwegian UN Association, several U.N. bodies, etc. [KF]

Global Gazetteer
" of 2,880,532 of the world's cities and towns, sorted by country and linked to a map for each town." For each town gives longitude, latitude, and altitude. Can create a simple topographic map showing the town. Maintained by Carl Rosenberg of Palo Alto, California.

Google Earth
Combines satellite imagery & maps. Need to download the software which is free for personal use. (See computer requirements, need Windows 2000 or XP, 400 MB disk space minimum). Fly from city to city. See the Union Buildings in Pretoria, South Africa, planes' eye views of Kinshasa, Dar es Salaam, Luanda, etc. Click on the Borders check box to see country borders. Very useful for seeing the location of lakes, bays in relation to cities, etc. The Keyhold Community site has an Education discussion area for teachers and students using the maps. [KF]
Africa Megaflyover is a 2004 account by Michael Fay of the conservation impact of human activity on various parts of Africa. You need to download the Google Earth software to your computer to see the linked accounts.
The Jane Goodall Institute: Gombe Chimpanzee - "Follow the life of chimpanzees and conservation efforts in Gombe National Park, Tanzania." You need to have Google Earth on your computer.

Google - Language Map of Africa

Google Maps
Coverage of African cities, geographic features is increasing. See article, "Massive Africa Update on Google Maps" May 21, 2009 on the White African blog.

GSM World - Cell Phone Coverage Maps
The GSM Association is responsible for the development, deployment and evolution of the GSM cell phone standard, the standard used in Africa. Has a directory of GSM operators worldwide, with clickable maps showing GSM coverage in Africa (select Coverage). Based in Dublin, Ireland and London, UK.

HealthMap: Global disease alert map
Click on the triangles on the map of Africa to find information on recent health issues in the country. Created by two staff members at the Children's Hospital Informatics Program, Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences & Technology.

Hemispheres, Antique Maps and Prints (Stoddard, New Hampshire)
"...specializing in fine original antiquarian maps from the 16th through 19th centuries. Our inventory is strongest in maps of Africa." Includes images and detailed descriptions, a bibliography and links to cartography sites. Owners: Richard and Penelope Betz.

Heritage Map Museum (Lititz, Pennsylvania)
Sells antiquarian maps (including African maps). Prices range from c. $100 to c. $1,000. The catalog entries include a small thumbnail image of the maps. Has links to antique map sites, including Africa.

Histoire de l'Afrique de l'Ouest
In French. Site created by historians from West African universities. Contents include un annuaire des historiens [with current research, publications, activities), news (conferences, publications, etc.), chronologies for West Africa and each of the countries covered: Burkina Faso, Togo, Niger, Mali, Sénégal. Has historical maps from the book, Afrique Noire. Histoire et civilisations, edited by Elikia M'BOKOLO (Paris, Hatier, 2004 - right click and open separately for a larger map) and a bibliography on West African history. [KF]

Histoire de la colonisation belge du Congo - Map
In French. Includes interviews with Adam Hochschild and Jules Marchal, maps (Congo in 1900, Katanga, the districts), photographs, a bibliography, links to related sites, etc. Maintained by Patrick Cloos, based in Montreal.

Historic Cities
"...maps, literature, documents, books and other relevant material concerning the past, present and future of historic cities..." African cities include Ghana's Elmina, Kenya's Mombasa, Mozambique's Sofala, Tazania's Kilwa, plus Asilah, Azemmour, Casablanca, Safi, Salé, Tanger in Morocco, Mahdia and Tunis in Tunisia and Alexandria and Cairo in Egypt. Has biographies of Mapmakers with links to images of the cities, bibliographies. "a joint project of the Historic Cities Center, Department of Geography, Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Jewish National and University Library." Has links to related map sites. [KF]

Historical Atlas of the Twentieth Century- from Matthew White
Has a map of Africa in the early 1900s showing colonial possessions, a map of the Maji Maji rebellion 1905-1906, boundaries of the former Biafra (Nigeria), Southern Africa 1968-1975, the Chad civil war mid to late 1980s, Sudan civil war 1983. M. White is a librarian, see his FAQ. The Systems of Government maps are not quite accurate.

Historical Maps of Africa - Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection, Univ. of Texas at Austin
The Univ. of Texas has historical African maps online. Some are very large; best to access only on a fast connection. They also have links to historical map sites some having maps of Africa. African maps:

History of Cartography (Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1987-)
Volume 2, Book 3: Cartography in the Traditional African, American, Arctic, Australian, and Pacific Societies, edited by David Woodward and G. Malcolm Lewis, covers traditional mapping practices of societies in Africa, the Americas, the Arctic, Australia, and the Pacific Islands. Web site has the Introduction to the book which notes "For example, Thomas Bassett describes how memory boards known as lukasa, covered with beads and cowrie shells, are used to teach initiates about the origins of Luba kingship in the Kabongo region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The lukasa is read or sung to remember the journeys of a king, the location of sacred lakes, trees, spirit capitals, and migration routes."

Houghton Mifflin - Education Place Outline Maps
Has a Continent Outline Map and a Political and Sahara Desert Map (3 5/8 x 4 3/8 in.) html

Indiana University. Department of Linguistics. African Language
Courses, a language map, the African Language Cultural Festival, the study abroad program, etc.

Indiana University (Bloomington). Geography - Map Library - Maps of Africa: A Guide to Uncataloged African Maps
Provides citations to over 1300 maps "produced by governments and agencies of Europe, Africa and North America, searchable by country, region and keyword." Includes Nigerian town maps, early 1900s maps.

Institut de recherche pour le développement. Laboratoire de cartographie appliquée (Bondy, France)
In French. Publishes printed maps, atlases, cdroms. On-line maps can be downloaded. Maps include Togo land degradation, linguistic and other maps of Province Extrême-Nord Cameroun, African immigrants in the European Union, African immigration to the European Union, population and economic disparities between North / South, refugees. Has SPHAERA, a database of citations to African maps from sources world-wide; the same citations can be accessed through a clickable map. There is a catalog of maps produced by the IRD. Provides a GIS software program, Savane. Savane has been used by workers in refugee camps in Kenya, Bamako, Mali, and Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire. The IRD, l’Institut de recherche pour le développement, was (formerly ORSTOM), based in Paris, France. [KF]
Full text publications on-line include:

Integrated Approaches to Participatory Development (IAPAD)
Uses Participatory 3D Modelling (P3DM) to merge "indigenous technical knowledge and traditional spatial information." "Participatory 3-D Modeling (P3-DM) is the community-based tool which merges Geographic Information System (GIS)-generated data and peoples' knowledge to produce a stand-alone relief model." Empowers people re their cultural identity and land. "Elders [in Kenya] populated the model with their memories dating back to 1925 and reconstructed the landscape as it was at that time." You must register to use the database. Based in Milan, Italy.

International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE) - Topographic Maps
Very nice maps (in high and low resolution) of the continent (political with and without names, land classification-development. potential, soils, elevation). Country maps for Angola, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Non profits may download them for free.

Investir en zone franc - Maps
Has maps of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroun, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Gabon, Guinee Bissau, Guinee Equatoriale, Mali, Niger, Republique Centrafricaine, Senegal, Tchad, Togo. Also for cities - Abidjan, Bamako, Bangui, Bissau, Brazzaville, Cotonou, Dakar, Libreville, Lome, N'djamena, Niamey, Ouagadougou, Porto-novo, Yaounde. Site, in French, on the CFA france countries.

Islam in Africa Map - University of Texas
Shows predominantly Muslim countries and coutnries with significant Muslim minorities. The map does not designate South Africa which has significant Muslim communities. From the Perry Casteneda Library Map Collection, Univ. of Texas at Austin.

International Development Research Centre (IDRC) - Open and Closed Skies: Satellite Access in Africa
Map of satellite access in Africa. See also the map of telecommunications in Africa. From IDRC a Canadian public corporation.

Language Map - Linguasphere Observatory
Linguasphere Observatory is "a research network devoted to the classification of the world's languages and dialects, the study and promotion of multilingualism...." Directed by David Dalby. Includes David Dalby's Language Map of Africa and the adjacent islands. Supported by the London School of Oriental and African Studies, Departments of Geography and Africa. [KF]

Lerner Publishing Group. Visual Geography Series
Has a few maps of African countries which can be saved to your computer and a small selection of photographs (some historical) which can be downloaded as well. See the Notes/Instructions for printing information. Lerner is a children's book publisher based in Minneapolis, Minnesota.

United Nations - Humanitarian Information Centre for Liberia - Articles, documents including a huge collection of Liberia maps (counties, districts, Monrovia city, education, detailed village data, population, agriculture, disarmament, health, transport, internally displaced people, water and sanitation, security, U.N. presence, organizations working in counties, etc.). [KF]

Library of Congress - African Maps 
LC's online African maps.

Library of Congress - Islamic Manuscripts from Mali 
"...twenty-two Islamic manuscripts [in Arabic script] containing important insights into the life and culture of West Africans during the late Middle Ages and Early Modern Era." A project of the Library of Congress and the Mamma Haidara Commemorative Library of Timbuktu, Mali. Includes maps - Timbuktu in Space and Time, a history of Timbuktu as an Islamic cultural center, and Timbuktu architecture.

Library of Congress - Maps in Our Lives
Has two African maps. One is a Middle East / Africa School Map - Zoom in to see details. The second map is a Countries of the World Map using the Robinson Projection (country outlines and major cities only). "explores surveying, cartography, geodesy, and geographic information systems."

Many Ways to See the World
Focus on Africa section. Sells laminated maps, Peters Projection maps, Has some free downloadable maps.

Map Library
"The Map Library software is not intended to compete with commercial "GIS" software. It is aimed at users who need maps but who are not GIS experts." "The Map Library for Africa contains over 60,000 data files. There is a page for each country containing links to pages for each province, or other first-level administrative division. For most countries there are further links from these pages for second and third level divisions." Download the Vector Viewer program to view Map Library vector files (*.mlb) and "then to save it to an ArcView shape file, a MapInfo MIF file, an AutoCAD DXF file, or a Map Maker DRA file. "The library's purpose make public domain mapping data more readily available for developing countries, and to provide free, easy to use software to facilitate map making by non-experts." " "a project of “The Map Maker Trust”, a UK registered charity.

Has African country maps showing national parks, a continent map (takes a long time to download) with links to country maps, maps can be emailed / printed. Includes facts about each country and a flag.

Site dedicated to listing all non printed reference material related to historical maps and cartography. A directory of videos, cd-roms, microfilm, slides. Includes the distributor and a description. Some Africa content. Maintained by Boudewijn Meijer. (Santa Barbara, California)
Sells country maps, city maps of Dakar, Johannesburg, Mogadishu, a Somali clan map, etc. Has a free map club. Formerly Magellan Geographix.

Maps.Com - African Map Quiz
African map game using Macromedia's Flash. Drag the name of the country to its correct location on the map outline. Check your score. Sells an Africa Continent puzzle.

Maps Relating to Islam's Historical Development
Are from the website for the course "Introduction to Islamic Religion" of Barbara R. von Schlegell, Univ. of Pennsylvania. Examples are -

Namibia. Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Directorate of Environmental Affairs
Extensive site with many documents, maps, an Atlas of Namibia with ArcView shapefiles. Section for students, e-mail addresses of staff. Documents can take a very long time to download. [KF]
Travel and tourism directory, guide to properties in Namibia for buyers and sellers, very detailed maps of sections of towns, crafts for sale, articles on Namibia's history. Maintained by Elena Travel Services, Windhoek. Site owned by Sergei Mitrofanov. [KF]

National Geographic Map Machine
Its Map Machine has basic information from the National Geographic Atlas of the World (1995) and maps for each country with basic printable maps. Zoom in and out Africa map.

National Library of Australia - Map Catalog
A search of the Library's map catalog using the term Africa results in over 300 catalog records. Images of some of the maps are online.

National Library of South Africa - Mapping Africa Before 1920
Site has closed. "The International Cartographic Association (ICA) meets in Africa for the first time in August 2003. Durban will play host to the week long 21st International Conference. In addition, the ICA Commission on the History of Cartography has organised a two day pre-conference symposium in Cape Town from 4-5 August, at the National Library...It will be opened by Dr. Frene Ginwala, Speaker of the National Assembly, well known for her avid interest in maps and mapmaking." Maps include the first map of Africa to be assembled from several sources and engraved in uniform size and a a map of the Cape peninsula indicating a proposed canal across the Cape Flats from Table Bay to False Bay. 1682.

Sells a variety of African maps and atlasees (some plastic, some from the Institut Geographique National, political, city maps, etc.) Some may not be in stock. c. U.S. $16-22.

New York Times
Has a satellite map of Africa.

Newberry Library. Smith Center for the History of Cartography (Chicago)
Has a section Teaching with Historic Maps including an article on teaching with maps, notes about John Bartholomew, “Africa,” from Black’s General Atlas of the World. (Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, 1885), Prof. Bruce Fetter's article on teaching "Graphicacy," and Dr. A.B. Assensoh's syllabus for "African History Through Maps, 1500-1990s."

Northwestern University Library - Maps of Africa
"16th- Early 20th Century Maps of Africa. This site features digital copies of 113 antique maps of Africa and accompanying text dating from the mid 16th Century to the early 20th Century. All scanned maps are authentic and originally collected by the Melville J. Herskovits Library of African Studies (or the Africana Library) at Northwestern University." The cataloging information is very thorough.

Old Maps Online
Database of over 400.000 online maps. Tools to overlay maps. Records provided by the British Library, National Library of Scotland, David Rumsey, Harvard Library, Dutch National Archives, Charles University in Prague, New York Public Library and other institutions worldwide. Created by the Great Britain Historical GIS Project based at the University of Portsmouth, UK and Klokan Technologies GmbH, Switzerland.

Omni Resources
Sells African maps ($3.50 to over $2,000) - geologic, faults, mineral deposits, oil and gas, tsetse fly distribution, East Africa grasslands, holocene, travel, political. For each country provides the flag and list of maps sold. Map source used by libraries. Based in Burlington, North Carolina.

Online Map Creation
Creates a map if you know the longitude and latitude of the geographic entity. You can put in national boundaries, rivers and channels.  You can also save the map in Postscript (EPSF) or Adobe Illustrator format. The files download in .zip format. In English and German.

Open Atlas
" Open source project based on Google Maps where anybody can add a point or subject" Maintained by Tibor Katelbach. Based in France.

Open Street Map
Street maps of African cities.

Parliamentary Millennium Project
Antiquarian Western maps (from South Africa's Parliament) and their view of Africa are contrasted with African history from an African perspective. Uses photographs of archaeological discoveries to illustrate Africa's history before Europeans arrived. Lukasa memory boards and "map" staffs are seen vis a vis Western maps. Different historical experiences influence "the way we make policy decisions and how we see our future society." Has audio files of speeches about the project by Frene Ginwala and Naledi Pandor. From South Africa's Parliament, Cape Town. Includes the Da Ming Hun Yi Tu (The Amalgamated Map of the Great Ming Empire) (1389) "believed to be the oldest map accurately reflecting the shape of the African continent."
See also BBC - "Africa's Oldest Map Unveiled".

Peace Corps - Water in Africa
"...contains over 500 photo resources, representing the best of more than 3000 images submitted by the Peace Corps Volunteers serving in Africa." Access photos by country. Each photo has descriptive captions. Has short narratives about water in African daily life, lessons plans (by grade or subject) for K-12 students, maps, technical drawings. Produced by Peace Corps Volunteers, World Wise Schools' (WWS) classroom teachers, and WWS staff members.

Peters Projection Map
The Peters Projection map illustrates that Africa is much larger in relation to other countries than the conventional Mercator maps indicate. For ex. Africa is larger than the former Soviet Union yet conventional maps seems to indicate otherwise.

Philadelphia Print Shop - African Maps (Philadelphia, PA)
Sells antique prints, maps, including African maps. Has descriptions and photographs.

Rights Maps
Cartography and geographic research for the human rights community. Has oil field maps for the Sudan, ethnic maps, town maps. Maps are sold and created by Michael Miller. [KF]

Rumsey, David - David Rumsey Collection
Over 200 antiquarian African maps from the private collection of David Rumsey. Includes detailed descriptions. Use the right hand icons to zoom in, read map descriptions, etc. Maps cover the African continent, South Africa, West Africa, North Africa, ethnographic. Other maps: an 1895 religious world map; The British Empire, showing the commercial routes of the World.

Sanderus Antiquariaat (Ghent, Belgium)
Sells antiquarian African maps, atlases. "specialised in antiquarian books, medieval manuscripts, antique maps and prints from the 15th to the 18th centuries." Founded in 1980 by Filip Devroe. A member of the Antiquarian Booksellers' Association (ABA). Based in Ghent, Belgium.

Shand, Mike - Tanzania Digital National Atlas
Detailed atlas with political, population, physical, and natural environment sheets. Includes 1988 population census data, information on national parks and game reserves including year established, etc. The files can be large, 300K or more. Created by Mike Shand, Senior Cartographer, Dept. of Geography & Topographic Science, University of Glasgow, Scotland.

Shand, Mike - Tanzania Page
Mike Shand is a Senior Cartographer from the University of Glasgow, Scotland. Has his Tanzania 2000 election map, other maps (East Africa, Tanzania, regions, population maps, Dar es Salaam, Arusha, Moshi). Shand's food security atlas of Kagera Region (with Stijn Huysman) will have 40 maps in Adobe PDF format. Also has the Tanzania coat of arms, photos (Mt. Kilimanjaro, etc.), audio file of the song, Malaika, links to related sites. [KF]

Shell Nigeria (Maps)
Includes maps (Nigeria and Neighbouring countries, Nigerian States, Ecological Zones of the Niger Delta, Niger Delta Oil Regions, Ethnic Areas of the Niger Delta). [KF]

Stanford University - Maps of Africa
Over 700 African maps, 632 of which are searchable and viewable online. Includes the Oscar I. Norwich Collection of Maps of Africa and its islands, 1486 - ca. 1900 (316 maps) 294 maps from Caroline Batchelor, and a small set of maps from Rodney Shirley. There is a list of almost 5,000 items.

Stanford University. Guide to the Oscar I. Norwich Collection of Antiquarian Maps of Africa and Its Islands, 1486-1865
Finding aid for the Norwich collection of 316 antiquarian African maps housed in the Stanford University Libraries. This finding aid does not include antiquarian African maps held at Stanford but not part of the Norwich Collection.

Stanford University. Branner Earth Sciences Library
Branner Library's Geospatial Center includes data resources for Africa.The Library holds 8,500-9,000 geological and other (non-antiquarian) print maps of Africa. Its Map Valuation page created by Head Librarian, Julie Sweetkind-Singer, has sources for estimating antiquarian map prices.

Stanford University - Earthworks
Database to enable people to find GIS data and maps. Information is from sources world wide. Some resources are restricted to Stanford users though other universities provide access for their users through their web sites. 

Stephens, David - Making Sense of Maps
Online tutorial about maps. The maps work only in MS Internet Explorer. "an overview of the history of maps and how historians use them, a breakdown of the elements of a map, tips on what questions to ask when analyzing maps, an annotated bibliography, and a guide to finding and using maps online." "David Stephens is professor of geography at Youngstown State University."

[Tanzania] Geological Survey of Tanzania (Mineral Resources Department, Dodoma, Tanzania)
Country information, an infrastructure map, geological map, metallogenic map, mineral sector policy, information on mining operations, licensing procedure, industry taxation, geologic environment, databases and other resources at the Mineral Resources Department, selected mining operations. [KF]

United Nations. Cartographics Section
In English and French. Has detailed African maps (regional, country for most countries) in Adobe pdf format. Also has maps and background text for African peace-keeping missions (Central African Republic, Sierra Leone, Western Sahara). Has maps from past peace-keeping operations. Describes the Dag Hammarskj?ld Library Map Collection.

United Nations. Relief Web - Africa Maps
A huge number and variety of maps. Find a country, then select Maps (left menu).

United States. Central Intelligence Agency. Maps
Has continent and country maps - African Continent and Central Africa, Country Maps.

United States. Library of Congress. Geography and Map Division
Has 17th-19th c. maps of Africa, an 1842 map of South Africa (Cape of Good  Hope), and - 19th Century maps of Liberia which "includes twenty examples from the American Colonization Society (ACS), organized in 1817 to resettle free black Americans in West Africa. These maps show early settlements in Liberia, indigenous political subdivisions, and some of the building lots that were assigned to settlers. This on-line presentation also includes other nineteenth-century maps of Liberia: a map prepared for a book first published in the 1820's by ACS agent Jehudi Ashmun, a map showing the areas in Liberia that were ceded to the society by indigenous chiefs, and a detailed map dated 1869 by a man thought to be the black American explorer Benjamin Anderson." There is a History of Liberia Timeline.

United States Military Academy. Department of History. Maps
Atlases produced by West Point's History Dept. The maps are the "digital versions from the atlases printed by the United States Defense Printing Agency." Under "Wars and Conflicts Since 1958" are two maps of Somalia 1992-93 and the city of Mogadishu.

United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration - Earth at Night (including Africa)
Graphic of the Earth at Night, a composite of hundreds of pictures made by the orbiting DMSP [Defense Meteorological Satellites Program] satellites. Click on the image for an enlargement. This was the November 27, 2000 Astronomy Picture of the Day. From NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. [KF]

University of Florida (Gainesville). Map and Imagery Library - Africa
Has U.S. C.I.A. maps of Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, US National Imagery and Mapping Agency maps of the West Africa Coasts of Southern Mauritania and Northern Senegal, Port of Dakar and Baie De Goree, Senegal; antique maps of the city and fort Cape of Good Hope, and more.

University of Illinois - Maps of Africa to 1900
"...images of maps listed in ... Maps of Africa to 1900: A Checklist of Maps in Atlases and Geographical Journals in the Collections of the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (Bassett & Scheven, Urbana: Graduate School of Library and Information Science, 2000)" Includes maps from "19th century atlases and geographical journals, including the Journal of the Royal Geographical Society (United Kingdom), the Bulletin de la Société de Géographie de Paris (France), and Petermanns Geographische Mittheilungen (Germany)."

University of Malawi - Chancellor College. Centre for Language Studies - Language Maps
Promotes the development of all Malawian languages - Chichewa, Chitumbuka, Chiyao, Chisena, Chiitonga, Chilomwe etc. Has Online Dictionaries for Chichewa, Ciyawo, and Citumbuka. Based in Zomba, Malawi. [KF]
Full text reports:

University of Texas (Austin), Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection - Africa Maps
The Univ. of Texas has political maps, historical maps, an Islam in Africa map, natural vegetation, population density, and individual country maps. Most are from the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. - Antique Maps & Prints
PO Box 783, Wilton, CT 06897. "We sell only genuine antique maps and prints, each one accompanied by a signed guarantee of authenticity. Your purchase is shipped from our gallery located in Wilton, Connecticut..." Has 19th century African maps. Also has a blog on antique maps. The owner is Neil Street.

World Digital Library
In seven languages. Primary sources world wide. Antiquarian African maps, Arabic manuscripts from Timbuktu, early 20th century photographs, text of the speech by Nigerian independence leader Nnamdi Azikiwe (1904-96) on the day he became governor-general of Nigeria, South African San rock paintings, early travel journals. Supported by the U.S. Library of Congress, UNESCO, and National Libraries world wide.

World History - Map Tutorial
Tutorial by Professor Joni Seager, University of Vermont. Provides an analysis of the “Africae novo” map, from the early 1600s. Annotated bibliography, directory of on-line maps. The World History site is created by the Center for History and New Media, George Mason University. [KF]

Hundreds "of world maps, where territories are re-sized on each map according to the subject of interest." Compare continents, countries by land area, population (year 1, year 1500 up to year 2300), births, the elderly, refugees, immigrants, tourism, transportation, imports, exports, water resources, forestry, managers (by gender), patents, urban indicators, education, health, natural disasters, endangered species, military, environmental damage, science research, telecommunications, the media, wealth, poverty, etc. Data files available. Provides printable maps. From the University of Sheffield, Social and Spatial Inequalities Research Group. [KF]

Yale University. Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library.
Many antiquarian maps online. Also old site: The Eye of the Beholder: Africa Through Western Eyes. 


Print sources

Bassett, Thomas J.
Maps of Africa to 1900 : a checklist of maps in atlases and geographical journals in the collections of the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign / Thomas J. Bassett & Yvette Scheven.
[Urbana, IL] : The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois : distributed by [University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign], The Graduate School of Library and Information Science, c2000.
317 p. : ill., maps ; 28 cm. Series: (Robert B. Downs Publication Fund ; no. 9)
This work is the 2002 Conover-Porter Award Co-Winner for excellence in Africana bibliography or reference work.

Betz, Richard L.
The mapping of Africa : a cartobibliography of printed maps of the African continent to 1700.
't Goy-Houten : Hes & de Graaf, 2007
540 p. : ill., maps (some col.) ; 33 cm.
Series: Utrechtse historisch-kartografische studies =; Utrecht studies in the history of cartography ;; 7; Variation: Utrechtse historisch-kartografische Studies ;; 7.

Mbodj, Mohamed. " 'So Geographers in Africa Maps with Savage Pictures Fill Their Gaps' Representing Africa on Maps." In Contested Terrains and Constructed Categories, edited by George Clement Bond and Nigel C. Gibson, 37-58. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 2002.

Woodward, David and G. Malcolm Lewis, ed. Cartography in the Traditional African, American, Arctic, Australian, and Pacific Societies. Volume 2, Book 3 of The History of Cartography, edited by J. B. Harley and David Woodward. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1998.