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  1. The notebooks of memory [videorecording]

    [New York : A. Aghion], c2009.

    The film ventures into the rural heart of the African nation of Rwanda to capture one of the world's boldest experiments in reconciliation, the Gacaca Tribunals. These are a new form of citizen-based justice aimed at unifying this country of 8 million people after the 1994 genocide which claimed over 800,000 lives in 100 days. This film goes directly to the emotional core of the story, talking one-on-one with survivors and accused killers alike. In a powerful, compassionate and insightful film, with almost no narration, and using only original footage, Anne Aghion captures first-hand how ordinary people struggle to find a future after cataclysm.

  2. What justice for Rwanda? : Gacaca versus truth commission?

    Reuchamps, Min.
    Boston, MA : African Studies Center, Boston University, 2008

  3. Rwanda's Gacaca courts : between retribution and reparation

    Bornkamm, Paul Christoph
    Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2012.

    Rwanda's Gacaca courts provide an innovative response to the genocide of 1994. Incorporating elements of both African dispute resolution and of Western-style criminal courts, Gacaca courts are in line with recent trends to revive traditional grassroots mechanisms as a way of addressing a violent past. Having been devised as a holistic approach to prosecution and punishment as well as to healing and repairing, they also reflect the increasing importance of victim participation in international criminal justice. This book critically examines the Gacaca courts' achievements as a mechanism of criminal justice and as a tool for healing, repairing, and reconciling the shattered communities. Having prosecuted over one million people suspected of crimes during the 1994 genocide, the courts have been both praised for their efficiency and condemned for their lack of due process. Drawing upon extensive observations of trial proceedings, this book is the first to provide a detailed analysis of the Gacaca legislation and its practical implementation. It discusses the Gacaca courts within the framework of transitional and international criminal justice and argues that, despite the trend towards local, tailor-made solutions to the challenges of political transition, there is a common set of principles to be respected in addressing the past. Evaluating the Gacaca courts against the backdrop of existing or emerging principles, such as the duties to investigate and prosecute, and the right to the truth, the book provides a sophisticated critique of Rwanda's reconciliation policy. In doing so, it contributes to the development and the clarification of these principles. It concludes that Gacaca courts have achieved a great deal in stimulating a basic discourse on the genocide, but they have also contributed to assigning collective responsibility and may thus end up deepening the divides within Rwandan society.

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