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  1. Principles of Metal Casting, Third Edition

    Sahoo, Mahi
    3rd edition. - New York, N.Y. : McGraw-Hill Education, [2014]

    Addresses the latest advances in the field such as melting, casting processes, sand systems, alloy development, heat treatment, and processing technologies. New chapters cover solidification modeling, casting defects, and zinc and zinc alloys. Detailed photographs, illustrations, tables, and equations are included throughout. Ideal for students and researchers in metallurgy and foundry science as well as foundry industry professionals, this authoritative guide provides all of the information needed to produce premium-quality castings.The definitive metal casting resource--fully updated Written by prominent industry experts, Principles of Metal Casting, Third Edition, addresses the latest advances in the field such as melting, casting processes, sand systems, alloy development, heat treatment, and processing technologies. New chapters cover solidification modeling, casting defects, and zinc and zinc alloys. Detailed photographs, illustrations, tables, and equations are included throughout. Ideal for students and researchers in metallurgy and foundry science as well as foundry industry professionals, this authoritative guide provides all of the information needed to produce premium-quality castings. Comprehensive coverage includes: Patterns Casting processes Solidification of metals and alloys Gating and risering of castings Casting process simulation Aluminum and aluminum alloys Copper and copper alloys Magnesium and magnesium alloys Zinc and zinc alloys Cast irons Steel castings Cleaning and inspection Casting defects.

    Online AccessEngineering

  2. Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (Energy-SMARRT) [electronic resource] : Clean Steel Casting Production

    Washington, D.C : United States. Dept. of Energy. Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy ; Oak Ridge, Tenn. : distributed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Dept. of Energy, 2013

    Inclusions in steel castings can cause rework, scrap, poor machining, and reduced casting performance, which can obviously result in excess energy consumption. Significant progress in understanding inclusion source, formation and control has been made. Inclusions can be defined as non-metallic materials such as refractory, sand, slag, or coatings, embedded in a metallic matrix. This research project has focused on the mold filling aspects to examine the effects of pouring methods and gating designs on the steel casting cleanliness through water modeling, computer modeling, and melting/casting experiments. Early in the research project, comprehensive studies of bottom-pouring water modeling and low-alloy steel casting experiments were completed. The extent of air entrainment in bottom-poured large castings was demonstrated by water modeling. Current gating systems are designed to prevent air aspiration. However, air entrainment is equally harmful and no prevention measures are in current practice. In this study, new basin designs included a basin dam, submerged nozzle, and nozzle extension. The entrained air and inclusions from the gating system were significantly reduced using the new basin method. Near the end of the project, there has been close collaboration with Wescast Industries Inc., a company manufacturing automotive exhaust components. Both computer modeling using Magma software and melting/casting experiments on thin wall turbo-housing stainless steel castings were completed in this short period of time. Six gating designs were created, including the current gating on the pattern, non-pressurized, partially pressurized, naturally pressurized, naturally pressurized without filter, and radial choke gating without filter, for Magma modeling. The melt filling velocity and temperature were determined from the modeling. Based on the simulation results, three gating designs were chosen for further melting and casting experiments on the same casting pattern using the lip pouring method. It was observed again that gating designs greatly influenced the melt filling velocity and the number of inclusion defects. The radial choked gating showed improvements in casting cleanliness and yield over the other gatings, even though no mold filters were used in the gating system.

    Online OSTI

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