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The University Archives and DLSS are pleased to announce that 30 collections and publications have been added to the Stanford Digital Repository (SDR).

Winning logos of the CourseWork Visual Design Contest.

On January 14, 2013, Academic Computing Services and the CourseWork UX team sponsored a Visual Design Contest to redesign the CourseWork logo. After receiving dozens of “strong entries,” the two student winners were announced on March 15th.

The winning entries of the CourseWork Visual Design Contest came from sophomore, Roger Chen and freshman, Ashley Ngu. Both entries were noted for their overall “excellent graphic design and attractive color scheme.”

Roger took 1st place in the contest and was awarded a MacBook Air Pro, while Ashley took second, and was awarded an iPad mini.

In addition to the prizes received, Roger and Ashley will have elements of their designs incorporated into the redesigned user interface and reskinning of CourseWork. The redesign is scheduled for rollout during the 2013-2014 Academic year.

Congratulations, Roger and Ashley!

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As part of Sunshine Week -- and in conjunction with the White House's new policy on Open Access to federally funded scientific information -- a small group of government information librarians has started a petition on petitions.whitehouse.gov asking the Obama Administration to assure that there is free permanent public access to ALL authentic government information.

We hope you'll sign the petition and forward on to all your friends and social networks to help us reach our goal of 100,000 signatures by April 11, 2013! Thanks in advance!!


WE PETITION THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION TO:

Require free online permanent public access to ALL federal government information and publications.

1. Assure that GPO has the funds to continue to maintain and develop the Federal Digital System (FDsys).

2. Raise ALL Congressional, Executive & Judicial branch information, publications & data to the level of federally funded scientific information & publish ALL government information as "Open Access."

3. Mandate the free permanent public access to other Federal information currently maintained in fee-based databases - including the Public Access to Court Electronic Records (PACER), the National Technical Reports Library (NTRL), & USA Trade Online.

4. Establish an interagency, govt-wide strategy to manage the entire lifecycle of digital government information w/ FDLP Libraries - publication, access, usability, bulk download, long-term preservation, standards & metadata.

The Department of Special Collections and University Archives at Stanford University Libraries is pleased to announce that it has successfully completed a CLIR Hidden Collections grant project—Documenting Mexican American and Latino Civil Rights: Records of the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF) and California Rural Legal Assistance, Inc. (CRLA). This project has been one of the largest and most ambitious processing efforts ever undertaken by Special Collections. In the course of the two-year grant, the project team processed 2045 linear feet of MALDEF records and 406 linear feet of CRLA records. Access to these rich collections will give scholars from a wide range of disciplines a major resource for analyzing the civil rights struggles faced by Mexican Americans in the mid-to-late-20th century and will further establish Stanford’s Department of Special Collections as one of the most significant repositories containing collections that document all aspects of the Mexican American and Latino experience.

Frank Lloyd Wright

The University Archives and Digital Library Systems and Services are pleased to announce that photograph albums from the Hanna House Collection are now available online via the Stanford Digital Repository. Featuring more than 300 photographs, the images document the construction and renovation of this Frank Lloyd Wright masterpiece. 

In 1935, Paul and Jean Hanna commissioned Wright to design their home to be built on the Stanford University campus. Construction, begun in 1937, continued in four stages over 25 years. The house was the first structure in the world to use Frank Lloyd Wright's hexagonal grid system, which has subsequently been used widely in American architecture.

At the beginning of this year, the papers of Benoit Mandelbrot, the father of fractal geometry, were given to SUL’s Dept. of Special Collections. Funding for the first year has been set to begin processing this complex collection. We are happy to announce that Laura Williams has been hired as the project archivist and Christy Smith as the processing assistant. Laura, who has been with the Manuscript’s Division since 2009, is just wrapping up the processing of the Stop AIDS Project Records – another large processing and digitization project. Christy Smith has been in the department since 2000, staring as an assistant to the previous University Archivist, Maggie Kimball. In 2009 she moved to the manuscripts division as a processing assistant on the R. Stuart Hummel Family Papers processing and digitization project.

Benoit Mandelbrot

Benoit Mandelbrot was born in 1924 in Warsaw, Poland. The family moved to Paris in 1936 and, after studies in the United States and France, he completed a Ph.D. in mathematics at the University of Paris in 1952. Mandelbrot spent most of his professional research career at IBM, beginning in 1958; with his appointment as an IBM Fellow in 1974, he was free to investigate problems of his and was able to follow his personal inclination towards interdisciplinary research founded on applied mathematics.

Mandelbrot had begun to focus his attention on fractal mathematics during the 1960s, beginning with his article, “How Long is the Coast of Britain? Statistical Self-Similarity and Fractional Dimension,” published in Science (1967). In this article he introduced fractals as part of the solution to a problem that had occupied his attention for some time: How to measure a curve as complex as a geographic coastline? He discussed two salient characteristics of fractals that applied to this problem: self-similarity and “fractional” dimensionality. Self-similarity referred to the persistence of patterns as an observer zoomed in or out of the visualization of a fractal set. Fractional geometry described the quality these sets had mathematically of being “fuzzier” than a line but never completely filling a plane. A few years later, in 1975, Mandelbrot introduced the term “fractal” to describe such mathematical sets. Over the course of his career, until his death in 2010, Mandelbrot tracked down or encouraged myriad applications of fractal geometry as the study of “fuzziness” to fields ranging from engineering and medicine to finance and climate … and to art.

Mandelbrot first rendered a computer-generated image of the set that would be named after him at IBM’s Thomas J. Watson Research Center in 1980. The computer plot produced by a software program revealed the distinctive image of a large vaguely heart-shaped object connected to a smaller spherical object and having a rough, fuzzy border. While this was neither the first mathematical study of this particular mathematical set nor the first visualization of it, Mandelbrot had developed an algorithm that would be the basis of subsequent computer programs used to study and visualize fractals.

Mandelbrot’s work was introduced to a wider readership with the publication of an article about the Mandelbrot Set in Scientific American (1985). Like many other results from applied and recreational mathematics, it appeared in A.K. Dewdney’s “Computer Recreations” column. Dewdney opened by describing the Mandelbrot’s visualization of the set, announcing to his readers that “here is an infinite regress of detail that astonishes us with its variety, its complexity and its strange beauty.” He described Mandelbrot’s work in fractal geometry and how the boundary of the Mandelbrot Set was a fractal exhibiting fractional dimensionality and the recursive quality of self-similarity. The article went on to describe how a computer program could function essentially as a microscope for this geometrical object, allowing the observer to examine its properties in exquisite detail, “like a tourist in a land of infinite beauty.”[A. K. Dewdney, “Computer Recreations: A Computer Microscope Zooms in for a Look at the Most Complex Object in Mathematics,” Scientific American, 253, Aug. 1985: 16-24.]

His memoirs, The Fractalist: Memoir of a Scientific Maverick, was published in 2012.

The Collection

The Benoit Mandelbrot papers (ca. 380 linear feet and 80 gigabytes) include a wide array of materials ranging from the 1930s till his death in 2010. Mandelbrot wrote everything long hand and edited typed drafts in long hand as well. The collection contains manuscripts of his articles and books as well as other publishing states and drafts including notebooks and papers from his school days in France to various versions of his memoirs; correspondence including that with prominent mathematicians; off-prints, original papers and occasional notes by others; hundreds of original renderings and print outs of early fractals and geometric diagrams; posters and other fractal art; audio, video, and still images; artifacts, and computer media including a hard drive received from IBM.

Speed? Poster

 

Stanford University Libraries Department of Special Collections and University Archives is excited to announce the completion of the processing of the STOP AIDS Project records. This effort was made possible by a detailed processing grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC).

Established in 1985, a year in which an estimated 8,000 gay and bisexual men became infected with HIV in San Francisco, the STOP AIDS Project works to prevent HIV transmission among all gay and bisexual men through multicultural, community-based organizing. The grant allowed the project team to process over 370 linear feet of organizational records including textual, photographic, audiovisual and computer media between October 2011 and September 2012. For more information on the background and scope of the project please see this previous blog post.

The collection offers researchers a rich set of material documenting the groundbreaking HIV prevention efforts of the STOP AIDS Project. Included are files related to the wide range of topical workshops, meetings, community forums and other educational events offered by the STOP AIDS Project. A vast collection of anonymous behavioral risk assessment surveys conducted during street outreach as well as during events such as workshops, community forums and street fairs provide unique insight into the demographic and behavioral characteristics of gay and bisexual men in San Francisco from the 1980s to the 2000s. Also included are program planning and execution files related to STOP AIDS Project’s wide-ranging programs geared towards the needs of specific groups within the communities they serve, including QAction, Positive Force/PLUS, Chico Chats, FLIQ, Our Love, BOY+BOY and In Our Prime. The STOP AIDS Project’s active media and communications activities are also well documented, and include flyers, brochures, cards, and other material promoting programs and events, press releases, magazine and newspaper clippings, newsletters and social marketing campaign materials.

The administrative activities of the STOP AIDS Project are chronicled in the collection, and include financial records, annual reports, Board of Directors meeting minutes and agendas, fund development records, grant writing and administration files (both through government and private funding entities), and human resources, training and volunteer services files. The records of STOP AIDS Project staff members, subject and referral files, and artwork and visual aids are also included.

A large set of posters created by the STOP AIDS Project to promote its events, programs and social media campaigns are present in the collection, as are safe sex and HIV awareness posters from other AIDS organizations in the United States and from around the world. The grant allowed the project team to catalog the posters to the item level, and during the course of the grant period, 187 posters were digitized by Digital Library Systems and Services (DLSS). The digital images are in the process of being accessioned into the Stanford Digital Repository (SDR) for long-term preservation. Once accessioned, a link to the digitized posters will be provided from the collection finding aid.

The STOP AIDS Project records also contain a large set of audiovisual materials. The project team worked closely with the donor to select 67 audio and video recordings as high priority for digital reformatting and preservation. This work was completed during the grant period by the Stanford Media Preservation Lab (SMPL). Video footage includes interviews, public service announcements and materials used to produce FLIQs - stylish topical films about sex and relationships. Materials that have been digitally reformatted may be accessed in the Special Collections reading room.

This project marked the department’s first large-scale project to capture and process born-digital files in production mode. Born-digital collection material consists of documents, graphics, spreadsheets, databases and presentations created and/or stored on computers by STOP AIDS Project staff and volunteers. Forensic software was used in order to capture disk images of floppy disks, CD-ROMs, zip disks, and other computer media in the STOP AIDS Project collection and 27,607 files totaling 5,925 MB are available for research. The materials have been screened for private/confidential information, but have not been arranged beyond file type. This material is available for use in the Special Collections reading room by scheduling an appointment with the Digital Archivist, Peter Chan.

The STOP AIDS Project records represent one of the largest collections available to researchers documenting the activities of an HIV/AIDS prevention organization. It also provides a unique lens through which to view the history and culture of the San Francisco Bay Area Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) community, including the experiences of marginalized ethnic minorities and subcultures. The STOP AIDS Project records finding aid contains a detailed listing of the collection’s contents. The finding aid has been posted on the Online Archive of California and can also be found via the collection’s Searchworks catalog record.

Tomorrow evening filmmaker Oliver Stone and historian Peter Kuznick will be participating in a panel discussion and showing their new documentary about the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima. In the film — entitled The Bomb— Stone and Kuznick suggest that the bombing of Hiroshima was not necessary to end World War II. The panel discussion will be moderated by History Professor Emeritus Barton Bernstein, and will also include Daniel Ellsberg, the former military analyst who in 1971 provided the Pentagon Papers to the New York Times.

The Bomb is an episode of Stone's Showtime series The Untold History of the United States, based on the book of the same name by Stone and Kuznick.

The event takes place Friday, February 22, at 6:00 p.m. in the Lane History Corner, Room 02.

Bernstein will be giving a follow-up lecture on Friday, March 1, at 6:00 p.m. in the Lane History Corner, Room 205.

 

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