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Ba Xian dang an

Ba Xian dang an

Huang-Bernhardt Collection of Chinese Legal Documents

Philip C. C. Huang and Kathryn Bernhardt are Professors of Chinese History at UCLA. Prof. Huang is the founding director of UCLA’s Center for Chinese Studies, and the founding editor of the journal Modern China. He pioneered the use of central and local archives (in conjunction with ethnographic surveys) to study China’s social, economic and legal history. In particular, he was the first scholar anywhere to exploit significant numbers of legal case records from Chinese local courts, and his books and articles on civil law in China have dramatically changed our understanding of that topic. Over twenty-five years of research and teaching, Professors Huang and Bernhardt amassed a unique collection of legal and administrative documents reproduced from Chinese archives.

The collection is unique not only in size, but also in temporal, geographic, and topical scope. It includes some 2500 legal cases (and other records) from the Qing, Republican, and PRC eras, dating from the mid-eighteenth century down through the nineteen-eighties. These cases represent Sichuan, Taiwan, the Yangzi Delta, and the north China plain, and include rich evidence about both the countryside and several of China’s most important cities (Beijing, Chongqing, and Shanghai). They also represent every level of the judicial hierarchy, from the county level (the court of first instance) all the way up to the Republican government’s Supreme Court. The emphasis of the collection is matters related to civil law (i.e. inheritance, marriage, land transactions, debt, contractual disputes, etc.), reflecting the collectors’ recent research focus. Legal history aside, it promises to be exceptionally valuable for the study of China’s economy.

But the collection also includes some criminal cases from both the Qing and the Republic; most of the criminal cases focus on adultery, illegal marriage, and the traffic in women, so they have particular value for the history of women, gender, and sexuality. There are also significant quantities of local administrative records related to questions of security, taxation, household registration, village governance, etc.

Container list

Huang-Bernhardt Collection of Chinese Legal Documents

Box 1
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Box 2
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Box 3
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Box 4
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Box 5
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Box 6
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Box 7
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Box 8
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Box 9
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Box 10
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Box 11
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Box 12
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????????????1933-1936?

Box 13
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???????1937?

Box 14
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Box 15
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Box 16
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?????????? ??
???????1944?

Box 17
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Box 18
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Box 19
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Box 20
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Box 21
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Box 22
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Box 23
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Box 24
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Box 25
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Box 26
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Box 27
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Box 28
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Box 29
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Box 30
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Box 31
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Box 32
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Box 33
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Box 34
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Box 35
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Box 36
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Box 37
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??????????? ?1946-1948?

Box 38
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??????????? ?1945-1948?

Box 39
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?????? ?1948?

Box 40
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????????????1945-1949?

Box 41
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????????????1945-1946?

Box 42
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?????? ???????????1912-1918?
????????????1919-1929?

Box 43
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?????????????1924-1931?
?????????????1932-1938?

Box 44
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???????? ?1913-1922?

Box 45
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???????? ?1914-1923?

Box 46
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???????? ?1917-1924?

Box 47
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????????1914-1918?

Box 48
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????????1914-1918?

Box 49
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???? ?????
????????1913-1919?

Box 50
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?????????1919-1925?

Box 51
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??????????1920-1933?

Box 52
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???????????1922-1933?

Box 53
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??????????1919-1934?

Box 54
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?????????? ?1925-1933?

Box 55
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????????? ?1920-1943?

Box 56
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????????? ?1919-1936?

Box 57
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????????? ?1912-1943?

Box 58
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????????? ?1920-1942?

Box 59
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??????????? ?1942-1947?

Box 60
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????????? ?1915-1942?

Box 61
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???? ?????
??????????? ?1942-1947?

Box 62
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????????? ?1919-1947?

Box 63
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???? ?????
??????????? ?1935-1942?

Box 64
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???? ?????
?????? ?1942?

Box 65
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???? ?????
?????? ?1942?

Box 66
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??????????? ?1942-1947?

Box 67
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?????????
????????? ?1921-1942?

Box 68-90
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133??????
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Box 91
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Box 92
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Box 93
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Box 94
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Box 95
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Box 96
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Box 97
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Box 98
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Box 99
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Box 100
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Box 101
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Box 102
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Box 103
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Box 104
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Box 105
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Box 106
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Box 107
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Box 108
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Curator

Chinese studies librarian
(650) 723-3451

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