Bibliography management tools (also known as citation or reference management tools) help you organize your research sources and generate bibliographies in muliple citation formats.
Stanford University Libraries support the following bibliography management tools:
Choosing a citation style
For most papers, you will need to format your bibliography according to the citation style specified by your instructor or publisher. Some of the citation styles used at Stanford include:
- MLA (Modern Language Association)
- APA (American Psychological Association)
- Chicago (The Chicago Manual of Style)
Choosing a citation management tool
All of the tools will help you organize your research references and all include a plug-in for word processing programs to format citations and create bibliographies. But some of the tools offer other features, such as support for collaboration, a web-based interface, and mobile applications.
The Stanford University Libraries provide campus-wide subscriptions to RefWorks and Mendeley. EndNote Web is part of the Stanford University Libraries' subscription to Web of Knowledge. Zotero is an open source tool with basic features at no charge.
The following comparison charts may help you choose a tool that is best for you:
- Terman Engineering Library's citation tools comparison document
- University of California, San Diego Libraries' scenario based comparison chart
- Wikipedia's comprehensive comparison of reference management software
Bibliography management workshops
Several libraries on campus provide workshops and drop-in help sessions on citation management tools.
Need more help?
For more help on citation management tools, join the Reference Manager Users list (Stanford-only). You will have access to the current and archived posts of questions and answers to problems with various tools. You can post your own questions for help from the campus community.